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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073978/effects-of-bt-corn-and-egg-density-on-western-corn-rootworm-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-adult-emergence-and-estimation-of-effective-bt-dose
#1
L A Campbell, P L Prasifka, N P Storer, D M Rule, W H Hendrix
Since 2003, rootworm-protected transgenic corn has been commercially deployed in the United States as a principal method of control of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte. Durability of this technology depends partly on larval mortality ("dose") exerted by the traits, but density-dependent mortality can confound calculations of dose. Research reported here examined the effects of density-dependent mortality on adult emergence and estimates of trait dose. At sites in Illinois and Indiana, western corn rootworm eggs were infested at four densities on non-Bt corn and at a single density on corn hybrids with transgenic events MON 88017 (VT Triple PRO), DAS-59122-7 (Herculex Insect Protection), and MON 88017 × DAS-59122-7 (SmartStax corn)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060423/famous-medical-physicists-often-get-more-credit-for-discoveries-due-to-their-fame-than-less-prominent-scientists-who-may-have-contributed-as-much-or-earlier-to-these-developments
#2
Clive Baldock, L John Schreiner, Colin G Orton
Medical physics is a rapidly developing, technologically dependent, field. New discoveries are being made almost daily, as demonstrated by papers in this and other similar journals. Many of the authors are early in their careers. Some are concerned, however, that more famous medical physicists often get credit for discoveries due to their fame rather than less prominent scientists who may have, in fact, contributed more to the development in question. This is the claim debated in this month's Point/Counterpoint...
January 6, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038910/consumer-health-informatics-empowering-healthy-lifestyle-seekers-through-mhealth
#3
REVIEW
Anthony Faiola, Richard J Holden
People are at risk from noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and poor health habits, with interventions like medications and surgery carrying further risk of adverse effects. This paper addresses ways people are increasingly moving to healthy living medicine (HLM) to mitigate such health threats. HLM-seekers increasingly leverage mobile technologies that enable control of personal health information, collaboration with clinicians/other agents to establish healthy living practices. For example, outcomes from consumer health informatics research includes empowering users to take charge of their health through active participation in decision-making about healthcare delivery...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984468/physical-therapy-dosing-frequency-and-type-of-intervention-in-pediatric-postacute-hospital-care
#4
Helene M Dumas, Maria A Fragala-Pinkham, Elaine L Rosen, Eric Folmar
PURPOSE: To examine differences in physical therapy dosing frequency recommendations based on children's characteristics and to describe types of intervention recommended at postacute hospital admission. METHODS: Demographic and clinical information, recommended physical therapy intervention frequency, and intervention types were collected for all admissions from April 1, 2015, to March 1, 2016. Differences across 2 groups, children with recommendations for "less" (≤3x/wk) or "more" (≥4x/wk) frequent therapy, were examined...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977386/stigma-gay-men-and-biomedical-prevention-the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-a-rapidly-changing-hiv-prevention-landscape
#5
Graham Brown, William Leonard, Anthony Lyons, Jennifer Power, Dirk Sander, William McColl, Ronald Johnson, Cary James, Matthew Hodson, Marina Carman
Improvements in biomedical technologies, combined with changing social attitudes to sexual minorities, provide new opportunities for HIV prevention among gay and other men who have sex with men (GMSM). The potential of these new biomedical technologies (biotechnologies) to reduce HIV transmission and the impact of HIV among GMSM will depend, in part, on the degree to which they challenge prejudicial attitudes, practices and stigma directed against gay men and people living with HIV (PLHIV). At the structural level, stigma regarding gay men and HIV can influence the scale-up of new biotechnologies and negatively affect GMSM's access to and use of these technologies...
December 16, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969041/journaling-as-reinforcement-for-the-resourcefulness-training-intervention-in-mothers-of-technology-dependent-children
#6
Valerie Boebel Toly, Julia E Blanchette, Carol M Musil, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
Resourcefulness, a set of cognitive and behavioral skills used to attain, maintain, or regain health, is a factor related to depressive symptoms in mothers of children with chronic conditions and complex care needs who are dependent on medical technology such as mechanical ventilation or feeding tubes. The purpose of this secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled pilot intervention study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability and fidelity of daily journal writing as a method of reinforcement of resourcefulness training (RT) that teaches the use of social and personal resourcefulness skills...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906716/infants-with-technology-dependence-facilitating-the-road-to-home
#7
Jennifer D Bowles, Amy J Jnah, Desi M Newberry, Carol A Hubbard, Tracey Roberston
BACKGROUND: The incidence of premature infants with complex medical needs, dependent upon medical technology at discharge, is on the rise in the United States. PURPOSE: Preparing the family for the hospital-to-home transition can be challenging due to the complex medical and emotional needs of the vulnerable infant and the volume of subspecialty services and equipment required. METHODS/SEARCH STRATEGY: Relevant articles from PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHLFINDINGS/RESULTS:: There is an increasing incidence of technology dependent infants discharged from neonatal intensive care units in the United States...
