keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

crustin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017939/identification-of-a-novel-toll-gene-shtoll3-from-the-freshwater-crab-sinopotamon-henanense-and-its-expression-pattern-changes-in-response-to-cadmium-followed-by-aeromonas-hydrophila-infection
#1
Lang Lang, Zuobing Zhang, Weixin Jing, Jiang-Shiou Hwang, Shao-Chin Lee, Lan Wang
Toll signaling is essential for expression of immune genes which are important for defense against bacterial, fungal and viral infections in invertebrates. Although several toll genes have been identified in the crustaceans, none of them has been investigated in freshwater crab Sinopotamon henanense. Moreover, the effect of cadmium (Cd) on toll gene expression has never been examined on the freshwater crabs which live in the sediments and are prone to heavy metal bioaccumulation. Our transcriptomic analysis of hepatopancreas tissue reveals that toll3 gene expression has been decreased when treated with Cd...
October 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970971/advances-in-the-study-of-nodavirus
#2
Chean Yeah Yong, Swee Keong Yeap, Abdul Rahman Omar, Wen Siang Tan
Nodaviruses are small bipartite RNA viruses which belong to the family of Nodaviridae. They are categorized into alpha-nodavirus, which infects insects, and beta-nodavirus, which infects fishes. Another distinct group of nodavirus infects shrimps and prawns, which has been proposed to be categorized as gamma-nodavirus. Our current review focuses mainly on recent studies performed on nodaviruses. Nodavirus can be transmitted vertically and horizontally. Recent outbreaks have been reported in China, Indonesia, Singapore and India, affecting the aquaculture industry...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964865/molecular-cloning-recombinant-expression-and-functional-characterization-of-an-antimicrobial-peptide-crustin-from-the-indian-white-shrimp-fenneropenaeus-indicus
#3
K S Sruthy, Aishwarya Nair, J Puthumana, Swapna P Antony, I S Bright Singh, Rosamma Philip
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) comprise molecules that involve in the defense mechanism of various organisms towards pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Crustins are generally defined as multi-domain cationic antimicrobial peptides containing one whey acidic protein (WAP) domain at the C-terminus as the functional unit. In this study, we identified and characterized a novel crustin homolog (Fi-Crustin2) with 354 bp fragment cDNA encoding 117 amino acids and an ORF of 100 amino acids with a net charge of +1 from the mRNA of F...
September 28, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935602/dietary-immunogen-%C3%A2-modulated-digestive-enzyme-activity-and-immune-gene-expression-in-litopenaeus-vannamei-post-larvae
#4
Hamed Kolangi Miandare, Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Marjan Hosseini, Nastaran Mazloumi, Ashkan Zargar, Sajad Nazari
Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) is an important economical shrimp species worldwide, especially in the Middle East region, and farming activities of this species have been largely affected by diseases, mostly viral and bacterial diseases. Scientists have started to use prebiotics for bolstering the immune status of the animal. This study aimed to investigate the influence of Immunogen(®) on growth, digestive enzyme activity and immune related gene expression of Litopenaeus vannamei post-larvae...
September 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764985/function-of-two-ficolin-like-proteins-in-innate-immune-defense-of-the-oriental-river-prawn-macrobrachium-nipponense
#5
Tingting Li, Lei Wu, Min Jin, Futong Ma, Xin Huang, Qian Ren
Ficolins have crucial functions in recognizing and eliminating pathogens in innate immunity. In this study, we identified two ficolin-like genes from the oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense. These genes were designated as MnFico1 and MnFico2. MnFico1 cDNA has 1600 bp, whereas MnFico2 has 1486 bp. In addition to a coiled-coil region or a low complexity region, the two ficolins both contained a signal peptide and a fibrinogen-related domain. qRT-PCR results showed that the highest expression level of MnFico1 expression was in the gills, whereas that of MnFico2 was in the heart...
July 29, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750060/correction-the-new-face-of-the-old-molecules-crustin-pm4-and-transglutaminase-type-i-serving-as-rnps-down-regulate-astakine-mediated-hematopoiesis
#6
Yun-Tsan Chang, Cheng-Yung Lin, Che-Yiang Tsai, Vinu S Siva, Chia-Ying Chu, Huai-Jen Tsai, Yen-Ling Song
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072793.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743625/a-single-wap-domain-containing-protein-from-litopenaeus-vannamei-possesses-antiproteinase-activity-against-subtilisin-and-antimicrobial-activity-against-ahpnd-inducing-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#7
Suwattana Visetnan, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Suchao Donpudsa, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
The single WAP domain-containing protein (SWD) is a type III crustin antimicrobial peptide whose function is to defense the host animal against the bacterial infection by means of antimicrobial and antiproteinase activities. A study of SWD from Litopenaeus vannamei (LvSWD) is reported herein about its activities and function against bacteria, particularly the AHPND-inducing Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPAHPND) that causes acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND). The LvSWD is mainly synthesized in hemocytes and up-regulated in response to VPAHPND infection...
