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european carotid endarterectomy trial

Leo H Bonati, John Gregson, Joanna Dobson, Dominick J H McCabe, Paul J Nederkoorn, H Bart van der Worp, Gert J de Borst, Toby Richards, Trevor Cleveland, Mandy D Müller, Thomas Wolff, Stefan T Engelter, Philippe A Lyrer, Martin M Brown
BACKGROUND: The risk of stroke associated with carotid artery restenosis after stenting or endarterectomy is unclear. We aimed to compare the long-term risk of restenosis after these treatments and to investigate if restenosis causes stroke in a secondary analysis of the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS). METHODS: ICSS is a parallel-group randomised trial at 50 tertiary care centres in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. Patients aged 40 years or older with symptomatic carotid stenosis measuring 50% or more were randomly assigned either stenting or endarterectomy in a 1:1 ratio...
May 31, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Ann H Kim, Gener Augustin, Andrew Shevitz, Hannah Kim, Michael R Trivonovich, Alexis R Powell, Norman Kumins, Robert Tarr, Vikram S Kashyap
The decision to intervene for internal carotid stenosis often depends on the degree of stenosis seen on duplex ultrasound (US). The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two criteria: modified University of Washington (UW) and 2003 Carotid Consensus Panel (CCP). All patients undergoing US in an accredited (IAC) vascular laboratory from January 2010 to June 2015 were reviewed ( n=18,772 US exams). Patients receiving a neck computed tomography angiography (CTA) within 6 months of the US were included in the study ( n=254)...
April 2018: Vascular Medicine
Christian Weimar, Konstantinos Bilbilis, Jan Rekowski, Torulv Holst, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Martin Breuer, Manfred Dahm, Anno Diegeler, Arne Kowalski, Sven Martens, Friedrich W Mohr, Jiri Ondrášek, Beate Reiter, Peter Roth, Ralf Seipelt, Markus Siggelkow, Gustav Steinhoff, Anton Moritz, Mathias Wilhelmi, Gerhard Wimmer-Greinecker, Hans-Christoph Diener, Heinz Jakob, Claudia Ose, Andre Scherag, Stephan C Knipp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal operative strategy in patients with severe carotid artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is unknown. We sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of synchronous combined carotid endarterectomy and CABG as compared with isolated CABG. METHODS: Patients with asymptomatic high-grade carotid artery stenosis ≥80% according to ECST (European Carotid Surgery Trial) ultrasound criteria (corresponding to ≥70% NASCET [North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial]) who required CABG surgery were randomly assigned to synchronous carotid endarterectomy+CABG or isolated CABG...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Garrett M Bennett, Edward I Bluth, Michael L Larson, Qingyang Luo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidences and rates of progression of varying degrees of carotid stenosis that do not require intervention according to the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study, the European Carotid Surgery Trial, and the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial, and from this information, to provide evidence-based recommendations for follow-up imaging. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all carotid ultrasound examinations performed at a single institution from January 1995 through April 2015...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Arslane Alilet, Pascal Petit, Benedicte Devaux, Corinne Joly, Emmanuel Samain, Sebastien Pili-Floury, Guillaume Besch
INTRODUCTION: The value of ultrasound guidance for intermediate cervical blocks in patients undergoing carotid artery endarterectomy is poorly described. This study aimed at comparing the efficacy of ultrasound-guided intermediate cervical block to superficial cervical block for carotid artery endarterectomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-centre randomized-controlled study in a French University Hospital, from April 2011 to March 2012. The anaesthesia technique was randomly allocated to patients scheduled for carotid artery endarterectomy under regional anaesthesia (ropivacaine 4...
April 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
David Netuka, Tomáš Belšán, Karolina Broulíková, Václav Mandys, František Charvát, Josef Malík, Lucie Coufalová, Ondřej Bradáč, Svatopluk Ostrý, Vladimír Beneš
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is accepted as a primary modality to treat carotid stenosis. The accuracy of measuring carotid stenosis is important for indication of the CEA procedure. Different diagnostic tools have been developed and used in the past 2 decades for the diagnosis of carotid stenosis. Only a few studies, however, have focused on the comparison of different diagnostic tools to histological findings of carotid plaque. METHOD: Patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis were investigated primarily by computed tomography angiography (CTA)...
