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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356174/adolescents-alcohol-use-and-strength-of-policy-relating-to-youth-access-trading-hours-and-driving-under-the-influence-findings-from-australia
#1
V White, D Azar, A Faulkner, K Coomber, S Durkin, M Livingston, T Chikritzhs, R Room, M Wakefield
AIMS: To determine i) whether strength of Australian alcohol control policy in three domains (youth access, trading hours and drink driving) changed during the 2000s; and ii) estimate associations between these policies and adolescent drinking after adjusting for television alcohol advertising exposures, alcohol outlet density, alcohol price changes, exposure to negative articles about alcohol in daily newspapers and adult drinking prevalence. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional surveys conducted triennially from 2002 to 2011...
January 22, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355908/losigamone-add-on-therapy-for-focal-epilepsy
#2
REVIEW
Yousheng Xiao, Man Luo, Jin Wang, Hongye Luo
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurologic disorder, affecting approximately 50 million people worldwide; nearly a third of these people have epilepsy that is not well controlled by a single antiepileptic drug (AED) and they usually require treatment with a combination of two or more AEDs. In recent years, many newer AEDs have been investigated as add-on therapy for focal epilepsy; losigamone is one of these drugs and is the focus of this systematic review. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2012 (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 6) and updated in 2015...
January 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354683/the-use-of-accelerometry-as-a-tool-to-measure-disturbed-nocturnal-sleep-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Sarah McGregor, Philip Churchward, Katarzyna Soja, Denise O'Driscoll, Michelle Braybrook, Hamid Khodakarami, Andrew Evans, Parisa Farzanehfar, Garun Hamilton, Malcolm Horne
Sleep disturbances are common in Parkinson's disease (PD). We used the Parkinson's KinetiGraph (PKG), an objective movement recording system for PD to assess night time sleep in 155 people aged over 60 and without PD (controls), 72 people with PD (PwP) and 46 subjects undergoing a Polysomnogram (PSG: 36 with sleep disorder and 10 with normal sleep). The PKG system uses a wrist worn logger to capture acceleration and derive a bradykinesia score (BKS) every 2 min over 6 days. The BKS ranges from 0-160 with higher scores associated with lesser mobility...
2018: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353709/the-role-of-telenursing-in-the-management-of-diabetes-type-1-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Konstantia Kotsani, Vasiliki Antonopoulou, Aikaterini Kountouri, Maria Grammatiki, Eleni Rapti, Spyridon Karras, Christina Trakatelli, Panagiotis Tsaklis, Kiriakos Kazakos, Kalliopi Kotsa
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (T1DM) is a chronic disease that requires patients' self-monitoring and self-management to achieve glucose targets and prevent complications. Telenursing implicates technology in the interaction of a specialized nurse with patients with chronic diseases in order to provide personalized care and support. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of telenursing on T1DM patients' compliance with glucose self-monitoring and glycemic control...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353511/identified-mental-disorders-in-older-adults-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-database-study
#5
Geoff McCombe, Frank Fogarty, Davina Swan, Ailish Hannigan, Gerard M Fealy, Lorraine Kyne, David Meagher, Walter Cullen
INTRODUCTION: Identifying and managing mental disorders among older adults is an important challenge for primary care in Europe. Electronic medical records (EMRs) offer considerable potential in this regard, although there is a paucity of data on their use for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence/treatment of identified mental disorders among older adults (over 55 years) by using data derived from EMRs in general practice. METHODS: We utilized data from a cross-sectional study of mental disorders in primary care, which identified patients with mental disorders based on diagnostic coding and prescribed medicines...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353418/emerging-trends-in-hospitalisation-for-fragility-fractures-in-ireland
#6
M A Kelly, B McGowan, M J McKenna, K Bennett, J J Carey, B Whelan, C Silke
BACKGROUND: We analysed hospital admissions and bed occupancy for fragility fractures in Ireland over a 15-year period to assess fracture admission trends and to project admissions over the next three decades. METHODS: We used the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) scheme to extract data on fracture admissions to Irish hospitals between 2000 and 2014 inclusive. We calculated absolute numbers and age-standardised rates of hospitalisations for men and women ≥ 50 years for each osteoporotic-type fracture...