December 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857983/assessment-of-configurations-and-chemistries-of-bridged-nucleic-acids-containing-oligomers-as-external-guide-sequences-a-methodology-for-inhibition-of-expression-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#8
Alexis Jackson, Saumya Jani, Carol Davies Sala, Alfonso J C Soler-Bistué, Angeles Zorreguieta, Marcelo E Tolmasky
EGSs (external guide sequences) are short antisense oligoribonucleotides that elicit RNase P-mediated cleavage of a target mRNA, which results in inhibition of gene expression. EGS technology is used to inhibit expression of a wide variety of genes, a strategy that may lead to development of novel treatments of numerous diseases, including multidrug-resistant bacterial and viral infections. Successful development of EGS technology depends on finding nucleotide analogs that resist degradation by nucleases present in biological fluids and the environment but still elicit RNase P-mediated degradation when forming a duplex with a target mRNA...
March 2016: Biology Methods and Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850460/822-preparing-families-of-technology-dependent-children-for-disasters
#9
Jennifer Gillen, Marilyn Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824402/-pathways-of-invasive-ventilated-patients-released-into-intensive-home-care-the-perspective-of-home-care-providers
#10
Y Lehmann, M Ewers
Introduction: Over the past years, many home respiratory care services for invasively mechanically ventilated patients have been set up in Germany. However, little is known about the pathways used by these patients in order to access such specialized care. Methods: A qualitative, exploratory study was undertaken. Semi-structured interviews with 15 leading experts or employees responsible for care transition were conducted and subjected to content analysis. Results: Invasively ventilated patients' pathways into intensive home care tend to be highly random, risky and uncertain...
November 7, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801708/pediatric-critical-care-transport-as-a-conduit-to-terminal-extubation-at-home-a-case-series
#11
Corina Noje, Meghan L Bernier, Philomena M Costabile, Bruce L Klein, Sapna R Kudchadkar
OBJECTIVES: To present our single-center's experience with three palliative critical care transports home from the PICU for terminal extubation. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients transported between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014. SETTING: All cases were identified from our institutional pediatric transport database. PATIENTS: Patients were terminally ill children unable to separate from mechanical ventilation in the PICU, who were transported home for terminal extubation and end-of-life care according to their families' wishes...
January 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756847/optimizing-transition-to-home-enteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-patients
#12
REVIEW
Wednesday Marie A Sevilla, Barbara McElhanon
Enteral nutrition is delivered via the gastrointestinal tract when oral intake is not sufficient to maintain nutrition status. There is evidence that long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN) can be advantageous to pediatric patients by improving quality of life and function. Data from pediatric patients receiving either nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube feeds indicate good outcomes in terms of maintaining and improving nutrition status as evidenced by anthropometric measurements. As the number of pediatric patients requiring HEN increases, development of an effective program to allow smooth transition to the home is necessary...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664750/bacterial-community-analysis-of-an-industrial-wastewater-treatment-plant-in-colombia-with-screening-for-lipid-degrading-microorganisms
#13
Lina Marcela Silva-Bedoya, María Solange Sánchez-Pinzón, Gloria Ester Cadavid-Restrepo, Claudia Ximena Moreno-Herrera
The operation of wastewater treatment technologies depends on a combination of physical, chemical and biological factors. Microorganisms present in wastewater treatment plants play essential roles in the degradation and removal of organic waste and xenobiotic pollutants. Several microorganisms have been used in complementary treatments to process effluents rich in fats and oils. Microbial lipases have received significant industrial attention because of their stability, broad substrate specificity, high yields, and regular supply, as well as the fact that the microorganisms producing them grow rapidly on inexpensive media...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606082/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-current-strategies-and-future-development
#14
REVIEW
Maverick W K Tsang
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has emerged as the standard treatment for medically inoperable early-staged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The local control rate after SBRT is over 90%. Some forms of tumour motion management and image-guided radiation delivery techniques are the prerequisites for fulfilment of its goal to deliver a high radiation dose to the tumour target without overdosing surrounding normal tissues. In this review, the current strategies of tumour motion management will be discussed, followed by an overview of various image-guided radiotherapy (RT) systems and devices available for clinical practice...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508478/technology-dependent-children-and-the-demand-for-pharmaceutical-care
#15
Aline Cristiane Cavicchioli Okido, Suelen Teles da Cunha, Eliane Tatsch Neves, Giselle Dupas, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima
OBJECTIVE: to understand the experience of mothers of technology-dependent children as regards pharmaceutical care. METHOD: this was a qualitative, descriptive-exploratory study developed based on open interviews using a structured characterization tool, and applied during home visits to 12 mothers caring for technology-dependent children. The data was submitted to inductive content analysis. RESULTS: this study is split into two themes: (i) maternal overload during pharmaceutical care, demonstrating the need to administer drugs continuously and the repercussions of this exhaustive care on the caregivers; (ii) the ease or difficulty of access to the medicines required, showing informal strategies and support networks...
