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SLAP Tears

William Rossy, George Sanchez, Anthony Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Given the notable physical demands placed on active members of the military, comprehension of recent trends in management and outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears in this patient population is critical for successful treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase, were reviewed for the years 1985 through 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Database review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5...
October 7, 2016: Sports Health
Loukas Koyonos, Matthew J Kraeutler, Daniel F O'Brien, Michael G Ciccotti, Christopher C Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Generalized joint laxity has been proposed as a significant risk factor for failure after arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure joint mobility in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization and to determine whether hypermobility is a risk factor for worse outcomes compared with patients having normal joint mobility. METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder instability were prospectively enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Matthew T Provencher
Although superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) repairs have a relatively high success rate, emerging evidence suggests that this is not always the case. The authors of "Subsequent Shoulder Surgery Following Isolated Arthroscopic SLAP Repair" reveal that 1 in 10 people needed additional surgery within 3 years after SLAP repair-mainly for disorders of the rotator cuff, biceps, and distal clavicle. This underscores the fact that SLAP tears rarely occur in isolation and that the initial diagnosis and management may require more than just SLAP work...
October 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Michael E Steinhaus, Eric C Makhni, Adam C Lieber, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Lawrence V Gulotta, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
BACKGROUND: Outcomes assessments after superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) tear/repair are highly varied, making it difficult to draw comparisons across the literature. This study examined the inconsistency in outcomes reporting in the SLAP tear literature. We hypothesize that there is significant variability in outcomes reporting and that although most studies may report return to play, time to return reporting will be highly variable. METHODS: The PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and Embase databases were systematically reviewed for studies from January 2000 to December 2014 reporting outcomes after SLAP tear/repair...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
M Beirer, G H Sandmann, A B Imhoff, S Buchmann
OBJECTIVE: To restore the physiologic anterior and posterior capsular volume to achieve an anatomic central contact point of the glenohumeral articulation and treatment of concomitant glenohumeral injuries due to posterosuperior impingement (PSI). INDICATIONS: Plateauing of clinical improvement despite adequate nonsurgical treatment (for at least 6-12 months). CONTRAINDICATIONS: General contraindications for elective arthroscopic surgery...
July 28, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Hiroshi Hashiguchi, Satoshi Iwashita, Atsushi Ohkubo, Shinro Takai
INTRODUCTION: A spinoglenoid cyst with suprascapular nerve disorders is highly associated with superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion. Conservative or surgical treatment is applied to relieve pain and neurological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients treated by arthroscopic surgery for SLAP lesion with a spinoglenoid cyst. METHODS: The subjects of this study were six patients with SLAP lesion with a spinoglenoid cyst who underwent arthroscopic surgery...
2016: SICOT-J
Thomas Magee
OBJECTIVE: MR arthrogram imaging of the shoulder is considered more accurate in assessing shoulder pathology than conventional MRI. Arthrography is a minimally invasive procedure. However, most patients prefer to have conventional MRI rather than MR arthrogram imaging. We report the benefit of assessing pre-arthrogram conventional MRI, to determine whether an MR arthrogram is needed for further evaluation. METHODS: 100 consecutive conventional shoulder MR and MR arthrography examinations performed on the same patients were reviewed retrospectively by independent reading of 2 musculoskeletal radiologists...
June 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Abhinav Bhatnagar, Sachin Bhonsle, Sonu Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain can cause significant pain, discomfort and reduce the ability to perform activities of daily living, thus making it the third most common cause of musculoskeletal consultation. The current gold standard diagnostic investigation is arthroscopy. MRI is a proved sensitive and accurate non-invasive tool in investigating shoulder pathology, but false and misleading results are equally reported. AIM: The aim of the study is to compare the efficacy of MRI in diagnosing shoulder pathologies in comparison to arthroscopy, considering arthroscopy as the gold standard...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Brandon J Erickson, Joshua D Harris, Yale A Fillingham, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Bernard R Bach, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
PURPOSE: To determine practice patterns of Major League Baseball (MLB) team orthopaedic surgeons in addressing the controversial topics of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears, type II SLAP tears, and partial-thickness rotator cuff tear. METHODS: Seventy-four MLB team orthopaedic surgeons were surveyed via an online survey system. A 14-question survey was used to assess surgeon experience, technique, and graft choice for UCL reconstruction (UCLR), treatment of type II SLAP tears, and other common pathologic conditions...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Ashwin Rangavajjula, Adam Hyatt, Eli Raneses, Jim McCrossin, Steven Cohen, Peter DeLuca
OBJECTIVES: Shoulder labral injuries in professional hockey players are often treated surgically to minimize missed ice time. Previous studies have shown that post-operative outcomes in these players are favorable, although they have not specifically focused on athletic performance and time to return to sport. Our objective was to report time to return to play and post-operative on-ice performance metrics after shoulder labral repair in professional ice hockey players. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the clinical records of all professional hockey players (NHL) who underwent arthroscopic shoulder labral repair by one surgeon between January 2004 and December 2008...
