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Host factors and malaria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775485/plasmodium-parasite-exploits-host-aquaporin-3-during-liver-stage-malaria-infection
#1
Dora Posfai, Kayla Sylvester, Anupama Reddy, Jack G Ganley, Johannes Wirth, Quinlan E Cullen, Tushar Dave, Nobutaka Kato, Sandeep S Dave, Emily R Derbyshire
Within the liver a single Plasmodium parasite transforms into thousands of blood-infective forms to cause malaria. Here, we use RNA-sequencing to identify host genes that are upregulated upon Plasmodium berghei infection of hepatocytes with the hypothesis that host pathways are hijacked to benefit parasite development. We found that expression of aquaporin-3 (AQP3), a water and glycerol channel, is significantly induced in Plasmodium-infected hepatocytes compared to uninfected cells. This aquaglyceroporin localizes to the parasitophorous vacuole membrane, the compartmental interface between the host and pathogen, with a temporal pattern that correlates with the parasite's expansion in the liver...
May 18, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765991/immune-response-and-evasion-mechanisms-of-plasmodium-falciparum-parasites
#2
REVIEW
Esmael Besufikad Belachew
Malaria causes approximately 212 million cases and 429 thousand deaths annually. Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for the vast majority of deaths (99%) than others. The virulence of P. falciparum is mostly associated with immune response-evading ability. It has different mechanisms to evade both Anopheles mosquito and human host immune responses. Immune-evading mechanisms in mosquito depend mainly on the Pfs47 gene that inhibits Janus kinase-mediated activation. Host complement factor also protects human complement immune attack of extracellular gametes in Anopheles mosquito midgut...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744700/the-effect-of-dietary-antioxidant-supplementation-in-a-vertebrate-host-on-the-infection-dynamics-and-transmission-of-avian-malaria-to-the-vector
#3
Jessica Delhaye, Olivier Glaizot, Philippe Christe
Host susceptibility to parasites is likely to be influenced by intrinsic factors, such as host oxidative status determined by the balance between pro-oxidant production and antioxidant defences. As a result, host oxidative status acts as an environmental factor for parasites and may constrain parasite development. We evaluated the role of host oxidative status on infection dynamics of an avian malarial parasite by providing canaries (Serinus canaria) with an antioxidant supplementation composed of vitamin E (a lipophilic antioxidant) and olive oil, a source of monounsaturated fatty acids...
May 9, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742871/the-effect-of-abo-blood-groups-hemoglobinopathy-and-heme-oxygenase-1-polymorphisms-on-malaria-susceptibility-and-severity
#4
Jiraporn Kuesap, Kesara Na-Bangchang
Malaria is one of the most important public health problems in tropical areas on the globe. Several factors are associated with susceptibility to malaria and disease severity, including innate immunity such as blood group, hemoglobinopathy, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) polymorphisms. This study was carried out to investigate association among ABO blood group, thalassemia types and HO-1 polymorphisms in malaria. The malarial blood samples were collected from patients along the Thai-Myanmar border. Determination of ABO blood group, thalassemia variants, and HO-1 polymorphisms were performed using agglutination test, low pressure liquid chromatography and polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692310/gametocyte-development-and-carriage-in-ghanaian-individuals-with-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#5
Bismarck Dinko, Felix Ansah, Comfort Agyare-Kwabi, Senyo Tagboto, Linda Eva Amoah, Britta C Urban, Colin J Sutherland, Gordon A Awandare, Kim C Williamson, Fred N Binka, Kirk W Deitsch
Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes develop over 9-12 days while sequestered in deep tissues. On emergence into the bloodstream, they circulate for varied amounts of time during which certain host factors might influence their further development. We aimed to evaluate the potential association of patient clinical parameters with gametocyte development and carriage via in vivo methods. Seventy-two patients were enrolled from three hospitals in the Volta region of Ghana in 2016. Clinical parameters were documented for all patients, and gametocyte prevalence by microscopy was estimated at 12...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669882/influential-parameters-for-the-analysis-of-intracellular-parasite-metabolomics
#6
Maureen A Carey, Vincent Covelli, Audrey Brown, Gregory L Medlock, Mareike Haaren, Jessica G Cooper, Jason A Papin, Jennifer L Guler