January 20, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351357/changes-in-axial-length-and-progression-of-visual-field-damage-in-glaucoma
#7
Mieko Yanagisawa, Takehiro Yamashita, Masato Matsuura, Yuri Fujino, Hiroshi Murata, Ryo Asaoka
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between axial length (AL) elongation and progression of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: AL was measured twice over a 5.1 ± 0.76 (mean ± standard deviation: SD) year period in 125 eyes of 72 patients with POAG. The eyes were divided into not long (AL < 26 mm, 80 eyes) and long (>26 mm, 45 eyes) groups. During this period, patients' visual fields (VFs) were measured with the Humphrey Field Analyzer 12.4 ± 7...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351163/comparison-of-the-force-velocity-and-power-time-curves-between-the-concentric-only-and-eccentric-concentric-bench-press-exercises
#8
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Paul Comfort, John J McMahon, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Amador García-Ramos
The aim of this study was to compare the temporal and mechanical variables between the concentric-only and eccentric-concentric bench press (BP) variants. Twenty-one men (age: 22.0±4.2 years, body mass: 73.4±7.7 kg, height: 177.2±8.0 cm; one-repetition maximum [1RM]: 1.12±0.12 kg⋅kg) were evaluated during the concentric-only and eccentric-concentric BP variants using 80% 1RM. Temporal (concentric phase duration, propulsive phase duration, and time to reach the maximum values of force, velocity, and power) and mechanical variables (force, velocity, and power), determined using a linear velocity transducer, were compared between both BP variants...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349979/-capsular-enhanced-repair-with-suture-anchors-in-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#9
Bo Shi, Ming-Rui Xie, Zong-Yuan Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of capsular-enhanced repair with suture anchors in bipolar hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of femoral neck fractures in elderly patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was designed. From June 2009 to June 2016, 53 senile patients (54 hips)with femoral neck fracture were treated operatively in Mianyang central hospital (Sichuan, China). There were 21 males and 32 females, ranging in age from 80 to 97.5 years old (mean, 84.7 years old)...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349959/-comparison-of-the-curative-effect-between-over-elbow-splint-and-traditional-small-splint-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-comminuted-colles-fracture
#10
Min Chen, Teng-Hui Li, Guang-Ping Huang, Hui Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy of over-elbow small splint fixation for the treatment of comminuted Colles fractures. METHODS: From October 2013 to October 2015, 52 patients with comminuted Colles fracture were divided into two groups (the traditional splint fixation group and the over-elbow small splint fixation group) according to the treatment strategy. There were 26 patients in the over-elbow small splint fixation group including 7 males and 19 females with an average age of (64...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348844/trends-and-variations-in-mantle-cell-lymphoma-incidence-from-1995-to-2013-a-comparative-study-between-texas-and-national-seer-areas
#11
Shuangshuang Fu, Michael Wang, David R Lairson, Ruosha Li, Bo Zhao, Xianglin L Du
Background: Few studies have assessed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) incidence trends in the U.S. National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) areas. Previous studies were 5 to 9 years old and MCL incidence in Texas remains unknown. This study updated the temporal trends and variations of MCL incidence in the SEER areas and compared them with counterpart data in Texas. Results: From 1995 to 2013, there were 2, 435 and 5, 193 newly diagnosed MCL patients in Texas and SEER areas...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348712/assessment-of-ramadan-education-and-knowledge-among-diabetic-patients
#12
Mussa Hussain Almalki, Ibtihal Hussen, Shawana A Khan, Abdulrahman Almaghamsi, Fahad Alshahrani
Background: During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn until dusk for one lunar month every year. Most of the Muslim patients with diabetes are unaware of the potential complications that can occur while fasting, such as hypoglycemia. The aim of this study is to assess the the patient education level and patients' overall awareness of any possible complications that could occur while fasting during Ramadan and to determine how these patients deal with these complications. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study and surveyed diabetic patients about their diabetes-related knowledge over a period of 4 months from the outpatient clinic at the Obesity, Endocrine, and Metabolism Center at King Fahad Medical City...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348003/the-waterhub-at-emory-university-campus-resiliency-through-decentralized-reuse
#13
Daniel Allison, Eric Lohan, Tim Baldwin
  In the spring of 2015, Emory University in Atlanta, GA, commissioned an innovative campuswide water reclamation and reuse system known as the WaterHub®. Treating up to 400,000 gallons each day, the system can recycle the equivalent of two-thirds of the University's wastewater production and reduce the campus water footprint by up to 40 percent.One of the first district-scale water reuse systems in North America, the WaterHub mines wastewater from the campus sewer system and repurposes it for beneficial reuse on campus...
