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nosocomial meningitis

Fahmi Yousef Khan, Mohammed AbuKamar, Deshmukh Anand
We report a case of Pseudomonas putida meningitis in a 26-year-old Nepalese man who was admitted to Hamad General Hospital with epidermoid cyst for drainage. Ommaya reservoir was placed into the cyst for drainage and externalventricular drainage (EVD) was performed. After four days, the patient was transferred to the ward in stable condition. His weakness resolved partially and headache severity decreased. After three days, the patient developed fever and headache severity increased with deterioration of consciousness level...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
Leitao Sun, Xiaohong Wang, Zefu Li
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii nosocomial infections, especially those due to multi-drug resistant strains, are increasingly detected. We want to find the effective treatment measures about multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections through this research. METHODOLOGY: The clinical features and the outcomes of twelve cases of nosocomial Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis treated with ampicillin sulbactam and intrathecal use of amikacin are reported in primary hospital...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Ira Shah, Muznah Kapdi
Acinetobacter species have emerged as one of the most troublesome pathogens for healthcare institutions globally. In more recent times, nosocomial infections involving the central nervous system, skin and soft tissue, and bone have emerged as highly problematic. Acinetobacter species infection is common in intensive care units; however, Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis is rarely reported. Here, we report two cases of Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis which was multidrug resistance and ultimately required the carbapenem group of drugs for the treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Olga Helena Hernández Ortiz, Héctor Iván García García, Fabián Muñoz Ramírez, Juan Sebastián Cardona Flórez, Bladimir Alejandro Gil Valencia, Salvador Ernesto Medina Mantilla, María Juliana Moreno Ochoa, Jorge Eliécer Sará Ochoa, Fabián Jaimes
OBJECTIVE Diagnosing nosocomial meningitis (NM) in neurosurgical patients is difficult. The standard CSF test is not optimal and when it is obtained, CSF cultures are negative in as many as 70% of cases. The goal of this study was to develop a diagnostic prediction rule for postoperative meningitis using a combination of clinical, laboratory, and CSF variables, as well as risk factors (RFs) for CNS infection. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed in 4 intensive care units in Medellín, Colombia. Patients with a history of neurosurgical procedures were selected at the onset of febrile symptoms and/or after an increase in acute-phase reactants...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Hamidreza Houri, Ali Pormohammad, Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Fatemeh Fallah, Hossein Dabiri, Ramin Pouriran
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial meningitis persists in being a substantial cause of high mortality and severe neurological morbidity, despite the advances in antimicrobial therapy. Accurate data has not been available regarding the epidemiology of bacterial meningitis particularly in developing countries, yet. Indeed, the present systematic review provides a comprehensive data analysis on the prevalence and epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in Iran. METHODS: We systematically reviewed articles from 1994 to 2015...
2017: PloS One
Muharrem Çiçek, Gülşen Hasçelik, H Kaan Müştak, K Serdar Diker, Burçin Şener
Pseudomonas luteola which was previously known as Chryseomonas luteola; is a gram-negative, non-fermentative, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming bacillus. It is frequently found as a saprophyte in soil, water and other damp environments and is an opportunistic pathogen in patients with underlying medical disorders or with indwelling catheters. It has been reported as an uncommon cause of bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, meningitis, endocarditis, and peritonitis. Thus, early and accurate identification of this rare species is important for the treatment and also to provide information about the epidemiology of P...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Melike Emiroglu, Gulsum Alkan, Hatice Turk Dagi
Shunt infections are seen in 3% to 20% of patients who have cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts. Although the staphylococcal species are the most common cause of shunt-related infections, Gram-negative bacteria are increasingly reported with higher mortality rates. Tigecycline, a glycylcycline, is not approved for children. But in the era of nosocomial infections due to multidrug-resistant pathogens, it can be the life-saving option. We report an infant with ventriculoperitoneal shunt-related meningitis treated with a tigecycline combination regimen...
