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Holographic microscopy

Pan Feng, Alexander S Brand, Lei Chen, Jeffrey W Bullard
Recent topography measurements of gypsum dissolution have not reported the absolute dissolution rates, but instead focus on the rates of formation and growth of etch pits. In this study, the in situ absolute retreat rates of gypsum (010) cleavage surfaces at etch pits, at cleavage steps, and at apparently defect-free portions of the surface are measured in flowing water by reflection digital holographic microscopy. Observations made on randomly sampled fields of view on seven different cleavage surfaces reveal a range of local dissolution rates, the local rate being determined by the topographical features at which material is removed...
June 2017: Chemical Geology
Jun Hong Park, Taesik Go, Sang Joon Lee
Transfusion is crucial in surgical operation and anemia treatment. However, several hemorheological properties of blood are adversely altered during blood storage. After transfusion, these adverse alterations are related with decrease of oxygen and ion transport in blood circulation, which increase the mortality of transfused patients. Therefore, accurate sensing of whether a blood supply is still viable for transfusion or not is extremely important. In this study, a H-shaped microfluidic device and digital in-line holographic microscopy were employed to measure temporal variations of blood viscosity and the optical focusing property of erythrocytes during blood storage...
August 18, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Yibo Zhang, Yoonjung Shin, Kevin Sung, Sam Yang, Harrison Chen, Hongda Wang, Da Teng, Yair Rivenson, Rajan P Kulkarni, Aydogan Ozcan
High-throughput sectioning and optical imaging of tissue samples using traditional immunohistochemical techniques can be costly and inaccessible in resource-limited areas. We demonstrate three-dimensional (3D) imaging and phenotyping in optically transparent tissue using lens-free holographic on-chip microscopy as a low-cost, simple, and high-throughput alternative to conventional approaches. The tissue sample is passively cleared using a simplified CLARITY method and stained using 3,3'-diaminobenzidine to target cells of interest, enabling bright-field optical imaging and 3D sectioning of thick samples...
August 2017: Science Advances
Ki-Chul Kwon, Young-Tae Lim, Chang-Won Shin, Munkh-Uchral Erdenebat, Jae-Moon Hwang, Nam Kim
We propose and implement an integral imaging microscope with extended depth-of-field (DoF) using a bifocal holographic micro lens array (MLA). The properties of the two MLAs are switched via peristrophic multiplexing, where different properties of the MLA are recorded onto the single holographic optical element (HOE). The recorded MLA properties are perpendicular to each other: after the first mode is recorded, the HOE is rotated by 90° clockwise, and the second mode is recorded. The experimental results confirm that the DoF of the integral imaging microscopy system is extended successfully by using the bifocal MLA...
August 15, 2017: Optics Letters
YoungJu Jo, Sangjin Park, JaeHwang Jung, Jonghee Yoon, Hosung Joo, Min-Hyeok Kim, Suk-Jo Kang, Myung Chul Choi, Sang Yup Lee, YongKeun Park
Establishing early warning systems for anthrax attacks is crucial in biodefense. Despite numerous studies for decades, the limited sensitivity of conventional biochemical methods essentially requires preprocessing steps and thus has limitations to be used in realistic settings of biological warfare. We present an optical method for rapid and label-free screening of Bacillus anthracis spores through the synergistic application of holographic microscopy and deep learning. A deep convolutional neural network is designed to classify holographic images of unlabeled living cells...
August 2017: Science Advances
Jin-Yang Jiang, Yao Liu, Hong-Yan Chu, Danqian Wang, Han Ma, Wei Sun
In this study, the pitting behaviour of a new corrosion-resistant alloy steel (CR) is compared to that of low-carbon steel (LC) in a simulated concrete pore solution with a chloride concentration of 5 mol/L. The electrochemical behaviour of the bars was characterised using linear polarisation resistance (LPR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The pitting profiles were detected by reflective digital holographic microscopy (DHM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the chemical components produced in the pitting process were analysed by X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS)...
