keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric tracheostomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908527/-historical-review-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#1
Y H Chien, C Guilleminault
An historical review on the discoveries on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and sleep-disordered breathing is outlined. Starting with the description by Dickens of "Joe" the obese, snoring and sleepy individual, the authors trace more than 50 years of questions and research starting with the lean adult to the child and from the recognition of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to the outline of upper-airway resistance syndrome. The pathophysiological knowledge on sleep-disordered breathing has evolved over time, as have treatment approaches in children, from tracheostomy to positive-airway-pressure therapy, to adenotonsillectomy with and without orthodontic treatments to oral-facial myofunctional therapy...
November 28, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882804/a-comparison-of-high-frequency-chest-wall-oscillation-and-intrapulmonary-percussive-ventilation-for-airway-clearance-in-pediatric-patients-with-tracheostomy
#2
Aneela Bidiwala, Linda Volpe, Claudia Halaby, Melissa Fazzari, Christina Valsamis, Melodi Pirzada
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare two modes of airway clearance, the intrapulmonary percussive ventilation system (IPV) to high frequency chest wall oscillation system (HFCWO) in medically complex pediatric patients with tracheostomy requiring long term care. METHODS: This was a single center, retrospective study comparing the number of respiratory illnesses, lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), utilization of bronchodilator and systemic steroids, and respiratory illnesses requiring acute care hospitalizations...
November 24, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865477/tracheostomy-among-infants-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-undergoing-cardiac-operations-a-multicenter-analysis
#3
Parthak Prodhan, Amit Agarwal, Nahed O ElHassan, Elijah H Bolin, Brandon Beam, Xiomara Garcia, Michael Gaies, Xinyu Tang
BACKGROUND: Less than 2.7% of infants undergoing congenital heart disease operations have difficulty weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation. In such instances, clinicians may choose to perform tracheostomy. Limited literature has examined tracheostomy placement specifically in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). This study evaluated the risk factors for tracheostomy placement in infants with HLHS and examined the outcomes of these infants before their first hospital discharge...
November 16, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863641/the-influence-of-pediatric-tracheostomy-on-the-body-weight-percentile-of-children
#4
Shereen Yankasari, Yoon Se Lee, Won Kyung Chang, Hyun Moon, Jiwon Kim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Seung-Ho Choi, Sang Yoon Kim, Soon Yuhl Nam
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in body weight following tracheostomy in pediatric patients. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients who underwent tracheostomy at the age of 0-6 years were enrolled. The body weight and growth percentile were measured before tracheostomy and at 1, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The body weight and growth percentile were plotted against time, which was compared with Korean growth chart curve. A Retrospective observational cohort study was performed...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859296/slide-tracheoplasty-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-pulmonary-malformations
#5
Michael A DeMarcantonio, Catherine K Hart, Christina J Yang, Meredith Tabangin, Michael J Rutter, Roosevelt Bryant, Peter B Manning, Alessandro de Alarcón
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate and compare surgical outcomes of slide tracheoplasty for the treatment of congenital tracheal stenosis in children with and without pulmonary malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary care pediatric medical center. METHODS: We identified patients with tracheal stenosis who underwent slide tracheoplasty from 2001 to 2014, and a subset of these patients who were diagnosed with congenital pulmonary malformations...
