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Pediatric tracheostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920872/perioperative-outcomes-and-management-in-midface-advancement-surgery-a-multicenter-observational-descriptive-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#1
Chris D Glover, Allison M Fernandez, Henry Huang, Christopher Derderian, Wendy Binstock, Russell Reid, Nicholas M Dalesio, John Zhong, Paul A Stricker
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The evolution of Le Fort III and Monobloc procedures with utilization of distraction devices has resulted in shortened surgical times, greater facial advancements, and decreased transfusion requirements. The aim of this observational study was to utilize data from the multicenter Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry to present and compare patient characteristics and outcomes in children undergoing midface advancement with distraction osteogenesis. METHODS: We queried the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry for children undergoing midface advancement involving distractor application from June 2012 to September 2016...
June 19, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876333/pediatric-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-of-the-airway-two-case-reports-with-varying-clinical-presentation
#2
Nuthan Kumar, Thirunavukkarasu Saravanamuthu, Arathi Srinivasan, Thulasi Raman, Julius-Xavier Scott
Introduction: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor of intermediate malignant potential. It may occur in a wide range of anatomical locations. One-third are found in the respiratory tract. We report two cases of IMT of the airway diagnosed at our institution. Case Report: Case 1: A 6-year-old male child presented with a 1-month history of hoarseness of the voice. On evaluation, a polypoid nodule was noted in the right vocal cord which was excised through the endolaryngeal route...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862662/risk-factor-analysis-for-mortality-among-infants-requiring-tracheostomy
#3
Abigail R Strang, Jenna W Briddell, Patrick C Barth, Udayan K Shah, Aaron Chidekel
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of tracheostomies are performed in infants with complex comorbidities including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and congenital heart disease (CHD). With this shift in indications, there is an urgent need to characterize outcomes in this population. METHODS: This 5-year retrospective chart review assessed rates of 12-month mortality in infants who were ≤12 months of age at the time of tracheostomy at a tertiary care pediatric hospital and risk factors associated with death...
June 3, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861210/flexible-bronchoscopic-findings-and-the-relationship-to-repeated-extubation-failure-in-critical-children
#4
Yu-Ting Lin, Yu-Sheng Lee, Mei-Jy Jeng, Wei-Yu Chen, Pei-Chen Tsao, I-Ching Chan, Wen-Jue Soong
BACKGROUND: Extubation failure (EF) in acute pediatric cases causes high morbidity and prolonged hospitalization, some of which might encounter EF repeatedly. This study aims to investigate flexible bronchoscopic findings of airway problems associated with repeated EF (REF) in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of intubated children from 2005 to 2013 and enrolled those with EF (reintubated within 48 h after extubation) and receiving flexible bronchoscopy (FB) examinations...
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857504/pediatric-patients-receiving-specialized-palliative-home-care-according-to-german-law-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#5
Silke Nolte-Buchholtz, Boris Zernikow, Julia Wager
In Germany, every child with a life-limiting condition suffering from symptoms that cannot sufficiently be controlled is eligible by law for specialized pediatric palliative home care (SPPHC). It is the aim of this study to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of children referred to SPPHC and to compare patients with cancer and non-cancer conditions. The prospective multicenter study includes data on 75 children (median age 7.7 years, 50.7% male). The majority had non-cancer conditions (72%)...
