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SLAP Tears

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018839/clinical-assessment-of-physical-examination-maneuvers-for-superior-labral-anterior-to-posterior-lesions
#1
Lyndsay E Somerville, Kevin Willits, Andrew M Johnson, Robert Litchfield, Marie-Eve LeBel, Jaydeep Moro, Dianne Bryant
Purpose  Shoulder pain and disability pose a diagnostic challenge owing to the numerous etiologies and the potential for multiple disorders to exist simultaneously. The evidence to support the use of clinical tests for superior labral anterior to posterior complex (SLAP) is weak or absent. The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic validity of physical examination maneuvers for SLAP lesions by performing a methodologically rigorous, clinically applicable study. Methods  We recruited consecutive new shoulder patients reporting pain and/or disability...
October 2017: Surg J (N Y)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979603/controversies-in-the-surgical-management-of-shoulder-instability-associated-soft-tissue-procedures
#2
Santos Moros Marco, José Luis Ávila Lafuente, Miguel Angel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia
BACKGROUND: The glenohumeral joint is a ball-and-socket joint that is inherently unstable and thus, susceptible to dislocation. The traditional and most common anatomic finding is the Bankart lesion (anterior-inferior capsule labral complex avulsion), but there is a wide variety of anatomic alterations that can cause shoulder instability or may be present as a concomitant injury or in combination, including bone loss (glenoid or humeral head), complex capsule-labral tears, rotator cuff tears, Kim´s lesions (injuries to the posterior-inferior labrum) and rotator interval pathology...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975132/acute-versus-delayed-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-associated-abnormalities-in-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#3
Nathan D Orvets, Robert L Parisien, Emily J Curry, Justin S Chung, Josef K Eichinger, Akira M Murakami, Xinning Li
BACKGROUND: The delayed management of patients with shoulder instability may increase the prevalence and severity of concomitant intra-articular shoulder injuries resulting from persistent subluxations and dislocations. HYPOTHESIS: Patients with a longer delay from the initial dislocation event to undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrography will demonstrate more subluxations or dislocations and a greater amount of intra-articular shoulder damage...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942657/return-to-play-and-outcomes-in-baseball-players-after-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-repairs
#4
Brad D Gilliam, Lonnie Douglas, Glenn S Fleisig, Kyle T Aune, Kylie A Mason, Jeffrey R Dugas, E Lyle Cain, Roger V Ostrander, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented the outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repairs in baseball players. Furthermore, the results of these previous studies varied widely and were based on small numbers of patients. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to report return-to-play (RTP) rates and validated subjective outcome scores for baseball players after SLAP repair. It was hypothesized that RTP rates and outcomes would be significantly different between pitchers and nonpitchers, as well as among baseball levels...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899638/subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-for-treatment-of-isolated-type-ii-slap-lesions-in-a-young-and-active-population
#5
Jonas Pogorzelski, Marilee P Horan, Zaamin B Hussain, Alexander Vap, Erik M Fritz, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes following open subpectoral biceps tenodesis for the treatment of isolated type II SLAP lesions in patients 45 years of age or younger and evaluate the rate of return to sport. METHODS: All patients included in the study were at least 2 years out from open subpectoral biceps tenodesis for treatment of an isolated type II SLAP lesion and were treated between December 2007 and March 2015. All patients older than 45, those who had prior surgery on the index shoulder, and those who had any concomitant reconstructive shoulder procedures were excluded...
September 9, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861201/arthroscopic-evaluation-of-subluxation-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-and-its-relationship-with-subscapularis-tears
#6
Kyoung-Hwan Koh, Su Cheol Kim, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the angle between the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and the glenoid during arthroscopic surgery and its correlation with biceps subluxation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Furthermore, we evaluated the relationship of this angle with subscapularis tears and biceps pathologies. METHODS: MRI and arthroscopic images of 270 consecutive patients who had undergone arthroscopic surgery were retrospectively evaluated...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851262/a-technique-for-an-arthroscopic-proximal-biceps-tenodesis-using-a-fork-anchor
#7
Nirav H Amin, Alexander Volpi, Matthew Simons, Gavin Mills, Stephen Silver
Pathology to the proximal biceps tendon has the potential to be a major source of pain in the shoulder, secondary to complex superior labrum from anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions, partial biceps tears, and subluxations. In order to restore function and improve the patient's quality of life, repair of these injuries is crucial. Tenodesis has long been the ideal treatment of persistent pain caused by pathology of the proximal biceps tendon. A biceps tenodesis helps prevent biceps pain and cramping during movement and avoids the cosmetic deformity associated with a biceps tenotomy...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794582/what-are-the-anatomical-predictive-factors-of-degenerative-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-lesion-in-rotator-cuff-tear
#8
Joong-Bae Seo, Jae-Sung Yoo, Joon-Yeul Lee, Kyoo-Hong Han
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of anatomical factors degenerative superior labrum anterior to posterior lesion in rotator cuff tear. The study included 421 middle-aged patients treated using arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tears. Patients were divided into two groups based on the superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP). Glenoid inclination, glenoid length, humeral head diameter, acromio-humeral distance (AHD) head-glenoid difference (HGD), head glenoid angle (HGA), size and retraction of rotator cuff tears were evaluated in both groups...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#9
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675978/concomitant-slap-repair-does-not-influence-the-surgical-outcome-for-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-of-traumatic-shoulder-dislocations
#10
Nuri Aydin, Mehmet Bekir Unal, Mustafa Asansu, Okan Tok
BACKGROUND: Prior studies revealed the presence of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) injury together with Bankart lesions in some patients. The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical results of isolated Bankart repairs with the clinical results of Bankart repairs when performed with concomitant SLAP repairs. METHODS: The patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for treatment of anterior glenohumeral instability were evaluated retrospectively...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604236/diagnosis-of-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-tears-by-using-mr-imaging-and-mr-arthrography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
John S Symanski, Naveen Subhas, James Babb, Joseph Nicholson, Soterios Gyftopoulos
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracies of nonenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR arthrography for diagnosis of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) tears by using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed on the two main concepts of MR imaging (MR imaging, and direct and indirect MR arthrography) and SLAP tears. Inclusion criteria consisted of original studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging, direct MR arthrography, and/or indirect MR arthrography for the detection of SLAP tears, by using surgical findings as the reference standard...