August 4, 2017: Materials
Lianlin Li, Tie Jun Cui, Wei Ji, Shuo Liu, Jun Ding, Xiang Wan, Yun Bo Li, Menghua Jiang, Cheng-Wei Qiu, Shuang Zhang
Metasurfaces have enabled a plethora of emerging functions within an ultrathin dimension, paving way towards flat and highly integrated photonic devices. Despite the rapid progress in this area, simultaneous realization of reconfigurability, high efficiency, and full control over the phase and amplitude of scattered light is posing a great challenge. Here, we try to tackle this challenge by introducing the concept of a reprogrammable hologram based on 1-bit coding metasurfaces. The state of each unit cell of the coding metasurface can be switched between '1' and '0' by electrically controlling the loaded diodes...
August 4, 2017: Nature Communications
Violeta L Calin, Mona Mihailescu, Nicolae Mihale, Alexandra V Baluta, Eugenia Kovacs, Tudor Savopol, Mihaela G Moisescu
Changes in optical and shape-related characteristics of B16F10 cells after electroporation were investigated using digital holographic microscopy (DHM). Bipolar rectangular pulses specific for electrochemotherapy were used. Electroporation was performed in an "off-axis" DHM set-up without using exogenous markers. Two types of cell parameters were monitored seconds and minutes after pulse train application: parameters addressing a specifically defined area of the cell (refractive index and cell height) and global cell parameters (projected area, optical phase shift profile and dry mass)...
April 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
Zhiyuan Shen, Xiaorui Guo, Yilong Zhang, Dongmei Li, Yonghong He
In this work, we used a short coherence digital holographic microscopy system to demonstrate cross-talk noise suppression and imaging performance enhancement by optical clearing. Performance of the system on both phantom and in vitro porcine skin tissues before and after the treatment of 70% v./v. glycerol-saline solution was investigated. Our results showed that optical clearing effectively inhibits the cross-talk noise and improves the image quality in the deep of the in vitro porcine skin tissues. The imaging depth was increased by about 30% after topical application of the glycerol-saline solution for 30 min...
April 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
Dhananjay Kumar Singh, Caroline C Ahrens, Wei Li, Siva A Vanapalli
We introduce inline digital holographic microscopy (in-line DHM) as a label-free technique for detecting tumor cells in blood. The optimized DHM platform fingerprints every cell flowing through a microchannel at 10 000 cells per second, based on three features - size, maximum intensity and mean intensity. To identify tumor cells in a background of blood cells, we developed robust gating criteria using machine-learning approaches. We established classifiers from the features extracted from 100 000-cell training sets consisting of red blood cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tumor cell lines...
July 18, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Manuel Bedrossian, Chris Lindensmith, Jay L Nadeau
Detection of extant microbial life on Earth and elsewhere in the Solar System requires the ability to identify and enumerate micrometer-scale, essentially featureless cells. On Earth, bacteria are usually enumerated by culture plating or epifluorescence microscopy. Culture plates require long incubation times and can only count culturable strains, and epifluorescence microscopy requires extensive staining and concentration of the sample and instrumentation that is not readily miniaturized for space. Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) represents an alternative technique with no moving parts and higher throughput than traditional microscopy, making it potentially useful in space for detection of extant microorganisms provided that sufficient numbers of cells can be collected...
July 14, 2017: Astrobiology
Juanjuan Zheng, Peng Gao, Xiaopeng Shao
Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) has its intrinsic ability to refocusing a sample by numerically propagating an object wave from its hologram plane to its image plane. In this paper opposite-view digital holographic microscopy (OV-DHM) is demonstrated for autofocusing, namely, digitally determining the location of the image plane, and refocusing the object wave without human intervention. In OV-DHM, a specimen is illuminated from two sides in a 4π-alike configuration, and two holograms are generated and recorded by a CCD camera along two orthogonal polarization orientations...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Martin Linck, Peter A Ercius, Jordan S Pierce, Benjamin J McMorran
In the past 15 years, the advent of aberration correction technology in electron microscopy has enabled materials analysis on the atomic scale. This is made possible by precise arrangements of multipole electrodes and magnetic solenoids to compensate the aberrations inherent to any focusing element of an electron microscope. Here, we describe an alternative method to correct for the spherical aberration of the objective lens in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) using a passive, nanofabricated diffractive optical element...
