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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451359/assessment-of-narrative-writing-by-persian-speaking-students-with-hearing-impairments
#1
Peyman Zamani, Zahra Soleymani, Seyedeh Maryam Mousavi, Negar Akbari
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have highlighted that narrative skill is critical to the development of the literacy skills by children. Children with cochlear implants (CI) and hearing-aids (HA) may have problems in narrative development compared to peers with healthy hearing (HH). There is no exact data about the narrative writing ability of Persian-speaking students who are hearing-impaired. The current study was undertaken to compare the microstructure and macrostructure scores for narrative writing of Persian-speaking students who are hearing-impaired and peers with HH...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440963/heritage-of-stanis%C3%A5-aw-ostrowski-the-only-one-medical-doctor-who-became-state-polish-president-patriae-semper-fidelis
#2
Martyna Woltanowska, Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Magdalena Woltanowska
Aim: Our purpose was to write a biography of Stanisław Ostrowski that would address in the first place the medical aspect of his professional life, with a comprehensive approach of others fields of his activity. Methods: We essentially grounded the paper on primary resources that were papers authored by Ostrowski including his scientific publications, memories, speeches as well as contemporaneous official documents that referred to Ostrowski. Second resources were also used to double check some data from primary resources and to place the biography of Stanisław Ostrowski in a proper background with special care to social, professional and political context...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418052/publication-ethics-from-the-ground-up
#3
Lisa DeTora, Cate Foster, Mukund Nori, Donna Simcoe, Catherine Skobe, Dikran Toroser
It is relatively easy to begin policy documents with a general assertion that ethics will be followed. Less obvious is how to ensure that day-to-day activities are consonant with ethical standards. We suggest that using day-to-day publication activities as the driver for building policies and procedures can promote ethical practices from the ground up. Although basic principles of ethical publication practice may seem straightforward to some, for others this information may require explanation, interpretation and context...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413429/auditory-temporal-perceptual-learning-and-transfer-in-chinese-speaking-children-with-developmental-dyslexia
#4
Manli Zhang, Weiyi Xie, Yanzhi Xu, Xiangzhi Meng
Perceptual learning refers to the improvement of perceptual performance as a function of training. Recent studies found that auditory perceptual learning may improve phonological skills in individuals with developmental dyslexia in alphabetic writing system. However, whether auditory perceptual learning could also benefit the reading skills of those learning the Chinese logographic writing system is, as yet, unknown. The current study aimed to investigate the remediation effect of auditory temporal perceptual learning on Mandarin-speaking school children with developmental dyslexia...
January 29, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409727/ancestral-variations-of-the-pcdhg-gene-cluster-predispose-to-dyslexia-in-a-multiplex-family
#5
Teesta Naskar, Mohammed Faruq, Priyajit Banerjee, Massarat Khan, Rashi Midha, Renu Kumari, Subhashree Devasenapathy, Bharat Prajapati, Sanghamitra Sengupta, Deepti Jain, Mitali Mukerji, Nandini Chatterjee Singh, Subrata Sinha
Dyslexia is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in reading and writing. In this study, we describe the identification of a set of 17 polymorphisms located across 1.9Mb region on chromosome 5q31.3, encompassing genes of the PCDHG cluster, TAF7, PCDH1 and ARHGAP26, dominantly inherited with dyslexia in a multi-incident family. Strikingly, the non-risk form of seven variations of the PCDHG cluster, are preponderant in the human lineage, while risk alleles are ancestral and conserved across Neanderthals to non-human primates...
January 9, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403348/training-for-micrographia-alters-neural-connectivity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Evelien Nackaerts, Jochen Michely, Elke Heremans, Stephan P Swinnen, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Wim Vandenberghe, Christian Grefkes, Alice Nieuwboer
Despite recent advances in clarifying the neural networks underlying rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease (PD), the impact of prolonged motor learning interventions on brain connectivity in people with PD is currently unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare cortical network changes after 6 weeks of visually cued handwriting training (= experimental) with a placebo intervention to address micrographia, a common problem in PD. Twenty seven early Parkinson's patients on dopaminergic medication performed a pre-writing task in both the presence and absence of visual cues during behavioral tests and during fMRI...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401332/augmenting-fellow-education-through-spaced-multiple-choice-questions
#7
Alice E Barsoumian, Heather C Yun
Background: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium Infectious Disease Fellowship program historically included a monthly short-answer and multiple-choice quiz. The intent was to ensure medical knowledge in relevant content areas that may not be addressed through clinical rotations, such as operationally relevant infectious disease. After completion, it was discussed in a small group with faculty. Over time, faculty noted increasing dissatisfaction with the activity...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400548/civil-forensic-psychiatry-part-1-an-overview
#8
Anthony H Samuels
Objectives This paper provides an overview for general and forensic psychiatrists of the complexity and challenge of working in the civil medico-legal arena. It covers expert evidence, ethics, core concepts in civil forensic psychiatry and report writing. Conclusions Civil forensic psychiatry is an important sub-speciality component of forensic psychiatry that requires specific skills, knowledge and the ability to assist legal bodies in determining the significance of psychiatric issues.
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400546/reflections-of-a-ceq-examiner
#9
Rob Selzer
The Critical Essay Question (CEQ) tests some of the key skills necessary for the practice of psychiatry. Many candidates find the CEQ a challenge but there are some basic rules of writing which can help.