November 15, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850645/1007-single-center-outcomes-study-with-pediatric-tracheostomy-dependent-patients
#6
Monica Vielkind, Dawn Simon, Courtney McCracken, Caroline Ivie, Kara Prickett, Kiran Hebbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828898/pediatric-ventilator-associated-infections-the-ventilator-associated-infection-study
#7
Douglas F Willson, Michelle Hoot, Robinder Khemani, Christopher Carrol, Aileen Kirby, Adam Schwarz, Rainer Gedeit, Sholeen T Nett, Simon Erickson, Heidi Flori, Spencer Hays, Mark Hall
OBJECTIVE: Suspected ventilator-associated infection is the most common reason for antibiotics in the PICU. We sought to characterize the clinical variables associated with continuing antibiotics after initial evaluation for suspected ventilator-associated infection and to determine whether clinical variables or antibiotic treatment influenced outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study conducted in 47 PICUs in the United States, Canada, and Australia...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808411/characterizing-mortality-in-pediatric-tracheostomy-patients
#8
Jamie L Funamura, Sonia Yuen, Kosuke Kawai, Ozgul Gergin, Eelam Adil, Reza Rahbar, Karen Watters
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the longitudinal risk of death following tracheostomy in the pediatric age group. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Hospital records of 513 children (≤18 years) at a tertiary care children's hospital who underwent tracheostomy between 1984 and 2015 were reviewed. The primary outcome measure was time from tracheostomy to death. Secondary patient demographic and clinical characteristics were assessed, with likelihood of death using χ(2) tests and the Cox proportional hazards model...
November 3, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787952/outcomes-of-mechanical-support-in-a-pediatric-lung-transplant-center
#9
Demet Toprak, Levent Midyat, Dawn Freiberger, Debra Boyer, Francis Fynn-Thompson, Gary Visner
Pediatric lung transplantation is a lifesaving option for patients with end stage lung disease, although the scarcity of suitable donor organs results in long wait times and increased waitlist mortality. Many pediatric centers consider mechanical ventilatory support, such as long-term invasive ventilation and ECMO, a contraindication to lung transplantation. We hypothesized that current survival rates and outcomes for patients on mechanical ventilatory support in the pre-transplant period were not remarkably different...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768853/retrospective-analysis-of-factors-leading-to-tracheostomy-decannulation-failure-a-single-institution-experience
#10
Anuja Bandyopadhyay, A Ioana Cristea, Stephanie D Davis, Veda L Ackerman, James E Slaven, Hasnaa E Jalou, Deborah C Givan, Ameet Daftary
RATIONALE: There is a lack of evidence regarding factors associated with failure of tracheostomy decannulation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify characteristics of pediatric patients who fail a tracheostomy decannulation challenge Methods: A retrospective review was performed on all patients who had a decannulation challenge at a tertiary care center from June 2006 to October 2013. Tracheostomy decannulation failure was defined as reinsertion of the tracheostomy tube within 6 months of the challenge...
October 21, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763701/alternative-methods-of-lung-isolation-in-cases-of-pediatric-bilateral-thoracoscopic-surgery
#11
Mark Wigginton, Laura Lehrian
We compare airway management and lung isolation methods in two pediatric cases of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome undergoing bilateral throacoscopic phrenic-nerve-stimulator surgery. One child received lung isolation using a 7Fr bronchial blocker in conjunction with a 6.0 cuffed endotracheal tube; and the second received a technique of endobronchial intubation using a 3.5 microcuffed tube via the tracheostomy stoma in conjunction with 5.0 cuffed endotracheal intubation; a technique previously undescribed in pediatric patients...
December 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734330/aspiration-of-a-fractured-tracheostomy-cannula-in-a-pediatric-patient
#12
Molly Kraus, Michelle LeRiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729153/successful-conservative-management-of-a-rare-complication-of-tracheostomy-extensive-posterior-tracheal-false-pouch
#13
Jennifer F Ha, Waseem Ostwani, Glenn Green
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of improved neonatal and pediatric intensive care management, tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children requiring prolonged ventilation. Even though tracheostomy is generally a safe procedure, there remains mortality and morbidity associated with it. OBJECTIVE: We report a rare complication of a tracheostomy tube resulting in extensive erosion and posterior tracheal false pouch secondary to a large tracheostomy tube and high positive end expiratory pressure in a 12-month-old infant...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700196/pediatric-blunt-neck-trauma-causing-esophageal-and-complete-tracheal-transection
#14
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa, Louis Seay
BACKGROUND: Blunt injuries to the cervical trachea remain rare but present unique and challenging clinical scenarios for prehospital providers. These injuries depend on prehospital providers either definitively securing the injured airway or bridging the patient to a treatment facility that can mobilize the necessary resources. CASE SUMMARY: The case presented here involves a clothesline injury to a pediatric patient that resulted in complete tracheal transection and partial esophageal transection...
