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endometrial stem cell

Peng Wang, San-Pin Wu, Kelsey E Brooks, Andrew M Kelleher, Jessica Milano-Foster, Francesco J DeMayo, Thomas E Spencer
Forkhead box A2 (FOXA2) is a pioneer transcription factor involved in organ development, function and cancer. In the uterus, FOXA2 is essential for pregnancy and expressed specifically in the glands of the endometrium loss of FOXA2 function occurs during development of endometrial cancer in humans. The present study describes the development of a mouse model for conditional expression of mouse FOXA2. Using a system consisting of a minigene located at the Rosa26 locus, a CAG-S-mFOXA2 allele was generated in embryonic stem cells and subsequently in mice; before activation, the minigene is silent due to a floxed stop cassette inserted between the promoter and the transgene...
March 13, 2018: Endocrinology
Jacques Donnez, Olivier Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Like endometriosis, uterine adenomyosis is another enigmatic disease and remains a source of controversy. Uterine adenomyosis is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands in the myometrium. Two main theories may explain its pathogenesis: adenomyosis may arise from invagination of the myometrial basalis into the myometrium; or an alternative theory maintains that it may result from metaplasia of displaced embryonic pluripotent müllerian remants or differentiation of adult stem cells. Uterine adenomyosis is responsible for pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and infertility...
March 8, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Chithra Janardhanan Susheelamma, Sathy M Pillai, Sivakumari Asha Nair
Oestrogen-progesterone signalling is highly versatile and critical for the maintenance of healthy endometrium in humans. The genomic and nongenomic signalling cascades initiated by these hormones in differentiated cells of endometrium have been the primary focus of research since 1920s. However, last decade of research has shown a significant role of stem cells in the maintenance of a healthy endometrium and the modulatory effects of hormones on these cells. Endometriosis, the growth of endometrium outside the uterus, is very common in infertile patients and the elusiveness in understanding of disease pathology causes hindrance in selection of treatment approaches to enhance fertility...
March 8, 2018: Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine
Fiona L Cousins, Dorien F O, Caroline E Gargett
Human endometrium regenerates on a cyclical basis each month, likely mediated by endometrial stem/progenitor cells. Several types of stem/progenitor cells have been identified: CD140b+ CD146+ or SUSD2+ endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (eMSCs), N-cadherin+ endometrial epithelial progenitor cells (eEPs), and side population (SP) cells, a heterogeneous population predominantly comprising endothelial cells. eMSCs reside in a perivascular niche and likely mediate angiogenesis and stromal regeneration. Human eEPs are located in the bases of glands in the basalis and are likely more primitive than SSEA-1+ basalis epithelial cells...
February 8, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Alisa Domnina, Polina Novikova, Julia Obidina, Irina Fridlyanskaya, Larisa Alekseenko, Irina Kozhukharova, Olga Lyublinskaya, Valeriy Zenin, Nikolay Nikolsky
BACKGROUND: Asherman's syndrome (AS) is one of the gynecological disorders caused by the destruction of the endometrium. For some cases of AS available surgical methods and hormonal therapy are ineffective. Stem cell transplantation may offer a potential alternative for AS cure. METHODS: Human endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (eMSC) organized in spheroids were transplanted in rats with damaged endometrium modeled on AS. Treatment response was defined as pregnancy outcome and litter size...
February 26, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Siwen Zhang, Pingping Li, Zhengwei Yuan, Jichun Tan
BACKGROUND: Human menstrual blood-derived stromal cells (MenSCs) are highly proliferative and show multiple differentiation capacity. The convenience and non-invasiveness make MenSC a novel cell source for regenerative medicine applications. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains abundant growth factors which are beneficial to wound healing. However, the influence of PRP on MenSCs remains elusive. Here, we evaluated the role of PRP in MenSCs proliferation and assessed the effects of PRP on endometrial receptivity regulation in vitro...
February 26, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ying Shi, Na Liu, Weiwei Lai, Bin Yan, Ling Chen, Shouping Liu, Shuang Liu, Xiang Wang, Desheng Xiao, Xiaoli Liu, Chao Mao, Yiqun Jiang, Jiantao Jia, Yating Liu, Rui Yang, Ya Cao, Yongguang Tao
Radiation therapy has become an important tool in the treatment of cancer patients, but most patients relapse within 5 years. Relapse is due to the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs), but the molecular mechanism of radioresistance in CSCs remains largely elusive. Here, we found that irradiation-resistant (IR) cells exhibited increased stem cell-like properties together with elevated anchorage-independent growth and metastasis ability. EGFR not only leads to increased acquisition of endometrial cancer stem cell markers in radioresistant sublines but is critical for the cancer stem-cell phenotype and tumorigenicity...