July 22, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655578/unusual-tissue-distribution-of-carcinin-an-antibacterial-crustin-in-the-crab-carcinus-maenas-reveals-its-multi-functionality
#8
Suzanne Suleiman, Valerie J Smith, Elisabeth A Dyrynda
Crustins are whey acidic four-disulphide core (WFDSC) domain-containing proteins in decapods that are widely regarded as antimicrobial agents that contribute to host defence. Whilst there have been many analyses of crustin gene expression in tissues, few studies have been made of the distribution of the natural proteins. Here we report an immunostaining investigation of carcinin, a native crustin from Carcinus maenas, in the body organs. The results show that the protein is largely confined to the haemocytes with only a weak signal detected in the heart, hepatopancreas and midgut caecum where it is restricted to the outer surfaces...
June 24, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606862/pathogenicity-profile-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei
#9
R Ananda Raja, R Sridhar, C Balachandran, A Palanisammi, S Ramesh, K Nagarajan
A pathobiological study was conducted using Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) strain isolated from vibriosis affected shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) farms in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu during August 2014 to February 2015. The isolate was identified based on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular characters. LD50 value with intramuscular injection was determined as 2.6 × 10(4) cfu/shrimp and sequential pathology was studied giving 6.1 × 10(3) cfu/shrimp (LD25). Total plate count (TPC) and total Vibrio count (TVC) in water, pond sediment, haemolymph, muscle, HP and gut were found significantly (P < 0...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579079/ontogenetic-changes-in-the-expression-of-immune-related-genes-in-response-to-immunostimulants-and-resistance-against-white-spot-syndrome-virus-in-litopenaeus-vannamei
#10
T Rajkumar, G Taju, S Abdul Majeed, M Sinwan Sajid, S Santhosh Kumar, S Sivakumar, S Thamizhvanan, S Vimal, A S Sahul Hameed
In recent years, researchers have focused on viral and plant immunostimulants which could have beneficial effects in disease prevention and control in shrimp culture. At present, the application of the recombinant VP28 protein (r-VP28) and herbal immunostimulant has been considered as a more effective approach to prevent white spot syndrome (WSS) by enhancing the immune response in shrimp. In the present study, expression of selected immune related genes in response to r-VP28 and herbal immunostimulant mix (HIM) were separately studied qualitatively and quantitatively by RT-PCR and real time PCR, respectively during ontogenetic development from nauplius to juvenile stage in Litopenaeus vannamei...
November 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552991/exploring-the-molecular-basis-of-adaptive-evolution-in-hydrothermal-vent-crab-austinograea-alayseae-by-transcriptome-analysis
#11
Min Hui, Chengwen Song, Yuan Liu, Chaolun Li, Zhaoxia Cui
Elucidating the genetic mechanisms of adaptation to the hydrothermal vent in organisms at genomic level is significant for understanding the adaptive evolution process in the extreme environment. We performed RNA-seq on four different tissues of a vent crab species, Austinograea alayseae, producing 725,461 unigenes and 134,489 annotated genes. Genes related to sensory, circadian rhythm, hormone, hypoxia stress, metal detoxification and immunity were identified. It was noted that in the degenerated eyestalk, transcription of phototransduction related genes which are important for retinal function was greatly reduced; three crucial neuropeptide hormones, one molt-inhibiting and two crustacean hyperglycemic hormone precursors were characterized with conserved domains; hypoxia-inducible factor 1 and two novel isoforms of metallothioneins in the vent crabs were discovered...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546026/the-crustin-like-peptide-plays-opposite-role-in-shrimp-immune-response-to-vibrio-alginolyticus-and-white-spot-syndrome-virus-wssv-infection
#12
Baozhen Sun, Zhi Wang, Fei Zhu
Crustin is an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) that plays a key role in innate immunity of crustaceans. In this study, we cloned the entire 660 bp crustin-like sequence with a 507 bp open reading frame encoding a 168 amino acid from Marsupenaeus japonicus. The crustin-like gene was primarily expressed in gills and over-expressed in shrimp hemocytes after challenge with WSSV or Vibrio alginolyticus. After knockdown crustin-like gene using specific double-stranded RNA (CRU-dsRNA), IMD, Rab7, L-lectin, mitogen-activated protein kinase, p53, prophenoloxidase and Rho were down-regulated and nitric oxide synthase, myosin and tumor necrosis factor-α were up-regulated in hemocytes at 24 h post dsRNA treatment...
July 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523250/host-microrna-217-promotes-white-spot-syndrome-virus-infection-by-targeting-tube-in-the-chinese-mitten-crab-eriocheir-sinensis
#13
Ying Huang, Keke Han, Wen Wang, Qian Ren
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small molecule non-encoding RNAs, are key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression that are implicated in many biological processes. In the current study, miR-217 from Eriocheir sinensis was selected for studying its roles during host-virus interaction. Overexpression or silencing of miR-217 led to considerable effects on white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) replication, implying that miR-217 played a positive role in WSSV infection. In insect High Five cells, miR-217 significantly inhibited Tube gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of the Tube...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512012/crustins-are-distinctive-members-of-the-wap-containing-protein-superfamily-an-improved-classification-approach
#14
REVIEW
Francisco Vargas-Albores, Marcel Martínez-Porchas
Crustins are considered effector molecules of innate immunity in arthropods, and classification schemes have been proposed over the last 10 years. However, classification problems have emerged: for example, proteins that have been well identified as members of a particular category have also been classified as crustins. Therefore, the objective of this manuscript was to analyze and, based on solid arguments, improve the original proposed nomenclature to make crustins a distinctive group of antibacterial proteins...
