Read by QxMD icon Read

Writing skills

Kristin Thomas, Catharina Linderoth, Marcus Bendtsen, Preben Bendtsen, Ulrika Müssener
BACKGROUND: Drinking of alcohol among university students is a global phenomenon; heavy episodic drinking is accepted despite several potential negative consequences. There is emerging evidence that short message service (SMS) text messaging interventions are effective to promote behavior change among students. However, it is still unclear how effectiveness can be optimized through intervention design or how user interest and adherence can be maximized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an SMS text message-based intervention targeting alcohol drinking among university students using formative research...
October 20, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Rocío Rojí, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, Fernando Pikabea-Díaz, José Miguel Carrasco, Carlos Centeno
CONTEXT: A mandatory course in palliative care (PC) is organized for all final-year medical students at the University of Navarre. It consists of 24 lectures, 4 workshops, and 1 scheduled five hour clinical PC service experience at two different sites. In the 48 hours after the visit and related to the clinical experience, each student has to complete a 500-word reflective writing (RW) piece. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how a brief PC clinical experience helps equip the medical student...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Todd P Chang, Sheree M Schrager, Alyssa J Rake, Michael W Chan, Phung K Pham, Grant Christman
Multimedia in assessing clinical decision-making skills (CDMS) has been poorly studied, particularly in comparison to traditional text-based assessments. The literature suggests multimedia is more difficult for trainees. We hypothesize that pediatric residents score lower in diagnostic skill when clinical vignettes use multimedia rather than text for patient findings. A standardized method was developed to write text-based questions from 60 high-resolution, quality multimedia; a series of expert panels selected 40 questions with both a multimedia and text-based counterpart, and two online tests were developed...
October 17, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Ambra Bisio, Ludovico Pedullà, Laura Bonzano, Piero Ruggeri, Giampaolo Brichetto, Marco Bove
Writing is a means of communication which requires complex motor, perceptual, and cognitive skills. If one of these abilities gets lost following traumatic events or due to neurological diseases, handwriting could deteriorate. Occupational therapy practitioners provide rehabilitation services for people with impaired handwriting. However, to determine the effectiveness of handwriting interventions no studies assessed whether the proposed treatments improved the kinematics of writing movement or had an effect at the level of the central nervous system...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Elizabeth Simpson
Rationale and key points Choking, or foreign body airway obstruction, is a common, yet treatable, cause of accidental death. This article aims to provide an overview of the skills required when faced with this emergency in adults, including how to recognise this emergency, the immediate management and treatment required, and the necessary aftercare. » Choking usually occurs when a person is eating or drinking. » An obstruction may classified as mild or severe. » For a severe obstruction in a conscious person, it may be necessary to administer back blows and/or abdominal thrusts to remove the obstruction from the airway...
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Franca Benini, Roberta Vecchi, Pierina Lazzarin, Momcilo Jankovic, Luciano Orsi, Luca Manfredini, Paola Drigo, Valentina Sellaroli, Michele Gangemi, Marco Spizzichino, Marcello Orzalesi
PURPOSE: The death of a child is a devastating and tragic event for all those involved. This charter aims to help healthcare workers and people assisting terminally ill children to recognize some important rights of the child, with some related suggestions. We consider it important to have a trace of this process, based on the skillfulness of long-lasting experts. METHODS: In September 2012, a group of professionals working with children affected by incurable illness in Italy launched a project to formulate the charter...
October 8, 2016: Tumori
S S Harsoor
Completion of research is logically followed by process of submission of the outcomes for publication. The objective of this article is to sensitise the young potential authors to improve their skill of writing so that the acceptance rate of publication is improved without significant comments and efforts of the editors of the journal. The article is based on the available literature combined with the experience of the author himself as reviewer and editor of biomedical journals. The treatment patterns of clinicians are moving towards evidence-based medical practice...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Chhavi Sawhney
Publication has become a burning issue among Indian medical fraternity owing to certain academic and professional necessities. The large number of submissions to the anaesthesia journals has resulted in accumulation of too much below average scientific material. A properly written manuscript is the dream of every editor and reviewer. The art of preparing a manuscript can be acquired only by following certain basic rules and technical aspects, besides knowledge and skills. Before preparing the manuscript, a target journal should be considered...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Simon Calmar Andersen, Helena Skyt Nielsen
Laboratory experiments have shown that parents who believe their child's abilities are fixed engage with their child in unconstructive, performance-oriented ways. We show that children of parents with such "fixed mindsets" have lower reading skills, even after controlling for the child's previous abilities and the parents' socioeconomic status. In a large-scale randomized field trial (Nclassrooms = 72; Nchildren = 1,587) conducted by public authorities, parents receiving a reading intervention were told about the malleability of their child's reading abilities and how to support their child by praising his/her effort rather than his/her performance...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dilek Evyapan Akkuş, Ayşe Güler
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to create an agraphia test battery specific to Turkish language, to obtain normative data for the performance and error types of this test and to demonstrate its success in detecting cognitive disorders in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) cases that can't be diagnosed by formal neuropsychological tests due to the fact that writing is a complex function. METHOD: For this purpose, 20 healthy control (HC) subjects, 20 MCI cases and 20 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 1 were evaluated with Ege Agraphia Test Battery...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Tom Cariveau, Tiffany Kodak