October 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555366/pulley-lesions-in-rotator-cuff-tears-prevalence-etiology-and-concomitant-pathologies
#12
Nael Hawi, Emmanouil Liodakis, Christina Garving, Peter Habermeyer, Mark Tauber
PURPOSE: This study aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of lesions in the biceps pulley complex in a representative, consecutive series of rotator cuff tears and rotator cuff interval treatments. We also analyzed associated tear pattern of rotator cuff injuries and superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions. We evaluated the relationships of these lesions to traumatic genesis and the prevalence of pulley lesions in revision cases. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all pre- and intra-operative documentation on arthroscopic rotator cuff reconstructions and isolated pulley lesion treatments performed by a single surgeon over 2 consecutive years...
May 29, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451607/outcomes-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-adolescent-athletes-participating-in-collision-and-contact-sports
#13
Michael G Saper, Charles Milchteim, Robert L Zondervan, James R Andrews, Roger V Ostrander
BACKGROUND: Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282498/risk-factors-for-revision-surgery-after-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-repair-a-national-perspective
#14
Samuel A Taylor, Ryan M Degen, Alexander E White, Moira M McCarthy, Lawrence V Gulotta, Stephen J O'Brien, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: Data regarding risk factors for revision surgery after superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repair are limited to institutional series. PURPOSE: To define risk factors for revision surgery after SLAP repair among patients in a large national database. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A national insurance database was queried for patients undergoing arthroscopic SLAP repair (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code 29807) for the diagnosis of a SLAP tear...
June 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203588/return-to-play-and-prior-performance-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-after-repair-of-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-tears
#15
Ryan Smith, Daniel J Lombardo, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Charles Frank, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gannon Curtis, James Whaley, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: The published return-to-play (RTP) rates for Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who have undergone surgical repair of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears vary widely and are generally accepted to be lower in the subset of competitive throwers. The efficacy of surgical treatment for MLB players is largely unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the RTP rate and performance of MLB pitchers who have undergone SLAP tear repair between 2003 and 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194380/magnetic-resonance-imaging-without-contrast-as-a-diagnostic-method-for-partial-injury-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon
#16
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without contrast as a diagnostic method of partial lesions of the long head of the biceps, using arthroscopic surgery as the gold standard. METHODS: We evaluated data from MRI and arthroscopic surgical findings of patients operated due to rotator cuff and SLAP injuries. MRI without contrast of at least 1.5 T, with a radiologist report, was used as a criterion for the detection of long head of the biceps injury...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185130/frequency-of-shoulder-corticosteroid-injections-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-shoulder-surgery-and-their-potential-to-enhance-outcomes-with-physiotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#17
John G Skedros, Micheal G Adondakis, Alex N Knight, Michael B Pilkington
INTRODUCTION: What is the rate of injecting patients with shoulder corticosteroid injections to alleviate excessive stiffness and pain within 6 months after shoulder surgery? METHODS: Retrospective 10-year review of a shoulder surgeon's practice. Participants included 754 patients who had 945 non-arthroplasty shoulder surgeries. Outcome measures included the rate of injections, diagnoses, patient characteristics, and efficacy via questionnaire. RESULTS: Approximately one in five patients received a subacromial and/or glenohumeral corticosteroid injection...
June 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131680/the-chondral-print-sign-what-does-it-really-mean
#18
Peter Domos, Devdatta S Neogi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Philip M Ahrens
BACKGROUND: The chondral print (CP) sign is a chondral change on the humeral head underneath the long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon. Several suggested causative links have been described, but the pathologic mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: We designed this prospective cohort association study of 102 consecutive shoulder arthroscopies to investigate proposed associations of CP with LHB, rotator cuff, labral pathology, and other chondral lesions. Data collection was by a specifically designed pro forma, and statistical analysis was performed...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122541/physical-examination-tests-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test-performance
#19
Sigmund Ø Gismervik, Jon O Drogset, Fredrik Granviken, Magne Rø, Gunnar Leivseth
BACKGROUND: Physical examination tests of the shoulder (PETS) are clinical examination maneuvers designed to aid the assessment of shoulder complaints. Despite more than 180 PETS described in the literature, evidence of their validity and usefulness in diagnosing the shoulder is questioned. METHODS: This meta-analysis aims to use diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) to evaluate how much PETS shift overall probability and to rank the test performance of single PETS in order to aid the clinician's choice of which tests to use...
January 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098497/magnetic-resonance-arthrography-results-that-indicate-surgical-treatment-for-partial-articular-sided-supraspinatus-tendon-avulsion-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-center
#20
Seok Hahn, Young Han Lee, Yong-Min Chun, Eun Hae Park, Jin-Suck Suh
Background Specific findings on magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) that indicate the need for surgery in patients with partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) are not well understood. Purpose To determine which MRA findings are characteristic of patients who undergo surgery for PASTA. Material and Methods From July 2011 to February 2014, MRA findings for patients treated for PASTA were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: conservative treatment and surgical repair...
September 2017: Acta Radiologica
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