August 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Roland L Featherstone, Joanna Dobson, Jörg Ederle, David Doig, Leo H Bonati, Stephen Morris, Nishma V Patel, Martin M Brown
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the treatment of carotid stenosis, but safety and long-term efficacy were uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risks, benefits and cost-effectiveness of CAS versus CEA for symptomatic carotid stenosis. DESIGN: International, multicentre, randomised controlled, open, prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Hospitals at 50 centres worldwide...
March 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Jahan Mohebali, Virendra I Patel, Javier M Romero, Kathleen M Hannon, Michael R Jaff, Richard P Cambria, Glenn M LaMuraglia
OBJECTIVE: Duplex ultrasonography (DUS) has been the mainstay for diagnosing carotid artery stenosis and is often the sole diagnostic modality used prior to intervention. Highly calcified plaque, however, results in an acoustic shadow (AcS) that obscures the vessel lumen and inhibits the sonographer's ability to obtain Doppler velocity measurements. It is unknown whether DUS can accurately determine the degree of carotid stenosis in these settings. METHODS: From July 2012 to December 2013, all patients with AcS on DUS measuring ≥5 mm in the longitudinal axis were cross-referenced with multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MD-CTA) images of the neck to define the study population...
November 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
A V Alexandrov, C F Bladin, J Murphy, P Hamilton, R Maggisano
The North American (NASCET) and European (ECST) trials of carotid endarterectomy used discrepant methods to measure carotid stenosis on angiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical applicability of currently available angiographic methods to measure carotid stenosis. Consecutive patients undergoing carotid angiography were evaluated. To estimate the normal internal carotid artery (ICA) bulb diameter on angiography, the common carotid artery (CCA) was used (ICA bulb diameter = 1.2 X CCA diameter measured 3-5 cm below the bifurcation) and the ICA diameter reduction was calculated: 1 - (d/1...
1994: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Coney Bae, Mauricio Szuchmacher, John B Chang
The treatment of carotid stenosis entails three methodologies, namely, medical management, carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS), as well as carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) and European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) have shown that symptomatic carotid stenosis greater than 70% is best treated with CEA. In asymptomatic patients with carotid stenosis greater than 60%, CEA was more beneficial than treatment with aspirin alone according to the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis (ACAS) and Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Trial (ACST) trials...
September 2015: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Andreas Koköfer, Jürgen Nawratil, Thomas K Felder, Ottokar Stundner, Nina Mader, Peter Gerner
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy is widely performed under regional anaesthesia. Ultrasound guidance is increasingly used in many regional anaesthetic procedures to improve safety and efficacy, and because it can reduce the amount of local anaesthetic required. Despite this, an ideal approach and dosing regimen for cervical plexus block remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two different concentrations of ropivacaine in terms of analgesic adequacy, haemodynamic effects and plasma concentration using an ultrasound-guided triple approach for intermediate cervical plexus blockade...
November 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Travis Benzing, Cameron Wilhoit, Sharee Wright, P Aaron McCann, Susan Lessner, Thomas E Brothers
OBJECTIVE: The eversion technique for carotid endarterectomy (eCEA) offers an alternative to longitudinal arteriotomy and patch closure (pCEA) for open carotid revascularization. In some reports, eCEA has been associated with a higher rate of >50% restenosis of the internal carotid when it is defined as peak systolic velocity (PSV) >125 cm/s by duplex imaging. Because the conformation of the carotid bifurcation may differ after eCEA compared with native carotid arteries, it was hypothesized that standard duplex criteria might not accurately reflect the presence of restenosis after eCEA...
June 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Leo H Bonati, Joanna Dobson, Roland L Featherstone, Jörg Ederle, H Bart van der Worp, Gert J de Borst, Willem P Th M Mali, Jonathan D Beard, Trevor Cleveland, Stefan T Engelter, Philippe A Lyrer, Gary A Ford, Paul J Dorman, Martin M Brown
BACKGROUND: Stenting is an alternative to endarterectomy for treatment of carotid artery stenosis, but long-term efficacy is uncertain. We report long-term data from the randomised International Carotid Stenting Study comparison of these treatments. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis were randomly assigned 1:1 to open treatment with stenting or endarterectomy at 50 centres worldwide. Randomisation was computer generated centrally and allocated by telephone call or fax...
