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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521768/development-of-a-written-assessment-for-a-national-interprofessional-cardiotocography-education-program
#1
Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Jette Led Sorensen
BACKGROUND: To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the program. The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the test development process and to introduce a feasible method for written test development in general. METHODS: The test development was based on the unitary approach to validity. The process involved national consensus on learning objectives, standardized item writing, pilot testing, sensitivity analyses, standard setting and evaluation of psychometric properties using Item Response Theory models...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#2
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#3
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508740/caep-2016-academic-symposium-a-writer-s-guide-to-key-steps-in-producing-quality-medical-education-scholarship
#4
Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Daniel K Ting, Carly Hagel, Kristen Weersink, Paola Camorlinga, Jill McEwen, Farhan Bhanji, Jonathan Sherbino
A key skill for successful clinician educators is the effective dissemination of scholarly innovations and research. Although there are many ways to disseminate scholarship, the most accepted and rewarded form of educational scholarship is publication in peer-reviewed journals. This paper provides direction for emergency medicine (EM) educators interested in publishing their scholarship via traditional peer-reviewed avenues. It builds upon four literature reviews that aggregated recommendations for writing and publishing high-quality quantitative and qualitative research, innovations, and reviews...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507368/the-confounding-factors-leading-to-plagiarism-in-academic-writing-and-some-suggested-remedies-a-systematic-review
#5
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Shaista Salman Guraya
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502013/grant-writing-tips-for-translational-research
#6
Lindsay Wescott, Michael Laskofski, Donna Senator, Carly Curran
All investigators face the same challenge-the highly competitive nature of the grant review process. Innovation alone is not enough to ensure grant-supported funding. Applied clinical research requires a diverse, collaborative team of investigators with specialized skills, a supportive clinical research environment, and access to clinical material. Additionally, the lack of animal models for many diseases and ethical limitations prevent direct mechanistic experiments that are possible using in vitro systems or animal models...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501049/distrusting-doctors
#7
Ashley McAllister, Stephen R Leeder
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe how policy makers (bureaucrats and politicians) in Australia and Ontario (Canada) perceive evidence provided by doctors to substantiate applications for disability income support (DIS) by their patients with mental illnesses. Because many mental illnesses (e.g. depression) lack diagnostic tests, their existence and effects are more difficult to demonstrate than most somatic illnesses.Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 45 informants, all influential in the design of the assessment of DIS programs...
May 15, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498732/early-writing-intervention
#8
Kristen L McMaster, Amy Kunkel, Jaehyun Shin, Pyung-Gang Jung, Erica Lembke
The purpose of this best evidence synthesis was to identify promising interventions that align with a theoretical model of early writing development, targeting three components of early writing: transcription, text generation, and self-regulation. We determined the extent to which these interventions are effective for children who struggle with early writing skills, by calculating effect sizes for group and single-subject designs, and we examined the overall quality of the research. Twenty-five studies met inclusion criteria...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489968/tailoring-multicomponent-writing-interventions-effects-of-coupling-self-regulation-and-transcription-training
#9
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Writing proficiency is heavily based on acquisition and development of self-regulation and transcription skills. The present study examined the effects of combining transcription training with a self-regulation intervention (self-regulated strategy development [SRSD]) in Grade 2 (ages 7-8). Forty-three students receiving self-regulation plus transcription (SRSD+TR) intervention were compared with 37 students receiving a self-regulation only (SRSD only) intervention and 39 students receiving the standard language arts curriculum...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489412/brief-review-of-fluid-reasoning-conceptualization-neurobasis-and-applications
#10
Tulio M Otero
In the early part of the twentieth century the value of nonverbal tests was initially recognized by Yoakum and Yerkes when they wrote how examinees could fail a verbal test of general ability because of limited skills in English. When these examinees were then tested with a nonverbal test of ability, they often performed well, and therefore this approach avoided "injustice by reason of relative unfamiliarity with English." Measuring cognitive ability with nonverbal measures that do not require verbal skills has been supported now for nearly a century...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481668/the-development-of-writing-skills-in-4-year-old-children-with-and-without-specific-language-impairment
#11
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn, Chad Nye
Research shows that many preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) have difficulty acquiring literacy skills including phonological awareness, print concepts, and alphabet knowledge. Limited research suggests that preschool children with SLI also have difficulty with emergent writing tasks such as name writing and word writing. In typically developing children, research indicates that emergent writing skills are acquired in a developmental sequence: (1) linearity, (2) segmentation, (3) simple characters, (4) left-right orientation, (5) complex characters, (6) random letters, and (7) invented spelling...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476127/research-capacity-building-through-north-south-south-networking-towards-true-partnership-an-exploratory-study-of-a-network-for-scientific-support-in-the-field-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#12
K Van der Veken, L Belaid, T Delvaux, V De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: We explored the perceptions of members of the Network for Scientific Support in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health (NetSRH) on North-South-South networking and on constraints and perspectives for South-led research. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted 18 months after the network was launched. In-depth interviews were carried out with NetSRH members (n = 15) affiliated to southern research institutions. A thematic analysis was done and N-Vivo 10 software used...
