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Planning tavi

José Côté, Sylvie Cossette, Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, Geneviève Rouleau, Patricia Auger, François Boudreau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
Background. In the domain of health behavior change, the deployment and utilization of information and communications technologies as a way to deliver interventions appear to be promising. This article describes the development of a web-based tailored intervention, TAVIE en santé, to support people living with HIV in the adoption of healthy behaviors. Methods. This intervention was developed through an Intervention Mapping (IM) framework and is based on the theory of planned behavior. Results. Crucial steps of IM are the selection of key determinants of behavior and the selection of useful theory-based intervention methods to change the targeted determinants (active ingredients)...
2017: BioMed Research International
Shuangbo Liu, Olga Toleva, Amir Ravandi, Zlatko Pozeg, Alan Menkis, Malek Kass
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an alternative technique to treating aortic stenosis in patients with high surgical risk. We present a case of a successful transfemoral TAVI in a high-risk patient with an extremely tortuous iliofemoral system and a significant S-type bend in the descending aorta. With careful preprocedure planning and using all the techniques available, TAVI can be performed in the most challenging patients.
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
Toru Naganuma, Hiroyoshi Kawamoto, Kensuke Takagi, Hiroto Yabushita, Satoru Mitomo, Yusuke Watanabe, Shinichi Shirai, Motoharu Araki, Norio Tada, Futoshi Yamanaka, Masanori Yamamoto, Hirokazu Onishi, Sunao Nakamura, Akihiro Higashimori, Minoru Tabata, Kazuki Mizutani, Hiroshi Ueno, Kentaro Hayashida
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the safety of coronary rotational atherectomy (RA) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). RA in the clinical setting seems challenging because coronary slow flow leads to hemodynamic instability. METHODS: Between October 2013 and May 2016, 1401 patients in the Optimized transCathEter vAlvular iNtervention (OCEAN) registry in Japan underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The primary study endpoint was procedural success, defined as residual stenosis <20% with final Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow 3...
February 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Robert Bauernschmitt, Stefan Bauer, Christian Liewald, Ramiz Emini, Wolfgang Oechsner, Meinrad Beer, Ralf Sodian, Andreas Liebold
AIMS: While TAVI is the treatment of choice in patients with aortic stenosis considered inoperable or at high risk, interventional replacement of the mitral valve is still in the preclinical or early clinical phase. Our aim was to report on the first transcatheter double valve replacement into native valves from a transapical access. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 67-year-old, highly symptomatic female patient considered inoperable due to severe calcification of the mitral annulus and comorbidities was scheduled for transcatheter double valve replacement by the local Heart Team...
January 20, 2017: EuroIntervention
Sandro Queirós, Christophe Dubois, Pedro Morais, Tom Adriaenssens, Jaime C Fonseca, João L Vilaça, Jan D'hooge
BACKGROUND: Accurate imaging assessment of aortic annulus (AoA) dimension is paramount to decide on the correct transcatheter heart valve (THV) size for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of a novel automatic framework for multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT)-based TAVI planning. METHODS: Among 122 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI and retrospectively reviewed for this study, 104 patients with preoperative MDCT of sufficient quality were enrolled and analyzed with the proposed software...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Carlo Zivelonghi, Gabriele Pesarini, Roberto Scarsini, Mattia Lunardi, Anna Piccoli, Valeria Ferrero, Leonardo Gottin, Corrado Vassanelli, Flavio Ribichini
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is often present in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis candidates to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Mild CAD may also worsen and need treatment years after TAVI. The implantation of a transcatheter valve may interfere with the capability of reengaging the coronary arteries. We prospectively assessed the feasibility of performing coronary angiography (CA), fractional flow reserve, and, where indicated, percutaneous coronary intervention after valve implantation in a consecutive series of patients with CAD undergoing TAVI...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Yu Horiuchi, Mika Izumo, Takayoshi Kusuhara, Motoi Yokozuka, Takeshi Taketani, Kengo Tanabe
This report describes an elderly severe aortic stenosis (AS) patient, who had a history of coronary artery bypass grafting and endovascular repair for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Type II endoleak with enlargement of AAA was diagnosed and ligation of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) was recommended. Because aortic valve replacement (AVR) was high risk, we planned transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Considering risks of IMA ligation under dual antiplatelet therapy, increased blood pressure after TAVI, and general anesthesia, we performed combined TAVI and IMA ligation...
