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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893267/identity-adjustment-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-war-veterans-with-reintegration-difficulty
#1
Robert J Orazem, Patricia A Frazier, Paula P Schnurr, Heather E Oleson, Kathleen F Carlson, Brett T Litz, Nina A Sayer
Objective: To examine perceptions of identity adjustment in a diverse, national sample of U.S. veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Method: The authors conducted a planned thematic analysis of text written by Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans when they were asked to describe their reintegration difficulties as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of online expressive writing (Sayer et al., 2015). Participants were 100 randomly selected veterans from the larger study (42 women and 58 men, 60 active duty and 38 reserves or National Guard)...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891100/a-review-about-functional-illiteracy-definition-cognitive-linguistic-and-numerical-aspects
#2
REVIEW
Réka Vágvölgyi, Andra Coldea, Thomas Dresler, Josef Schrader, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
Formally, availability of education for children has increased around the world over the last decades. However, despite having a successful formal education career, adults can become functional illiterates. Functional illiteracy means that a person cannot use reading, writing, and calculation skills for his/her own and the community's development. Functional illiteracy has considerable negative effects not only on personal development, but also in economic and social terms. Although functional illiteracy has been highly publicized in mass media in the recent years, there is limited scientific knowledge about the people termed functional illiterates; definition, assessment, and differential diagnoses with respect to related numerical and linguistic impairments are rarely studied and controversial...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887622/learning-to-care-medical-students-reported-value-and-evaluation-of-palliative-care-teaching-involving-meeting-patients-and-reflective-writing
#3
EDITORIAL
Erica Borgstrom, Rachel Morris, Diana Wood, Simon Cohn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year general practice and hospital medicine placements. This paper draws on two studies examining this teaching element to analyse what the students found valuable about it and to comment on the practice of meeting patients and subsequent reflective writing...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#4
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884866/a-case-of-specific-language-impairment-in-a-deaf-signer-of-american-sign-language
#5
David Quinto-Pozos, Jenny L Singleton, Peter C Hauser
This article describes the case of a deaf native signer of American Sign Language (ASL) with a specific language impairment (SLI). School records documented normal cognitive development but atypical language development. Data include school records; interviews with the child, his mother, and school professionals; ASL and English evaluations; and a comprehensive neuropsychological and psychoeducational evaluation, and they span an approximate period of 7.5 years (11;10-19;6) including scores from school records (11;10-16;5) and a 3...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884857/implementing-shared-decision-making-in-interprofessional-home-care-teams-the-ipsdm-sw-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
France Légaré, Nathalie Brière, Dawn Stacey, Guy Lacroix, Sophie Desroches, Serge Dumont, Kimberly D Fraser, Louis-Paul Rivest, Pierre J Durand, Stéphane Turcotte, Monica Taljaard, Henriette Bourassa, Lise Roy, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard
INTRODUCTION: The frail elderly in Canada face a tough decision when they start to lose autonomy: whether to stay at home or move to another location. This study seeks to scale up and evaluate the implementation of shared decision-making (SDM) in interprofessional (IP) home care teams caring for elderly clients or their caregivers facing a decision about staying at home or moving elsewhere. METHODS: A stepped wedge cluster randomised trial involving 8 Health and Social Service Centers (HSSCs) will be conducted with IP home care teams...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862757/easy-read-and-accessible-information-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-is-it-worth-it-a-meta-narrative-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Chinn, Claire Homeyard
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of "accessible information" for people with intellectual disabilities in UK health care has accelerated in recent years, underpinned by policy guidance alongside the recent introduction of mandatory standards. However, questions have been raised as to the impact of such resources as a means of enhancing involvement in health care and addressing health inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize the evidence from different approaches used to evaluate the impact of accessible information for people with intellectual disabilities using a meta-narrative approach...