June 12, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
Sarah Lai, Sonia Centi, Claudia Borri, Fulvio Ratto, Lucia Cavigli, Filippo Micheletti, Bjӧrn Kemper, Steffi Ketelhut, Tatiana Kozyreva, Leonardo Gonnelli, Francesca Rossi, Stefano Colagrande, Roberto Pini
We report on the use of organosilica shells to couple gold nanorods to functional peptides and modulate their physiochemical and biological profiles. In particular, we focus on the case of cell penetrating peptides, which are used to load tumor-tropic macrophages and implement an innovative drug delivery system for photothermal and photoacoustic applications. The presence of organosilica exerts subtle effects on multiple parameters of the particles, including their size, shape, electrokinetic potential, photostability, kinetics of endocytic uptake and cytotoxicity, which are investigated by the interplay of colorimetric methods and digital holographic microscopy...
September 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yu-Chih Lin, Chau-Jern Cheng, Li-Chien Lin
This study presents a time-resolved imaging technique for detecting ultrafast events in the sample with tunable tick-tock pulses in common-path digital holographic microscopy. The tick-tock pulses are generated from the same single femtosecond pulse source and manipulated through a spatial-multiplexing encoding/decoding scheme with two complementary binary codes for digital hologram recording and reconstruction. The spatial-multiplexing encoding/decoding scheme with compressive sensing on the Fresnel digital hologram is used to recover missing data and achieve high-fidelity wavefront reconstruction...
June 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Marjan Zakerin, Antonin Novak, Masaya Toda, Yves Emery, Filipe Natalio, Hans-Jürgen Butt, Rüdiger Berger
In this paper, we apply a digital holographic microscope (DHM) in conjunction with stroboscopic acquisition synchronization. Here, the temperature-dependent decrease of the first resonance frequency (S₁(T)) and Young's elastic modulus (E₁(T)) of silicon micromechanical cantilever sensors (MCSs) are measured. To perform these measurements, the MCSs are uniformly heated from T₀ = 298 K to T = 450 K while being externally actuated with a piezo-actuator in a certain frequency range close to their first resonance frequencies...
May 23, 2017: Sensors
Manon Bardyn, Benjamin Rappaz, Keyvan Jaferzadeh, David Crettaz, Jean-Daniel Tissot, Inkyu Moon, Gerardo Turcatti, Niels Lion, Michel Prudent
BACKGROUND: Red blood cells collected in citrate-phosphate-dextrose can be stored for up to 42 days at 4 °C in saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol additive solution. During this controlled, but nevertheless artificial, ex vivo ageing, red blood cells accumulate lesions that can be reversible or irreversible upon transfusion. The aim of the present study is to follow several parameters reflecting cell metabolism, antioxidant defences, morphology and membrane dynamics during storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five erythrocyte concentrates were followed weekly during 71 days...
May 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
Zengji Yue, Gaolei Xue, Juan Liu, Yongtian Wang, Min Gu
Holography has extremely extensive applications in conventional optical instruments spanning optical microscopy and imaging, three-dimensional displays and metrology. To integrate holography with modern low-dimensional electronic devices, holograms need to be thinned to a nanometric scale. However, to keep a pronounced phase shift modulation, the thickness of holograms has been generally limited to the optical wavelength scale, which hinders their integration with ultrathin electronic devices. Here, we break this limit and achieve 60 nm holograms using a topological insulator material...
May 18, 2017: Nature Communications
Jun-He Han, Ruo-Ping Li, Jun-Hui Liu, Fu-Sheng Hai, Ming-Ju Huang
We present two-step phase-shifting differential-recording digital holographic microscopy (TPD-DH in microscopy) for phase imaging of microscopic transparent elements. Two CCDs are employed to record two interferograms at two different defocusing distances. The interferograms on the two CCD cameras are shifted for a phase retarder 0 and π via an all-optics phase shifting unit. A novel algorithm is proposed to reconstruct both amplitude and phase distributions of the object wave from the recorded interferograms...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Soundararajan Vijayarathna, Yeng Chen, Jagat R Kanwar, Sreenivasan Sasidharan
Over the years a number of microscopy methods have been developed to assess the changes in cells. Some non-invasive techniques such as holographic digital microscopy (HDM), which although does not destroy the cells, but helps to monitor the events that leads to initiation of apoptotic cell death. In this study, the apoptogenic property and the cytotoxic effect of P. longifolia leaf methanolic extract (PLME) against the human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa) was studied using light microscope (LM), holographic digital microscopy (HDM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM)...
July 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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