keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Generalities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779300/coroners-recommendations-for-prevention-of-resident-deaths-in-aged-care-the-role-of-primary-care-providers
#1
Georgia Aitken, Athena Demosthenous, Lyndal Bugeja, Melissa Willoughby, Carmel Young, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Currently, very little is known about how coroners consider a role for general practitioners (GPs) and registered nurses (RNs) in recommendations for the prevention of premature death. Involving these professions in recommendations generally directed towards government organisations or residential aged care providers and management may contribute to more successful broader policy changes. The aim of this article was to examine whether coroners' recommendations describe a specific role for GPs and RNs in the prevention of premature death in residential aged care settings and, if so, what domains of practice were considered...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779299/health-issues-of-refugees-attending-an-infectious-disease-refugee-health-clinic-in-a-regional-australian-hospital
#2
Peta J Masters, Penelope J Lanfranco, Emmy Sneath, Amanda J Wade, Sarah Huffam, James Pollard, James Standish, Kate McCloskey, Eugene Athan, Daniel P O'Brien, N Deborah Friedman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Refugees in Australia present with conditions different to those of the general population. The aim of this study was to review the reasons for referral, prevalence of conditions and treatment outcomes for refugee patients attending a specialist referral clinic in regional Victoria. METHOD: A retrospective review was undertaken of patients attending the refugee health clinic at University Hospital Geelong from January 2007 to December 2012...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779298/how-common-is-multiple-general-practice-attendance-in-australia
#3
Michael Wright, Jane Hall, Kees van Gool, Marion Haas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Australians can seek general practice care from multiple general practitioners (GPs) in multiple locations. This provides high levels of patient choice but may reduce continuity of care. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of attendance at multiple general practices in Australia, and identify patient characteristics associated with multiple practice attendances. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of 2477 Australian adults was conducted online in July 2013...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779297/cardiac-rhythm-management-devices
#4
Irene Stevenson, Alex Voskoboinik
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen ongoing evolution and use of cardiac rhythm management devices, including pacemakers, cardiac resynchronisation therapy, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and loop recorders. General practitioners are increasingly involved in follow-up and management of patients with these devices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of different cardiac rhythm management devices, including their role, implant procedure, post-procedural care, potential complications and follow‑up...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779295/neck-pain-what-if-it-is-not-musculoskeletal
#5
Nirosen Vijiaratnam, David R Williams, Kelly L Bertram
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common presentation in general practice, with muscle strain or osteoarthritis the most common diagnoses. A systematic approach for identifying red flags for alternative causes is required to appropriately investigate or refer for specialist opinion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to highlight features of neurological and other causes of neck pain in adults that may present in general practice, and to outline a quick and practical diagnostic approach...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779292/paediatric-constipation-an-approach-and-evidence-based-treatment-regimen
#6
Harveen Singh, Frances Connor
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects 5-30% of children and is responsible for 3% of primary care visits. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently the first medical encounter for concerned parents regarding their child's bowel habit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the assessment and management of children with constipation to empower GPs to initiate treatment and know when to refer to a paediatrician. DISCUSSION: In the absence of organic aetiology, childhood constipation is almost always functional and often due to painful bowel movements that prompt the child to withhold stool...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779291/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-an-update
#7
Jason Chuen, Mayo Theivendran
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains one of the hallmark pathologies in vascular surgery and an area of intense research interest. Treatment options have expanded in recent years to increase the range of morphology suitable for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and with potential implications on treatment thresholds. OBJECTIVE: This article is the first of two that will outline current treatment options for AAA, including areas of controversy and research in AAA disease, to inform the development of Australasian clinical guidelines and health policy...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779284/-investigation-on-level-and-influencing-factors-of-first-aid-knowledge-among-dentists-in-sichuan-province
#8
Yu Qiu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Tian-Guo Li, Yi-Ge Chen, Jing-Jun Kong, Jian Pan
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate the cognition degree and influencing factors of first aid knowledge among dentists in Sichuan province, and to provide suggestions for the training of oral clinician. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed for this study. It included the basic situation of population, first aid knowledge level, emergency situation often encountered in stomatology clinic, first aid training situation, learning approach and attitude of first aid knowledge, etc...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779268/variation-in-polyphenolic-profiles-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-different-achillea-species-as-natural-sources-of-antiglycative-compounds
#9
Mahvash Afshari, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Mehran Miroliaei
A comparative study was carried out on the methanolic extracts from six Achillea species and the examined polyphenols from these plants on the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) in vitro. A. pachycephala which was richer in flavonoids (15 mg quercetin/g W) and phenolics (111.10 mg tannic acid/g DW) with substantial antioxidant activity (IC50 = 365.5 μg/ml) presented strong anti-AGE properties. Chlorogenic acid, luteolin, quercetin and caffeic acid were identified as the major polyphenols in the extracts by HPLC...