February 7, 2015: Lancet
Ashley K Vavra, Mark K Eskandari
Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and up to 15-20% of ischemic strokes can be attributed to atherosclerotic internal carotid artery disease. The treatment of carotid artery disease has been the subject of a wealth of literature in the past twenty years since the publication of the landmark randomized controlled trials, the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial and the European Carotid Surgery Trial, in the early 1990s. Although these landmark trials have helped establish the current guidelines for treatment of patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease, there have since been major advancements in the medical treatment of cardiovascular disease and there still remains a great deal of controversy regarding the timing and technical approach to carotid revascularization...
February 2015: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Mark N Rubin, Kevin M Barrett, Thomas G Brott, James F Meschia
Stroke remains an exceedingly incident and prevalent public health burden across the globe, with an estimated 16 million new strokes per annum and prevalence over 60 million, and extracranial internal carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is an important risk factor for stroke. Randomized trials of surgical treatment were conducted (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial, European Carotid Surgery Trial) and demonstrated efficacy of carotid endarterectomy for secondary prevention of stroke in patients with cerebrovascular events (e...
January 2014: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
Nishath Altaf, Neghal Kandiyil, Akram Hosseini, Rajnikant Mehta, Shane MacSweeney, Dorothee Auer
BACKGROUND: The European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) risk model is a validated tool for predicting cerebrovascular risk in patients with symptomatic carotid disease. Carotid plaque hemorrhage as detected by MRI (MRIPH) and microembolic signals (MES) detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) are 2 emerging modalities in assessing instability of the carotid plaque. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of association of MES and MRIPH with cerebrovascular recurrence in patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease in comparison with the ECST risk prediction model...
June 3, 2014: Journal of the American Heart Association
B Dharmarajah, A Thapar, J Salem, T R A Lane, E L S Leen, A H Davies
BACKGROUND: Benefit from carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in symptomatic moderate (50-69 per cent) carotid stenosis remains marginal. The Fourth National Clinical Guideline for Stroke recommends use of the risk score from the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) to aid decision-making in symptomatic carotid disease. It is not known whether clinicians are, in fact, influenced by it. METHODS: Using the ECST risk prediction model, three scenarios of patients with a low (less than 10 per cent), moderate (20-25 per cent) and high (40-45 per cent) 5-year risk of stroke were devised and validated...
April 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Stavros K Kakkos, Andrew N Nicolaides, Ioanna Charalambous, Dafydd Thomas, Argyrios Giannopoulos, A Ross Naylor, George Geroulakos, Anne L Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To determine baseline clinical and ultrasonographic plaque factors predictive of progression or regression of asymptomatic carotid stenosis and the predictive value of changes in stenosis severity on risk of first ipsilateral cerebral or retinal ischemic events (including stroke). METHODS: A total of 1121 patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis of 50% to 99% in relation to the bulb diameter (European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST] method) underwent six monthly clinical assessments and carotid duplexes for up to 8 years (mean follow-up, 4 years)...
April 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Hubertus Fritz Georg Müller, Aurélien Viaccoz, Igor Kuzmanovic, Christophe Bonvin, Karim Burkhardt, Marie-Luce Bochaton-Piallat, Roman Sztajzel
The aim of our study was to evaluate whether neo-vascularization of the carotid plaque can be accurately assessed by visual analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound images and whether these findings correlate with intensity-over-time curve analysis (ITC) and histopathology. Patients with ≥50% symptomatic or ≥60% asymptomatic stenosis according to European Carotid Surgery Trial criteria were included. Four investigators evaluated contrast enhancement visually (three grades), with positive agreement when three or more investigators were unanimous...
January 2014: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jörg Ederle, Indran Davagnanam, H Bart van der Worp, Graham S Venables, Philippe A Lyrer, Roland L Featherstone, Martin M Brown, H Rolf Jäger
BACKGROUND: Findings from randomised trials have shown a higher early risk of stroke after carotid artery stenting than after carotid endarterectomy. We assessed whether white-matter lesions affect the perioperative risk of stroke in patients treated with carotid artery stenting versus carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis included in the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS) were randomly allocated to receive carotid artery stenting or carotid endarterectomy...
September 2013: Lancet Neurology
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