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Shahzad Hussain, Zainab Khattak, Sidra Mahmood, Farnaz Malik, Humayun Riaz, Syed Atif Raza, Samiullah Khan
The microbial and chemical analysis of illicit drug samples from different areas of Pakistan i.e. Quetta, Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad was conducted in a cross-sectional study at National Institute of Health, Islamabad. The drug samples were confiscated by Anti Narcotics Force (ANF), Pakistan. Microbial analysis was done by estimating bioburden which revealed the presence of gram negative and positive bacteria's, fungus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus species. Trypton soya agar was used for total aerobic count, MacConkey agar for gram-negative bacteria, Sabouraud dextrose agar for fungus and Vogel-Johnson agar for Streptococcus and Staphylococcus species...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jian-Guo Jiang, Xi-Ru Zhang, Yi-Hua Zhang, Geng-Shen Song
This paper reports the establishment of a method for rapid identification 15 effective components of anti common cold medicine (paracetamol, aminophenazone, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, methylephedrine hydrochloride, caffeine, amantadine hydrochloride, phenazone, guaifenesin, chlorphenamine maleate, dextromethorphen hydrobromide, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, promethazine hydrochloride, propyphenazone, benorilate and diclofenac sodium) with MRM by LC-MS/MS. The samples were extracted by methanol and were separated from a Altantis T3 column within 15 min with a gradient of acetonitrile-ammonium acetate (containing 0...
January 2013: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
Takayuki Aoki, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Naito, Kazuo Shiiki, Yoshihide Ota, Akihiro Kaneko
OBJECTIVE: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist premedication reduces postoperative pain. In this study, we examined if NMDA antagonist premedication might reduce postoperative pain after oral surgery, testing dextromethorphen. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eleven patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction under local anesthesia were included. Patients were randomly allocated into 3 groups. Group A (n = 37), B (n = 38), and C (n = 36) patients were emphasis-placed on dextromethorphan 30 mg, diclofenac 25 mg, or placebo orally before surgery, respectively...
November 2006: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
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