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SLAP Tears

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794582/what-are-the-anatomical-predictive-factors-of-degenerative-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-lesion-in-rotator-cuff-tear
#1
Joong-Bae Seo, Jae-Sung Yoo, Joon-Yeul Lee, Kyoo-Hong Han
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of anatomical factors degenerative superior labrum anterior to posterior lesion in rotator cuff tear. The study included 421 middle-aged patients treated using arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tears. Patients were divided into two groups based on the superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP). Glenoid inclination, glenoid length, humeral head diameter, acromio-humeral distance (AHD) head-glenoid difference (HGD), head glenoid angle (HGA), size and retraction of rotator cuff tears were evaluated in both groups...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#2
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675978/concomitant-slap-repair-does-not-influence-the-surgical-outcome-for-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-of-traumatic-shoulder-dislocations
#3
Nuri Aydin, Mehmet Bekir Unal, Mustafa Asansu, Okan Tok
BACKGROUND: Prior studies revealed the presence of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) injury together with Bankart lesions in some patients. The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical results of isolated Bankart repairs with the clinical results of Bankart repairs when performed with concomitant SLAP repairs. METHODS: The patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for treatment of anterior glenohumeral instability were evaluated retrospectively...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604236/diagnosis-of-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-tears-by-using-mr-imaging-and-mr-arthrography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
John S Symanski, Naveen Subhas, James Babb, Joseph Nicholson, Soterios Gyftopoulos
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracies of nonenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR arthrography for diagnosis of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) tears by using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed on the two main concepts of MR imaging (MR imaging, and direct and indirect MR arthrography) and SLAP tears. Inclusion criteria consisted of original studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging, direct MR arthrography, and/or indirect MR arthrography for the detection of SLAP tears, by using surgical findings as the reference standard...
June 12, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555366/pulley-lesions-in-rotator-cuff-tears-prevalence-etiology-and-concomitant-pathologies
#5
Nael Hawi, Emmanouil Liodakis, Christina Garving, Peter Habermeyer, Mark Tauber
PURPOSE: This study aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of lesions in the biceps pulley complex in a representative, consecutive series of rotator cuff tears and rotator cuff interval treatments. We also analyzed associated tear pattern of rotator cuff injuries and superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions. We evaluated the relationships of these lesions to traumatic genesis and the prevalence of pulley lesions in revision cases. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all pre- and intra-operative documentation on arthroscopic rotator cuff reconstructions and isolated pulley lesion treatments performed by a single surgeon over 2 consecutive years...
May 29, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451607/outcomes-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-adolescent-athletes-participating-in-collision-and-contact-sports
#6
Michael G Saper, Charles Milchteim, Robert L Zondervan, James R Andrews, Roger V Ostrander
BACKGROUND: Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282498/risk-factors-for-revision-surgery-after-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-repair-a-national-perspective
#7
Samuel A Taylor, Ryan M Degen, Alexander E White, Moira M McCarthy, Lawrence V Gulotta, Stephen J O'Brien, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: Data regarding risk factors for revision surgery after superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repair are limited to institutional series. PURPOSE: To define risk factors for revision surgery after SLAP repair among patients in a large national database. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A national insurance database was queried for patients undergoing arthroscopic SLAP repair (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code 29807) for the diagnosis of a SLAP tear...
June 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203588/return-to-play-and-prior-performance-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-after-repair-of-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-tears
#8
Ryan Smith, Daniel J Lombardo, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Charles Frank, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gannon Curtis, James Whaley, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: The published return-to-play (RTP) rates for Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who have undergone surgical repair of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears vary widely and are generally accepted to be lower in the subset of competitive throwers. The efficacy of surgical treatment for MLB players is largely unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the RTP rate and performance of MLB pitchers who have undergone SLAP tear repair between 2003 and 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194380/magnetic-resonance-imaging-without-contrast-as-a-diagnostic-method-for-partial-injury-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon
#9
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without contrast as a diagnostic method of partial lesions of the long head of the biceps, using arthroscopic surgery as the gold standard. METHODS: We evaluated data from MRI and arthroscopic surgical findings of patients operated due to rotator cuff and SLAP injuries. MRI without contrast of at least 1.5 T, with a radiologist report, was used as a criterion for the detection of long head of the biceps injury...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185130/frequency-of-shoulder-corticosteroid-injections-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-shoulder-surgery-and-their-potential-to-enhance-outcomes-with-physiotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#10
John G Skedros, Micheal G Adondakis, Alex N Knight, Michael B Pilkington
INTRODUCTION: What is the rate of injecting patients with shoulder corticosteroid injections to alleviate excessive stiffness and pain within 6 months after shoulder surgery? METHODS: Retrospective 10-year review of a shoulder surgeon's practice. Participants included 754 patients who had 945 non-arthroplasty shoulder surgeries. Outcome measures included the rate of injections, diagnoses, patient characteristics, and efficacy via questionnaire. RESULTS: Approximately one in five patients received a subacromial and/or glenohumeral corticosteroid injection...
