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spermatogenesis histone methylation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336373/advances-of-long-noncoding-rnas-mediated-regulation-in-reproduction
#1
REVIEW
Kang-Sheng Liu, Tai-Ping Li, Hua Ton, Xiao-Dong Mao, Ya-Jun Chen
OBJECTIVE: Advances in genomics and molecular biology have led to the discovery of a large group of uncharacterized long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Emerging evidence indicated that many lncRNAs function in multiple biological processes and its dysregulation often causes diseases. Recent studies suggested that almost all regulatory lncRNAs interact with biological macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, and protein. LncRNAs regulate gene expression mainly on three levels, including epigenetic modification, transcription, and posttranscription, through DNA methylation, histone modification, and chromatin remodeling...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156681/the-histone-demethylase-kdm3a-is-required-for-normal-epithelial-proliferation-ductal-elongation-and-tumor-growth-in-the-mouse-mammary-gland
#2
Li Qin, Yixiang Xu, Xiaobin Yu, Michael J Toneff, Dabing Li, Lan Liao, Jarrod D Martinez, Yi Li, Jianming Xu
Histone modification alters chromatin architecture to regulate gene transcription. KDM3A is a histone demethylase in the JmjC domain-containing protein family. It removes di- and mono- methyl residues from di- or mono-methylated lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9me2/me1). Recent studies have shown that Kdm3a plays an important role in self-renewal of embryonic stem cells, spermatogenesis, metabolism, sex determination and tumor angiogenesis. However, its role in mammary gland development and breast carcinogenesis remains unclear...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990514/bisphenol-a-in-reproduction-epigenetic-effects
#3
Rosanna Chianese, Jacopo Troisi, Sean Richards, Marika Scafuro, Silvia Fasano, Maurizio Guida, Riccardo Pierantoni, Rosaria Meccariello
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting chemical widely used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resin to produce a multitude of consumer products, food and drink containers, and medical devices. BPA is similar to estradiol in structure and thus interferes in steroid signalling with different outcomes on reproductive health depending on doses, life stage, mode, and timing of exposure. In this respect, it has an emerging and controversial role as a "reproductive toxicant" capable of inducing short and long-term effects including the modulation of gene expression through epigenetic modification (i...
October 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975408/genome-wide-analysis-of-su-var-3-9-distribution-in-chromosomes-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#4
Daniil A Maksimov, Petr P Laktionov, Olga V Posukh, Stepan N Belyakin, Dmitry E Koryakov
Histone modifications represent one of the key factors contributing to proper genome regulation. One of histone modifications involved in gene silencing is methylation of H3K9 residue. Present in the chromosomes across different eukaryotes, this epigenetic mark is controlled by SU(VAR)3-9 and its orthologs. Despite SU(VAR)3-9 was discovered over two decades ago, little is known about the details of its chromosomal distribution pattern. To fill in this gap, we used DamID-seq approach and obtained high-resolution genome-wide profiles for SU(VAR)3-9 in two somatic (salivary glands and brain ganglia) and two germline (ovarian nurse cells and testes) tissues of Drosophila melanogaster...
October 3, 2017: Chromosoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955761/global-mapping-of-post-translational-modifications-on-histone-h3-variants-in-mouse-testes
#5
Ho-Geun Kwak, Takehiro Suzuki, Naoshi Dohmae
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based characterization is important in proteomic research for verification of structural features and functional understanding of gene expression. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) such as methylation and acetylation have been reported to be associated with chromatin remodeling during spermatogenesis. Although antibody- and MS-based approaches have been applied for characterization of PTMs on H3 variants during spermatogenesis, variant-specific PTMs are still underexplored. We identified several lysine modifications in H3 variants, including testis-specific histone H3 (H3t), through their successful separation with MS-based strategy, based on differences in masses, retention times, and presence of immonium ions...