2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Joo Han Oh, Ye Hyun Lee, Sae Hoon Kim, Ji Soon Park, Hyuk Jun Seo, Woo Kim, Hae Bong Park
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes in patients with concomitant superior labrum-biceps complex (SLBC) lesions and rotator cuff tears who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, according to 3 different treatment methods (simple debridement, biceps tenotomy, or biceps tenodesis) for the SLBC lesions. METHODS: One hundred twenty patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with SLBC lesions (biceps partial tears <50%, partial pulley lesions, and type II SLAP lesions) were enrolled in this prospective comparative study and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups (simple debridement [Deb], biceps tenotomy only [BTo], or biceps tenodesis with one suture anchor [BTd])...
February 23, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Matthias Brockmeyer, Marc Tompkins, Dieter M Kohn, Olaf Lorbach
Tears of the superior labrum involving the biceps anchor are a common entity, especially in athletes, and may highly impair shoulder function. If conservative treatment fails, successful arthroscopic repair of symptomatic SLAP lesions has been described in the literature particularly for young athletes. However, the results in throwing athletes are less successful with a significant amount of patients who will not regain their pre-injury level of performance. The clinical results of SLAP repairs in middle-aged and older patients are mixed, with worse results and higher revision rates as compared to younger patients...
February 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Thomas Hölscher, Tim Weber, Igor Lazarev, Carsten Englert, Sebastian Dendorfer
One of the main goals in reconstructing rotator cuff tears is the restoration of glenohumeral joint stability, which is subsequently of utmost importance in order to prevent degenerative damage such as superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion, arthrosis, and malfunction. The goal of the current study was to facilitate musculoskeletal models in order to estimate glenohumeral instability introduced by muscle weakness due to cuff lesions. Inverse dynamics simulations were used to compute joint reaction forces for several static abduction tasks with different muscle weakness...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Mohamed Jarraya, Frank W Roemer, Heather I Gale, Philippe Landreau, Pieter D'Hooghe, Ali Guermazi
The combination of a large range of motion and insufficient bony stabilization makes the glenohumeral joint susceptible to injuries including dislocation in young athletes. Magnetic resonance arthrography (MR-arthrography) and computed tomography arthrography (CT-arthrography) play an important role in the preoperative workup of labroligametous injuries. This paper illustrates MR-arthrography and CT-arthrography findings acquired at the same time on the same subjects to illustrate common causes and sequelae of shoulder instability...
April 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Wojciech Krzyżanowski, Marta Tarczyńska
Labral pathologies of the glenohumeral joint are most commonly caused by trauma. The majority of lesions affect the anterior part of labrum, resulting from much higher frequency of anterior shoulder dislocations over posterior ones. Another subgroup of labral lesions, not directly related to joint instability, are SLAP tears. Other findings include degenerative changes of labrum and paralabral cysts. Diagnostic imaging is crucial for making a decision regarding operative treatment. Apart from a standard X-ray examination, the imaging mainly relies on magnetic resonance or computed tomography arthrography...
September 2012: Journal of Ultrasonography
Suk-Hwan Jang, Jeong-Gook Seo, Ho-Su Jang, Jae-Eun Jung, Jin-Goo Kim
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains in the natural course of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears treated conservatively with rehabilitation and activity modification. Our purpose was to evaluate clinical outcomes after nonoperative treatment of type II SLAP tear in young active patients and to identify factors related to negative outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 63 patients who initially underwent nonoperative treatment for isolated type II SLAP tear...
March 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Tahsin Beyzadeoglu, Esra Circi
BACKGROUND: Superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions often cause shoulder pain, dysfunction, and instability. Professional athletes require a high level of shoulder function for competition and overhead activities. PURPOSE: To evaluate elite athletes who had arthroscopic surgery for common shoulder pathologies and SLAP lesions with a follow-up of more than 3 years. The associated intra-articular pathologies and return to play were documented. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Yong Ki Lee, Eun Young Han, Sung Wook Choi, Bo Ryun Kim, Min Ji Suh
Type 2 superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesion is a common cause of shoulder pain requiring surgical operation. SLAP tears are often associated with paralabral cysts, but they rarely cause nerve compression. However, we experienced two cases of type 2 SLAP-related paralabral cysts at the spinoglenoid notch which were confirmed as isolated nerve entrapment of the infraspinatus branch of the suprascapular nerve by electrodiagnostic assessment and magnetic resonance imaging. In these pathological conditions, comprehensive electrodiagnostic evaluation is warranted for confirmation of neuropathy, while surgical decompression of the paralabral cyst combined with SLAP repair is recommended...
October 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Mandeep S Virk, Annemarie K Tilton, Brian J Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: American Journal of Orthopedics
Christopher S Lee, Shane M Davis, Claire McGroder, Shalen Kouk, Ryan M Sung, William B Stetson, Scott E Powell
BACKGROUND: Many studies have compared the diagnostic capabilities of low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to high-field MRI scanners; however, few have evaluated the low-field MRI diagnoses compared with intraoperative findings. PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of low-field MRI scanners in diagnosing lesions of the rotator cuff and glenoid labrum. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3...
July 2014: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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