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Jinling Feng, Lingling Zhao, Min Jin, Tingting Li, Lei Wu, Yihong Chen, Qian Ren
Toll receptors are evolutionary ancient families of pattern recognition receptors with crucial roles in invertebrate innate immune response. In this study, we identified a Toll receptor (MrToll) from giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). The full-length cDNA of MrToll is 4257 bp, which encodes a putative protein of 1367 amino acids. MrToll contains 17 LRR domains, a transmembrane domain, and a TIR domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MrToll was grouped with Drosophila Toll7 and other arthropod Tolls...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jie-Jie Sun, Jiang-Feng Lan, Ji-Dong Xu, Guo-Juan Niu, Jin-Xing Wang
The suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family is a kind of negative regulators in the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (Jak/Stat) pathway in mammals and Drosophila. In kuruma shrimp, Marsupenaeus japonicus, SOCS2 is identified and its expression can be stimulated by peptidoglycan and polycytidylic acid. However, if SOCS2 participates in regulating Jak/Stat pathway in shrimp still needs further study. In this study, SOCS2 with Src homology 2 domain and SOCS box was identified in kuruma shrimp, M...
September 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xin Huang, Wen Wang, Qian Ren
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathways play important roles in innate immune responses. In this study, we identified a dorsal homolog (MrDorsal) from freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The full-length cDNA of MrDorsal comprised 2533 bp with an open reading frame of 1986 bp, which encoded a peptide of 661 amino acid residues. Amino acid sequence analysis showed that MrDorsal contains a Rel homolog domain and an IPT/TIG (i.e., Ig-like, plexin, and transcription factors) domain. The signature sequence of dorsal protein FRYMCEG existed in the deduced amino acid sequence...
October 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Peng-Cheng Chai, Xiao-Ling Song, Guo-Fu Chen, Hua Xu, Jie Huang
This study conducted a 30-day feeding trial and a subsequent 20-day anti-virus infection trial to determine the effects of probiotic Bacillus PC465 on the growth, health status, and disease resistance of Litopenaeus vannamei. Shrimp samples were fed with three practical diets prepared from shrimp feed containing varying probiotic doses [0 (control), 10(7), and 10(9) CFU g(-1)]. Probiotic supplementation significantly increased the weight gain and survival of L. vannamei (p < 0.05). The effect of 10(9) CFU g(-1) on the growth rate was higher than that of 10(7) CFU g(-1)...
July 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ancy Thomas, Naduvilamuriparampu Saidumuhammed Sudheer, Viswanath Kiron, Issac S Bright Singh, Rangarajan Badri Narayanan
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the most catastrophic pathogen the shrimp industry has ever encountered. VP28, the abundant envelope protein of WSSV was expressed in bacteria, the purified protein administered orally to Penaeus monodon juveniles and its immune modulatory effects examined. The results indicated significant up-regulation of caspase, penaeidin, crustin, astakine, syntenin, PmRACK, Rab7, STAT and C-type lectin in animals orally administered with this antigen. This revealed the immune modulations in shrimps followed by oral administration of rVP28P which resulted in the reduced transcription of viral gene vp28 and delay in mortality after WSSV challenge...
July 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Ning Liu, Ran-Ran Zhang, Zhen-Xu Fan, Xiao-Fan Zhao, Xian-Wei Wang, Jin-Xing Wang
Crustins are a family of antimicrobial peptides mainly identified in crustaceans and characterized by a whey acidic protein (WAP) domain and an additional glycine-, cysteine-, or proline-rich region. In this study, we identified and characterized PcCru, a new crustin isolated from red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii. The open reading frame of PcCru was 333 base pairs long and encoded a 110-residue polypeptide, which contained a signal peptide, a cysteine-rich region, and a WAP domain. The architecture and phylogenetic analysis suggested that PcCru was a new member of the type-I crustin family...
August 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xianyun Ren, Xuan Yu, Baoquan Gao, Jian Li, Ping Liu
Vibrio alginolyticus is a virulent pathogen that affects crab aquacultures. In the present study, the immune responses and antioxidant status of big and small (based on body weight and size) 80-, 100- and 120-day-old specimens of Portunus trituberculatus, challenged for 72 h with Vibrio alginolyticus, were studied. The total hemocyte count (THC), and phagocytic, prophenoloxidase and phenoloxidase activities, of the big individuals (BIs) were higher than those of the small individuals (SIs) (P < 0.05)...