September 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949791/estrogen-through-estrogen-receptor-1-regulates-histone-modifications-and-chromatin-remodeling-during-spermatogenesis-in-adult-rats
#6
Kushaan Dumasia, Anita Kumar, Sharvari Deshpande, Nafisa H Balasinor
Estrogen receptors (ESR1 and ESR2) play crucial roles in various processes during spermatogenesis. To elucidate individual roles of ESRs in male fertility, we developed in vivo selective ESR agonist administration models. Adult male rats treated with ESR1 and ESR2 agonist for 60 days show spermatogenic defects leading to reduced sperm counts and fertility. While studying epigenetic changes in the male germ line that could have affected fertility, we earlier observed a decrease in DNA methylation and its machinery upon ESR2 agonist treatment...
September 26, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535307/intergenerational-impact-of-paternal-lifetime-exposures-to-both-folic-acid-deficiency-and-supplementation-on-reproductive-outcomes-and-imprinted-gene-methylation
#7
Lundi Ly, Donovan Chan, Mahmoud Aarabi, Mylène Landry, Nathalie A Behan, Amanda J MacFarlane, Jacquetta Trasler
STUDY QUESTION: Do paternal exposures to folic acid deficient (FD), and/or folic acid supplemented (FS) diets, throughout germ cell development adversely affect male germ cells and consequently offspring health outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Male mice exposed over their lifetimes to both FD and FS diets showed decreased sperm counts and altered imprinted gene methylation with evidence of transmission of adverse effects to the offspring, including increased postnatal-preweaning mortality and variability in imprinted gene methylation...
July 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420800/setdb1-plays-an-essential-role-in-maintenance-of-gonocyte-survival-in-pigs
#8
Tiantian Liu, Pengfei Zhang, Tianjiao Li, Xiaoxu Chen, Zhenshuo Zhu, Yinghua Lyu, Xueliang Li, Xiue Tian, Wenxian Zeng
Histone methyltransferase SETDB1 suppresses gene expression and modulates heterochromatin formation through H3K9me2/3. Previous studies have revealed that SETDB1 catalyzes lysine 9 of histone H3 tri-methylation and plays essential roles in maintaining the survival of embryonic stem cells and spermatogonial stem cells in mice. However, the function of SETDB1 in porcine male germ cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to reveal the expression profile and function of SETDB1 in porcine germ cells...
July 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416760/the-histone-demethylase-kdm3a-regulates-the-transcriptional-program-of-the-androgen-receptor-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#9
Stephen Wilson, Lingling Fan, Natasha Sahgal, Jianfei Qi, Fabian V Filipp
The lysine demethylase 3A (KDM3A, JMJD1A or JHDM2A) controls transcriptional networks in a variety of biological processes such as spermatogenesis, metabolism, stem cell activity, and tumor progression. We matched transcriptomic and ChIP-Seq profiles to decipher a genome-wide regulatory network of epigenetic control by KDM3A in prostate cancer cells. ChIP-Seq experiments monitoring histone 3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methylation marks show global histone demethylation effects of KDM3A. Combined assessment of histone demethylation events and gene expression changes presented major transcriptional activation suggesting that distinct oncogenic regulators may synergize with the epigenetic patterns by KDM3A...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359186/impact-of-lactational-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyl-causes-epigenetic-modification-and-impairs-sertoli-cells-functional-regulators-in-f1-progeny
#10
E Sugantha Priya, T Sathish Kumar, P Raja Singh, S Balakrishnan, J Arunakaran
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. Sertoli cells (SCs) provide physical and nutritional support for developing germ cells. Dysfunction in SCs has adverse effects on spermatogenesis. Previously, we found that the lactational exposure of PCBs (1, 2, and 5 mg/kg birth weight/day, orally from postnatal days 1 to 20) decreased the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and androgen receptor (AR) expression in SCs of F1 progeny. Transcription factors initiate and regulate the transcription of genes...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254491/ezh1-in-germ-cells-safeguards-the-function-of-prc2-during-spermatogenesis
#11
Weipeng Mu, Joshua Starmer, Yoichiro Shibata, Della Yee, Terry Magnuson
We previously reported the requirement of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) for spermatogenesis through transcriptional repression of somatic genes and meiosis-specific genes. To characterize how PRC2's two methyltransferase subunits, EZH1 and EZH2, regulate histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) methylation during germ cell development, we generated mouse models with a germline ablation of EZH1 and/or EHZ2. Only the combined loss of EZH1 and EZH2 caused a depletion of global H3K27me3 marks and meiotic arrest in spermatocytes...
