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Interstitial lung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678144/interferon-alpha-as-antiviral-therapy-in-chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-disease-with-interstitial-pneumonia-case-report
#1
Jacek Roliński, Ewelina Grywalska, Aleksandra Pyzik, Michał Dzik, Violetta Opoka-Winiarska, Agata Surdacka, Maciej Maj, Franciszek Burdan, Michał Pirożyński, Piotr Grabarczyk, Elżbieta Starosławska
BACKGROUND: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) disease (CAEBV) is defined as a severe, progressive lymphoproliferative disorder associated with active EBV infection persisting longer than 6 months and developing in patients without recognised immunodeficiency. Rarely, interstitial pneumonitis (IP) occurs as a serious complication in CAEBV patients. The standard therapeutic regimen for IP in CAEBV has not yet been defined. Although interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) is known to suppress viral DNA replication by affecting its basal promoter activation process, it is rarely used in CAEBV patients...
April 20, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#2
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673120/differences-in-clinical-presentation-and-incidence-of-cardiopulmonary-involvement-in-late-onset-versus-early-onset-systemic-sclerosis-inception-cohort-study
#3
Suparaporn Wangkaew, Phiriya Phiriyakrit, Vittawin Sawangduan, Narawudt Prasertwittayakij, Juntima Euathrongchit
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the incidence rate (IR) of cardiopulmonary involvement in comparison between late-onset SSc and early-onset SSc are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of clinical manifestations and the IR of cardiopulmonary involvement compared between the two subgroups. METHODS: An inception cohort of SSc patients seen at the Rheumatology Clinic, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, between January 2010 and June 2016, was used...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673086/fatal-leptospirosis-in-free-ranging-eurasian-beavers-castor-fiber-l-switzerland
#4
N Marreros, S Zürcher-Giovannini, F C Origgi, Z Djelouadji, J Wimmershoff, M Pewsner, E Akdesir, M Batista Linhares, A Kodjo, M-P Ryser-Degiorgis
Leptospirosis was first diagnosed in free-ranging Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber L.) in Switzerland in 2010. Pathologic, serologic, molecular and epidemiologic analyses were carried out on 13 animals submitted for necropsy from 2010 through 2014. Typical lesions included alveolar haemorrhages in the lungs, tubular degeneration and interstitial nephritis in the kidneys. Microscopic agglutination test results were positive for serogroups Icterohaemorrhagiae, Australis, Autumnalis and Sejroe. Molecular analysis identified four distinct profiles belonging to serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae or Copenhageni...
April 19, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672125/submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#5
Parth M Rali, Gerard J Criner
Pulmonary Embolism (PE) presents a spectrum of hemodynamic consequences ranging from being asymptomatic to a life-threatening medical emergency. Management of sub massive and massive PE often involves clinicians from multiple specialties that can potentially delay the development of a unified treatment plan. Additionally, patients with submassive PE can deteriorate after their presentation and require escalation of care. Underlying comorbidities like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, congestive heart failure and interstitial lung disease can impact the patient's hemodynamic ability to tolerate submassive PE...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670924/interstitial-lung-disease-in-a-70-year-old-man-with-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Hampton W Collins, Jeanetta W Frye
Interstitial lung disease is a rare but increasingly recognized extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease that can have devastating consequences if left untreated. We report a case of ulcerative colitis-associated interstitial lung disease presenting with acute hypoxic respiratory failure during an ulcerative colitis flare. Gastroenterologists and pulmonologists should be aware of the numerous bronchopulmonary signs and symptoms that can suggest systemic illness in inflammatory bowel disease...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670919/dysregulated-functions-of-lung-macrophage-populations-in-copd
#7
REVIEW
Theodore S Kapellos, Kevin Bassler, Anna C Aschenbrenner, Wataru Fujii, Joachim L Schultze
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a diverse respiratory disease characterised by bronchiolitis, small airway obstruction, and emphysema. Innate immune cells play a pivotal role in the disease's progression, and in particular, lung macrophages exploit their prevalence and strategic localisation to orchestrate immune responses. To date, alveolar and interstitial resident macrophages as well as blood monocytes have been described in the lungs of patients with COPD contributing to disease pathology by changes in their functional repertoire...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670467/trail-dependent-resolution-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#8
David M Habiel, Ana Paula Moreira, Ugur B Ismailoglu, Michael P Dunleavy, Karen A Cavassani, Nico van Rooijen, Ana Lucia Coelho, Cory M Hogaboam
