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Haemorrhoids in children

Huikuan Chu, Likun Zhong, Hai Li, Xiujing Zhang, Jingzhi Zhang, Xiaohua Hou
Objective. To acquire more data about the epidemiologic characteristics of constipation in different kinds of populations in China. Methods. Using "constipation" and "China" as search terms; relevant papers were searched from January 1995 to April 2014. Data on prevalence, gender, diagnostic criteria, geographical area, educational class, age, race, and physician visit results were extracted and analyzed. Results. 36 trials were included. Prevalence rates of constipation in elderly population (18.1%) and pediatric population (18...
2014: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Rosalie J L Kuiper, Justin R de Jong, C M Frank Kneepkens
The diagnosis of anal protrusions in children may be difficult, because the protrusion often occurs only after defaecation, and is usually invisible during the consultation. We present three cases of children with rectal prolapse (4-year-old boy), polyp (4-year-old boy), and external haemorrhoids (3-year-old boy), respectively. In each case, the diagnosis could be made after parents had sent a picture of the phenomenon. The first patient recovered after laxative therapy, the second after polypectomy, and in the third patient, the haemorrhoid persisted, despite laxative therapy and physiotherapy...
2011: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Tamás Kubicsek, Zoltan Kazy, Andrew E Czeizel
Tribenoside is used for the treatment of haemorrhoids and varicose veins, frequently in pregnant women as well, but published data regarding its possible teratogenic effect are not available. Thus the risk of congenital abnormalities (CAs) was estimated in cases of pregnant women with oral tribenoside treatment (TT) in the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities. Of 22,843 cases with CA, 174 (0.76%), while of 38,151 matched controls without CA, 285 (0.75%) were born to mothers with TT...
May 2011: Reproductive Toxicology
P J Gupta
This paper represents the summary of the anorectal pathology in patients who have special conditions or are in certain age. Author offers his experience in handling the proctological entities in children, elderly, pregnant women, and patients with haemorrhoids who have inflammatory bowel conditions, malignancy or are HIV positive. These patients reqire special approach and are not seen every day in proctological ambulances, what rises many questions in the appropriatenes of standard treatments.
2010: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
R Babu, D M Burge
Although uncommon in children, haemorrhoids are one of the causes of a protruding anal lesion and may be confused with rectal prolapse or prolapse of a rectal polyp. The lesions may not be obvious when the child is anaesthetised because of lack of straining. This may prevent accurate diagnosis and impede identification of the lesion if surgery is being attempted. The authors report 3 cases where a 20 F Foley catheter with 30 ml balloon was inserted rectally and gentle traction applied to reproduce the raised venous pressure generated during straining...
June 2004: Pediatric Surgery International
S Hercberg, P Preziosi, P Galan
In Europe, iron deficiency is considered to be one of the main nutritional deficiency disorders affecting large fractions of the population, particularly such physiological groups as children, menstruating women and pregnant women. Some factors such as type of contraception in women, blood donation or minor pathological blood loss (haemorrhoids, gynaecological bleeding...) considerably increase the difficulty of covering iron needs. Moreover, women, especially adolescents consuming low-energy diets, vegetarians and vegans are at high risk of iron deficiency...
April 2001: Public Health Nutrition
E A Ameh, P T Nmadu
Colorectal adenocarcinoma is predominantly a disease of the old and less than 1% of patients are below 20 years in most reports. Though increasingly younger patients are seen in Africa, most reports indicate that the disease is extremely rare in children and adolescents. This is a report of 8 patients below 20 years managed for colorectal adenocarcinoma in a 10-year period in Zaria, Nigeria. They represented 16.3% of all cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma seen at the institution, an incidence higher than that in other parts of Africa and developed countries...
October 2000: West African Journal of Medicine
D Baker, K North
In Britain the government is currently proposing legislation that will encourage welfare recipients to gain employment. A central tenet of this 'welfare to work' policy is that employment will not only reduce the poverty of welfare recipients, but also improve their health. This research assessed the extent to which the movement from 'welfare to work' is likely to benefit the mental and physical health of lone mothers with preschool children. The sample was 719 lone mothers and a comparison group of 8779 women with partners drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC)...
July 1999: Social Science & Medicine
D Baker, H Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To establish the degree of association between relative deprivation and any variation in condition specific morbidity and in consultations with general practitioners for mothers of young children. STUDY DESIGN: Condition specific morbidity and general practitioner consultation (GP) rates were recorded by means of self reports on a postal questionnaire. Subjects were asked to record whether they had suffered from any of 16 common conditions and, if so, whether they had consulted the GP...
February 1997: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
S K Yachha, A Khanduri, B C Sharma, M Kumar
We prospectively evaluated 139 consecutive children presenting to the Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (Lucknow, India) with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from January 1991 to November 1994. Our aims were to find out whether the causes of GI bleeding in a developing country differed from developed countries and how the application of newer diagnostic techniques would help in the diagnosis of GI bleeding. Barium studies, endoscopy, technetium-99m-labelled (erythrocytes and pertechnetate) scans, selective abdominal angiography using a digital subtraction technique and rectal endoscopic ultrasonography were performed...
October 1996: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
A Sinclair
Haemorrhoids or piles are varicosities in the anal canal caused by local pressure. Sometimes they prolapse. Symptoms may include itching, discomfort, pain and bleeding. Haemorrhoids are common in pregnancy. Constipation aggravates piles, so a healthy diet with plenty of water and fibre is advisable. Some sufferers need an appropriate laxative as well. Cleanliness of the anal area is important. Proprietary moist toilet tissues are sold for this purpose and can be soothing and helpful. Relief of symptoms is by haemorrhoid creams, ointments and suppositories...
1995: Professional Care of Mother and Child
N D Heaton, M Davenport, E R Howard
A prospective study of 60 children with portal hypertension showed a significant incidence of haemorrhoids (33 per cent), anorectal varices (35 per cent) and external anal varices (15 per cent). Four children (7 per cent) complained of anorectal symptoms. A comparison of extrahepatic with intrahepatic disease showed that the former was associated with a higher incidence of both haemorrhoids and anorectal varices (57 versus 26 per cent and 64 versus 26 per cent respectively). The occurrence and severity of haemorrhoids was related to the number of previous oesophageal sclerotherapy sessions (P = 0...
May 1993: British Journal of Surgery
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