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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927173/the-relationship-between-preoperative-frailty-and-outcomes-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Atul Anand, Catherine Harley, Akila Visvanathan, Anoop S V Shah, Joanna Cowell, Alasdair MacLullich, Susan Shenkin, Nicholas L Mills
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an increasingly common intervention for patients with aortic stenosis deemed high risk for major cardiac surgery, but identifying those who will benefit can be challenging. Frailty reflects physiological reserve and may be a useful prognostic marker in this population. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between frailty and outcomes after TAVI. Methods and Results: Five databases were searched between January 2000 and May 2015...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916601/gait-speed-can-predict-advanced-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-who-undergo-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insights-from-a-japanese-multicenter-registry
#2
Seiji Kano, Masanori Yamamoto, Tetsuro Shimura, Ai Kagase, Masanao Tsuzuki, Atsuko Kodama, Yutaka Koyama, Toshihiro Kobayashi, Kenichi Shibata, Norio Tada, Toru Naganuma, Motoharu Araki, Futoshi Yamanaka, Shinichi Shirai, Kazuki Mizutani, Minoru Tabata, Hiroshi Ueno, Kensuke Takagi, Akihiro Higashimori, Toshiaki Otsuka, Yusuke Watanabe, Kentaro Hayashida
BACKGROUND: Gait speed reflects an important factor of frailty and is associated with an increased risk of late mortality in patients with cardiac disease. This study sought to assess the prognostic value of gait speed in elderly patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the 5-m or 15-feet gait speed (m/sec) in 1256 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation using data from the OCEAN-TAVI Japanese multicenter registry (Optimized Catheter Valvular Intervention-Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation)...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910289/how-tavi-registries-report-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-endpoints-based-on-varc-2-definitions
#3
Shixuan Zhang, Peter L Kolominsky-Rabas
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been demonstrated to be an alternative treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients considered as high surgical risk. Since its first human implantation by Cribier et al., TAVI has been shown to increase survival rate and quality of life for high surgical risks patients. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of TAVI registries and the reporting clinical outcomes based on the VARC-2 definitions. In addition, the comparability and adherence of VARC-2 reporting within the identified TAVI registries was reviewed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889087/self-expanding-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-degenerated-small-mitroflow-bioprosthesis-early-and-midterm-outcomes
#4
Marianna Adamo, Claudia Fiorina, Salvatore Curello, Giuliano Chizzola, Elena Pezzotti, Emanuele Gavazzi, Luca Branca, Ermanna Chiari, Filippo Quinzani, Michele Rinaldi, Marco Metra, Federica Ettori
AIMS: The aim of this study was to report clinical outcomes of self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for failed small Mitroflow (MF) bioprostheses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2013 and July 2016, 15 symptomatic patients (NYHA Class ≥III) with degenerated small MF (≤23 mm) underwent CoreValve (CV) or Evolut R (EvR) implantation due to high/prohibitive risk for surgical redo. The MF size was 19 or 21 mm (off-label in Europe) in eight patients...
September 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888407/comparison-of-outcome-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-in-3-age-groups-%C3%A2-70-71-to-80-and-%C3%A2-81-years
#5
Ehud Regev, Ariel Finkelstein, Abid Assali, Israel Barbash, Paul Fefer, Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Katia Orvin, Maayan Konigstein, Victor Guetta, Ran Kornowski, Amit Segev
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been widely used for the treatment of aortic stenosis. Most pivotal studies of TAVI included patients with a mean age of over 80 years old. Many young patients may also be considered for TAVI because of severe co-morbidities. We sought to describe a group of patients undergoing TAVI at an age below 70 and to compare them with older patients undergoing the procedure. This study included 1,324 consecutive patients from a 3-center TAVI registry from 2008 to 2014...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886853/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-bicuspid-versus-tricuspid-aortic-valves
#6
Anna Sannino, Ari Cedars, Robert C Stoler, Molly Szerlip, Michael J Mack, Paul A Grayburn
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) stenosis has been considered a contraindication to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of TAVI in patients with BAV with those with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) using balloon-expandable and self-expanding transcatheter heart valves. This retrospective study included 823 consecutive patients with severe, symptomatic aortic valve stenosis undergoing TAVI in 2 institutions, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital (Dallas, TX) and The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano (Plano, TX), from January 2012 to February 2016...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886071/dynamics-of-the-aortic-annulus-in-4d-ct-angiography-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-patients
#7
Mustafa A Elattar, Leon W Vink, Martijn S van Mourik, Jan Baan, Ed T vanBavel, R Nils Planken, Henk A Marquering
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a well-established treatment for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. This procedure requires pre-operative planning by assessment of aortic dimensions on CT Angiography (CTA). It is well-known that the aortic root dimensions vary over the heart cycle. However, sizing is commonly performed at either mid-systole or end-diastole only, which has resulted in an inadequate understanding of its full dynamic behavior. STUDY GOAL: We studied the variation in annulus measurements during the cardiac cycle and determined if this variation is dependent on the amount of calcification at the annulus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879526/intracardiac-echocardiography-for-structural-heart-and-electrophysiological-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Craig Basman, Yuvrajsinh J Parmar, Itzhak Kronzon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing number of interventional procedures performed for structural heart disease and cardiac arrhythmias each year, echocardiographic guidance is necessary for safe and efficient results. The purpose of this review article is to overview the principles of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and describes the peri-interventional role of ICE in a variety of structural heart disease and electrophysiological interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Both transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography have limitations...