November 16, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860219/a-case-report-curriculum-to-promote-scholarship
#8
Behdad Besharatian, Jorge Velez, Michael Rosenblum, Mihaela Stefan, Gina Luciano
BACKGROUND: Engaging in scholarly activity during residency can facilitate the acquisition of important skills; however, residents may encounter barriers such as unclear expectations as to what constitutes scholarship, a paucity of dedicated time and a lack of mentorship. OBJECTIVE: In July 2013, we developed a Case Report Curriculum (CRC) for first-year residents to guide them towards creating a high-quality case report and helping them to achieve the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education scholarly activity requirement...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856547/validation-and-application-of-the-survey-of-teaching-beliefs-and-practices-for-undergraduates-step-u-identifying-factors-associated-with-valuing-important-workplace-skills-among-biology-students
#9
Gili Marbach-Ad, Carly Rietschel, Katerina V Thompson
We present a novel assessment tool for measuring biology students' values and experiences across their undergraduate degree program. Our Survey of Teaching Beliefs and Practices for Undergraduates (STEP-U) assesses the extent to which students value skills needed for the workplace (e.g., ability to work in groups) and their experiences with teaching practices purported to promote such skills (e.g., group work). The survey was validated through factor analyses in a large sample of biology seniors (n = 1389) and through response process analyses (five interviewees)...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855577/an-examination-of-responses-to-surveys-among-filipino-australian-migrants
#10
Della Maneze, Bronwyn Everett, Michelle DiGiacomo, Patricia M Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
Background Surveys are frequently used to collect data. Although paper surveys are commonly used, online surveys are gaining in popularity, with the inclusion of open-ended questions (OEQs) allowing respondents to freely express their views. Little is known about how Filipino-Australian migrants respond to surveys. There is some concern about the usefulness of OEQs administered to culturally and linguistically diverse migrants, who may have limited capacity to articulate their thoughts in writing. Aim To examine the responses of Filipino-Australian migrants to a survey...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849243/moyamoya-disease-impact-on-the-performance-of-oral-and-written-language
#11
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Plínio Marcos Duarte Pinto Ferraz, Maria de Lourdes Merighi Tabaquim
Moyamoya disease is an unusual form of occlusive, cerebrovascular disorder that affects the arteries of the central nervous system, causing acquired language alterations and learning difficulties. The study aim was to describe the oral/written language and cognitive skills in a seven-year-and-seven-month-old girl diagnosed with Moyamoya disease. The assessment consisted of interviews with her parents and application of the following instruments: Observation of Communicative Behavior, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Academic Performance Test, Profile of Phonological Awareness, Raven's Progressive Matrices Test, Special Scale, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#12
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832354/neuropsychological-improvement-after-posterior-fossa-arachnoid-cyst-drainage
#13
M L Cuny, M Pallone, H Piana, N Boddaert, C Sainte-Rose, L Vaivre-Douret, P Piolino, S Puget
PURPOSE: Posterior fossa arachnoid cysts (PFAC) are mostly considered as benign lesions of the cerebellum. Although many studies have shown the major role of the cerebellum in modulating movement, language, cognition, and social interaction, there are few studies on the cognitive impact and surgical decompression of PFAC. METHODS: We present the cases of two brothers successively diagnosed with PFAC and neuropsychological delay. After multidisciplinary discussion with the boys' parents, it was decided to drain these lesions...
November 10, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826266/relating-language-and-music-skills-in-young-children-a-first-approach-to-systemize-and-compare-distinct-competencies-on-different-levels
#14
Caroline Cohrdes, Lorenz Grolig, Sascha Schroeder
Children in transition from kindergarten to school develop fundamental skills important for the acquisition of reading and writing. Previous research pointed toward substantial correlations between specific language- and music-related competencies as well as positive transfer effects from music on pre-literacy skills. However, until now the relationship between diverse music and language competencies remains unclear. In the present study, we used a comprehensive approach to clarify the relationships between a broad variety of language and music skills on different levels, not only between but also within domains...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808624/how-to-suture-a-wound
#15
Joseph Bonham
Rationale and key points This article explores how to suture a wound using several common techniques. The use of different suture techniques depends on various factors, including the type of wound, its location, skin thickness, wound tension and cosmetic considerations. » Nurses should have a comprehensive understanding of the relevant anatomy and underlying structures, and the expertise to determine that suturing, rather than other methods of wound closure, is appropriate in each case. » Nurses should work within their scope of practice and to agreed departmental protocols...