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383292/clinical-research-skills-assessment-an-investigation-into-the-determinants-of-effective-research
#10
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Ahmed Al-Badr, Fatimah Al Mousawi
Background Developing individual research skills and enhancing the institutional research culture leads to quality research capabilities and research excellence at the national level. We aim to assess the educational needs of healthcare providers regarding research skills at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods From February 2016 to October 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire of the healthcare providers at KFMC. The questionnaire targeted staff who have not been involved in research (n=353; "category-1"), staff who received Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval (n=94; "category-2"), and staff who have completed and published their research (n=53; "category-3")...
November 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374664/students-satisfaction-and-perceived-impact-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-after-a-2-day-course-in-scientific-writing-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-in-spain
#11
Esteve Fernández, Ana M García, Elisabet Serés, Fèlix Bosch
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine students' satisfaction with a 2-day course on scientific writing in health sciences and to assess their perceptions of the long-term impact on their knowledge, attitudes and skills. SETTING: 27 iterations of a 2-day course on writing and publishing scientific articles in health sciences. PARTICIPANTS: 741 students attending the 27 courses. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369135/health-literacy-health-disparities-and-sources-of-health-information-in-u-s-older-adults
#12
Carolyn Crane Cutilli, Lynn C Simko, Alison M Colbert, Ian M Bennett
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy in older adults has been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e., mortality, decreased physical and cognitive functioning, and less preventive care utilization). Many factors associated with low health literacy are also associated with health disparities. Interaction with healthcare providers and sources of health information are influenced by an individual's health literacy and can impact health outcomes. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships between health literacy, sources of health information, and demographic/background characteristics in older adults (aged 65 years and older) related to health literacy and disparities...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361329/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-1-data-entry-and-validation
#13
Victor Grech
Data collection for the purposes of analysis, after the planning and execution of a research study, commences with data input and validation. The process of data entry and analysis may appear daunting to the uninitiated, but as pointed out in the 1970s in a series of papers by British Medical Journal Deputy Editor TDV Swinscow, modern hardware and software (he was then referring to the availability of hand calculators) permits the performance of statistical testing outside a computer laboratory. In this day and age, modern software, such as the ubiquitous and almost universally familiar Microsoft Excel™ greatly facilitates this process...
January 17, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361328/write-a-scientific-paper-wasp-a-career-critical-skill
#14
EDITORIAL
Victor Grech, Sarah Cuschieri
The ability to write a scientific paper (WASP) is becoming progressively more critical because the "publish or perish" mantra is increasingly valid in today's world where success is judged by number of publications and quality of publications based on journals which publish the researcher's work. These metrics are used to gauge applicants in often cut-throat competitions for jobs and/or career advancement. However, the science and art of paper-writing comprise a vast panoply of different skills, from writing a proposal, to ethics and data protection applications, to data collection and analysis, to writing and dealing with editors and authors, and so on...
January 17, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358040/collaborate-or-collapse-capacity-building-in-zoonotic-and-neglected-tropical-disease-modelling
#15
Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, Maria-Gloria Basáñez
We share the insights from a successful collaboration in organizing and implementing an international scientific capacity-building workshop in Malaysia titled Mathematical Modelling of Neglected Infectious Diseases: Capacity Building in Southeast Asia. This workshop focused on the delivery of technical know-how and on essential soft skills related to effective grant proposal writing and networking.
January 18, 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354197/students-satisfaction-with-general-practitioners-feedback-to-their-reflective-writing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Alexander Kiss, Claudia Steiner, Paul Grossman, Wolf Langewitz, Peter Tschudi, Claudia Kiessling
Background: Reflective Writing (RW) is increasingly being implemented in medical education. Feedback to students' reflective writing (RW) is essential, but resources for individualized feedback often lack. We aimed to determine whether general practitioners (GPs) teaching students clinical skills could also provide feedback to RW and whether an instruction letter specific to RW feedback increases students' satisfaction. Methods: GPs were randomized to the two study arms using block randomization...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351353/the-contributions-of-phonological-awareness-alphabet-knowledge-and-letter-writing-to-name-writing-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-typically-developing-children
#17
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
Purpose: Name writing is one aspect of emergent writing that has been used to understand emergent literacy development. Name-writing skills and the relationship of name writing to other emergent literacy skills have not been studied extensively in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children with SLI consistently demonstrate delays in phonological awareness (PA), alphabet knowledge (AK), print awareness, and emergent writing. The purpose of this study was to examine the contributions of PA, AK, and letter writing to name writing in children with SLI and typically developing (TD) children...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349528/steps-to-getting-your-manuscript-published-in-a-high-quality-medical-journal
#18
EDITORIAL
Charles M Balch, Kelly M McMasters, V Suzanne Klimberg, Timothy M Pawlik, Mitchell C Posner, Mark Roh, Kenneth K Tanabe, Deborah Whippen, Naruhiko Ikoma
Publication of your research represents the culmination of your scientific activities. The key to getting manuscripts accepted is to make them understandable and informative so that your colleagues will read and benefit from them. We describe key criteria for acceptance of manuscripts and outline a multi-step process for writing the manuscript. The likelihood that a manuscript will be accepted by a major journal is significantly increased if the manuscript is written in polished and fluent scientific English...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344524/the-professionalization-of-iranian-hospital-social-workers
#19
Maliheh Khalvati, Hossein Fekrazad, Maryam Rafatjah, Leila Ostadhashemi, Hamid Reza Khankeh
Introduction: Identity is formed through our understanding of ourselves and what others perceive of our actions and how we do things. Formation of professional identity includes development, advancement and socialization through social learning of specific knowledge and skills obtained within the context of professional roles, new attitudes and values. Methods: This qualitative study used content analysis approach to explain the professionalization process of 22 social workers working in 14 public hospitals in Tehran based on their experiences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#20
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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