January 2017: Pediatrics
Ngo Tat Trung, Trinh Van Son, Dao Thanh Quyen, Dang Thi Viet Anh, Vu Viet Sang, Nguyen Xuan Lam, Nguyen Dang Manh, Vuong Phuc Duong, Bui Tri Cuong, Quyen Dang Tuyen, Nguyen Xuan Chinh, Phan Quoc Hoan, Hoang Van Tong, Christian G Meyer, Le Huu Song
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery may pose the risk of patients' developing nosocomial meningitis caused by infection with hospital pathogens. Rapid detection of the causative pathogens is essential for selecting the appropriate antibiotic treatment. However, the classical culture-based detection of bacterial infection is time-consuming and often fails to establish the correct diagnosis. Molecular techniques offer improved diagnostic means to guide the proper antibiotic therapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old Vietnamese man underwent neurosurgery and subsequently developed meningitis...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Diederik van de Beek, Matthijs Brouwer, Rodrigo Hasbun, Uwe Koedel, Cynthia G Whitney, Eelco Wijdicks
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges and subarachnoid space that can also involve the brain cortex and parenchyma. It can be acquired spontaneously in the community - community-acquired bacterial meningitis - or in the hospital as a complication of invasive procedures or head trauma (nosocomial bacterial meningitis). Despite advances in treatment and vaccinations, community-acquired bacterial meningitis remains one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the most common causative bacteria and are associated with high mortality and morbidity; vaccines targeting these organisms, which have designs similar to the successful vaccine that targets Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis, are now being used in many routine vaccination programmes...
November 3, 2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
Rajeev Soman, Umang Agrawal, Mitesh Suthar, Ketan Desai, Anjali Shetty
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, formerly Chryseobacterium meningosepticum usually causes neonatal meningitis and is a rare cause of nosocomial meningitis in adults. E. meningoseptica is resistant to most antibiotics, and the use of inactive drugs as empirical therapy may contribute to poor outcome in many patients. Vancomycin, alone or in combination with rifampicin, has been successful in the treatment of meningitis in infants1. We present a case of E. meningoseptica meningitis in an adult who was treated initially with intravenous vancomycin and oral rifampicin, but did not respond to the treatment...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alexandre Boulos, Katherine Rand, Josh A Johnson, Jacqueline Gautier, Michael Koster
Infections (including sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia and tetanus) stand as a major contributor to neonatal mortality in Haiti (22%). Infants acquire bacteria that cause neonatal sepsis directly from the mother's blood, skin or vaginal tract either before or during delivery. Nosocomial and environmental pathogens introduce further risk after delivery. The absence of cohesive medical systems and methods for collecting information limits the available data in countries such as Haiti. This study seeks to add more information on the burden of severe bacterial infections and their etiology in neonates of Haiti...
February 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Rodrigo Hasbun
Nosocomial meningitis can occur in association with central nervous system (CNS) devices such as cerebrospinal shunts or drains, intrathecal pumps, and deep brain stimulators and carry substantial morbidity and mortality. Diagnosing and treating these infections may be challenging to physicians as cerebrospinal fluid cultures may be negative due to previous antibiotic therapy and cerebrospinal abnormalities may be secondary to the primary neurosurgical issue that prompted the placement of the CNS device (e...
November 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
Sophie Reissier, Romain Masson, François Guérin, Gérald Viquesnel, Joëlle Petitjean-Lecherbonnier, Sabine Pereyre, Vincent Cattoir, Christophe Isnard
Meningitis due to Mycoplasma hominis in adults is rarely described, with only three cases having been reported to date. A case of fatal meningitis in a 39-year-old patient after a neurosurgical procedure for a subarachnoid haemorrhage is reported herein. Identification and treatment were significantly delayed because of the rarity of the aetiology and difficulty identifying this organism with the routinely used conventional methods, such as Gram staining and agar growth on standard agar plates. Clinical procedures and the treatment of 'culture-negative' central nervous system infections is a real challenge for clinical microbiologists and clinicians, and M...