September 7, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Takanari Fujita, Naritatsu Saito, Kenji Minakata, Masao Imai, Kazuhiro Yamazaki, Takeshi Kimura
An 82-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis was referred. She had previously undergone mitral valve replacement. We planned transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with transfemoral approach. We planned to use the Safari-dedicated TAVI guidewire. No studies have reported clinical application of the dedicated TAVI guidewire in a patient with the previous mitral valve replacement. Thus, we conducted a simulation using a three-dimensional heart model to confirm the safety of the procedure. The procedure was successful without any complications...
August 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Shunsuke Matsumoto, Yoshitake Yamada, Masahiro Hashimoto, Teppei Okamura, Minoru Yamada, Fumiaki Yashima, Kentaro Hayashida, Keiichi Fukuda, Masahiro Jinzaki
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of CT before TAVI using variable helical pitch (VHP) scanning and its diagnostic performance for coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Sixty patients (84.4 ± 4.6 years) scheduled for TAVI underwent CT using VHP scanning with the contrast material (CM) volume calculated as scanning time × weight [kg] × 0.06 mL. Retrospective electrocardiography (ECG)-gated scanning was utilized to examine the thorax, and non-ECG-gated scanning of the abdomen immediately followed...
August 25, 2016: European Radiology
Jaya Chandrasekhar, Roxana Mehran
As more patients become eligible for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), resource allocation and early discharge planning require careful consideration. TAVI centers must develop locally appropriate and systematic strategies to facilitate early discharge and seamless post-discharge care. While ongoing studies examine pacing requirements post-TAVI, trials comparing general anesthesia and monitored analgesia care are desired. Future technologies for co-registration of computed tomography with fluoroscopy may reduce the need for intra-operative transesophageal echo and general anesthesia...
January 1, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Alice Wielandner, Dietrich Beitzke, Ruediger Schernthaner, Florian Wolf, Christina Langenberger, Alfred Stadler, Christian Loewe
OBJECTIVE: To compare electrocardiographic (ECG)-triggered high-pitch (HP) dual-source CT angiography (CTA) with non-ECG-triggered HP CTA of the aorta, particularly the ascending aorta, with regard to image quality, motion artefacts, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and radiation dose. METHODS: 59 consecutive patients who had been referred for CTA for known or suspected aortic disease, previous aortic intervention or planned transapical or transfemoral aortic valve implantation were prospectively included...
June 27, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Birgid Gonska, Julia Seeger, Christoph Rodewald, Dominik Scharnbeck, Wolfgang Rottbauer, Jochen Wöhrle
BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic bioprosthetic valves deteriorate 10 to 20 years after operation. Valve-in-valve implantation with first generation transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices has shown to be feasible. We report a first case series with the new Edwards Sapien 3 valve for transfemoral aortic valve-in-valve implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nine patients underwent valve-in-valve-TAVI with the Edward Sapien 3 valve. Seven patients presented with severe aortic stenosis and two patients with severe aortic insufficiency of surgical aortic bioprosthesis...
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Amira F Hussien, Jean Jeudy, Seth J Kligerman, Charles S White
BACKGROUND: Many older patients with aortic stenosis are excluded from surgical intervention due to multiple comorbidities. For these patients, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a viable treatment alternative. Cardiothoracic computed tomography (CT) provides detailed anatomic assessment of the aortic root structures for patient selection, preprocedural planning, and intraoperative decision-making; however, nonaortic incidental findings are frequently detected. The prevalence and clinical significance of these findings have not been well described...
