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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747396/beta-estradiol-regulates-voltage-gated-calcium-channels-and-estrogen-receptors-in-telocytes-from-human-myometrium
#1
Adela Banciu, Daniel Dumitru Banciu, Cosmin Catalin Mustaciosu, Mihai Radu, Dragos Cretoiu, Junjie Xiao, Sanda Maria Cretoiu, Nicolae Suciu, Beatrice Mihaela Radu
Voltage-gated calcium channels and estrogen receptors are essential players in uterine physiology, and their association with different calcium signaling pathways contributes to healthy and pathological conditions of the uterine myometrium. Among the properties of the various cell subtypes present in human uterine myometrium, there is increasing evidence that calcium oscillations in telocytes (TCs) contribute to contractile activity and pregnancy. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of beta-estradiol on voltage-gated calcium channels and estrogen receptors in TCs from human uterine myometrium and to understand their role in pregnancy...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739832/expression-of-calcium-channel-transcripts-in-the-zebrafish-heart-dominance-of-t-type-channels
#2
Jaakko Haverinen, Minna Hassinen, Surjya Narayan Dash, Matti Vornanen
Calcium (Ca) channels are necessary for cardiac excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling, but Ca channel composition of fish hearts is still largely unknown. To this end, we determined transcript expression of Ca channels in the heart of zebrafish ( Danio rerio ), a popular model species. Altogether 18 Ca channel α-subunit genes were expressed in both atrium and ventricle. Transcripts for 7 L-type (Cav1.1a, Cav1.1b, Cav1.2, Cav1.3a, Cav1.3b, Cav1.4a, Cav1.4b), 5 T-type (Cav3.1, Cav3.2a, Cav3.2b, Cav3.3a, Cav3...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736031/nuclear-pore-complex-mediated-modulation-of-tcr-signaling-is-required-for-na%C3%A3-ve-cd4-t-cell-homeostasis
#3
Joana Borlido, Stephen Sakuma, Marcela Raices, Florent Carrette, Roberto Tinoco, Linda M Bradley, Maximiliano A D'Angelo
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are channels connecting the nucleus with the cytoplasm. We report that loss of the tissue-specific NPC component Nup210 causes a severe deficit of naïve CD4+ T cells. Nup210-deficient CD4+ T lymphocytes develop normally but fail to survive in the periphery. The decreased survival results from both an impaired ability to transmit tonic T cell receptor (TCR) signals and increased levels of Fas, which sensitize Nup210-/- naïve CD4+ T cells to Fas-mediated cell death. Mechanistically, Nup210 regulates these processes by modulating the expression of Cav2 (encoding Caveolin-2) and Jun at the nuclear periphery...
May 7, 2018: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709527/upregulation-of-n-type-calcium-channels-in-the-soma-of-uninjured-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-contributes-to-neuropathic-pain-by-increasing-neuronal-excitability-following-peripheral-nerve-injury
#4
Jie Yang, Man-Xiu Xie, Li Hu, Xiao-Fang Wang, Jie-Zhen Mai, Yong-Yong Li, Ning Wu, Cheng Zhang, Jin Li, Rui-Ping Pang, Xian-Guo Liu
N-type voltage-gated calcium (Cav2.2) channels are expressed in the central terminals of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, and are critical for neurotransmitter release. Cav2.2 channels are also expressed in the soma of DRG neurons, where their function remains largely unknown. Here, we showed that Cav2.2 was upregulated in the soma of uninjured L4 DRG neurons, but downregulated in those of injured L5 DRG neurons following L5 spinal nerve ligation (L5-SNL). Local application of specific Cav2.2 blockers (ω-conotoxin GVIA, 1-100 μM or ZC88, 10-1000 μM) onto L4 and 6 DRGs on the operated side, but not the contralateral side, dose-dependently reversed mechanical allodynia induced by L5-SNL...
