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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931081/female-reproductive-success-and-calf-survival-in-a-north-sea-coastal-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-population
#1
Kevin P Robinson, Texa M C Sim, Ross M Culloch, Thomas S Bean, Isabel Cordoba Aguilar, Sonja M Eisfeld, Miranda Filan, Gary N Haskins, Genevieve Williams, Graham J Pierce
Between-female variation in reproductive output provides a strong measure of individual fitness and a quantifiable measure of the health of a population which may be highly informative to management. In the present study, we examined reproductive traits in female bottlenose dolphins from the east coast of Scotland using longitudinal sightings data collected over twenty years. From a total of 102 females identified between 1997 and 2016, 74 mothers produced a collective total of 193 calves. Females gave birth from 6 to 13 years of age with a mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#2
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929056/clinico-pathological-profile-of-deep-neck-space-infection-a-prospective-study
#3
Rumpa Das, Gorakh Nath, Anupam Mishra
Deep neck space infections (DNI) has been a common and serious disease, involving several spaces created by planes of greater and lesser resistance between the fascial layers of the neck. Infection of deep neck space has been dangerous due to its potential ease of spread from one space to other space, associated sepsis and upper airway obstruction. This prospective study was done in 45 patients of DNI over a period of 1 year. Patients with age of 1 month to 80 years of both the sexes were included. Patient's particular, clinical presentation and associated co-morbid conditions, physical examination, routine laboratory investigations and radiological investigations were analyzed...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928462/total-and-specific-dietary-polyphenol-intakes-and-6-year-anthropometric-changes-in-a-middle-aged-general-population-cohort
#4
S Adriouch, E Kesse-Guyot, T Feuillet, M Touvier, V Olié, V Andreeva, S Hercberg, P Galan, L Fezeu
BACKGROUND: Dietary polyphenols are suggested anti-obesogenic agents. Prospective evidence in general populations of an association between polyphenol intakes and anthropometry is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between dietary polyphenol intakes and changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) over a 6-year period. METHODS: Individual intakes of 264 different polyphenols (mg/day) were estimated using the Phenol-Explorer database and the mean of 6-17 24-h dietary records collected in 1994-1996...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928176/controlling-nutritional-status-conut-score-as-a-predictor-of-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-hypertensive-patients-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#5
Xiaonan Sun, Leiming Luo, Xiaoqian Zhao, Ping Ye
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of nutritional status on survival per Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score and Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) in patients with hypertension over 80 years of age. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 336 hypertensive patients over 80 years old were included in this study. OUTCOME MEASURES: All-cause deaths were recorded as Kaplan-Meier curves to evaluate the association between CONUT and all-cause mortality at follow-up...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927581/differential-aging-signals-in-abdominal-ct-scans
#6
Nikita V Orlov, Sokratis Makrogiannis, Luigi Ferrucci, Ilya G Goldberg
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Changes in the composition of body tissues are major aging phenotypes, but they have been difficult to study in depth. Here we describe age-related change in abdominal tissues observable in computed tomography (CT) scans. We used pattern recognition and machine learning to detect and quantify these changes in a model-agnostic fashion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of abdominal L4 sections were obtained from Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA) participants...