October 4, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686727/implementing-a-care-bundle-approach-reduces-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-and-delays-ventilator-associated-tracheobronchitis-in-children-differences-according-to-endotracheal-or-tracheostomy-devices
#15
Yolanda Peña-López, Montserrat Pujol, Magda Campins, Alicia González-Antelo, Jose Ángel Rodrigo, Joan Balcells, Jordi Rello
OBJECTIVE: To reduce ventilator-associated infections (VARI) and improve outcomes for children. METHODS: This prospective interventional cohort study was conducted in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over three periods: pre-intervention, early post-intervention, and late post-intervention. These children were on mechanical ventilation (MV) for ≥48h. RESULTS: Overall, 312 children (11.9% of whom underwent tracheostomy) and 6187 ventilator-days were assessed...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685758/physician-driven-variation-in-the-care-of-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-1
#16
Maryam Oskoui, Pamela Ng, Stephen Liben, David Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of families are requesting active supportive management for their child with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA1), leading to longer survival and greater prevalence of affected children. Strong opinions exist among physicians for and against the provision of care measures prolonging life. OBJECTIVE: To describe current practice in the care of SMA1 in Canada, and explore the factors underlying inter-physician variability. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Canadian hospital-based pediatric neurologists and pediatric respirologists was performed in 2015...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669029/anesthetic-management-for-pediatric-awake-tracheostomy
#17
Ian Yuan, Benjamin B Bruins, Eleanor P Kiell, Luv R Javia, Jorge A Galvez
Awake tracheostomy is indicated for acute upper airway obstruction, when other methods of securing the airway, such as intubation and cricothyrotomy, have failed or are inappropriate. This option is rarely considered in pediatrics because of the concerns of patient cooperation and safety and has not been described in the literature. We describe the anesthetic management of an awake tracheostomy performed on a 7-year-old girl, with a large supraglottic mass obstructing the laryngeal introitus.
December 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641366/temporal-trends-in-inpatient-pediatric-sleep-apnea-surgery-1993-through-2010
#18
David F Smith, Ting Sa, Matthew Fenchel, Aliza P Cohen, Christine Heubi, Sally R Shott, Christine G Gourin, Stacey L Ishman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We sought to characterize changes in the patterns of inpatient surgical sleep care over time and ascertain if these changes were consistent with previously reported trends in adult surgical sleep care. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study. METHODS: Discharge data from the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample for 125,691 nasal, palatal, or hypopharyngeal procedures in children for sleep-disordered breathing or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) from 1993 to 2010 were analyzed using cross-tabulations and multivariate regression modeling...
September 19, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619034/pediatric-tracheostomy-survival-and-long-term-outcomes
#19
Norihiko Tsuboi, Kentaro Ide, Nao Nishimura, Satoshi Nakagawa, Noriko Morimoto
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate if there were any differences in survival and long-term outcomes between pediatric patients with and without neurological impairment who underwent tracheostomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients (age 0-15 years) who underwent tracheostomy between March 2002 and December 2013 was conducted. Patients were categorized into two groups: those who were neurologically impaired (NI) (pediatric cerebral performance category, 3-6) and those who were not neurologically impaired (NN) (pediatric cerebral performance category, 1-2)...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599810/tracheostomy-in-children-a-ten-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-in-southern-brazil
#20
Cláudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Carolina Fischer Becker, Larissa Santos Perez Abreu, Michelle Manzini, Leo Sekine, Gabriel Kuhl
INTRODUCTION: Children may require tracheostomy due to many different health conditions. Over the last 40 years, indications of tracheostomy have endorsed substantial modifications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pediatric patients warranted tracheostomy at our Hospital, in regard to their indications, associated comorbidities, complications and decannulation rates. METHODS: Retrospective study concerning patients under 18 years of age undergoing tracheostomy in a tertiary health care center, from January 2006 to November 2015...
August 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
95493
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"