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common form of interstitial lung disease characterized by the persistence of activated myofibroblasts resulting in excessive deposition of extracellular matrix proteins and profound tissue remodeling. In the present study, the expression of tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) was key to the resolution of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Both in vivo and in vitro studies demonstrated that Gr-1+ TRAIL+ bone marrow-derived myeloid cells blocked the activation of lung myofibroblasts...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670135/clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-overlapping-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#9
Huaxia Yang, Sainan Bian, Hua Chen, Li Wang, Lidan Zhao, Xuan Zhang, Yan Zhao, Xiaofeng Zeng, Fengchun Zhang
This study investigated the clinical characteristics and risk factors for overlapping rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren's syndrome (RA/SS). Patients with RA/SS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to January 2017 were retrospectively analysed and compared to those of sex- and age-matched RA or SS controls. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors. Altogether, 105 consecutive patients with RA/SS were enrolled. Ninety-seven (92.4%) of them were female, with a mean age of 51...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667101/clinical-features-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-a-population-based-study
#10
Jinghong Dai, Lei Wang, Xin Yan, Hui Li, Kefeng Zhou, Jian He, Fanqing Meng, Siyi Xu, Geyu Liang, Hourong Cai
To investigate the clinical features, risk factors and outcomes of patients with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF). A total of 1429 patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) and undifferentiated connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (UCTD-ILD) were screened to identify patients who met IPAF criteria. Clinical, serological, and morphological features of patients with IPAF were characterized. Outcomes between patients with IPAF, UCTD-ILD, and IIP who were divided into idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and non-IPF groups were compared using survival as an endpoint...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666732/renal-tubular-acidosis-an-adverse-effect-of-pd-1-inhibitor-immunotherapy
#11
Sandy El Bitar, Chanudi Weerasinghe, Elie El-Charabaty, Marcel Odaimi
Immune checkpoint blockade therapy is gaining popularity among oncologists for treatment of solid and hematologic malignancies. The widespread use of these agents resulted in increasing incidence of renal immune-related adverse events. Reported renal toxicity described so far includes acute interstitial nephritis, minimal change disease, and immune complex glomerulonephritis. We report the case of a 79-year-old female with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer on anti-PD-1 therapy nivolumab. After the 4th administration of nivolumab, the treatment course was complicated with normal anion gap metabolic acidosis...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666295/lung-ultrasound-prior-to-spontaneous-breathing-trial-is-not-helpful-in-weaning-the-decision-making-process
#12
Ana Carolina P Antonio, Marli M Knorst, Cassiano Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound is increasingly becoming a diagnostic tool in the critical care setting. B-pattern on a lung ultrasound is an artifact composed of multiple B-lines and correlates with interstitial edema. A randomized controlled trial concluded that bedside thoracic ultrasound could predict postextubation distress through changes in lung aeration during a weaning procedure; however, it could not screen patients before performance of a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT). METHODS: We conducted a 2-year, prospective, multicenter, observational study in 2 adult medical-surgical ICUs in southern Brazil...
April 17, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#13
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665395/label-free-colorimetric-sensor-for-sensitive-detection-of-choline-based-on-dnazyme-choline-oxidase-coupling
#14
Nasrin Nikzad, Zahra Karami
Changes in choline levels can be associated with diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, Huntington, fatty liver, interstitial lung abnormalities, autism and so on. Therefore, quantitative determination of choline is important in biological and clinical analysis. So far, several methods have been investigated for measuring choline in the body fluids, each of which has disadvantages such as the need for specialist ability, complexity, and high cost. For this purpose, a facile and sensitive colorimetric biosensor based on DNAzyme-choline oxidase coupling used for the determination of choline...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659760/coxiella-burnetii-a-hidden-pathogen-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#15
Cléa Melenotte, Jalal-Jean Izaaryene, Carine Gomez, Marion Delord, Elsa Prudent, Hubert Lepidi, Oleg Mediannikov, Marion Lacoste, Felix Djossou, Alexandre Mania, Noelle Bernard, Eric Huchot, Jean-Louis Mège, Fabienne Brégeon, Didier Raoult
We report 7 patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) on CT-scan reviewing. C. burnetii was diagnosed in situ in one lung biopsy performed. All patients had advanced interstitial lung fibrosis and persistent C. burnetii infection. Q fever may be a cofactor of ILD, especially in endemic areas.