April 27, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655575/crmp2-neurofibromin-interface-drives-nf1-related-pain
#5
Aubin Moutal, Li Sun, Xiaofang Yang, Wennan Li, Song Cai, Shizhen Luo, Rajesh Khanna
An understudied symptom of the genetic disorder Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is chronic idiopathic pain. We used targeted editing of Nf1 in rats to provide direct evidence of a causal relationship between neurofibromin, the protein product of the Nf1 gene, and pain responses. Our study data identified a protein-interaction network with collapsin response meditator protein 2 (CRMP2) as a node and neurofibromin, syntaxin 1A, and the N-type voltage-gated calcium (CaV2.2) channel as interaction edges. Neurofibromin uncouples CRMP2 from syntaxin 1A...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614714/cloning-synthesis-and-functional-characterization-of-a-novel-%C3%AE-conotoxin-lt1-3
#6
Jinqin Chen, Li Liang, Huying Ning, Fengtao Cai, Zhuguo Liu, Longxiao Zhang, Liangyi Zhou, Qiuyun Dai
α-Conotoxins (α-CTxs) are small peptides composed of 11 to 20 amino acid residues with two disulfide bridges. Most of them potently and selectively target nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes, and a few were found to inhibit the GABAB receptor (GABAB R)-coupled N-type calcium channels (Cav2.2). However, in all of α-CTxs targeting both receptors, the disulfide connectivity arrangement "C¹-C³, C²-C⁴" is present. In this work, a novel α4/7-CTx named Lt1.3 (GCCSHPACSGNNPYFC-NH₂) was cloned from the venom ducts of Conus litteratus ( C...
March 31, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544690/a-canine-adenovirus-type-2-vaccine-vector-confers-protection-against-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-guinea-pigs
#7
Annebel R De Vleeschauwer, Xiaocui Zhou, David J Lefebvre, Annabelle Garnier, Fleur Watier, Charly Pignon, Sandrine A Lacour, Stephan Zientara, Labib Bakkali-Kassimi, Kris De Clercq, Bernard Klonjkowski
Vaccination is a key element in the control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The majority of the antigenic sites that induce protective immune responses are localized on the FMD virus (FMDV) capsid that is formed by four virus-encoded structural proteins, VP1 to VP4. In the present study, recombinant canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV2)-based FMD vaccines, Cav-P1/3C R° and Cav-VP1 R°, respectively expressing the structural P1 precursor protein along with the non-structural 3C protein or expressing the structural VP1 protein of the FMDV strain O/FRA/1/2001, were evaluated as novel vaccines against FMD...
March 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490270/spontaneous-vesicle-fusion-is-differentially-regulated-at-cholinergic-and-gabaergic-synapses
#8
Haowen Liu, Lei Li, Wei Wang, Jihong Gong, Xiaofei Yang, Zhitao Hu
The locomotion of C. elegans is balanced by excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter release at neuromuscular junctions. However, the molecular mechanisms that maintain the balance of synaptic transmission remain enigmatic. Here, we investigated the function of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in triggering spontaneous release at cholinergic and GABAergic synapses. Recordings of the miniature excitatory/inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs and mIPSCs, respectively) showed that UNC-2/CaV2 and EGL-19/CaV1 channels are the two major triggers for spontaneous release...
February 27, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466724/bk-potassium-channels-suppress-cav%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-subunit-function-to-reduce-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain
#9
Fang-Xiong Zhang, Vinicius M Gadotti, Ivana A Souza, Lina Chen, Gerald W Zamponi
Cavα2δ subunits contribute to the cell-surface expression of Cav2 calcium channels. Upregulation of Cavα2δ-1 in dorsal root ganglion neurons occurs after nerve injury and results in an increased synaptic abundance of Cav2.2 channels in the spinal dorsal horn, thus enhancing the transmission of pain signals. Here, we report that large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels interact with the Cavα2δ subunit. Coexpression of BK channels with the Cav2 calcium channels reduces their cell-surface expression and whole-cell current density by competing the Cavα2δ subunit away from the Cav2 complex...
