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Temperature regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040576/to-everything-there-is-a-season-summer-to-winter-food-webs-and-the-functional-traits-of-keystone-species
#1
Murray M Humphries, Emily K Studd, Allyson K Menzies, Stan Boutin
From a trophic perspective, a seasonal increase in air temperature and photoperiod propagates as bottom-up pulse of primary production by plants, secondary production by herbivores, and tertiary production by carnivores. However, food web seasonality reflects not only abiotic variation in temperature and photoperiod, but also the composition of the biotic community and their functional responses to this variation. Some plants and animals-here referred to as seasonal specialists-decouple from food webs in winter through migration or various forms of metabolic arrest (e...
October 12, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036339/contribution-of-major-flm-isoforms-to-temperature-dependent-flowering-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Giovanna Capovilla, Efthymia Symeonidi, Rui Wu, Markus Schmid
FLOWERING LOCUS M (FLM), a component of the thermosensory flowering time pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana, is regulated by temperature-dependent alternative splicing (AS). The main splicing variant, FLM-β, is a well-documented floral repressor that is down-regulated in response to increasing ambient growth temperature. Two hypotheses have been formulated to explain how flowering time is modulated by AS of FLM. In the first model a second splice variant, FLM-δ, acts as a dominant negative isoform that competes with FLM-β at elevated ambient temperatures, thereby indirectly promoting flowering...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035834/synergistic-effect-of-mild-hypothermia-and-the-notch-inhibitor-dapt-against-post-stroke-seizures
#3
Guo-Shuai Yang, Xiao-Yan Zhou, Xue-Fang An, Xuan-Jun Liu, Yan-Jun Zhang, Dan Yu
Seizure is a serious complication of stroke, indicating poor prognosis. Notch signaling is associated with neuronal activity. Inhibition of Notch signaling suppresses seizure activity induced by kainic acid. The present study investigated the effect of the Notch inhibitor, DAPT, alone or in combination with mild hypothermia, on post-stroke seizures. A global cerebral ischemia (GCI) model was performed in Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats. Seizure activity was evaluated by the frequency of seizure attacks, seizure severity scores, and seizure discharges...
October 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035265/hydrothermal-impacts-on-trace-element-and-isotope-ocean-biogeochemistry
#4
C R German, K A Casciotti, J-C Dutay, L E Heimbürger, W J Jenkins, C I Measures, R A Mills, H Obata, R Schlitzer, A Tagliabue, D R Turner, H Whitby
Hydrothermal activity occurs in all ocean basins, releasing high concentrations of key trace elements and isotopes (TEIs) into the oceans. Importantly, the calculated rate of entrainment of the entire ocean volume through turbulently mixing buoyant hydrothermal plumes is so vigorous as to be comparable to that of deep-ocean thermohaline circulation. Consequently, biogeochemical processes active within deep-ocean hydrothermal plumes have long been known to have the potential to impact global-scale biogeochemical cycles...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034432/ykl071w-from-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-encodes-a-novel-aldehyde-reductase-for-detoxification-of-glycolaldehyde-and-furfural-derived-from-lignocellulose
#5
Hanyu Wang, Yidan Ouyang, Chang Zhou, Difan Xiao, Yaping Guo, Lan Wu, Xi Li, Yunfu Gu, Quanju Xiang, Ke Zhao, Xiumei Yu, Likou Zou, Menggen Ma
Aldehydes generated as by-products during the pretreatment of lignocellulose are the key inhibitors to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is considered as the most promising microorganism for industrial production of biofuel, xylitol as well as other special chemicals from lignocellulose. S. cerevisiae has the inherent ability to in situ detoxify aldehydes to corresponding alcohols by multiple aldehyde reductases. Herein, we report that an uncharacterized open reading frame YKL071W from S. cerevisiae encodes a novel "classical" short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) protein with NADH-dependent enzymatic activities for reduction of furfural (FF), glycolaldehyde (GA), formaldehyde (FA), and benzaldehyde (BZA)...