April 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657152/venous-thromboembolism-in-systemic-sclerosis-prevalence-risk-factors-and-effect-on-survival
#16
Sindhu R Johnson, Nabil Hakami, Zareen Ahmad, Duminda N Wijeysundera
OBJECTIVE: Whether systemic sclerosis (SSc) confers increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is uncertain. We evaluated the prevalence, risk factors, and effect of VTE on SSc survival. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted of subjects with SSc who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria between 1970 and 2017. Deep vein thrombosis was defined as thrombus on extremity ultrasound. Pulmonary embolism was defined as thrombus on thorax computed tomography angiogram...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657141/association-of-serum-soluble-cd163-with-polymyositis-and-dermatomyositis-especially-in-anti-mda5-antibody-positive-cases
#17
Hidenaga Kawasumi, Yasuhiro Katsumata, Akira Nishino, Shinya Hirahara, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Masataka Kuwana, Hisashi Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: We elucidated the association of serum soluble CD163 (sCD163) with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD), autoantibody profiles, and serum ferritin in patients with polymyositis (PM), classic dermatomyositis (DM), and clinical amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM). METHODS: Serum sCD163 levels were retrospectively measured by ELISA in patients with PM, classic DM, and CADM, as well as in healthy controls (HC). Repeat sera samples were obtained posttreatment from available patients...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656760/successful-treatment-with-brigatinib-in-a-patient-with-alk-rearranged-lung-adenocarcinoma-who-developed-crizotinib-induced-interstitial-lung-disease
#18
Marta Doménech, Maria Jové, Samantha Aso, Mar Marín, Ernest Nadal
We present a 45-year-old patient diagnosed with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged metastatic lung cancer who developed grade 4 interstitial lung disease (ILD) while on crizotinib treatment and was lately treated with brigatinib with no reappearance of ILD. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of successful treatment with brigatinib after crizotinib-induced ILD. Even though ILD secondary to brigatinib has been reported in clinical trials, no pulmonary toxicity has been seen in our patient, suggesting no crosslink lung toxicity between crizotinib and brigatinib...
May 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656607/expert-agreement-in-the-interpretation-of-lung-ultrasound-studies-performed-on-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#19
Scott J Millington, Robert T Arntfield, Robert Jie Guo, Seth Koenig, Pierre Kory, Vicki Noble, Haney Mallemat, Jordan R Schoenherr
OBJECTIVES: Although lung ultrasound (US) has been shown to have high diagnostic accuracy in patients presenting with acute dyspnea, its precision in critically ill patients is unknown. We investigated common areas of agreement and disagreement by studying 6 experts as they interpreted lung US studies in a cohort of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: A previous study by our group asked experts to rate the quality of 150 lung US studies performed by 10 novices in a population of mechanically ventilated patients...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655802/mars-variant-associated-with-both-recessive-interstitial-lung-and-liver-disease-and-dominant-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#20
Jonathan Rips, Rebecca Meyer-Schuman, Oded Breuer, Reuven Tsabari, Avraham Shaag, Shoshana Revel-Vilk, Shimon Reif, Orly Elpeleg, Anthony Antonellis, Tamar Harel
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are ubiquitously expressed enzymes responsible for charging tRNA with cognate amino acids during protein translation. Non-canonical functions are increasingly recognized, and include transcription and translation control and extracellular signaling. Monoallelic mutations in genes encoding several ARSs have been identified in axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT2) disease, whereas biallelic mutations in ARS loci have been associated with multi-tissue syndromes, variably involving the central nervous system, lung, and liver...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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