May 19, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779266/associations-of-mental-health-with-cardiovascular-risk-phenotypes-and-adiposity-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#10
Kate Lycett, Clare McNamara, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Jessica A Kerr, Josh Muller, Melissa Wake
AIM: Cardiovascular disease and mental illness commonly co-occur in later life, but it is unknown how early these associations arise. We aimed to determine the extent to which: (i) childhood mental health is associated with functional and structural cardiovascular risk phenotypes and adiposity in late childhood/adolescence, and (ii) associations between mental health and cardiovascular phenotypes may be explained by differential body mass index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on three longitudinal community-based cohort studies (two enriched for overweight/obesity) in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, with harmonized follow-up in 2014...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779234/testing-the-role-of-climate-in-speciation-new-methods-and-applications-to-squamate-reptiles-lizards-and-snakes
#11
Tereza Jezkova, John J Wiens
Climate may play important roles in speciation, such as causing the range fragmentation that underlies allopatric speciation (through niche conservatism) or driving divergence of parapatric populations along climatic gradients (through niche divergence). Here, we developed new methods to test the frequency of climate niche conservatism and divergence in speciation, and applied it to species pairs of squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes). We used a large-scale phylogeny to identify 242 sister-species pairs for analysis...
May 19, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779223/gene-editing-vectors-for-studying-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-cholinergic-transmission
#12
Can Peng, Yijin Yan, Veronica J Kim, Staci E Engle, Jennifer N Berry, J Michael McIntosh, Rachael L Neve, Ryan M Drenan
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), prototype members of the cys-loop ligand gated ion channel family, are key mediators of cholinergic transmission in the central nervous system. Despite their importance, technical gaps exist in our ability to dissect the function of individual subunits in the brain. To overcome these barriers, we designed CRISPR/Cas9 small guide RNA sequences (sgRNAs) for production of loss-of-function alleles in mouse nAChR genes. These sgRNAs were validated in vitro via deep sequencing...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779210/the-association-between-missing-teeth-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults
#13
Feng Qiao, Kaiyu Fu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Yeqing Gu, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Kaijun Niu
AIMS: Long-term oral chronic inflammatory process is closely related to systemic inflammation, which is a main mechanism involved in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Tooth loss could reflect the accumulation of oral local inflammation, implying that number of missing teeth may associate with NAFLD. This study evaluated the association between missing teeth and presence of NAFLD in a general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 24,470 adults was carried out from the Tianjin Chronic Low-grade Systemic Inflammation and Health Cohort Study...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779195/efficacy-and-safety-of-alirocumab-in-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-pooled-analyses-from-five-placebo-controlled-phase-3-studies
#14
Henry N Ginsberg, Michel Farnier, Jennifer G Robinson, Christopher P Cannon, Naveed Sattar, Marie T Baccara-Dinet, Alexia Letierce, Maja Bujas-Bobanovic, Michael J Louie, Helen M Colhoun
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) carries an elevated risk for cardiovascular disease. Here, we assessed alirocumab efficacy and safety in people with/without DM from five placebo-controlled phase 3 studies. METHODS: Data from up to 78 weeks were analyzed in individuals on maximally tolerated background statin. In three studies, alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) was increased to 150 mg Q2W at week 12 if week 8 low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was ≥ 70 mg/dL; two studies used alirocumab 150 mg Q2W throughout...