April 15, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857213/the-modification-of-tet1-in-male-germline-stem-cells-and-interact-with-pcna-hdac1-to-promote-their-self-renewal-and-proliferation
#12
Liming Zheng, Yuanxin Zhai, Na Li, Fanglin Ma, Haijing Zhu, Xiaomin Du, Guangpeng Li, Jinlian Hua
Epigenetic modification plays key roles in spermatogenesis, especially DNA methylation dynamic is important in sustaining normal spermatogenesis. Ten-eleven translocation 1 (Tet1) is not only a key demethylase, which works in specific gene regions, but also crosstalks with partners to regulate epigenetic progress as protein complexes. Dairy goat is an important livestock in China, while the unstable culture system in vitro inhibits optimization of new dairy goat species. The study of epigenetic modification in male germline stem cells (mGSCs) is beneficial to the optimization of adult stem cell culture system in vitro, and the improvement of sperm quality and breeding of selected livestock...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818689/epigenetic-remodeling-in-male-germline-development
#13
REVIEW
Na Li, Qiaoyan Shen, Jinlian Hua
In mammals, germ cells guarantee the inheritance of genetic and epigenetic information across generations and are the origin of a new organism. During embryo development, the blastocyst is formed in the early stage, is comprised of an inner cell mass which is pluripotent, and could give rise to the embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The inner cell mass undergoes demethylation processes and will reestablish a methylated state that is similar to that of somatic cells later in epiblast stage. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) will be formed very soon and accompanied by the process of genome-wide demethylation...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643486/characterization-of-post-translational-modifications-on-lysine-9-of-histone-h3-variants-in-mouse-testis-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-in-source-decay
#14
Ho-Geun Kwak, Naoshi Dohmae
RATIONALE: Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones result in changes to transcriptional activities and chromatin remodeling. Lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9) is subject to PTMs, such as methylation and acetylation, which influence histone activity during spermatogenesis. Characterization strategies for studying PTMs on H3K9 have been developed to provide epigenetic and proteomic information. Proteomic analysis has been used to limited success to study PTMs on H3K9; however, a comprehensive analytical approach is required to elucidate global patterns of PTMs of H3 variants during spermatogenesis...
September 19, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601712/epigenetic-reprogramming-of-the-zygote-in-mice-and-men-on-your-marks-get-set-go
#15
REVIEW
Rupsha Fraser, Chih-Jen Lin
Gametogenesis (spermatogenesis and oogenesis) is accompanied by the acquisition of gender-specific epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications and regulation by small RNAs, to form highly differentiated, but transcriptionally silent cell-types in preparation for fertilisation. Upon fertilisation, extensive global epigenetic reprogramming takes place to remove the previously acquired epigenetic marks and produce totipotent zygotic states. It is the aim of this review to delineate the cellular and molecular events involved in maternal, paternal and zygotic epigenetic reprogramming from the time of gametogenesis, through fertilisation, to the initiation of zygotic genome activation for preimplantation embryonic development...