Metabolomics is increasingly popular for the study of pathogens. For the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum , both targeted and untargeted metabolomics have improved our understanding of pathogenesis, host-parasite interactions, and antimalarial drug treatment and resistance. However, purification and analysis procedures for performing metabolomics on intracellular pathogens have not been explored. Here, we purified in vitro -grown ring-stage intraerythrocytic P. falciparum parasites for untargeted metabolomics studies; the small size of this developmental stage amplifies the challenges associated with metabolomics studies as the ratio between host and parasite biomass is maximized...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665817/elevated-il-17-levels-in-semi-immune-anaemic-mice-infected-with-plasmodium-berghei-anka
#7
Gideon Kofi Helegbe, Nguyen Tien Huy, Tetsuo Yanagi, Mohammed Nasir Shuaibu, Mihoko Kikuchi, Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Kenji Hirayama
BACKGROUND: Alterations in inflammatory cytokines and genetic background of the host contribute to the outcome of malaria infection. Despite the promising protective role of IL-17 in infections, little attention is given to further understand its importance in the pathogenesis of severe malaria anaemia in chronic/endemic situations. The objective of this study, therefore, was to evaluate IL-17 levels in anaemic condition and its association with host genetic factors. METHODS: Two mice strains (Balb/c and CBA) were crossed to get the F1 progeny, and were (F1, Balb/c, CBA) taken through 6 cycles of Plasmodium berghei (ANKA strain) infection and chloroquine/pyrimethamine treatment to generate semi-immune status...
April 17, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553510/evaluation-of-extracellular-vesicle-function-during-malaria-infection
#8
María Andrea Hernández-Castañeda, Smart Mbagwu, Kehinde Adebayo Babatunde, Michael Walch, Luis Filgueira, Pierre-Yves Mantel
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, with P. falciparum being the most prevalent on the African continent and responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally. Several factors including parasite sequestration in tissues, vascular dysfunction, and inflammatory responses influence the evolution of the disease in malaria-infected people. P. falciparum-infected red blood cells (iRBCs) release small extracellular vesicles (EVs) containing different kinds of cargo molecules that mediate pathogenesis and cellular communication between parasites and host...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551393/influence-of-polymorphisms-in-toll-like-receptors-tlrs-on-malaria-susceptibility-in-low-endemic-area-of-the-atlantic-forest-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#9
Lilian O Guimarães, Francisco Fernandes, Eliana F Monteiro, Izilda Curado, Marcia M Holcman, Gerhard Wunderlich, Sidney E Santos, Júlia M Soler, Karin Kirchgatter
In low-endemic areas for malaria transmission, asymptomatic individuals play an important role as reservoirs for malarial infection. Understanding the dynamics of asymptomatic malaria is crucial for its efficient control in these regions. Genetic host factors such as Toll-like receptor (TLR) polymorphisms may play a role in the maintenance or elimination of infection. In this study, the effect of TLR polymorphisms on the susceptibility to malaria was investigated among individuals living in the Atlantic Forest of São Paulo, Southern Brazil...
June 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546035/gametocytes-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-falciparum-interact-with-and-stimulate-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-cells-to-secrete-angiogenetic-factors
#10
Valeria Messina, Mauro Valtieri, Mercedes Rubio, Mario Falchi, Francesca Mancini, Alfredo Mayor, Pietro Alano, Francesco Silvestrini
The gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum , responsible for the transmission of this malaria parasite from humans to mosquitoes, accumulate and mature preferentially in the human bone marrow. In the 10 day long sexual development of P. falciparum , the immature gametocytes reach and localize in the extravascular compartment of this organ, in contact with several bone marrow stroma cell types, prior to traversing the endothelial lining and re-entering in circulation at maturity. To investigate the host parasite interplay underlying this still obscure process, we developed an in vitro tridimensional co-culture system in a Matrigel scaffold with P...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510729/the-role-of-the-peritrophic-matrix-and-red-blood-cell-concentration-in-plasmodium-vivax-infection-of-anopheles-aquasalis
#11
Djane Clarys Baia-da-Silva, Luis Carlos Salazar Alvarez, Omaira Vera Lizcano, Fabio Trindade Maranhão Costa, Stefanie Costa Pinto Lopes, Alessandra Silva Orfanó, Denner Oliveira Pascoal, Rafael Nacif-Pimenta, Iria Cabral Rodriguez, Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa Guerra, Marcus Vinicius Guimarães Lacerda, Nagila Francinete Costa Secundino, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is predominant in the Amazon region, and enhanced knowledge of its development inside a natural vector, Anopheles aquasalis, is critical for future strategies aimed at blocking parasite development. The peritrophic matrix (PM), a chitinous layer produced by the mosquito midgut in response to blood ingestion, is a protective barrier against pathogens. Plasmodium can only complete its life-cycle, and consequently be transmitted to a new host, after successfully passing this barrier...