May 19, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#15
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779148/in-vitro-virulence-characteristics-of-rare-serovars-of-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-sand-lizards-lacerta-agilis-l
#16
Joanna Mokracka, Sylwia Krzymińska, Danił Ałtunin, Dariusz Wasyl, Ryszard Koczura, Krzysztof Dudek, Monika Dudek, Zofia Anna Chyleńska, Anna Ekner-Grzyb
The aim of this study was to estimate virulence potential of Salmonella enterica strains colonizing the gut of free-living sand lizards (Lacerta agilis L.). The strains belonged to three Salmonella serovars: Abony, Schleissheim, and Telhashomer. Adhesion and invasion abilities of the strains were determined in quantitative assays using the gentamicin protection method. Induction of apoptosis was assessed using HeLa cell monolayers. PCR assays were used for detection of 26 virulence genes localised within mobile elements: pathogenicity islands, virulence plasmids, and prophage sequences...
May 19, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779123/pulmonary-valve-replacement-after-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#17
REVIEW
Hideki Tatewaki, Akira Shiose
In this review article, we describe pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) late after repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Since the introduction of surgical intervention for patients with TOF in 1945, surgical management of TOF has dramatically improved early survival with mortality rates, less than 2-3%. However, the majority of these patients continue to experience residual right ventricular outflow tract pathology, most commonly pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR). The patients are generally asymptomatic during childhood and adolescence and, however, are at risk for severe PR later which can result in exercise intolerance, heart failure, arrhythmias, and sudden death...
May 19, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779114/general-sources-of-dopamine-as-a-potential-morphogenic-factor-in-the-developing-striatum-of-rats
#18
A I Kurtova, L K Dil'mukhametova, E R Mingazov, M V Ugrumov
In the striatum of rats at different stages of development, we determined the content of tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acids decarboxylase using double immunohistochemical labeling and estimated the expression level of their transcripts by real-time PCR. We found that, in different periods of development, there are three sources of dopamine in the striatum of rats: bienzymatic nerve fibers (throughout ontogeny), bienzymatic neurons (appear on day 18 of embryonic development), and monoenzymatic neurons (in adult animals)...
March 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779089/duration-of-opening-statement-of-patients-attending-a-chronic-pain-clinic-consultation
#19
Ather Imran, Deepak Doltani, Jean Saunders, Dominic Harmon
BACKGROUND: The opening patient statement is an important part of the medical consultation. It is where after the initial solicitation the physician gets information about the patient's current problems and concerns. Previous research shows that 23-28% of patients are allowed to complete their opening statement un-interruptedly in the general practice setting. Interruption results in fewer patient concerns expressed and failure to gather potentially important patient information. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the duration of opening statements of patients attending a chronic pain clinic consultation...
May 19, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779088/proteomic-analysis-dissects-the-impact-of-nodulation-and-biological-nitrogen-fixation-on-vicia-faba-root-nodule-physiology
#20
Beate Thal, Hans-Peter Braun, Holger Eubel
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in root nodules of legumes is a highly important biological process which is only poorly understood. Root nodule metabolism differs from that of roots. Differences in root and nodule metabolism are expressed by altered protein abundances and amenable to quantitative proteome analyses. Differences in the proteomes may either be tissue specific and related to the presence of temporary endosymbionts (the bacteroids) or related to nitrogen fixation activity. An experimental setup including WT bacterial strains and strains not able to conduct symbiotic nitrogen fixation as well as root controls enables identification of tissue and nitrogen fixation specific proteins...
May 19, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
95526
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"