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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055236/the-importance-of-academic-literacy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-its-relationship-to-future-professional-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Diana Jefferies, Stephen McNally, Katriona Roberts, Anna Wallace, Annette Stunden, Suzanne D'Souza, Paul Glew
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was designed to assess the importance of academic literacy for undergraduate nursing students and its relationship to future professional clinical practice. It aimed to explore the link between academic literacy and writing in an undergraduate nursing degree and the development of critical thinking skills for their future professional clinical practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative studies and expert opinion publications...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051774/effectiveness-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Megan Hatfield, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Marina Ciccarelli
BACKGROUND: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. job readiness or self-determination) rather than the overall transition planning process and there are methodological limitations to many of the studies determining their effectiveness. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online program that supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023205/the-ethno-racial-segmentation-jobs-the-impacts-of-the-occupational-stereotypes-on-hiring-decisions
#3
André Ndobo, Alice Faure, Jeanne Boisselier, Stella Giannaki
This paper considers both the division of the labor market and the occupational stereotyping as explanatory mechanisms of discrimination in hiring decisions. It hypothesized that recruiters would favor candidates applying for a position that is stereotypically identified with their ethnic category. We solicited 146 recruiters in order to evaluate the hireability of either a native-born or an immigrant candidate, either competent or not competent, for either a prestigious or a low-skill occupation, and to justify their decision in writing...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018387/the-role-of-attention-shifting-in-orthographic-competencies-cross-sectional-findings-from-1st-3rd-and-8th-grade-students
#4
Antje von Suchodoletz, Anika Fäsche, Irene T Skuballa
Attention shifting refers to one core component of executive functions, a set of higher-order cognitive processes that predict different aspects of academic achievement. To date, few studies have investigated the role of attention shifting in orthographic competencies during middle childhood and early adolescence. In the present study, 69 first-grade, 121 third-grade, and 85 eighth-grade students' attention shifting was tested with a computer version of the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS; Zelazo, 2006)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016659/effectiveness-of-longitudinal-faculty-development-programs-on-mcqs-items-writing-skills-a-follow-up-study
#5
Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani, Mohammad Irshad, Shafiul Haque, Tauseef Ahmad, Kamran Sattar, Mahmoud Salah Khalil
This study examines the long-term impact of the faculty development programs on the multiple choice question (MCQ) items' quality leading to study its effect on the students' overall competency level during their yearly academic assessment. A series of longitudinal highly constructed faculty development workshops were conducted to improve the quality of the MCQs items writing skills. A total of 2207 MCQs were constructed by 58 participants for the assessment of 882 students' cognitive competency level during the academic years 2012-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989492/encouraging-practitioners-in-infection-prevention-and-control-to-publish-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Lynn Melone, Lesley Price, Jennie Wilson
AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to determine the views of infection prevention and control practitioners (IPCPs) on publishing research. METHODS: A convenience sample was obtained by approaching delegates at the 2015 Infection Prevention Society conference and data were captured via a hand-held electronic device. FINDINGS: Of the 79 respondents, most (83%) read the Journal of Infection Prevention (JIP) and found it useful for informing their practice (72%)...
November 2016: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987056/the-role-of-the-cerebellum-in-the-regulation-of-language-functions
#7
REVIEW
Anna Starowicz-Filip, Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Marek Moskała, Roger M Krzyżewski, Borys Kwinta, Stanisław Kwiatkowski, Olga Milczarek, Anna Rajtar-Zembaty, Dorota Przewoźnik
The present paper is a review of studies on the role of the cerebellum in the regulation of language functions. This brain structure until recently associated chiefly with motor skills, visual-motor coordination and balance, proves to be significant also for cognitive functioning. With regard to language functions, studies show that the cerebellum determines verbal fluency (both semantic and formal) expressive and receptive grammar processing, the ability to identify and correct language mistakes, and writing skills...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978353/usefulness-and-engagement-with-a-guided-workbook-intervention-workplan-to-support-work-related-goals-among-cancer-survivors
#8
Lauren Schumacher, Maria Armaou, Pauline Rolf, Steven Sadhra, Andrew John Sutton, Anjali Zarkar, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
BACKGROUND: Returning to work after cancer is associated with improved physical and psychological functioning, but managing this return can be a challenging process. A workbook based intervention (WorkPlan) was developed to support return-to-work among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to explore how participants using the workbook engaged with the intervention and utilised the content of the intervention in their plan to return-to-work. METHODS: As part of a feasibility randomised controlled trial, 23 participants from the intervention group were interviewed 4-weeks post intervention...