October 15, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032352/physiological-impacts-of-acute-cu-exposure-on-deep-sea-vent-mussel-bathymodiolus-azoricus-under-a-deep-sea-mining-activity-scenario
#6
Inês Martins, Joana Goulart, Eva Martins, Rosa Morales-Román, Sergio Marín, Virginie Riou, Ana Colaço, Raul Bettencourt
Over the past years, several studies have been dedicated to understanding the physiological ability of the vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus to overcome the high metal concentrations present in their surrounding hydrothermal environment. Potential deep-sea mining activities at Azores Triple junction hydrothermal vent deposits would inevitably lead to the emergence of new fluid sources close to mussel beds, with consequent emission of high metal concentrations and potential resolubilization of Cu from minerals formed during the active phase of the vent field...
October 9, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031721/cdkal1-a-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-gene-regulates-mitochondrial-function-in-adipose-tissue
#7
Colin J Palmer, Raphael J Bruckner, Joao A Paulo, Lawrence Kazak, Jonathan Z Long, Amir I Mina, Zhaoming Deng, Katherine B LeClair, Jessica A Hall, Shangyu Hong, Peter-James H Zushin, Kyle L Smith, Steven P Gygi, Susan Hagen, David E Cohen, Alexander S Banks
OBJECTIVES: Understanding how loci identified by genome wide association studies (GWAS) contribute to pathogenesis requires new mechanistic insights. Variants within CDKAL1 are strongly linked to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and obesity. Investigations in mouse models have focused on the function of Cdkal1 as a tRNA(Lys) modifier and downstream effects of Cdkal1 loss on pro-insulin translational fidelity in pancreatic β-cells. However, Cdkal1 is broadly expressed in other metabolically relevant tissues, including adipose tissue...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031329/dogs-with-macroadenomas-have-lower-body-temperature-and-heart-rate-than-dogs-with-microadenomas
#8
Ghita Benchekroun, Loic Desquilbet, Michael E Herrtage, Nick D Jeffery, Dan Rosenberg, Nicolas Granger
Pituitary macroadenomas compress the hypothalamus, which partly regulates heart rate and body temperature. The aim of this study was to investigate whether heart rate and/or body temperature could aid in clinically differentiating dogs with macroadenomas from dogs with microadenomas (i.e. small non-compressive pituitary mass). Two groups of dogs diagnosed with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (i.e. Cushing's disease) were included. Heart rate and body temperature were collected on initial presentation before any procedure...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031241/citrus-pectin-attenuates-endotoxin-shock-via-suppression-of-toll-like-receptor-signaling-in-peyer-s-patch-myeloid-cells
#9
Keita Ishisono, Tomio Yabe, Kohji Kitaguchi
Pectin, a water-soluble dietary fiber, has been found to improve survival in endotoxin shock. However, the underlying mechanism by which pectin exerts its protective effect against endotoxin shock remains unknown. Apart from its prebiotic effects, it has been suggested that pectin directly affects immune cells to regulate inflammatory responses. In this study, we investigated the direct effect of pectin in murine model of endotoxin shock. Citrus pectin solution was administered to male C57BL/6 mice for 10 days...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030999/molecular-characterizations-of-dna-methyltransferase-3-and-its-roles-in-temperature-tolerance-in-the-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-mediterranean
#10
T-M Dai, Z-C Lü, Y-S Wang, W-X Liu, X-Y Hong, F-H Wan
The Bemisia tabaci Mediterranean (MED) cryptic species is an invasive pest, distributed worldwide, with high ecological adaptability and thermotolerance. DNA methylation (a reversible chromatin modification) is one possible change that may occur within an organism subjected to environmental stress. To assess the effects of temperature stress on DNA methyltransferase 3 (Dnmt3) in MED, we cloned and sequenced BtDnmt3 and identified its functions in response to high and low temperatures. The full-length cDNA of BtDnmt3 was 3913 bp, with an open reading frame of 1962 bp, encoding a 73...