February 1, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344422/the-effects-of-physical-training-are-varied-and-occur-in-an-exercise-type-dependent-manner-in-elderly-men
#14
Mari L Sbardelotto, Giulia S Pedroso, Fernanda T Pereira, Helen R Soratto, Stella Ms Brescianini, Pauline S Effting, Anand Thirupathi, Renata T Nesi, Paulo Cl Silveira, Ricardo A Pinho
Regular exercise can decrease the deleterious effects of aging and limit the development and progression of chronic disease in elderly people, depending on the type, intensity, frequency, and duration of exercise. This study aimed to investigate the potential protective effects of different physical training programs on oxidative stress parameters and inflammatory and neurotrophic mediators in the serum of elderly men. Healthy male volunteers [60 to 80 years; n=55] were divided into four groups: control [Ctr, n=14], aerobic training on dry land [ATdl, n=12]; and combined training on dry land [CTdl, n=12] or in water [CTw, n=17]...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344384/blood-pressure-target-achievement-and-antihypertensive-medication-use-in-women-and-men-after-first-ever-myocardial-infarction-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1994-2016
#15
Laila A Hopstock, Anne Elise Eggen, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Amalie Nilsen, Inger Njølstad, Tom Wilsgaard
Background: Recurrent cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction (MI) are frequent, and gender differences in blood pressure treatment have been reported. Despite increased focus on secondary prevention, recent reports indicate that treatment targets are not achieved. There is a need for gender-specific analyses of post-MI blood pressure treatment target achievement and antihypertensive medication adherence. Design: We investigated the change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and antihypertensive drug use after first-ever MI over two time periods in a Norwegian population-based study...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340904/turkish-women-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-wet-nursing-milk-sharing-and-human-milk-banking
#16
Ahmet Ergin, S Utku Uzun
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine Turkish women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on wet-nursing, milk sharing, and human milk banking in a primary care setting located in a semi-rural area. Description Donated human milk is a feasible option for feeding infants and children. Currently, there is a debate on the topic starts with the preparations to launch a human milk bank in a large city in Turkey. Several previous papers reported women's opinions in large hospital based studies. Little is known about women's views and practice on donated human milk in the rural areas of Turkey...
January 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340813/impact-of-laparoscopy-in-patients-aged-over-70%C3%A2-years-requiring-distal-pancreatectomy-a-french-multicentric-comparative-study
#17
Regis Souche, David Fuks, Julie Perinel, Astrid Herrero, Françoise Guillon, Isabelle Pirlet, Thierry Perniceni, Frederic Borie, Antonio Sa Cunha, Brice Gayet, Jean-Michel Fabre
BACKGROUND: Few data are available concerning short-term results of minimally invasive surgery in patients > 70 years old requiring distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to compare short-term results after laparoscopic (LDP) versus open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) in this subgroup of patients. METHODS: All patients > 70 years who underwent distal pancreatectomy in 3 expert centers between 1995 and 2017 were included and data were retrospectively analyzed...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338690/multimorbidity-patterns-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-cluster-analysis
#18
Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Concepción Violán
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of multimorbidity patterns over time. The aim of this study was to identify multimorbidity patterns and their variability over a 6-year period in patients older than 65 years attended in primary health care. METHODS: A cohort study with yearly cross-sectional analysis of electronic health records from 50 primary health care centres in Barcelona...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334922/relative-contribution-of-various-chronic-diseases-and-multi-morbidity-to-potential-disability-among-dutch-elderly
#19
Riaan Botes, Karin M Vermeulen, Janine Correia, Erik Buskens, Fanny Janssen
BACKGROUND: The amount of time spent living with disease greatly influences elderly people's wellbeing, disability and healthcare costs, but differs by disease, age and sex. METHODS: We assessed how various single and combined diseases differentially affect life years spent living with disease in Dutch elderly men and women (65+) over their remaining life course. Multistate life table calculations were applied to age and sex-specific disease prevalence, incidence and death rates for the Netherlands in 2007...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334754/high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-symptomatic-and-ruptured-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#20
Fabien Lareyre, Juliette Raffort, Duy Le, Hon Lai Chan, Thomas Le Houerou, Frédéric Cochennec, Joseph Touma, Pascal Desgranges
The predictive value of the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been demonstrated in several cardiovascular diseases. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between the preoperative NLR and aneurysm characteristics as well as 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) undergoing aortic surgical repair. Consecutive patients (n = 75) with TAA were retrospectively included over a 10-year period. Clinical characteristics, aneurysm characteristics, and 30-day postoperative outcome were recorded...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
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