September 15, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927191/increasing-mortality-from-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-china-from-2004-to-2010-disproportionate-rise-in-rural-areas-and-elderly-subjects-438-million-person-years-follow-up
#7
Xiaofei Zhang, Arshad A Khan, Ehtesham Ul Haq, Aadil Rahim, Dayi Hu, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Xiaoyan Ma, Rongjing Ding, Andrew J Boyle
Aims: We sought to ascertain the changes in mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) from 2004 to 2010 in China as the sheer size of China's population makes disease patterns relevant globally. Methods and results: Data on IHD mortality were obtained from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention National Disease Surveillance Point System, which includes 161 counties and a population of over 73 million-a representative sample of over 6% of the entire population of China...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927174/has-invasive-management-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-become-more-risk-appropriate-pooled-results-of-five-australian-registries
#8
Amera Halabi, Derek P Chew, Matthew Horsfall, Karice Huyn, Andrew MacIsaac, Craig Juergens, John Amerena, Jamie Rankin, John French, David Brieger
Background: Despite being recommended in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) guidelines, the use of invasive management within specific risk groups continues to be debated. This study examines the change in the use of invasive management in ACS by patient risk and the associated change in mortality within Australia over the last 17 years. Methods: Pooled cohorts derived from five ACS registries (ACACIA, CONCORDANCE, GRACE, Snapshot-ACS, and Predict) spanned from 1999 to 2015...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926363/blood-pressure-measurements-over-thin-and-thick-sleeves-in-the-frail-elderly
#9
Sachiko Ozone, Mikiya Sato, Ayumi Takayashiki, Takuya Sato, Aya Matsushita, Hisashi Yoshimoto, Tetsuhiro Maeno
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) measurement is recommended on bare arms, but undressing the arms for BP measurements is often difficult for frail elderly individuals. We aimed to assess the accuracy of BP measurements over arms with thin and thick clothing among the frail elderly. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Individuals aged 65 years or older were recruited from three long-term care facilities in Japan between April and May 2016. The main outcome measures were BP measurements (a) on a bare arm, (b) over a thin shirt, (c) over a thin shirt and a cardigan, and (d) over the sleeve of a thin shirt and a cardigan rolled up to the elbow...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926326/prevalence-of-hepatitis-a-virus-antibody-in-portuguese-travelers-a-new-paradigm
#10
Sónia Rocha, Sandra Tejo, Eugénia Ferreira, Luís Trindade, Eduardo Rabadão, Nuno Marques, José Saraiva da Cunha
INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, the prevalence of hepatitis A virus infection has decreased in the past decades, especially in young adults. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of antibody to hepatitis A virus in a population observed in our Travel Clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Antibodies against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus were tested using standard enzyme immunoassay in patients older than 18. The exclusion criteria were: prior vaccination for hepatitis A virus, previous diagnosis of infection with hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and/or human immunodeficiency virus, foreign travelers and long-term expatriates...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925583/decreasing-incidence-of-cancer-after-liver-transplantation-a-nordic-population-based-study-over-three-decades
#11
A Nordin, F Åberg, E Pukkala, C R Pedersen, H H Storm, A Rasmussen, W Bennet, M Olausson, H Wilczek, B-G Ericzon, S Tretli, P-D Line, T H Karlsen, K M Boberg, H Isoniemi
Cancer remains one of the most serious long-term complications after liver transplantation (LT). Data for all adult LT patients between 1982 and 2013 was extracted from the Nordic Liver Transplant Registry. Through linkage with respective national cancer-registry data, we calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) based on country, sex, calendar time, and age-specific incidence rates. Altogether 461 cancers were observed in 424 individuals out the 4246 LT patients during a mean 6.6-year follow-up. The overall SIR was 2...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923181/centenarians-in-europe
#12
Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Daniela Jopp, Oscar Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: The group of individuals aged 80 and over is growing faster than other segments of the population, and within this group the number of centenarians has risen exponentially worldwide. This paper reports the numbers of centenarians (total, and ratio relative to total population) in 32 European countries and their key characteristics: gender distribution, level of education, and type of residence. STUDY DESIGN: Population based study. MEASURES: We used national census data collected in 2011 for individuals aged 100 and over living in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922954/determinants-of-carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-progression-in-hypertensive-patients-over-a-3-7-years-follow-up
#13
Paolo Meani, Alessandro Maloberti, Paola Sormani, Giulia Colombo, Luca Giupponi, Miriam Stucchi, Marisa Varrenti, Paola Vallerio, Rita Facchetti, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia, Cristina Giannattasio