April 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yongjie Liu, Lei Song, Yuhang Sun, Tao Liu, Fujun Hou, Xiaolin Liu
The Toll and immune deficiency (IMD) pathways are essential for inducing immune related genes during invasion of pathogens. In the present study, transcripts of eight pathway-related genes in Litopenaeus vannamei, including Toll, IMD, Pelle, IAP1, TRAF6, ALF, Crustin and Penaeidin3 were analyzed to further understand the potential relationship between Toll and IMD pathway. The high transcription levels of TRAF6, Pelle, Toll, IMD and IAP1 in selected tissues indicates their functional roles in Toll and IMD pathways...
July 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Chin-Chyuan Chang, Hao-Che Chang, Kuan-Fu Liu, Winton Cheng
Transglutaminases (TGs) play critical roles in blood coagulation, immune responses, and other biochemical functions, which undergo post-translational remodeling such as acetylation, phosphorylation and fatty acylation. Two types of TG have been identified in white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, and further investigation on their potential function was conducted by gene silencing in the present study. Total haemocyte count (THC), differential haemocyte count (DHC), phenoloxidase activity, respiratory bursts (release of superoxide anion), superoxide dismutase activity, transglutaminase (TG) activity, haemolymph clotting time, and phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency to the pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus were measured when shrimps were individually injected with diethyl pyrocarbonate-water (DEPC-H2O) or TG dsRNAs...
June 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Qun Zhao, Luqing Pan, Qin Ren, Lin Wang, Jingjing Miao
The effects of low salinity (transferred from 31‰ to 26‰, 21‰, and 16‰) on the regulation pathways of neuroendocrine-immunoregulatory network were investigated in Litopenaeus vannamei. The results showed that the hormones (corticotrophin-releasing hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone) and biogenic amines (dopamine, noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine) concentrations in lower salinity groups increased significantly within 12 h. The gene expression of biogenic amine receptors showed that dopamine receptor D4 and α2 adrenergic receptor in lower salinity groups decreased significantly within 12 h, whereas the 5-HT7 receptor significantly increased within 1d...
February 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ai-Qing Yu, Yong-Hai Shi, Qun Wang
Antimicrobial peptides are important immune effectors involved in mediating innate immune responses against intruding pathogens. Here, we successfully isolated and characterized a novel Type I crustin from the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus. The full-length cDNA encoded by this gene, designated CqCrs, comprised 608 bp, containing a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 55 bp, a 3'-UTR of 229 bp with a poly (A) tail, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 324 bp encoding a polypeptide of 107 amino acids...
January 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Phattara-Orn Havanapan, Suparat Taengchaiyaphum, Albert J Ketterman, Chartchai Krittanai
Yellow head virus (YHV) causes acute infections and mass mortality in black tiger shrimp culture. Our study aims to investigate molecular interaction between YHV and circulating hemocytes of Penaeus monodon at early infection. Total shrimp hemocytes were isolated by Percoll gradient centrifugation and identified by flow cytometric analysis. At least three types of hemocyte cells were identified as hyaline, semi-granular, and granular hemocytes. Experimental infection of YHV in shrimp culture demonstrated drastic changes in total and each hemocyte cell counts...
January 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Tawut Rudtanatip, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul, Kanokpan Wongprasert
Previous studies demonstrated that sulfated galactans (SG) from Gracilaria fisheri (G. fisheri) exhibit immunostimulant activity in shrimp. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that SG stimulates signaling molecules of the immune response of shrimp by binding to receptors on the host cell membrane. Accordingly, we evaluated the ability of SG to bind to shrimp haemocytes and showed that SG bound to the shrimp haemocyte membrane (SHM), potentially to specific receptors. Furthermore, this binding was associated with an activation of immune response genes of shrimp...
November 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Zhong-Wen Chang, Chin-Chyuan Chang
Complementary (c)DNA encoding a receptor for activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) messenger (m)RNA of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, designated LvRACK1, consisted a 1136-bp cDNA containing an open reading frame (ORF) of 954 bp, a 111-bp 5'-untranslated region (UTR), and a 71-bp 3'-UTR, which is a 36 kDa cytosolic protein, belonging to the Trp-Asp40 (WD40) family of proteins, characterized by containing seven highly conserved Trp-Asp40 (WD40) internal repeats, and a poly A tail. The WD repeat of LvRACK1 can be predicted to form a seven-bladed propeller structure with each WD repeat composed of four antiparallel β-sheets...