October 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954571/book-review-academic-writing-and-referencing-for-your-nursing-degree-critical-study-skills-for-nurses-series-academic-writing-and-referencing-for-your-nursing-degree-critical-study-skills-for-nurses-series-2017-by-bottomley-jane-pryjmachuk-steven-eds-st-albans
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932019/towards-identifying-dyslexia-in-standard-indonesian-the-development-of-a-reading-assessment-battery
#10
Bernard A J Jap, Elisabeth Borleffs, Ben A M Maassen
With its transparent orthography, Standard Indonesian is spoken by over 160 million inhabitants and is the primary language of instruction in education and the government in Indonesia. An assessment battery of reading and reading-related skills was developed as a starting point for the diagnosis of dyslexia in beginner learners. Founded on the International Dyslexia Association's definition of dyslexia, the test battery comprises nine empirically motivated reading and reading-related tasks assessing word reading, pseudoword reading, arithmetic, rapid automatized naming, phoneme deletion, forward and backward digit span, verbal fluency, orthographic choice (spelling), and writing...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925772/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-course-why-and-how
#11
Victor Grech
The ability to write up research in the form of a paper is a crucial requisite for academics. The skills required are manifold and are acquired piecemeal during an individual's training. Matters would be facilitated by a short and intensive course that would cover all of these facets. Such a course would ideally be delivered by experienced writers and editors. It is for this very reason that WASP (Write a Scientific Paper) was created. WASP was held outside of Malta for the first time, in London. This paper describes the preparations required in order to plan and execute a course of this or similar nature...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906176/developmental-dysgraphia-an-overview-and-framework-for-research
#12
Michael McCloskey, Brenda Rapp
Developmental deficits in the acquisition of writing skills (developmental dysgraphias) are common and have significant consequences, yet these deficits have received relatively little attention from researchers. We offer a framework for studying developmental dysgraphias (including both spelling and handwriting deficits), arguing that research should be grounded in theories describing normal cognitive writing mechanisms and the acquisition of these mechanisms. We survey the current state of knowledge concerning developmental dysgraphia, discussing potential proximal and distal causes...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901592/child-stunting-is-associated-with-weaker-human-capital-among-native-amazonians
#13
Eduardo A Undurraga, Jere R Behrman, Susan D Emmett, Celeste Kidd, William R Leonard, Steven T Piantadosi, Victoria Reyes-García, Abhishek Sharma, Rebecca Zhang, Ricardo A Godoy
OBJECTIVES: We assessed associations between child stunting, recovery, and faltering with schooling and human capital skills in a native Amazonian society of horticulturalists-foragers (Tsimane'). METHODS: We used cross-sectional data (2008) from 1262 children aged 6 to 16 years in 53 villages to assess contemporaneous associations between three height categories: stunted (height-for-age Z score, HAZ<-2), moderately stunted (-2 ≤ HAZ≤-1), and nonstunted (HAZ>-1), and three categories of human capital: completed grades of schooling, test-based academic skills (math, reading, writing), and local plant knowledge...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891745/motor-control-of-handwriting-in-the-developing-brain-a-review
#14
Sarah Palmis, Jeremy Danna, Jean-Luc Velay, Marieke Longcamp
This review focuses on the acquisition of writing motor aspects in adults, and in 5-to 12-year-old children without learning disabilities. We first describe the behavioural aspects of adult writing and dominant models based on the notion of motor programs. We show that handwriting acquisition is characterized by the transition from reactive movements programmed stroke-by-stroke in younger children, to an automatic control of the whole trajectory when the motor programs are memorized at about 10 years old. Then, we describe the neural correlates of adult writing, and the changes that could occur with learning during childhood...