OBJECTIVE: The role of risk factors on the progression of arterial stiffness has not yet been extensively evaluated. The aim of the current longitudinal study was to evaluate the determinants of the PWV progression over a 4 years follow-up period in hypertensive subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 333 consecutive hypertensive outpatients 18-80 aged, followed by the Hypertension Unit of St. Gerardo Hospital (Monza, Italy). At baseline anamnestic, clinical, BP, laboratory data and cfPWV were assessed...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922696/does-air-gas-aesthesiometry-generate-a-true-mechanical-stimulus-for-corneal-sensitivity-measurement
#14
Daniela S Nosch, Heiko Pult, Julie Albon, Christine Purslow, Paul J Murphy
BACKGROUND: Belmonte Ocular Pain Meter (OPM) air jet aesthesiometry overcomes some of the limitations of the Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer. However, for true mechanical corneal sensitivity measurement, the airflow stimulus temperature of the aesthesiometer must equal ocular surface temperature (OST), to avoid additional response from temperature-sensitive nerves. The aim of this study was to determine: (A) the stimulus temperature inducing no or least change in OST; and (B) to evaluate if OST remains unchanged with different stimulus durations and airflow rates...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922257/endoscopic-and-histological-assessment-of-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-over-a-three-year-follow-up-period
#15
J J Ashton, Q Bonduelle, E Mossotto, T Coelho, A Batra, N A Afzal, B Vadgama, S Ennis, R M Beattie
OBJECTIVES: Discrepancies between Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) endoscopic/histological extent are documented at diagnosis. It is unclear whether these differences persist through disease course, with potential impact on categorisation and management. We aimed to analyse the progression of disease over a 3-year period. METHODS: Patients aged < 17 years, diagnosed between 2010-2013 at Southampton Children's Hospital and followed-up for 3 years were eligible...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922227/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-coagulation-profile-derangement-after-liver-surgery-implications-for-the-use-of-epidural-analgesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Pierre Jacquenod, Grégoire Wallon, Mathieu Gazon, Benjamin Darnis, Pierre Pradat, Victor Virlogeux, Olivier Farges, Frédéric Aubrun
BACKGROUND: Hepatic surgery is a major abdominal surgery. Epidural analgesia may decrease the incidence of postoperative morbidities. Hemostatic disorders frequently occur after hepatic resection. Insertion or withdrawal (whether accidental or not) of an epidural catheter during coagulopathic state may cause an epidural hematoma. The aim of the study is to determine the incidence of coagulopathy after hepatectomy, interfering with epidural catheter removal, and to identify the risk factors related to coagulopathy...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921658/evaluating-instrument-responsiveness-in-joint-function-the-hoos-jr-the-koos-jr-and-the-promis-pf-cat
#17
Man Hung, Charles L Saltzman, Tom Greene, Maren W Voss, Jerry Bounsanga, Yushan Gu, Mike B Anderson, Christopher L Peters, Jeremy Gililland, Christopher E Pelt
Responsiveness is the ability to detect change over time and is an important aspect of measures used to detect treatment effects. The purpose of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the HOOS JR, the KOOS JR, and the PROMIS Physical Function (PF) computerized adaptive test (CAT) in a joint reconstruction practice. 983 patients were evaluated for joint conditions between 2014 and 2017 in an orthopaedic clinic and completed the three instruments at baseline and three and/or six-month follow-up visits...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920100/a-urinary-fragment-of-mucin-1-subunit-%C3%AE-is-a-novel-biomarker-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-the-general-population
#18
Zhen-Yu Zhang, Susana Ravassa, Martin Pejchinovski, Wen-Yi Yang, Petra Zürbig, Begoña López, Fang-Fei Wei, Lutgarde Thijs, Lotte Jacobs, Arantxa González, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Peter Verhamme, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Javier Díez, Harald Mischak, Jan A Staessen
INTRODUCTION: Sequencing peptides included in the urinary proteome identifies the parent proteins and may reveal mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease. METHODS: In 805 randomly recruited Flemish individuals (50.8% women; mean age, 51.1 years), we determined the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from serum creatinine using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. We categorized eGFR according to the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guideline...
September 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919600/modified-blatchford-score-for-risk-stratification-in-adult-patient-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-and-their-short-term-hospital-outcome
#19
M S Islam, M Z Uddin, M S Ali, M N Islam, M H Rahman, I H Robi, M M Haque, M W Rahman, M A Uddin, F Ahamed, M S Malek, M A Kabir, M S Rahman, A U Khan, F A Doel
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919599/clinico-biochemical-profile-of-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
S Kabir, M S Basher, H Akhter, T Latif, S N Akhter, R K Karmoker, S A Shaon, K Ahmed
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome. Hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors are attributed to the condition. Recently, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh among thirty-six purposively selected patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum to assess the clinic-biochemical profile...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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