October 14, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030907/macromolecular-rate-theory-mmrt-provides-a-thermodynamics-rationale-to-underpin-the-convergent-temperature-response-in-plant-leaf-respiration
#11
Liyin L Liang, Vickery L Arcus, Mary A Heskel, Odhran S O'Sullivan, Lasantha K Weerasinghe, Danielle Creek, John J G Egerton, Mark G Tjoelker, Owen K Atkin, Louis A Schipper
Temperature is a crucial factor in determining the rates of ecosystem processes, e.g. leaf respiration (R) - the flux of plant respired CO2 from leaves to the atmosphere. Generally, R increases exponentially with temperature and formulations such as the Arrhenius equation are widely used in earth system models. However, experimental observations have shown a consequential and consistent departure from an exponential increase in R. What are the principles that underlie these observed patterns? Here, we demonstrate that macromolecular rate theory (MMRT), based on transition state theory for enzyme-catalyzed kinetics, provides a thermodynamic explanation for the observed departure and the convergent temperature response of R using a global database...
October 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030563/methane-fluxes-from-coastal-sediments-are-enhanced-by-macrofauna
#12
Stefano Bonaglia, Volker Brüchert, Nolwenn Callac, Alessandra Vicenzi, Ernest Chi Fru, Francisco J A Nascimento
Methane and nitrous oxide are potent greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to climate change. Coastal sediments are important GHG producers, but the contribution of macrofauna (benthic invertebrates larger than 1 mm) inhabiting them is currently unknown. Through a combination of trace gas, isotope, and molecular analyses, we studied the direct and indirect contribution of two macrofaunal groups, polychaetes and bivalves, to methane and nitrous oxide fluxes from coastal sediments. Our results indicate that macrofauna increases benthic methane efflux by a factor of up to eight, potentially accounting for an estimated 9...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030425/quantitative-time-course-metabolomics-in-human-red-blood-cells-reveal-the-temperature-dependence-of-human-metabolic-networks
#13
James T Yurkovich, Daniel C Zielinski, Laurence Yang, Giuseppe Paglia, Ottar Rolfsson, Ólafur E Sigurjónsson, Jared T Broddrick, Aarash Bordbar, Kristine Wichuk, Sigurður Brynjólfsson, Sirus Palsson, Sveinn Gudmundsson, Bernhard O Palsson
The temperature dependence of biological processes has been studied at the levels of individual biochemical reactions and organism physiology (e.g., basal metabolic rates) but has not been examined at the metabolic network level. Here, we used a systems biology approach to characterize the temperature dependency of the human red blood cell (RBC) metabolic network between 4C and 37C through absolutely quantified exo- and endo-metabolomics data. We used an Arrhenius-type model (Q10) to describe how the rate of a biochemical process changes with every 10C change in temperature...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030398/on-the-effect-of-hyperaldosteronism-inducing-mutations-in-na-k-pumps
#14
Dylan J Meyer, Craig Gatto, Pablo Artigas
Primary aldosteronism, a condition in which too much aldosterone is produced and that leads to hypertension, is often initiated by an aldosterone-producing adenoma within the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. Somatic mutations of ATP1A1, encoding the Na/K pump α1 subunit, have been found in these adenomas. It has been proposed that a passive inward current transported by several of these mutant pumps is a "gain-of-function" activity that produces membrane depolarization and concomitant increases in aldosterone production...
October 13, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030144/regulation-of-the-membrane-structure-by-brassinosteroids-and-progesterone-in-winter-wheat-seedlings-exposed-to-low-temperature
#15
Maria Filek, Elżbieta Rudolphi-Skórska, Apolonia Sieprawska, Miroslav Kvasnica, Anna Janeczko
Steroids constitute one of the most important groups of compounds of regulatory properties both in the animal and plant kingdom. In plants, steroids such as brassinosteroids or progesterone, by binding to protein receptors in cell membranes, regulate growth and initiate processes leading to increased tolerance to stress conditions. Due to their structural similarities to sterols, these steroids may also directly interact with cellular membranes. Our aim was to determine the changes of the structural parameters of lipid membranes under the influence of hydrophobic steroid compounds, i...