May 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381628/identifying-communication-impaired-pediatric-patients-using-detailed-hospital-administrative-data
#16
Douglas L Hill, Karen W Carroll, Dingwei Dai, Jennifer A Faerber, Susan L Dougherty, Chris Feudtner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric inpatients with communication impairment may experience inadequate pain and symptom management. Research regarding potential variation in care among patients with and without communication impairment is hampered because existing pediatric databases do not include information about patient communication ability per se, even though these data sets do contain information about diagnoses and medical interventions that are probably correlated with the probability of communication impairment...
August 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349666/changes-in-mothers-psychosocial-perceptions-of-technology-dependent-children-and-adolescents-at-home-in-japan-acknowledgement-of-children-s-autonomy
#17
Kaori Nishigaki, Yutaka Kanamori, Mari Ikeda, Masahiko Sugiyama, Hideko Minowa, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to reveal Japanese mothers' changing perceptions towards their technology-dependent children in the home care setting. METHODS: Fourteen Japanese mothers participated in semi-structured interviews, which were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: "Degree of preoccupation with the child" emerged as the category representing the mothers' perceptions towards their child. Three categories emerged that represented the progression of maternal perceptions over time: "accepting the child's conditions", "mastering the management of care in various conditions", and "considering social participation for the child"...
June 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275531/neonates-and-infants-discharged-home-dependent-on-medical-technology-characteristics-and-outcomes
#18
Valerie Boebel Toly, Carol M Musil, Amy Bieda, Kimberly Barnett, Donna A Dowling, Abdus Sattar
BACKGROUND: Preterm neonates and neonates with complex conditions admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may require medical technology (eg, supplemental oxygen, feeding tubes) for their continued survival at hospital discharge. Medical technology introduces another layer of complexity for parents, including specialized education about neonatal assessment and operation of technology. The transition home presents a challenge for parents and has been linked with greater healthcare utilization...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214426/oc12-a-journey-suspended-in-time-parents-experiences-of-caring-for-their-child-who-is-technology-dependent-with-complex-ongoing-healthcare-needs-at-home
#19
Yvonne Corcoran, Prof Owen Barr, Rosario Baxter
UNLABELLED: Theme: Complex health care and chronic disease management. INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of children with complex healthcare needs who are also dependent on medical technology are surviving and being cared for at home by their parents. AIM: To gain an in-depth understanding of the lives of parents and the impact of their caregiver role on their family when they care for their child at home. METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological design was deployed to interpret the narratives of sixteen parents through interviews and digital audio diaries...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170324/tunable-recombinant-protein-expression-in-e-coli-enabler-for-continuous-processing
#20
REVIEW
Lukas Marschall, Patrick Sagmeister, Christoph Herwig
Tuning of transcription is a powerful process technological tool for efficient recombinant protein production in Escherichia coli. Many challenges such as product toxicity, formation of inclusion bodies, cell death, and metabolic burden are associated with non-suitable (too high or too low) levels of recombinant protein expression. Tunable expression systems allow adjusting the recombinant protein expression using process technological means. This enables to exploit the cell's metabolic capacities to a maximum...
July 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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