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807392/the-impact-of-handwriting-difficulties-on-compositional-quality-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#16
Mellissa M Prunty, Anna L Barnett, Kate Wilmut, Mandy S Plumb
INTRODUCTION: There is substantial evidence to support the relationship between transcription skills (handwriting and spelling) and compositional quality. For children with developmental coordination disorder, handwriting can be particularly challenging. While recent research has aimed to investigate their handwriting difficulties in more detail, the impact of transcription on their compositional quality has not previously been examined. The aim of this exploratory study was to examine compositional quality in children with developmental coordination disorder and to ascertain whether their transcription skills influence writing quality...
October 2016: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796476/cognitive-and-fine-motor-deficits-in-a-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-cohort-of-mixed-ethnic-origin
#17
Luise Burkhardt, Stephan Lobitz, Elisabeth Koustenis, Stefan Mark Rueckriegel, Pablo Hernáiz Driever
Cerebrovascular disease is an important feature of pediatric sickle cell disease (SCD) and may lead to cognitive and motor impairment. Our cross-sectional study examined the incidence and severity of these impairments in a pediatric cohort without clinical cerebrovascular events from Berlin of mixed ethnic origin. Thirty-two SCD patients (mean age 11.14 years, range 7.0-17.25 years; males 14) were evaluated for full-scale intelligence (IQ) (German version WISC-III), fine motor function (digital writing tablet), and executive function (planning, attention, working memory, and visual-spatial abilities) with the Amsterdam Neuropsychological Tasks (ANT) program and the Tower of London (ToL)...
October 29, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789531/the-benefits-of-peer-review-and-a-multisemester-capstone-writing-series-on-inquiry-and-analysis-skills-in-an-undergraduate-thesis
#18
K F Weaver, V Morales, M Nelson, P F Weaver, A Toledo, K Godde
This study examines the relationship between the introduction of a four-course writing-intensive capstone series and improvement in inquiry and analysis skills of biology senior undergraduates. To measure the impact of the multicourse write-to-learn and peer-review pedagogy on student performance, we used a modified Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education rubric for Inquiry and Analysis and Written Communication to score senior research theses from 2006 to 2008 (pretreatment) and 2009 to 2013 (intervention)...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765732/text-message-based-intervention-targeting-alcohol-consumption-among-university-students-findings-from-a-formative-development-study
#19
Kristin Thomas, Catharina Linderoth, Marcus Bendtsen, Preben Bendtsen, Ulrika Müssener
BACKGROUND: Drinking of alcohol among university students is a global phenomenon; heavy episodic drinking is accepted despite several potential negative consequences. There is emerging evidence that short message service (SMS) text messaging interventions are effective to promote behavior change among students. However, it is still unclear how effectiveness can be optimized through intervention design or how user interest and adherence can be maximized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an SMS text message-based intervention targeting alcohol drinking among university students using formative research...
October 20, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754747/palliative-care-bedside-teaching-a-qualitative-analysis-of-medical-students-reflective-writings-after-clinical-practices
#20
Rocío Rojí, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, Fernando Pikabea-Díaz, José Miguel Carrasco, Carlos Centeno
CONTEXT: A mandatory course in palliative care (PC) is organized for all final-year medical students at the University of Navarre. It consists of 24 lectures, 4 workshops, and 1 scheduled five hour clinical PC service experience at two different sites. In the 48 hours after the visit and related to the clinical experience, each student has to complete a 500-word reflective writing (RW) piece. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how a brief PC clinical experience helps equip the medical student...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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