May 31, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803667/relationships-between-enteral-nutrition-facts-and-urinary-stones-in-a-cohort-of-pediatric-patients-in-rehabilitation-from-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#6
Marco Pozzi, Federica Locatelli, Sara Galbiati, Elena Beretta, Carla Carnovale, Emilio Clementi, Sandra Strazzer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Urolithiasis affects pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury, in whom the role of several clinical variables and of the presence and composition of enteral nutrition has not been investigated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review on 371 pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury. We used an essential electronic database to check the association between stones and enteral feeding. We then picked at random paper clinical records until we collected 20 and 20 complete records for patients with/without stones, not matched...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786813/prediction-of-mortality-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-implementations-from-a-tertiary-pediatric-intensive-care-facility
#7
Ebru Atike Ongun, Oğuz Dursun
BACKGROUND: To explore the mortality risk factors of traumatic brain injury in pediatric intensive care unit admissions. METHODS: Eighty-eight children (categorized using the Glasgow Coma Scale) between September 2014 and December 2016 were analyzed. Emergency department and intensive care course, treatment strategies, axonal injury, intubation and tracheostomy rates, length of intensive care and hospitalization, Rotterdam-CT scores, injury severity scores, and PRISM-III scores were recorded...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771772/nasogastric-tube-syndrome-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Gyanaranjan Nayak, Ramandeep S Virk, Manvi Singh, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: Nasogastric tubes have been used in the pediatric age group to supplement nutrition in cases of malignancy and failure to thrive due to a variety of causes. Breathing difficulty may occur after the insertion of a nasogastric tube and it can have multiple causes. Here we discuss 2 patients of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who developed a rare condition called the Sofferman syndrome (nasogastric tube syndrome). We will also briefly outline a diagnostic algorithm to facilitate its fast and correct diagnosis...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766676/identification-of-hospitalized-tracheostomy-and-ventilator-dependent-patients-in-administrative-data
#9
Barbara K Giambra, Colleen Mangeot, Dan T Benscoter, Maria T Britto
BACKGROUND: Patients with established tracheostomy and ventilator dependence are hospitalized more frequently and use more healthcare resources than other patients with complex chronic conditions. However, data to compare variation in hospitalization and resource use among patients in this population across the United States is deficient, partly due to the lack of structured methods to query national databases. AIM: Determine the best method for identifying the subset of children with established tracheostomy and ventilator dependence in Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS)...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756290/a-standardized-closed-loop-system-for-monitoring-pediatric-tracheostomy-related-adverse-events
#10
Mallory McKeon, Daphne Munhall, Brian K Walsh, Roger Nuss, Reza Rahbar, Mark Volk, Karen Watters
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Advancement in neonatal and pediatric intensive care has increased the need for chronic-care interventions, including tracheostomy. It is well established that children with a tracheostomy are at a high risk for adverse events, many of which are preventable. Despite this, there is no standardized method of monitoring tracheostomy-related adverse events (TRAEs). Our objective was to describe and assess a standardized, closed-loop system for monitoring TRAEs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Study...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717916/risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-acquired-airway-disease-after-congenital-heart-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Andrew J Matisoff, Pranathi Ari, David Zurakowski, Alexandra G Espinel, Nina Deutsch, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: In this single-center, retrospective review, we sought to determine the risk factors associated with the development of severe acquired airway disease (AAD; vocal cord paralysis [VCP] or subglottic stenosis [SGS]) in pediatric patients who had undergone surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) with cardiopulmonary bypass. All patients who required surgical treatment for CHD using cardiopulmonary bypass at our institution between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. We defined severe AAD as either clinically significant VCP, SGS, or both, requiring consultation with the otolaryngology (ENT) service for evaluation...