February 20, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420626/integrated-micro-messenger-rna-regulatory-networks-in-essential-thrombocytosis
#10
Lu Zhao, Song Wu, Erya Huang, Dimitri Gnatenko, Wadie F Bahou, Wei Zhu
Essential thrombocytosis (ET) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder with an unregulated surplus of platelets. Complications of ET include stroke, heart attack, and formation of blood clots. Although platelet-enhancing mutations have been identified in ET cohorts, genetic networks causally implicated in thrombotic risk remain unestablished. In this study, we aim to identify novel ET-related miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks through comparisons of transcriptomes between healthy controls and ET patients. Four network discovery algorithms have been employed, including (a) Pearson correlation network, (b) sparse supervised canonical correlation analysis (sSCCA), (c) sparse partial correlation network analysis (SPACE), and, (d) (sparse) Bayesian network analysis-all through a combined data-driven and knowledge-based analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378190/metabotropic-glutamate-7-receptor-agonist-amn082-inhibits-glutamate-release-in-rat-cerebral-cortex-nerve-terminal
#11
Che Chuan Wang, Jinn Rung Kuo, Shu Kuei Huang, Su Jane Wang
AMN082 is a selective metabotropic glutamate mGlu7 receptor agonist reported to exhibit antidepressant activity. Considering that excessive glutamate release is involved in the pathogenesis of depression, the effect of N,N'-dibenzyhydryl-ethane-1,2-diamine dihydrochloride (AMN082) on glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals and the possible underlying mechanism were investigated. In this study, we observed here that AMN082 inhibited 4-aminopyridine-evoked glutamate release and this phenomenon was blocked by the metabotropic glutamate mGlu7 receptor antagonist MMPIP...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363593/stac-proteins-associate-to-the-iq-domain-of-ca-v-1-2-and-inhibit-calcium-dependent-inactivation
#12
Marta Campiglio, Pierre Costé de Bagneaux, Nadine J Ortner, Petronel Tuluc, Filip Van Petegem, Bernhard E Flucher
The adaptor proteins STAC1, STAC2, and STAC3 represent a newly identified family of regulators of voltage-gated calcium channel (CaV ) trafficking and function. The skeletal muscle isoform STAC3 is essential for excitation-contraction coupling and its mutation causes severe muscle disease. Recently, two distinct molecular domains in STAC3 were identified, necessary for its functional interaction with CaV 1.1: the C1 domain, which recruits STAC proteins to the calcium channel complex in skeletal muscle triads, and the SH3-1 domain, involved in excitation-contraction coupling...
February 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352377/difference-of-acute-dissociation-and-1-day-culture-on-the-electrophysiological-properties-of-rat-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#13
Yuanlong Song, Miaomiao Zhang, Xiaoqing Tao, Zifen Xu, Yunjie Zheng, Minjie Zhu, Liangpin Zhang, Jinhan Qiao, Linlin Gao
The dissociated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons with or without culture were widely used for investigation of their electrophysiological properties. The culture procedures, however, may alter the properties of these neurons and the effects are not clear. In the present study, we recorded the action potentials (AP) and the voltage-gated Na+ , K+ , and Ca2+ currents with patch clamp technique and measured the mRNA of Nav1.6-1.9 and Cav2.1-2.2 with real-time PCR technique from acutely dissociated and 1-day (1-d) cultured DRG neurons...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343717/the-role-of-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-spheroid-formation-of-human-breast-cancer-cells-cultured-on-the-random-positioning-machine
#14
Sascha Kopp, Jayashree Sahana, Tawhidul Islam, Asbjørn Graver Petersen, Johann Bauer, Thomas J Corydon, Herbert Schulz, Kathrin Saar, Norbert Huebner, Lasse Slumstrup, Stefan Riwaldt, Markus Wehland, Manfred Infanger, Ronald Luetzenberg, Daniela Grimm
Human MCF-7 breast cancer cells were exposed to a Random Positioning Machine (RPM). After 24 hours (h) the cells grew either adherently within a monolayer (AD) or within multicellular spheroids (MCS). AD and MCS populations were separately harvested, their cellular differences were determined performing qPCR on genes, which were differently expressed in AD and MCS cells. Gene array technology was applied to detect RPM-sensitive genes in MCF-7 cells after 24 h. Furthermore, the capability to form multicellular spheroids in vitro was compared with the intracellular distribution of NF-kappaB (NFκB) p65...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343689/a-novel-%C3%AE-conopeptide-eu1-6-inhibits-n-type-cav2-2-calcium-channels-and-exhibits-potent-analgesic-activity
#15
Zhuguo Liu, Peter Bartels, Mahsa Sadeghi, Tianpeng Du, Qing Dai, Cui Zhu, Shuo Yu, Shuo Wang, Mingxin Dong, Ting Sun, Jiabin Guo, Shuangqing Peng, Ling Jiang, David J Adams, Qiuyun Dai