September 6, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870876/prevalence-and-impact-of-critical-limb-ischemia-on-in-hospital-outcome-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-germany
#9
Nasser M Malyar, Klaus Kaier, Eva Freisinger, Florian Lüders, Gerrit Kaleschke, Helmut Baumgartner, Lutz Frankenstein, Holger Reinecke, Jochen Reinöhl
AIMS: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is common in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). We assessed the prevalence of critical limb ischemia (CLI) and its impact on in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe AS. METHODS AND RESULTS: All isolated TAVI in Germany between 2007 and 2013 for AS were analysed regarding stage specific prevalence of PAD, comorbidities, in-hospital complications and mortality using diagnostic and procedural codes...
September 5, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870875/which-is-the-best-anti-aggregant-or-anti-coagulant-therapy-after-tavi-a-propensity-matched-analysis-from-the-iter-registry-the-management-of-dapt-after-tavi
#10
Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Umberto Benedetto, Matteo Bianco, Federico Conrotto, Claudio Moretti, Augusto D'Onofrio, Marco Agrifoglio, Antonio Colombo, Flavio Ribichini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Maurizio D'Amico, Stefano Salizzoni, Fiorenzo Gaita
AIMS: Safety and efficacy of single vs. dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients undergoing TAVI remain to be addressed. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients enrolled in the ITER registry were included. Patients undergoing TAVI discharged with aspirin alone were compared to those assuming DAPT before and after selection with propensity score with matching. Subgroup analysis was performed for those on OAT. Prosthetic heart valve dysfunction at follow-up was the primary end point whereas all cause death, cardiovascular death, bleedings, vascular complications and cerebrovascular accidents were the secondary ones...
September 5, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865889/regional-variation-in-utilization-in-hospital-mortality-and-health-care-resource-use-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-the-united-states
#11
Tanush Gupta, Ankur Kalra, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Pedro A Villablanca, Kashish Goel, Anna E Bortnick, Wilbert S Aronow, Julio A Panza, Neal S Kleiman, J Dawn Abbott, David P Slovut, Cynthia C Taub, Gregg C Fonarow, Michael J Reardon, Charanjit S Rihal, Mario J Garcia, Deepak L Bhatt
We queried the National Inpatient Sample database from 2012 to 2014 to identify all patients aged ≥18 years undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in the United States. Regional differences in TAVI utilization, in-hospital mortality, and health-care resource use were analyzed. Of 41,025 TAVI procedures in the United States between 2012 and 2014, 10,390 were performed in the Northeast, 9,090 in the Midwest, 14,095 in the South, and 7,450 in the West. Overall, the number of TAVI implants per million adults increased from 24...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846545/physiologic-evaluation-of-coronary-lesions-using-instantaneous-wave-free-ratio-ifr-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-undergoing-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
Roberto Scarsini, Gabriele Pesarini, Carlo Zivelonghi, Anna Piccoli, Valeria Ferrero, Mattia Lunardi, Leonardo Gottin, Claudia Zanetti, Giuseppe Faggian, Flavio Ribichini
AIMS: We sought to assess eventual changes in iFR measurements in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) before and after TAVI in coronary lesions with different degree of angiographic severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The functional relevance of 145 coronary lesions was assessed by on-line iFR and FFR measurement in 66 patients with severe AS before and after TAVI, during the same procedure. The iFR-FFR classification agreement was calculated for pre- and post-TAVI measurements...
August 29, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843025/concomitant-coronary-artery-disease-and-its-management-in-patients-referred-to-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-insights-from-the-pol-tavi-registry
#13
Zenon Huczek, Karol Zbroński, Kajetan Grodecki, Piotr Scisło, Bartosz Rymuza, Janusz Kochman, Maciej Dąbrowski, Adam Witkowski, Wojciech Wojakowski, Radosław Parma, Andrzej Ochała, Marek Grygier, Anna Olasińska-Wiśniewska, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Dariusz Jagielak, Dariusz Ciećwierz, Dominika Puchta, Katarzyna Paczwa, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Radosław Wilimski, Marian Zembala, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) and degenerative aortic stenosis often coexist. However, the impact of CAD and its management on the prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain. We sought to evaluate the impact of obstructive CAD, SYNTAX score (Ss), and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) prior to TAVI on short-term outcome. METHODS: Overall, 896 patients who underwent TAVI after heart team decision was included...