December 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573846/mrg15-is-required-for-pre-mrna-splicing-and-spermatogenesis
#16
Naoki Iwamori, Kaoru Tominaga, Tetsuya Sato, Kevin Riehle, Tokuko Iwamori, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Cristian Coarfa, Etsuro Ono, Martin M Matzuk
Splicing can be epigenetically regulated and involved in cellular differentiation in somatic cells, but the interplay of epigenetic factors and the splicing machinery during spermatogenesis remains unclear. To study these interactions in vivo, we generated a germline deletion of MORF-related gene on chromosome 15 (MRG15), a multifunctional chromatin organizer that binds to methylated histone H3 lysine 36 (H3K36) in introns of transcriptionally active genes and has been implicated in regulation of histone acetylation, homology-directed DNA repair, and alternative splicing in somatic cells...
September 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441500/the-cancer-testis-antigen-prame-supports-the-pluripotency-network-and-represses-somatic-and-germ-cell-differentiation-programs-in-seminomas
#17
Daniel Nettersheim, Isabell Arndt, Rakesh Sharma, Stefanie Riesenberg, Sina Jostes, Simon Schneider, Michael Hölzel, Glen Kristiansen, Hubert Schorle
BACKGROUND: Cancer/testis-antigens (CTAs) are specifically expressed in human malignancies and testis tissue, but their molecular functions are poorly understood. CTAs serve as regulators of gene expression, cell cycle and spermatogenesis, as well as targets for immune-based therapies. The CTA PRAME is expressed in various cancers, antagonises retinoic acid signalling and is regulated by DNA methylation and histone acetylation. METHODS: We analysed the molecular function of the CTA PRAME in primordial germ cells (PGC) and testicular germ cell cancers (GCC)...
August 9, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396502/5-aza-2-deoxycytidine-impairs-mouse-spermatogenesis-at-multiple-stages-through-different-usage-of-dna-methyltransferases
#18
Ning Song, Daisuke Endo, Bin Song, Yasuaki Shibata, Takehiko Koji
Mammalian spermatogenesis is a progressive process comprising spermatogonial proliferation, spermatocytic meiosis, and later spermiogenesis, which is considered to be under the regulation of epigenetic parameters. To gain insights into the significance of DNA methylation in early spermatogenesis, 5-azadC was used as a molecular biological tool to mimic the level of DNA methylation in vivo. Since the drug is incorporated into DNA during the S-phase, spermatogonia and spermatocytes would be affected primarily in mouse spermatogenesis...
June 15, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988797/modification-of-tet1-and-histone-methylation-dynamics-in-dairy-goat-male-germline-stem-cells
#19
Liming Zheng, Yuanxin Zhai, Na Li, Chongyang Wu, Haijing Zhu, Zhuying Wei, Chunling Bai, Guangpeng Li, Jinlian Hua
OBJECTIVES: Tet (ten-eleven translocation) protein 1 is a key enzyme for DNA demethylation, which modulates DNA methylation and gene transcription. DNA methylation and histone methylation are critical elements in self-renewal of male germline stem cells (mGSCs) and spermatogenesis. mGSCs are the only type of adult stem cells able to achieve intergenerational transfer of genetic information, which is accomplished through differentiated sperm cells. However, numerous epigenetic obstacles including incomplete DNA methylation and histone methylation dynamics make establishment of stable livestock mGSC cell lines difficult...
April 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863630/eif2s3y-suppresses-the-pluripotency-state-and-promotes-the-proliferation-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#20
Na Li, Hailong Mu, Liming Zheng, Bo Li, Chongyang Wu, Bowen Niu, Qiaoyan Shen, Xin He, Jinlian Hua
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2, subunit 3, and structural gene Y-linked (EIF2S3Y) is essential for spermatogenesis in mouse models. However, its effect on embryonic stem (ES) cells remains unknown. In our observation, differentiated ES cells showed higher levels of EIF2S3Y. To further elucidate its role in ES cells, we utilized ES-derived EIF2S3Y-overexpressing cells and found that EIF2S3Y down-regulated the pluripotency state of ES cells, which might be explained by decreased histone methylation levels because of reduced levels of ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1)...
March 8, 2016: Oncotarget
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