February 22, 2018: Cancer Letters
Fei Li, Myles H Alderman, Aya Tal, Ramanaiah Mamillapalli, Alexis Coolidge, Demetra Hufnagel, Zhihao Wang, Elham Neisani, Stephanie Gidicsin, Graciela Krikun, Hugh S Taylor
Endometriosis is ectopic growth of endometrial tissue traditionally thought to arise through retrograde menstruation. We aimed to determine if cells derived from endometriosis could enter vascular circulation and lead to hematogenous dissemination. Experimental endometriosis was established by transplanting endometrial tissue from DsRed+ mice into the peritoneal cavity of DsRed- mice. Using flow cytometry, we identified DsRed+ cells in blood of animals with endometriosis. The circulating donor cells expressed CXCR4 and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) biomarkers, but not hematopoietic stem cell markers...
February 16, 2018: Stem Cells
Lu Zhang, Ying Li, Chun-Yi Guan, Shi Tian, Xiao-Dan Lv, Jian-Hui Li, Xu Ma, Hong-Fei Xia
BACKGROUND: Repair deficiency after endometrial injury is an important reason for intra-uterine adhesions, amenorrhea, and infertility in females. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation is effective in repairing the damaged endometrium. However, the possibility of using umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) to treat endometrial injury is rarely reported. METHODS: Ethanol (95%) was injected into rat uterus to establish a model of endometrial injury...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Lusine Aghajanova, Sahar Houshdaran, Shaina Balayan, Evelina Manvelyan, Juan C Irwin, Heather G Huddleston, Linda C Giudice
PURPOSE: The study aims to test the hypothesis that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) stimulates cellular processes involved in endometrial regeneration relevant to clinical management of poor endometrial growth or intrauterine scarring. METHODS: Human endometrial stromal fibroblasts (eSF), endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (eMSC), bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC), and Ishikawa endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (IC) were cultured with/without 5% activated (a) PRP, non-activated (na) PRP, aPPP (platelet-poor-plasma), and naPPP...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Lutz Konrad, Judith Gronbach, Fabian Horné, Ezekiel O Mecha, Eniko Berkes, Matthias Frank, Stefan Gattenlöhner, Charles O A Omwandho, Frank Oehmke, Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is characterized by the loss of epithelial and acquisition of mesenchymal cell characteristics. Our aim was to assess the epithelial phenotype in the pathogenesis of endometriosis with epithelial and mesenchymal markers. We used 2 structural (keratin-18, -19 [K18, K19]), 1 membrane-associated (mucin-1 [MUC1]), and 2 mesenchymal proteins (vimentin; zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1, [ZEB1]) to compare epithelial and mesenchymal characteristics in eutopic endometrium with the 3 endometriotic entities, peritoneal, ovarian, and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE)...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Andreas N Schüring, Beatrice Dahlhues, Anna Korte, Ludwig Kiesel, Ulf Titze, Birthe Heitkötter, Christian Ruckert, Martin Götte
Previous studies reported increased expression of the notch pathway-associated protein Musashi-1 in endometriosis. This case-control study investigates an association of the endometrial stem cell markers notch-1 and numb with endometriosis. Fifty-one endometriosis patients and 76 controls were recruited in the IVF unit and tertiary endometriosis referral centre of a university hospital. All subjects underwent transcervical endometrial biopsy and diagnostic laparoscopy. Expression of endometrial notch-1 and numb was assessed by immunostaining and correlated with clinical data...
March 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Marina V Kovina, Michael E Krasheninnikov, Tatiana G Dyuzheva, Michael I Danilevsky, Ilya D Klabukov, Maxim V Balyasin, Olga K Chivilgina, Alexey V Lyundup
BACKGROUND: Menstrual blood is only recently and still poorly studied, but it is an abundant and noninvasive source of highly proliferative mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). However, no appropriate isolation method has been reported due to its high viscosity and high content of clots and desquamated epithelium. METHODS: We studied three different isolation approaches and their combinations: ammonium-containing lysing buffer, distilled water and gradient-density centrifugation...