August 26, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837613/impact-of-sheath-diameter-of-different-sheath-types-on-vascular-complications-and-mortality-in-transfemoral-tavi-approaches-using-the-proglide-closure-device
#14
Zisis Dimitriadis, Werner Scholtz, Stephan M Ensminger, Cornelia Piper, Thomas Bitter, Marcus Wiemer, Marios Vlachojannis, Jochen Börgermann, Lothar Faber, Dieter Horstkotte, Jan Gummert, Smita Scholtz
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the impact of the sheath diameter on vascular complications and mortality in transfemoral aortic valve implantation. METHOD: Between 2012 and 2014, 183 patients underwent the procedure using a sheath diameter of 18-24 F. This collective was divided into two groups: group 1, with a sheath diameter of 18F (G1, n = 94), consisted of patients with 18F Medtronic Sentrant and 18 F Direct Flow sheaths, and group 2 with a sheath diameter of 19-24 F (G2, n = 89) consisted of patients with Edwards expandable e-sheath and Solopath sheaths...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836620/future-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-evolving-clinical-indications
#15
REVIEW
Rishi Puri, Chekrallah Chamandi, Tania Rodriguez-Gabella, Josep Rodés-Cabau
Accumulating clinical experience and technological improvements have provided the basis for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) to emerge as a well-established means for treating patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis at high or prohibitive surgical risk. During this decade, TAVI has emerged as a valid alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in patients at intermediate surgical risk, and several studies are currently being performed to evaluate the role of TAVI in patients at low surgical risk...
August 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826988/transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-a-new-tavi-system-for-high-risk-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#16
Xu Fei, Yacine Elhmidi, Bengui Zhang, Hong Tang, Da Zhu, Yucheng Chen, Yingqiang Guo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for high-risk patients with aortic stenosis using the J-Valve system. METHODS: 30 high-risk patients with severe AS underwent TAVI procedure were enrolled with mean age 74.5±4.5 years and mean logistic Euro-SCORE-I of 28.4±9.6%. All patients were followed up for six months. Outcomes were analyzed in accordance with the updated standardised endpoints defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium -2 (VRAC-2) criteria...
August 8, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826892/incidence-of-postoperative-delirium-and-its-impact-on-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#17
Maciej Bagienski, Pawel Kleczynski, Artur Dziewierz, Lukasz Rzeszutko, Danuta Sorysz, Jaroslaw Trebacz, Robert Sobczynski, Marek Tomala, Maciej Stapor, Dariusz Dudek
There are limited data on the occurrence of postoperative delirium after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to investigate the incidence of delirium after TAVI and its impact on clinical outcomes. A total of 148 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI were enrolled. Of these patients, 141 patients survived hospital stay. The incidence of delirium was assessed in these patients for the first 4 days after the index procedure. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of delirium...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820542/efficacy-and-complications-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-and-without-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty
#18
Kuljit Singh, Kristin Carson, Onn Akbar Ali, Rohan Jayasinghe, Alexander Dick, Christopher Glover, Marino Labinaz
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an effective treatment for severe aortic stenosis in high-risk patients. Several complications related to the TAVI procedure, including aortic regurgitation (AR), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and the requirement for permanent pacemaker (PPM), are thought to be secondary to balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) before TAVI. The aim of the present review was to evaluate any beneficial role of the direct TAVI approach over BAVTAVI...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820541/automatic-estimation-of-optimal-deployment-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-computed-tomography
#19
Arthur Kerner, Sobhi Abadi, Roy Dotan, Marcia Javitt, Doron Aronson, Jonathan Lessick
BACKGROUND: A comparison was made between the accuracy of and time saved by using novel automated software for pre-procedural computed tomography (CT) planning before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and manual methods. Preprocedural CT to assess aortic annulus dimensions and predict the optimal C-arm implant angle before TAVI can reduce complications related to incorrect prosthesis sizing and positioning. METHODS: A total of 61 consecutive patients underwent TAVI using either the SAPIEN XT or CoreValve prosthesis...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819953/impact-of-post-dilatation-on-the-reduction-of-paravalvular-leak-and-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#20
Paweł Kleczyński, Artur Dziewierz, Marzena Daniec, Maciej Bagieński, Łukasz Rzeszutko, Danuta Sorysz, Jarosław Trębacz, Robert Sobczyński, Marek Tomala, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: Post-implantation paravalvular leak (PVL) remains a significant complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). More importantly, its occurrence may impact long-term mortality. AIM: We sought to evaluate the effects of balloon post-dilatation (PD) on the reduction of PVL and mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: A total of 101 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI were enrolled. Angiography, echocardiography, and the aortic regurgitation index (ARI) were used to assess the severity of PVL before and after balloon PD...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
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