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Nobuhiro Wada, Satoru Yamanaka, Junko Shibato, Randeep Rakwal, Satoshi Hirako, Yuzuru Iizuka, Hyounju Kim, Akiyo Matsumoto, Ai Kimura, Fumiko Takenoya, Genta Yasunaga, Seiji Shioda
This study investigates effects of dipeptide balenine, as a major component of whale meat extract (hereafter, WME), supplementation on senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8), an Alzheimer's disease (AD) model at level of learning and memory formation and brain expression profiles genome-wide in brain. Mice fed experimental balenine (+ WME) supplemented diet for 26 weeks were subjected to four behavioral tests - open field, Y-maze, new object recognition, and water-filled multiple T-maze - to examine effects on learning and memory...
December 2016: Genomics Data
Charles A Chang, Waqas Z Haque, Gumpei Yoshimatsu, Prathab S Balajii, Michael C Lawrence, Bashoo Naziruddin
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising beta cell replacement treatment for patients with "brittle" type 1 diabetes (T1D) or intractable chronic pancreatitis to restore or preserve pancreatic endocrine function. Early after transplant, a significant islet mass is lost due to an innate inflammatory response, and further loss of the islet graft occurs over time due to immune response, drug toxicity, or metabolic exhaustion. Thus, clinically feasible techniques are essential to monitor islet graft function and survival to maintain appropriate therapy...
March 2016: Panminerva Medica
Latha Satish, J Michael Krill-Burger, Phillip H Gallo, Shelley Des Etages, Fang Liu, Brian J Philips, Sudheer Ravuri, Kacey G Marra, William A LaFramboise, Sandeep Kathju, J Peter Rubin
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue-derived stromal stem cells (ASCs) represent a promising regenerative resource for soft tissue reconstruction. Although autologous grafting of whole fat has long been practiced, a major clinical limitation of this technique is inconsistent long-term graft retention. To understand the changes in cell function during the transition of ASCs into fully mature fat cells, we compared the transcriptome profiles of cultured undifferentiated human primary ASCs under conditions leading to acquisition of a mature adipocyte phenotype...
2015: BMC Medical Genomics
Jalal Taneera, Joao Fadista, Emma Ahlqvist, David Atac, Emilia Ottosson-Laakso, Claes B Wollheim, Leif Groop
Normal glucose homeostasis is characterized by appropriate insulin secretion and low HbA1c. Gene expression signatures associated with these two phenotypes could be essential for islet function and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Herein, we employed a novel approach to identify candidate genes involved in T2D by correlating islet microarray gene expression data (78 donors) with insulin secretion and HbA1c level. The expression of 649 genes (P < 0.05) was correlated with insulin secretion and HbA1c...
April 1, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
Lei Jiang, Benedicte Brackeva, Zhidong Ling, Gertjan Kramer, Johannes M Aerts, Frans Schuit, Bart Keymeulen, Daniel Pipeleers, Frans Gorus, Geert A Martens
There is a need for plasma-based tests that can directly measure the extent of β-cell injury in vivo in patients receiving islet grafts and in animal models. In this study, we propose protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 1A (PPP1R1A) as a novel biomarker for acute β-cell destruction. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry proteome analysis of fluorescence-activated cell sorter-purified β-cells, tissue-comparative Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry indicated relatively high molar abundance and selectivity of PPP1R1A in β-cells...
August 2013: Diabetes
Gretchen E Parker, Bartholomew A Pederson, Mariko Obayashi, Jill M Schroeder, Robert A Harris, Peter J Roach
Glycogen, a branched polymer of glucose, forms an energy re-serve in numerous organisms. In mammals, the two largest glyco-gen stores are in skeletal muscle and liver, which express tissue-specific glycogen synthase isoforms. MGSKO mice, in which mGys1 (mouse glycogen synthase) is disrupted, are devoid of muscle glycogen [Pederson, Chen, Schroeder, Shou, DePaoli-Roach and Roach (2004) Mol. Cell. Biol. 24, 7179-7187]. The GSL30 mouse line hyper-accumulates glycogen in muscle [Manchester, Skurat, Roach, Hauschka and Lawrence (1996) Proc...
April 1, 2006: Biochemical Journal
Daniel H Wai, Karl-Ludwig Schaefer, Alexander Schramm, Eberhard Korsching, Frans Van Valen, Toshifumi Ozaki, Werner Boecker, Lothar Schweigerer, Barbara Dockhorn-Dworniczak, Christopher Poremba
We identified patterns of differentially-expressed genes in cell lines derived from several pediatric solid tumors. Affymetrix Human Cancer G110 Arrays, carrying 1,700 cancer-associated genes, were applied to a panel of 11 cell lines originating from Ewing tumors (ETs), neuroblastomas, and malignant melanoma of soft parts. Hierarchical clustering clearly differentiated these 3 entities and revealed groups of 75, 102, and 36 gene probe-sets exhibiting tumor-type specific up-regulation in these cell lines, respectively...
March 2002: International Journal of Oncology
S Takakura, T Kohno, R Manda, A Okamoto, T Tanaka, J Yokota
Recent studies have revealed that genetic alterations of the protein phosphatase genes, including PTEN, PPP2R1A, PPP2R1B and PPP1R3, are involved in human carcinogenesis. In the present study, we examined the genetic and expression status of nine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) genes in 55 human cancer cell lines, consisting of 10 small cell lung cancers, 22 non-small cell lung cancers, 11 colorectal cancers, 7 gastric cancers and 5 ovarian cancers. The PP1 genes examined were three catalytic subunit genes, PPP1CA, PPP1CB and PPP1CC, and six regulatory subunit genes, PPP1R1A, PPP1R2, PPP1R5, PPP1R6, PPP1R7 and PPP1R8...
April 2001: International Journal of Oncology
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