September 11, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879173/integrating-public-health-and-health-promotion-practice-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-self-directed-team-based-project-approach
#15
Geraldine Kershaw, Michal Grivna, Iffat Elbarazi, Souheila AliHassan, Faisal Aziz, Aysha Ibrahim Al Dhaheri
Preparing health professionals in health promotion (HP) and disease prevention is essential for improvement of population health, community HP, and better health care for individuals. The aim of this article is to describe an HP project in the form of a major self-directed project-based learning task integrated within the curriculum in the second year of the medical degree program at United Arab Emirates University. The project introduces students to public health and HP practice and develops students' literature searching, writing, presentation skills, and team work...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873918/machine-learning-based-evaluation-of-reading-and-writing-difficulties
#16
Mamoru Iwabuchi, Rumi Hirabayashi, Kenryu Nakamura, Nem Khan Dim
The possibility of auto evaluation of reading and writing difficulties was investigated using non-parametric machine learning (ML) regression technique for URAWSS (Understanding Reading and Writing Skills of Schoolchildren) [1] test data of 168 children of grade 1 - 9. The result showed that the ML had better prediction than the ordinary rule-based decision.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866350/critical-thinking-evaluation-in-reflective-writing-development-and-testing-of-carter-assessment-of-critical-thinking-in-midwifery-reflection
#17
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: develop and test a tool designed for use by academics to evaluate pre-registration midwifery students' critical thinking skills in reflective writing. DESIGN: a descriptive cohort design was used. SAMPLE: a random sample (n = 100) of archived student reflective writings based on a clinical event or experience during 2014 and 2015. METHODS: a staged model for tool development was used to develop a fifteen item scale involving item generation; mapping of draft items to critical thinking concepts and expert review to test content validity; inter-rater reliability testing; pilot testing of the tool on 100 reflective writings; and psychometric testing...
November 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860795/key-factors-influencing-allied-health-research-capacity-in-a-large-australian-metropolitan-health-district
#18
Jennifer A Alison, Bill Zafiropoulos, Robert Heard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify key factors affecting research capacity and engagement of allied health professionals working in a large metropolitan health service. Identifying such factors will assist in determining strategies for building research capacity in allied health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 allied health professionals working within the Sydney Local Health District (SLHD) completed the Research Capacity in Context Tool (RCCT) that measures research capacity and culture across three domains: organization, team, and individual...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857589/the-contribution-of-mastery-experiences-performance-feedback-and-task-effort-to-elementary-aged-students-self-efficacy-in-writing
#19
Bridget O Hier, Kristen E Mahony
Although intervention procedures exist for improving elementary-aged students' writing fluency skills, less is known about how their writing self-efficacy develops upon participating in these procedures. In this study, 117 second grade students participated in an evidence-based performance feedback writing intervention. Students reported higher levels of self-efficacy in their writing abilities after participating in the intervention than they did at baseline. Although their experiences with task mastery and positive feedback did not impact their writing self-efficacy, the effort they put forth during the intervention was a significant predictor...
August 31, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838200/lessons-learned-and-legacy-of-the-stop-transmission-of-polio-program
#20
Yinka Kerr, Melinda Mailhot, Alford A J Williams, Virginia Swezy, Linda Quick, Rudolf H Tangermann, Kirsten Ward, Amalia Benke, Anna Callaghan, Kathleen Clark, Brian Emery, Jessica Nix, Eleanor Aydlotte, Charlotte Newman, Benjamin Nkowane
In 1988, the by the World Health Assembly established the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, which consisted of a partnership among the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the United Nations Children's Fund. By 2016, the annual incidence of polio had decreased by >99.9%, compared with 1988, and at the time of writing, only 3 countries in which wild poliovirus circulation has never been interrupted remain: Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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