June 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131680/the-chondral-print-sign-what-does-it-really-mean
#11
Peter Domos, Devdatta S Neogi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Philip M Ahrens
BACKGROUND: The chondral print (CP) sign is a chondral change on the humeral head underneath the long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon. Several suggested causative links have been described, but the pathologic mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: We designed this prospective cohort association study of 102 consecutive shoulder arthroscopies to investigate proposed associations of CP with LHB, rotator cuff, labral pathology, and other chondral lesions. Data collection was by a specifically designed pro forma, and statistical analysis was performed...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122541/physical-examination-tests-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test-performance
#12
Sigmund Ø Gismervik, Jon O Drogset, Fredrik Granviken, Magne Rø, Gunnar Leivseth
BACKGROUND: Physical examination tests of the shoulder (PETS) are clinical examination maneuvers designed to aid the assessment of shoulder complaints. Despite more than 180 PETS described in the literature, evidence of their validity and usefulness in diagnosing the shoulder is questioned. METHODS: This meta-analysis aims to use diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) to evaluate how much PETS shift overall probability and to rank the test performance of single PETS in order to aid the clinician's choice of which tests to use...
January 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098497/magnetic-resonance-arthrography-results-that-indicate-surgical-treatment-for-partial-articular-sided-supraspinatus-tendon-avulsion-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-center
#13
Seok Hahn, Young Han Lee, Yong-Min Chun, Eun Hae Park, Jin-Suck Suh
Background Specific findings on magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) that indicate the need for surgery in patients with partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) are not well understood. Purpose To determine which MRA findings are characteristic of patients who undergo surgery for PASTA. Material and Methods From July 2011 to February 2014, MRA findings for patients treated for PASTA were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: conservative treatment and surgical repair...
September 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032029/evaluation-and-treatment-of-internal-impingement-of-the-shoulder-in-overhead-athletes
#14
REVIEW
Keith T Corpus, Christopher L Camp, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
One of the most common pathologic processes seen in overhead throwing athletes is posterior shoulder pain resulting from internal impingement. "Internal impingement" is a term used to describe a constellation of symptoms which result from the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the articular surface of the rotator cuff abutting the posterosuperior glenoid when the shoulder is in an abducted and externally rotated position. The pathophysiology in symptomatic internal impingement is multifactorial, involving physiologic shoulder remodeling, posterior capsular contracture, and scapular dyskinesis...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942510/is-clinical-evaluation-alone-sufficient-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-bankart-lesion-without-the-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Bryan Loh, Jason Beng Teck Lim, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
BACKGROUND: Imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) offer great utility in diagnosing Bankart lesions but they are associated with a high degree of intra and interobserver variability. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical evaluation and imaging modalities in Bankart lesions such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRA of the shoulder. METHODS: Between February 2004 to January 2015, a retrospectively review of the surgical records at a tertiary hospital identified a total of 250 patients treated with a shoulder arthroscopy for Bankart repair...
November 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872991/shoulder-manual-muscle-resistance-test-cannot-fully-detect-muscle-weakness
#16
Takayuki Nagatomi, Tatsuo Mae, Teruyoshi Nagafuchi, Shin-Ichi Yamada, Koutatsu Nagai, Minoru Yoneda
PURPOSE: The shoulder manual resistance test is one of the common clinical assessments for patients with muscle weakness. However, there have been no studies investigating the threshold for muscle weakness. The purpose of this study was to clarify the threshold for muscle weakness in the shoulder manual muscle resistance test. METHODS: Fifty-three patients (37.9 ± 20.6 years old) with either rotator cuff tear (21 patients), superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) lesion (7 patients), or Bankart lesion (25 patients) of one shoulder were administered three manual muscle resistance tests (abduction strength, external rotation, and belly press tests)...
November 21, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829728/mr-arthrography-evaluation-in-patients-with-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#17
Luca Saba, Massimo De Filippo
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate retrospectively the diagnostic accuracy of MR arthrography, compared with arthroscopy, in research of the glenoid labrum tear in patients with a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder instability (TUBS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the MR arthrography shoulder images of 118 patients with a first episode of TUBS, between June 2014 and May 2016. RESULTS: The overall accuracy of MR arthrography compared with arthroscopy of the glenoid labrum lesions was 94%, sensitivity 93%, and specificity 96%...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793805/superior-labrum-anterior-posterior-tears-in-the-national-football-league
#18
Caitlin C Chambers, T Sean Lynch, Daniel B Gibbs, Jason H Ghodasra, Shawn Sahota, Kristina Franke, Christina D Mack, Gordon W Nuber
BACKGROUND: Shoulder disorders are common in football players, with up to 50% of National Football League (NFL) recruits reporting a history of shoulder injuries. Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears are an entity with well-described detrimental effects on return to play in overhead-throwing athletes but with minimal data in contact athletes. PURPOSE: To identify the incidence, predisposing factors, and effect of SLAP tears in NFL athletes and prospects as well as the treatment patterns of NFL team physicians...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785555/clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-suture-bridge-repair-for-the-greater-tuberosity-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus
#19
Jong-Hun Ji, Jae-Jung Jeong, Young-Yul Kim, Se-Won Lee, Do-Yeol Kim, Sang-Eun Park
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic suture bridge repair for the GT fractures of the shoulder joint. METHODS: From March 2008 to July 2013, we performed arthroscopic suture bridge repair of the GT fractures displaced more than 5 mm superiorly or posteriorly, but less than 2 cm in 40 cases [20 men, 20 women; mean age, 56 (27-80) years] with the average 32 (24-48) months follow-up. At the final follow-up, clinical (ASES, UCLA, SST, KSS score and range of motions) and radiological outcomes using post-operative MRI or CT scan were evaluated...
January 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765830/superior-labral-anterior-posterior-slap-tears-in-the-military
#20
REVIEW
William Rossy, George Sanchez, Anthony Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Given the notable physical demands placed on active members of the military, comprehension of recent trends in management and outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears in this patient population is critical for successful treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase, were reviewed for the years 1985 through 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Database review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5...
November 2016: Sports Health
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