October 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Wutti Rattanavichai, Ying-Nan Chen, Chin-Chyuan Chang, Winton Cheng
The non-specific immune parameters, disease resistance and immune genes expressions in Macrobrachium rosenbergii were evaluated at 120 days of post feeding the diets containing the extracts of banana, Musa acuminate, fruit's peel (banana peels extract, BPE) at 0, 1.0, 3.0 and 6.0 g kg(-1). Results showed that prawns fed with a diet containing BPE at the level of 1.0, 3.0 and 6.0 g kg(-1) for 120 days had a significantly higher survival rate (30.0%, 40.0% and 56.7%, respectively) than those fed with the control diet after challenge with Lactococcus garvieae for 144 h, and the respective relative survival percentages were 22...
October 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jeyachandran Sivakamavalli, Raju Nirosha, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan
Antimicrobial peptide (AMP) crustin is a type of immune molecule present in the immune system of crustaceans and response against microbial invasion. In the present study, we have identified and characterized the cationic, amphipathic structure consisting of AMP crustin from a mangrove crab Episesarma tetragonum using CM Sepharose-based cation exchange column chromatography. E. tetragonum crustin showed a single band of 14 kDa on SDS-PAGE and the homogeneity showed retention time of 8.4 min in RP-HPLC. Functional studies of E...
June 2015: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Emilie Cardona, Denis Saulnier, Bénédicte Lorgeoux, Liet Chim, Yannick Gueguen
This study compares the antioxidant and antimicrobial transcriptional expression of blue shrimps reared according to two different systems, BioFloc Technology (BFT) and Clear sea Water (CW) and their differential responses when facing an experimental sublethal hydrogen peroxide stress. After 30 days of rearing, juvenile shrimps were exposed to H2O2 stress at a concentration of 30 ppm during 6 h. The oxidative stress caused by H2O2 was examined in the digestive glands of the shrimp, in which antioxidant enzyme (AOE) and antimicrobial peptide (AMP) gene expression were analysed by quantitative real-time PCR...
August 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ying Huang, Yi-Hong Chen, Yu-Zhou Zhang, Jin-Ling Feng, Ling-Ling Zhao, Huan-Xi Zhu, Wen Wang, Qian Ren
The toll-like receptor/NF-κB signaling pathways play an important role in the innate immune system. In the present study, one Pelle gene (named EsPelle) was identified for the first time from the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. The full-length cDNA of EsPelle is 3797 bp with a 3156 bp-long open reading frame that encodes a 1051 amino acid protein. EsPelle protein contains a death domain at the N-terminal and a serine/threonine kinase domain at the C-terminal. A neighbor joining phylogenetic tree showed that the EsPelle protein, which is closest to those of Scylla paramamosain Pelle and Litopenaeus vannamei Pelle, was clustered to a group of crustacean Pelle proteins...
August 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yan-Ru Shi, Min Jin, Fu-Tong Ma, Ying Huang, Xin Huang, Jin-Ling Feng, Ling-Ling Zhao, Yi-Hong Chen, Qian Ren
Relish is an NF-kB transcription factor involved in immune-deficiency (IMD) signal pathway. In this study, a Relish gene (MrRelish) was identified from Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The full length of MrRelish comprises 5072 bp, including a 3510 bp open reading frame encoding a 1169 bp amino acid protein. MrRelish contains a Rel homology domain (RHD), a nucleus localization signal, an IκB-like domain (6 ankyrin repeats), and a death domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MrRelish and other Relish from crustaceans belong to one group...
October 2015: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
N S Sudheer, Gigi Poulose, Ancy Thomas, Kiron Viswanath, Amod Kulkarni, R B Narayanan, Rosamma Philip, I S Bright Singh
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the most devastating pathogen of penaeid shrimp. While developing technology to vaccinate shrimp against WSSV, it is imperative to look into the immune response of the animal at molecular level. However, very little information has been generated in this direction. The present study is an attempt to understand the expression of bio-defense genes in gill tissues of Penaeus monodon in response to formalin inactivated WSSV. A WSSV vaccine with a viral titer of 1×10(9) DNA copies was prepared and orally administered to P...
May 2015: Antiviral Research
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