Low levels of academic engagement may impede students' acquisition of skills. Intervening on student behavior using group contingencies may be a feasible way to increase academic engagement during group instruction. The current study examined the effect of a randomized dependent group contingency on levels of academic engagement for second-grade participants receiving small-group reading and writing instruction. The results showed that a randomized dependent group contingency increased the academic engagement of primary participants and several of the other participants during small-group instruction...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Lucie Cerna, Petra Maresova
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes is rising across the world. This global problem significantly affects the economic and social development in the 21st century. If the disease is diagnosed in time, the number of complications as well as the costs of therapy will be lower. Modern technologies permeate all spheres of medicine, and diabetes treatment is no exception. Therefore, the aim of this article is to analyze patients' attitudes to the use of modern technologies in the treatment of diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus [T1DM] and type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM])...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
A E Njom Nlend, A S Lyeb, S Moyo, D Nsangou
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial support and therapeutic patient education are recommended practices that are poorly reported. Our objective was to describe the main achievements after a patient therapeutic education program conducted for pre-adolescents and adolescents with HIV infection. METHOD: This qualitative study of 37 children with a mean age of 11 years assessed the outcome of an educational program of 8 sessions that ended by the disclosure of their HIV status...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Moses John Chimbari
Ecohealth projects are designed to garner ownership among all stakeholders, such as researchers, communities, local leadership and policy makers. Ideally, designs should ensure that implementation goes smoothly and that findings from studies benefit the stakeholders, bringing changes particularly to the communities researched. Paradoxically, the process is fraught with challenges associated with implementation. Notwithstanding the challenges, evidence from projects implemented in southern Africa justify the need to invest in ecohealth...
September 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
Ashley Pinkelman, Marla Roll, David Greene
The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) has been used to assess the effectiveness of assistive technology (AT). We explored whether a modified COPM was sensitive to change in perceived performance and satisfaction, and whether frequency of AT use resulted in greater change in the domains measured (reading, writing, note-taking, test-taking, and study skills). Significant interactions were found between time and use frequency with greater change in perceived performance in the daily-use group in several domains...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Frøydis Morken, Turid Helland, Kenneth Hugdahl, Karsten Specht
Dyslexia is a literacy disorder affecting the efficient acquisition of reading and writing skills. The disorder is neurobiological in origin. Due to its developmental nature, longitudinal studies of dyslexia are of essence. They are, however, relatively scarce. The present study took a longitudinal approach to cortical connectivity of brain imaging data in reading tasks in children with dyslexia and children with typical reading development. The participants were followed with repeated measurements through Pre-literacy (6 years old), Emergent Literacy (8 years old) and Literacy (12 years old) stages, using Dynamic Causal Modelling (DCM) when analysing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data...
September 26, 2016: NeuroImage
Nathane Sanches Marques Silva, Patrícia Abreu Pinheiro Crenitte
Purpose: To assess the applicability of an intervention program to children at risk for reading disabilities. Methods: This experimental study compared 10 children at risk for reading difficulty submitted to a phonological decoding intervention program (study group) with 10 other children at risk for reading difficulty not submitted to the program (control group). The intervention program was based on two international studies. It comprised 24 sessions: the first 12 sessions were conducted with groups of two to three children, whereas the others were performed individually...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
(no author information available yet)
Could UK nurse volunteers working overseas be instrumental in reducing healthcare inequalities? João Marçal-Grilo, writing in Nursing Older People, is adamant that UK-trained nurses have the potential to eradicate poverty worldwide and should be offered opportunities to volunteer abroad and practise alongside colleagues in low and middle-income countries. Not only will this have a positive effect on older adults who are affected by a lack of qualified staff working in developing countries, UK-trained nurses can gain new skills that can benefit nursing practice in the UK...
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
Bonnie R Rush, David C Rankin, Brad J White
BACKGROUND: Failure to adhere to standard item-writing guidelines may render examination questions easier or more difficult than intended. Item complexity describes the cognitive skill level required to obtain a correct answer. Higher cognitive examination items promote critical thinking and are recommended to prepare students for clinical training. This study evaluated faculty-authored examinations to determine the impact of item-writing flaws and item complexity on the difficulty and discrimination value of examination items used to assess third year veterinary students...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Dana R Thomson, Muhammed Semakula, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Megan Murray, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Anatole Manzi, Assumpta Mukabutera, Corine Karema, Jeanine Condo, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: To guide efficient investment of limited health resources in sub-Saharan Africa, local researchers need to be involved in, and guide, health system and policy research. While extensive survey and census data are available to health researchers and program officers in resource-limited countries, local involvement and leadership in research is limited due to inadequate experience, lack of dedicated research time and weak interagency connections, among other challenges. Many research-strengthening initiatives host prolonged fellowships out-of-country, yet their approaches have not been evaluated for effectiveness in involvement and development of local leadership in research...
September 29, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"