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Withaferin A AND Diabetes

Subrata Pandit, Satyajyoti Kanjilal, Anshumali Awasthi, Anika Chaudhary, Dipankar Banerjee, B N Bhatt, Avinash Narwaria, Rahul Singh, Kakoli Dutta, Manu Jaggi, Anu T Singh, Neena Sharma, Chandra Kant Katiyar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arishtas are Ayurvedic formulation made with decoction of herbs. Arjunarishta formulation is being used in Ayurveda for cardio-protective activity. Ashwagandharishta formulation possesses antioxidant, anti-atherosclerotic and anti-stress properties. Ridayarishta, a novel empirical formulation was prepared using combination of selected ingredients from these two formulations to support healthy heart functions and to reduce stress. AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of the Study was to investigate herb-drug interaction (HDI) of Ridayarishta formulation through human hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme inhibition assay...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jonathan Gorelick, Rivka Rosenberg, Avinoam Smotrich, Lumír Hanuš, Nirit Bernstein
Withania somnifera, known in India as Asghawhanda, is used traditionally to treat many medical problems including diabetes and has demonstrated therapeutic activity in various animal models as well as in diabetic patients. While much of W. somnifera's therapeutic activity is attributed to withanolides, their role in the anti-diabetic activity of W. somnifera has not been adequately studied. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-diabetic activity of W. somnifera extract and purified withanolides, as well as the effect of various elicitors on this activity...
August 2015: Phytochemistry
Rania S Sulaiman, Halesha D Basavarajappa, Timothy W Corson
Natural products are characterized by high chemical diversity and biochemical specificity; therefore, they are appealing as lead compounds for drug discovery. Given the importance of angiogenesis to many pathologies, numerous natural products have been explored as potential anti-angiogenic drugs. Ocular angiogenesis underlies blinding eye diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in children, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) in adults of working age, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the elderly...
December 2014: Experimental Eye Research
J A SoRelle, T Itoh, H Peng, M A Kanak, K Sugimoto, S Matsumoto, M F Levy, M C Lawrence, B Naziruddin
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Beta cell death triggered by pro-inflammatory cytokines plays a central role in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes and loss of transplanted islets. The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signalling pathway is a key regulator of beta cell stress response, survival and apoptosis. Withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone derived from Withania somnifera, has been demonstrated to be a potent, safe, anti-inflammatory molecule that can inhibit NF-κB signalling. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of WA to protect mouse and human islets from the damaging effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and following intraportal transplantation...
April 2013: Diabetologia
Min Jung Choi, Eun Jung Park, Kyoung Jin Min, Jong-Wook Park, Taeg Kyu Kwon
The accumulation of misfolded proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) results in cellular stress that initiates a specialized response designated as the unfolded protein response. ER stress has been implicated in a variety of common diseases, such as diabetes, ischemia and neurodegenerative disorders. Withaferin A, a major chemical constituent of Withania somnifera, has been reported to inhibit tumor cell growth. We show that withaferin A induced a dose-dependent apoptotic cell death in several types of human cancer cells, as measured by FACS analysis and PARP cleavage...
April 2011: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
S K Prasad, R Kumar, D K Patel, S Hemalatha
CONTEXT: Withania coagulans Dunal. (Solanaceae) has been shown to possess hypoglycemic, free radical scavenging and wound healing activity. Therefore, it may be worthwhile to study the effect of Withania coagulans in diabetic wound healing. OBJECTIVE: This study included determination of rate of wound contraction and estimation of various biochemical parameters such as collagen, hexosamine, total protein, total DNA, SOD and CAT levels in the granulation tissues...
December 2010: Pharmaceutical Biology
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