July 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Susanna K P Lau, Wang-Ngai Chow, Chuen-Hing Foo, Shirly O T Curreem, George Chi-Shing Lo, Jade L L Teng, Jonathan H K Chen, Ricky H Y Ng, Alan K L Wu, Ingrid Y Y Cheung, Sandy K Y Chau, David C Lung, Rodney A Lee, Cindy W S Tse, Kitty S C Fung, Tak-Lun Que, Patrick C Y Woo
Unlike Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, the clinical importance of E. anophelis is poorly understood. We determined the clinical and molecular epidemiology of bacteremia caused by Elizabethkingia-like species from five regional hospitals in Hong Kong. Among 45 episodes of Elizabethkingia-like bacteremia, 21 were caused by Elizabethkingia, including 17 E. anophelis, three E. meningoseptica and one E. miricola; while 24 were caused by other diverse genera/species, as determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Of the 17 cases of E...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zhiqi Li, Xing Wu, Jian Yu, Xuehai Wu, Zhuoying Du, Yirui Sun, Qiang Yuan, Jin Hu
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial meningitis and ventriculitis (MEN) are serious complications in neuro-critical care unit (NCCU) patients. Few data are available on the risk factors and mortality rates among NCCU patients with these disorders caused by multi-drug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. Our aim was to identify the risk factors for MEN caused by such pathogens and in-hospital deaths in critically ill neurologic patients and to evaluate the impact of empirical combination antibiotic therapy (ECAT) on the outcomes of these patients...
August 2016: Surgical Infections
Po-Yi Paul Su, Steve Miller, Rachel Lena Rutishauser, Jennifer Babik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Infectious Diseases
Dahraoui Souhail, Belefquih Bouchra, Badia Belarj, Rar Laila, Frikh Mohammed, Oumarou Mamane Nassirou, Ibrahimi Azeddine, Charki Haimeur, Abdelhay Lemnouer, Mostafa Elouennass
Treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis is an important challenge due to the accumulation of resistance of this bacteria and low meningeal diffusion of several antimicrobial requiring use of an antimicrobial effective combination to eradicate these species. We report a case of Acinetobacter baumannii multidrug-resistant nosocomial meningitis which was successfully treated with intravenous and intrathecal colistin associated with rifampicin.
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Ridhwi Mukerji, Radhika Kakarala, Susan Jane Smith, Halina G Kusz
Nursing home-associated infections and antibiotic resistant pathogens constitute common and serious problems in the geriatric population.Chryseobacterium indologenes, a non-motile Gram-negative rod, though widely distributed in nature, is an uncommon human pathogen. Typically thought of as an organism of low virulence, it may cause serious infections, particularly among the immunocompromised. The majority of reported cases are nosocomial, often associated with immunosuppression or indwelling catheters. It has been reported as the causative agent in bacteraemia, peritonitis, pneumonia, empyema, pyelonephritis, cystitis, meningitis and central venous catheter-associated infections...
April 6, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Marlys LeBras, Ivy Chow, Vincent H Mabasa, Mary H H Ensom
Due to increasing prevalence of intracranial device use and multidrug-resistant and nosocomial organisms, central nervous system (CNS) infections requiring treatment with intraventricular (IVT) aminoglycosides are becoming increasingly common. This article systematically reviews IVT aminoglycoside literature in adults and integrates available evidence to serve as a practical reference for clinicians. Medline (1946 to December 2015), Embase (1974 to December 2015), PubMed (1966 to December 2015), Google, and Google Scholar were searched using the term aminoglycoside combined individually with the terms IVT, meningitis, shunt infection, ventriculitis, and cerebral spinal fluid...
December 2016: Neurocritical Care
Dong Liu, Zeng-Shan Liu, Pan Hu, Ling Cai, Bao-Quan Fu, Yan-Song Li, Shi-Ying Lu, Nan-Nan Liu, Xiao-Long Ma, Dan Chi, Jiang Chang, Yi-Ming Shui, Zhao-Hui Li, Waqas Ahmad, Yu Zhou, Hong-Lin Ren
Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram-negative bacillus that causes nosocomial infections, such as bacteremia, pneumonia, and meningitis and urinary tract and wound infections. In the present study, the surface antigen protein 1 (SurA1) gene of A. baumannii strain CCGGD201101 was identified, cloned and expressed, and then its roles in fitness and virulence were investigated. Virulence was observed in the human lung cancer cell lines A549 and HEp-2 at one week after treatment with recombinant SurA1. One isogenic SurA1 knock-out strain, GR0015, which was derived from the A...
April 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
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