We here describe a novel α-conopeptide, Eu1.6 from Conus eburneus, which exhibits strong anti-nociceptive activity by an unexpected mechanism of action. Unlike other α-conopeptides that largely target nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), Eu1.6 displayed only weak inhibitory activity at the α3β4 and α7 nAChR subtypes and TTX-resistant sodium channels, and no activity at TTX-sensitive sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, or opiate receptors, VR1, KCNQ1, L- and T-type calcium channels expressed in HEK293 cells...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335317/reduced-n-type-ca-2-channels-in-atrioventricular-ganglion-neurons-are-involved-in-ventricular-arrhythmogenesis
#16
Dongze Zhang, Huiyin Tu, Liang Cao, Hong Zheng, Robert L Muelleman, Michael C Wadman, Yu-Long Li
BACKGROUND: Attenuated cardiac vagal activity is associated with ventricular arrhythmogenesis and related mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. Our recent study has shown that expression of N-type Ca2+ channel α-subunits (Cav 2.2-α) and N-type Ca2+ currents are reduced in intracardiac ganglion neurons from rats with chronic heart failure. Rat intracardiac ganglia are divided into the atrioventricular ganglion (AVG) and sinoatrial ganglion. Ventricular myocardium receives projection of neuronal terminals only from the AVG...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335006/genetic-dissection-of-the-neuro-glio-vascular-machinery-in-the-adult-brain
#17
Gregory W Kirschen, Rachel Kéry, Hanxiao Liu, Afrinash Ahamad, Liang Chen, Wendy Akmentin, Ramya Kumar, Joel Levine, Qiaojie Xiong, Shaoyu Ge
The adult brain actively controls its metabolic homeostasis via the circulatory system at the blood brain barrier interface. The mechanisms underlying the functional coupling from neuron to vessel remain poorly understood. Here, we established a novel method to genetically isolate the individual components of this coupling machinery using a combination of viral vectors. We first discovered a surprising non-uniformity of the glio-vascular structure in different brain regions. We carried out a viral injection screen and found that intravenous Canine Adenovirus 2 (CAV2) preferentially targeted perivascular astrocytes throughout the adult brain, with sparing of the hippocampal hilus from infection...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317246/presynaptic-calcium-channels
#18
REVIEW
Sumiko Mochida
At the presynaptic terminal, neuronal firing activity induces membrane depolarization and subsequent Ca2+ entry through voltage-gated Ca2+ (CaV ) channels triggers neurotransmitter release from the active zone. Presynaptic Ca2+ channels form a large signaling complex, which targets synaptic vesicles to Ca2+ channels for efficient release and mediates Ca2+ channel regulation. The presynaptic CaV 2 channel family (comprising CaV 2.1, CaV 2.2 and CaV 2.3 isoforms) encode the pore-forming α1 subunit. The cytoplasmic regions are the target of regulatory proteins for channel modulation...
February 2018: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277284/alcohol-withdrawal-upregulates-mrna-encoding-for-ca-v-2-1-%C3%AE-1-subunit-in-the-rat-inferior-colliculus
#19
Jamila Newton, Shubhankar Suman, Luli R Akinfiresoye, Kamal Datta, David M Lovinger, Prosper N'Gouemo
We previously reported increased current density through P-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in inferior colliculus (IC) neurons during alcohol withdrawal. However, the molecular correlate of this increased P-type channel current is currently unknown. Here, we probe changes in mRNA and protein expression of the pore-forming CaV 2.1-α1 (P/Q-type) subunits in IC neurons during the course of alcohol withdrawal-induced seizures (AWSs). Rats received three daily doses of ethanol or the vehicle every 8 h for 4 consecutive days...
February 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216442/lycopene-depresses-glutamate-release-through-inhibition-of-voltage-dependent-ca-2-entry-and-protein-kinase-c-in-rat-cerebrocortical-nerve-terminals
#20
Cheng-Wei Lu, Chi-Feng Hung, Wei-Horng Jean, Tzu-Yu Lin, Shu-Kuei Huang, Su-Jane Wang
Lycopene is a natural dietary carotenoid that was reported to exhibit a neuroprotective profile. Considering that excitotoxicity and cell death induced by glutamate are involved in many brain disorders, the effect of lycopene on glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals and the possible mechanism involved in such effect was investigated. We observed here that lycopene inhibited 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-evoked glutamate release and intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ concentration elevation. The inhibitory effect of lycopene on 4-AP-evoked glutamate release was markedly reduced in the presence of the Cav 2...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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