May 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Shun Saito, Hisanari Ishii
An 80-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis was planned to undergo transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) under general anesthesia. Due to severe stenosis of the femoral arteries, the left iliac artery was cut down and a 16 F Edwards SAPIEN Expandable Sheath (eSheath : Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) was inserted into the artery smoothly. After balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV), an artificial valve was tried to deploy but stuck in the middle of eSheath. Suddenly regional saturation of oxygen (rSO2) at the ipsilateral foot decreased steeply without other significant hemodynamic instabilities...
February 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Daniel O Bittner, Martin Arnold, Lutz Klinghammer, Annika Schuhbaeck, Michaela M Hell, Gerd Muschiol, Soeren Gauss, Michael Lell, Michael Uder, Udo Hoffmann, Stephan Achenbach, Mohamed Marwan
OBJECTIVES: Chronic renal failure is common in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). CT angiography is recommended and provides crucial information prior to TAVI. We evaluated the feasibility of a reduced contrast volume protocol for pre-procedural CT imaging. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients were examined with prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition using a novel third-generation dual-source CT system; 38 ml contrast agent was used...
December 2016: European Radiology
Sveeta Badiani, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Guy Lloyd
Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common primary valve disorder in the elderly with an increasing prevalence; transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an accepted alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) in the high risk or inoperable patient. Appropriate selection of patients for TAVI is crucial and requires a multidisciplinary approach including cardiothoracic surgeons, interventional cardiologists, anaesthetists, imaging experts and specialist nurses. Multimodality imaging including echocardiography, CT and MRI plays a pivotal role in the selection and planning process; however, echocardiography remains the primary imaging modality used for patient selection, intra-procedural guidance, post-procedural assessment and long-term follow-up...
April 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Abhishek Chaturvedi, Susan K Hobbs, Fred S Ling, Apeksha Chaturvedi, Peter Knight
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is increasingly being used in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are not candidates for surgery. ECG-gated CT angiography (CTA) plays an important role in the preoperative planning for these devices. As the number of patients undergoing these procedures increases, a subset of patients is being recognized who have contraindications to iodinated contrast medium, either due to a prior severe allergic type reaction or poor renal function. Another subgroup of patients with low flow and low gradient aortic stenosis is being recognized that are usually assessed for severity of aortic stenosis by stress echocardiography...
April 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Orly Goitein, Elio Di Segni, Yael Eshet, Victor Guetta, Amit Segev, Eyal Nahum, Ehud Raanani, Eli Konen, Ashraf Hamdan
UNLABELLED: Background: Trans-cathetervalve implantation (TAVI) is a non- surgical alternative for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Pre-procedural computed tomography angiography (CTA) allows accurate "road mapping," aortic annulus sizing and the detection of incidental findings. OBJECTIVES: To document the prevalence of non-valvular extracardiac findings on CTA prior to TAVI and the impact of these findings on the procedure. METHODS: Ninety AS patients underwent CTA as part of pre-TAVI planning...
December 2015: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Mohamed Marwan, Stephan Achenbach
Catheter-based aortic valve implantation is increasingly being performed in high-risk patients with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. For successful planning of the procedure, CT has been shown to provide crucial information concerning the aortic root as well as the peripheral access vessels. This article illustrates the increasing role of CT before transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
February 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
S Morganti, N Brambilla, A S Petronio, A Reali, F Bedogni, F Auricchio
Prosthesis positioning in transcatheter aortic valve implantation procedures represents a crucial aspect for procedure success as demonstrated by many recent studies on this topic. Possible complications, device performance, and, consequently, also long-term durability are highly affected by the adopted prosthesis placement strategy. In the present work, we develop a computational finite element model able to predict device-specific and patient-specific replacement procedure outcomes, which may help medical operators to plan and choose the optimal implantation strategy...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
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