October 10, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028301/metallic-cobalt-nitrogen-doped-carbon-nanocomposites-carbon-shell-regulation-toward-efficient-bi-functional-electrocatalysis
#16
Qijie Mo, Nana Chen, Mengdie Deng, Lichun Yang, Qingsheng Gao
To advance hydrogen economy, noble-metal-free electrocatalysts with good efficiency are urgently demanded. They can be developed from metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with abundant structure-variety, in which a controlled pyrolysis is desired to rationalize nanostructure and maximize catalytic activity. Herein, the efficient regulation is proposed for the first time on the carbon-shell of MOFs-derived Co@NC nanocomposites via varying temperature and flow-rate during pyrolysis, enabling the good accessibility and the electronic optimization of active Co cores...
October 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027833/trichostatin-a-and-5-aza-2-deoxycytidine-influence-the-expression-of-cold-induced-genes-in-arabidopsis
#17
Yuan Song, Lijun Liu, Gaopeng Li, Lizhe An, Lining Tian
The expression of cold-induced genes is critical for plants to survive under freezing stress. However, the underlying mechanisms for the decision of when, where, and which genes to express are unclear when a plant meets a sudden temperature drop. Previous studies have demonstrated epigenetics to play a central role in the regulation of gene expression in plant responses to environmental stress. DNA methylation and histone deacetylation are the two most important epigenetic modifications. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of inhibiting DNA methylation and histone deacetylation on gene expression, and to explore the potential role of epigenetics in plant responses to cold stress...
October 13, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027449/-soluble-expression-purification-and-structural-analysis-of-the-bhlh-transcription-factor-bmsage-of-bombyx-mori
#18
Huawei He, Shuguang Wei, Yejing Wang, Lina Liu, Zhenzhen Li, Peng Zhao, Huaipu Chang, Ping Zhao
Basic helix loop helix (bHLH) transcription factor plays an important role in biological processes. Bmsage is a class of bHLH transcription factor highly expressed in the silk gland of Bombyx mori, which is not only involved in the developmental regulation of the silk gland cells at the embryonic period, but also plays a crucial regulatory role during the synthesis of silk protein. However, currently, much of the property and structure of Bmsage is still remained unknown. To study the property, structure and biological role of Bmsage, we constructed several prokaryotic expression vectors of Bmsage fused with NusA, MBP, SUMO, Trx and His tags, respectively, then screened and determined the best soluble expression vector and condition of Bmsage in Escherichia coli combining with the induction temperature and IPTG concentration, and further purified the recombinant Bmsage by Ni-column affinity chromatography according to the established expression condition and characterized its secondary structure using circular dichroism spectra...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027441/-progress-of-stress-induced-flowering-in-plants
#19
Min Zhang, Jiaxu Zhu, Lei Wang, Miaoyun Xu
Plants tend to flower earlier if placed under stress conditions. Those stress factors include drought, high salinity, low temperature, high- or low-intensity light, and ultraviolet light. This phenomenon has been called stress-induced flowering. Stress-induced plant flowering might be helpful for species preservation. Thus, stress-induced flowering might have biological significance and should be considered as important as other plant flowering control strategy. Here, history of stress-induced flowering, metabolic regulation and molecular regulation mechanisms in plants were reviewed...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027428/-gene-cloning-and-expression-analysis-of-benzoic-acid-stress-responsive-transcription-factor-wrky7-in-panax-ginseng
#20
Zi Wang, Yong Li, Rong Wang, Wan-Long Ding
WRKY transcription factor is one of the most important transcription factor families widely existing in higher plants, which playing critical role in plant morphogenesis, development, biotic (including phytopathogens, pests etc.) and abiotic (drought, salt, chilling, high temperature, etc.) stress. In the present work, primers used to amplify full-length gene encoding WRKY transcription factor were designed based on the transcriptome data of P. ginseng that induced by benzoic acid, one of the most important autotoxins identified from root exudates and rhizosphere soil of P...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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