April 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701559/complications-following-lengthening-of-spinal-growing-implants-is-postoperative-admission-necessary
#12
K Aaron Shaw, Nicholas D Fletcher, Dennis P Devito, Joshua S Murphy
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative admission status on 30-day perioperative complications in patients with growing spinal instrumentation undergoing surgical lengthening. METHODS This retrospective case-control study of records from the 2014-2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric database was performed to identify surgical lengthening procedures of spinal implants in patients with growing instrumentation by Current Procedural Terminology code. The 30-day postoperative complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo system...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670793/tracheocutaneous-sinus-following-tracheocutaneous-fistula-repair-management-strategies-in-a-pediatric-patient
#13
Adam Bender-Heine, Habib G Zalzal, Nainika Nanda, Hassan Ramadan
Objective: To present a rare case of a pediatric tracheocutaneous sinus years after repair of a tracheocutaneous fistula and to review management strategies. Background: A tracheocutaneous fistula is a common sequela of pediatric tracheostomy and can occur in as many as one in three pediatric patients. There is debate in the literature regarding optimal surgical management. Case Presentation: An 8-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with swelling and erythema over the anterior neck...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648486/physicians-attitudes-when-faced-with-life-threatening-events-in-children-with-severe-neurological-disabilities
#14
Benjy Wosinski, Christopher J Newman
PURPOSE: Children with severe neurological disabilities are at an increased risk of acute, life-threatening events. We assessed physicians' attitudes when making decisions in these situations. METHODS: We surveyed physicians in pediatric intensive care, neurology, and rehabilitation units in Swiss hospitals. The questionnaire explored participants' attitudes toward life-threatening situations in two scenarios: a child with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) and an infant with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type I...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627422/predictors-of-failure-in-infant-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis
#15
Jeffrey A Hammoudeh, Artur Fahradyan, Colin Brady, Michaela Tsuha, Beina Azadgoli, Sally Ward, Mark M Urata
PURPOSE: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) has been shown to be successful in treating upper airway obstruction caused by micrognathia in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the success rate of MDO and possible predictors of failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of all neonates and infants who underwent MDO from 2008 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Procedural failure was defined as patient death or the need for tracheostomy postoperatively...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605367/clinical-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-associated-with-disease-severity-in-juvenile-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-study-of-104-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#16
Lee Marvin Reyes, Juan León Aguilar, Perla Villamor, Carlos De La Torre, Alicia Álvarez, Edgar Mantilla, Hiram Álvarez-Neri
BACKGROUND: Juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JRRP) is generally aggressive and with a high recurrence rate. Currently, there is no definite curative treatment for JRRP. Therefore, a greater understanding of the aspects that influence the severity and prognosis of the disease is required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of pediatric patients with JRRP and its relationship with the severity of the disease in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582225/outcomes-in-children-treated-with-pentobarbital-infusion-for-refractory-and-super-refractory-status-epilepticus
#17
Jennifer Erklauer, Jeanine Graf, Mona McPherson, Anne Anderson, Angus Wilfong, Charles G Minard, Laura Loftis
BACKGROUND: Functional neurologic outcome for children with refractory and super-refractory status epilepticus has not been well defined. METHODS: Retrospective chart review including children age 0-17 years who received pentobarbital infusion from 2003 to 2016 for status epilepticus. Outcomes were defined in terms of mortality, need for new medical technology assistance at hospital discharge and functional neurologic outcome determined by pediatric cerebral performance category score (PCPC)...
March 26, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566989/the-role-of-the-medical-social-worker-in-a-pediatric-aero-digestive-program
#18
Amanda Fonash
Families experience many psycho-social challenges when caring for a child with a tracheostomy in the home. The support of a Medical Social Worker in a Pediatric Aero-digestive Program is vitally important to help families navigate the multiple systems required to help manage the needs of medically complex child. The Medical Social Worker should strive to partner with families to provide resources and coordinate care to enhance coping and improve overall patient care and well-being.
April 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557596/severe-asthma-in-pediatrics-outcomes-of-the-implementation-of-a-special-health-care-protocol
#19
Verónica Giubergia, María J Ramirez Farías, Verónica Pérez, Adriana González, Nancy Crespi, Nora Fridman, Claudio Castaños
INTRODUCTION: Severe asthma accounts for 5-7% of all asthma cases. The World Health Organization proposed a follow-up protocol to classify cases into severe, treatment-resistant asthma (STRA) or severe, difficult-to-control asthma (SDCA). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical, functional, and therapeutic characteristics of patients with STRA or SDCA. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, and analytical study to assess the diagnosis, the extent of control (clinical and functional), comorbidities, treatment adherence, inhalation technique, and environmental factors in patients with severe asthma...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554066/an-algorithm-for-airway-management-in-patients-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#20
Katherine E Hicks, Kathleen R Billings, Chad A Purnell, John M Carter, Bharat Bhushan, Arun K Gosain, Dana M Thompson, Jeffrey C Rastatter
PURPOSE: Airway management in neonates with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) can be challenging. The goal was to describe the algorithm developed by the authors over the past 8 years. METHODS: A retrospective case series analyzing airway management in neonates with PRS admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at a tertiary care pediatric hospital was performed. The utility of the proposed algorithm for airway management incorporating more consistent use of polysomnography (PSG), and airway assessment was assessed...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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