May 13, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359947/the-hot-water-extract-of-leaves-of-noni-morinda-citrifolia-promotes-the-immunocompetence-of-giant-freshwater-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#15
Atika Marisa Halim, Pai-Po Lee, Zhong-Wen Chang, Chin-Chyuan Chang
The hot-water Morinda citrifolia leaf extract (HMLE) was prepared for in vitro assessment on phenoloxidase (PO) activity, respiratory bursts (RBs), and phagocytic activity (PA). Furthermore, the HMLE was administrated in the diet at 0.6, 3, and 6 g (kg diet)(-1) for Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and the potential effects on the immunocompetence of prawns were evaluated. PO activity, RBs, and PA in hemocytes incubated with the HMLE at 140, 20, 20, and 140 mg l(-1) significantly increased. The immune parameters of the total hemocyte count (THC), differential hemocyte count (DHC), RBs, PO activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, PA, transglutaminase (TG) activity and hemolymph clotting time were evaluated before and after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks of the feeding trial...
May 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235638/immune-response-and-antioxidant-status-of-portunus-trituberculatus-inoculated-with-pathogens
#16
Xianyun Ren, Jianjian Lv, Baoquan Gao, Jian Li, Ping Liu
The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. alginolyticus are serious epidemic pathogen affecting the cultured Portunus trituberculatus and resulted in severe economic losses to local farmers. The immune and antioxidant systems are believed to be closely involved in host responses to pathogens in aerobic animals, including crustaceans. In order to explore such host-pathogen interactions in the early stage of infection in P. trituberculatus, the mRNA transcript levels of six key immune-related genes (proPO, α2M, crustin, lysozyme, NOS, and NOX) and three key antioxidant-related genes (CuZnSOD, CAT, and GPx) and their corresponding enzymatic activity were investigated in response to challenge with the three pathogens...
April 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167202/two-hemocyte-sub-populations-of-kuruma-shrimp-marsupenaeus-japonicus
#17
Keiichiro Koiwai, Rod Russel R Alenton, Reina Shiomi, Reiko Nozaki, Hidehiro Kondo, Ikuo Hirono
Hemocytes in the circulating hemolymph play important roles for immune responses in shrimp. Previous studies on immune responses by hemocytes in penaeid shrimp were based on gene expression analyses of the entire population of hemocytes and thus may have missed different immune responses of different hemocyte sub-populations. In this study, we separated hemocytes into two sub-populations by Percoll gradient centrifugation, morphological characteristics of each population were then analyzed by May-Giemsa staining, flow cytometry, and FACSCalibur...
May 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089897/crustacean-hyperglycemic-hormones-directly-modulate-the-immune-response-of-hemocytes-in-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#18
Lin Wang, Hao Chen, Jianchao Xu, Qingsong Xu, Mengqiang Wang, Depeng Zhao, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
A robust immune response against invading pathogens is crucial for host to survive, which depends greatly on the well balance of metabolism. Increasing evidence has indicated that some metabolic hormones, such as insulin, could modulate immune responses directly. Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family is a group of ecdysozoans-specific peptide hormone involved in glucose metabolism and other biological events. In the present study, two members of CHH family (designated as LvCHH I and LvCHH II) in shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei with one and two crustacean neurohormone domains respectively were chosen to investigate their putative modulatory roles in both glucose metabolism and immune response...
March 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825820/the-upregulation-of-immune-responses-in-tyrosine-hydroxylase-th-silenced-litopenaeus-vannamei
#19
Ratchaneegorn Mapanao, Chin-Chyuan Chang, Winton Cheng
Catecholamines (CAs) play a crucial role in maintaining physiological and immune homeostasis in invertebrates and vertebrates under stressful conditions. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the first and rate-limiting enzyme in CA synthesis. To develop an effective CA-related immunological defense system against stress and pathogen infection, various criteria, were evaluated in TH double-stranded (ds) RNA-injected white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Specifically, the relative transcript quantification of TH, dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH), crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH), and other immune-related genes; TH activity in the haemolymph; and the estimation of l-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA), glucose, and lactate levels in the haemolymph were examined...
February 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815179/characterization-of-molecular-properties-and-regulatory-pathways-of%C3%A2-crustinpm1-and-crustinpm7-from-the-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon
#20
Sopacha Arayamethakorn, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Kuakarun Krusong
CrustinPm1 and crustinPm7 are the two most abundant isoforms of crustins identified from the hemocytes of the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon. CrustinPm1 inhibits only Gram-positive bacteria, while crustinPm7 acts against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. This work aims to characterize the molecular properties of recombinant crustinPm1 and crustinPm7, and the regulatory pathways of these two crustins. Circular dichroism spectroscopy revealed that crustinPm1 contained 40.81% alpha-helix and 22...
February 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
keyword
keyword
95389
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"