May 5, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475590/benchmarking-desktop-and-mobile-handwriting-across-cots-devices-the-e-biosign-biometric-database
#13
Ruben Tolosana, Ruben Vera-Rodriguez, Julian Fierrez, Aythami Morales, Javier Ortega-Garcia
This paper describes the design, acquisition process and baseline evaluation of the new e-BioSign database, which includes dynamic signature and handwriting information. Data is acquired from 5 different COTS devices: three Wacom devices (STU-500, STU-530 and DTU-1031) specifically designed to capture dynamic signatures and handwriting, and two general purpose tablets (Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1 and Samsung ATIV 7). For the two Samsung tablets, data is collected using both pen stylus and also the finger in order to study the performance of signature verification in a mobile scenario...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469530/describing-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-intervention-and-evaluating-its-effectiveness-in-increasing-research-capacity-of-advanced-clinical-nurses-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#14
Gabrielle McKee, Margaret Codd, Orla Dempsey, Paul Gallagher, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: Despite advanced nursing roles having a research competency, participation in research is low. There are many barriers to participation in research and few interventions have been developed to address these. This paper aims to describe the implementation of an intervention to increase research participation in advanced clinical nursing roles and evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The implementation of the intervention was carried out within one hospital site...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449363/health-literacy-interventions-for-immigrant-populations-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
M Fernández-Gutiérrez, P Bas-Sarmiento, M J Albar-Marín, O Paloma-Castro, J M Romero-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is considered a social health determinant that influences improvement in health, patient empowerment and reduction in inequalities. There is a lack of health literacy interventions for vulnerable social groups (i.e. immigrants), and nurses have shown little familiarity with the concept. AIM: This study aimed to identify and analyse whether interventions directed at immigrant populations improve the functional (basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills), interactive (social and cognitive skills) and critical (advanced cognitive and social skills in critically analyzing information and making informed decisions) dimensions of health literacy, taking into account the role played by nursing in these interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448369/what-types-of-articles-to-write
#16
Karen Roush
: This is the third in a series of articles to help nurses share their knowledge, skills, and insight through writing for publication. Nurses have something important to contribute no matter what their nursing role. This series will help nurses develop good writing habits and sharpen their writing skills. It will take nurses step by step through the publication process, highlighting what gets published and why, how to submit articles and work with editors, and common pitfalls to avoid. For the previous articles in this series, see http://bit...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447809/understanding-the-cognitive-processes-involved-in-writing-to-learn
#17
Kathleen M Arnold, Sharda Umanath, Kara Thio, Walter B Reilly, Mark A McDaniel, Elizabeth J Marsh
Writing is often used as a tool for learning. However, empirical support for the benefits of writing-to-learn is mixed, likely because the literature conflates diverse activities (e.g., summaries, term papers) under the single umbrella of writing-to-learn. Following recent trends in the writing-to-learn literature, the authors focus on the underlying cognitive processes. They draw on the largely independent writing-to-learn and cognitive psychology learning literatures to identify important cognitive processes...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437690/a-guide-to-nursing-students-written-reflections-for-students-and-educators
#18
Jessica Naber, Liz Markley
Experiences from the clinical setting are ideal for building critical thinking skills if reflection is used as a teaching tool. Reflective writing is the purposeful and recurring inspection of thoughts, feelings, and occurrences that coordinate with experiences during practice. Reflecting on clinical experiences develops critical thinking ability, fosters self-understanding, facilitates coping, and leads to improvement in clinical practice (Kennison, 2006). Reflective writing allows students to combine clinical experiences and takeaways with didactic material to better understand both practice and instruction...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#19
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#20
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
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