March 2018: Cytotherapy
Sheng-Xia Zheng, Jian Wang, Xue-Li Wang, Asim Ali, Li-Min Wu, Yu-Sheng Liu
Intrauterine adhesions (IUA) are associated with the loss of stem cells in the endometrium. Menstrual blood‑derived stem cells (MenSCs) can be isolated from the menstrual blood and differentiated into endometrial cells. To check the transplantation feasibility of MenSCs for the treatment of severe IUA, MenSCs were isolated from menstrual blood, cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), identified by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry, differentiated into endometrial cells in vitro, and finally transplanted into the axillary subcutaneous tissue of non‑obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD‑SCID) mice to create endometrial tissue...
April 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
A K Sahoo, J K Das, S Nayak
Aim: In this study, the canine endometrium tissue is characterized for its stem cell properties such as adherence to tissue culture plate (plasticity), short population doubling time, serial clonal passaging, long-term culturing properties, stem cell marker expression, and multilineage differentiation potential. Materials and Methods: The present work describes a novel isolation protocol for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells from the uterine endometrium and is compared with cells derived from umbilical cord matrix as a positive control...
December 2017: Veterinary World
Dah-Ching Ding, Tang-Yuan Chu, Hwan-Wun Liu
Designated for cyclic shedding, the endometrial stroma is rich in endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (EMSCs) and may play an important role in the development of endometrial carcinoma (EC). This study characterized the crosstalk of EC cells with EMSCs and the resultant effects on malignant phenotypes. The cultured EMSCs expressed CD73, CD90, and CD105, but not CD14, CD19, CD34, CD45, or human leukocyte antigen-antigen D related markers. These EMSCs also showed osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation ability...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Louise E Glover, David Crosby, Uma Thiruchelvam, Cathal Harmon, Cáit Ni Chorcora, Mary B Wingfield, Cliona O'Farrelly
PROBLEM: Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells play a critical role early in gestation. As we previously identified altered uNK cell development in endometriosis-associated infertility, we herein sought to characterize natural killer (NK) cell profiles in endometriosis that may predict embryo implantation. METHOD OF STUDY: Study participants had a surgical diagnosis of endometriosis-associated infertility. Endometrial tissue and peripheral blood were obtained from 58 women...
March 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Zhen Wang, Wei Wang, Kangrong Huang, Yueling Wang, Jing Li, Xinyuan Yang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs composed of 18-25 nucleotides that regulate the expression of approximately 30% of human protein coding genes. Dysregulation of miRNAs plays a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of malignancies. Our study has shown that microRNA-34a (miR-34a) was upregulated in human endometrial cancer stem cells (ECSCs). However, it is unknown how miR-34a regulates endometrial cancer itself. Here, we report that miR-34a directly and functionally targeted Notch1. MiR-34a inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT-associated phenotypes by downregulating Notch1 in endometrial cancer cells...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Xiaona Lin, Yanling Zhang, Yibin Pan, Shilin He, Yongdong Dai, Bingqing Zhu, Cheng Wei, Liaobing Xin, Wenzhi Xu, Chunsheng Xiang, Songying Zhang
Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is characterized by endometrial fibrosis, which ultimately leads to menstrual abnormalities, infertility and recurrent miscarriages. The Shh/Gli2 pathway plays a critical role in tissue fibrogenesis and regeneration; Gli2 activation induces profibrogenic effects in various tissues, such as the liver and kidney. However, the role of Gli2 in endometrial fibrosis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that activated Gli2 promotes endometrial fibrosis. Endometrial samples from moderate and severe IUA patients exhibited significantly enhanced expression of Gli2 compared with normal endometrial samples and mild IUA samples...
January 10, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Yanli Liu, Rongcheng Niu, Fen Yang, Yan Yan, Shengying Liang, Yuliang Sun, Ping Shen, Juntang Lin
Successful isolation of human endometrial stem cells from menstrual blood, namely menstrual blood-derived endometrial stem cells (MenSCs), has provided enticing alternative seed cells for stem cell-based therapy. MenSCs are enriched in the self-regenerative tissue, endometrium, which shed along the periodic menstrual blood and thus their acquisition involves no physical invasiveness. However, the impact of the storage duration of menstrual blood prior to stem cell isolation, the age of the donor, the number of passages on the self-renewing of MenSCs, the paracrine production of biological factors in MenSCs and expression of adhesion molecules on MenSCs remain elusive...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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