March 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506544/experimental-malaria-associated-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-is-dependent-on-the-parasite-host-combination-and-coincides-with-normocyte-invasion
#12
Leen Vandermosten, Thao-Thy Pham, Hendrik Possemiers, Sofie Knoops, Evelien Van Herck, Julie Deckers, Blandine Franke-Fayard, Tracey J Lamb, Chris J Janse, Ghislain Opdenakker, Philippe E Van den Steen
BACKGROUND: Malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (MA-ARDS) is a complication of malaria with a lethality rate of up to 80% despite anti-malarial treatment. It is characterized by a vast infiltration of leukocytes, microhaemorrhages and vasogenic oedema in the lungs. Previously, a mouse model for MA-ARDS was developed by infection of C57BL/6 mice with the Edinburgh line NK65-E of Plasmodium berghei. RESULTS: Here, both host and parasite factors were demonstrated to play crucial roles in the development and severity of lung pathology...
March 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503741/beyond-the-role-of-cd55-as-a-complement-component
#13
REVIEW
So Hee Dho, Jae Cheong Lim, Lark Kyun Kim
The complement is a part of the immune system that plays several roles in removing pathogens. Despite the importance of the complement system, the exact role of each component has been overlooked because the complement system was thought to be a nonspecific humoral immune mechanism that worked against pathogens. Decay-accelerating factor (DAF or CD55) is a known inhibitor of the complement system and has recently attracted substantial attention due to its role in various diseases, such as cancer, protein-losing enteropathy, and malaria...
February 2018: Immune Network
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496525/vitamin-d-receptor-regulates-intestinal-inflammatory-response-in-mice-infected-with-blood-stage-malaria
#14
Murad A Mubaraki, Mohamed A Dkhil, Taghreed A Hafiz, Mona F Khalil, Esam M Al-Shaebi, Denis Delic, Kamal Elshaikh, Saleh Al-Quraishy
Malaria is a harmful disease affecting both tropical and subtropical countries and causing sometimes fatal complications. The effects of malaria-related complications on the intestine have been relatively neglected, and the reasons for the intestinal damage caused by malaria infection are not yet clear. The present study aims to evaluate the influence of intestinal vitamin D receptor on host-pathogen interactions during malaria induced in mice by Plasmodium chabaudi. To induce the infection, animals were infected with 106 P...
April 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495129/ecological-determinants-of-avian-malaria-infections-an-integrative-analysis-at-landscape-mosquito-and-vertebrate-community-levels
#15
Martina Ferraguti, Josué Martínez-de la Puente, Staffan Bensch, David Roiz, Santigo Ruiz, Duarte S Viana, Ramón C Soriguer, Jordi Figuerola
Vector and host communities, as well as habitat characteristics, may have important but different impacts on the prevalence, richness and evenness of vector-borne parasites. We investigated the relative importance of (1) the mosquito community composition, (2) the vertebrate community composition and (3) landscape characteristics on the prevalence, richness and evenness of avian Plasmodium. We hypothesized that parasite prevalence will be more affected by vector-related parameters, while host parameters should be also important to explain Plasmodium richness and evenness...
May 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463323/innate-immunity-and-environmental-correlates-of-haemoproteus-prevalence-and-intensity-in-an-opportunistic-breeder
#16
Elizabeth M Schultz, Jamie M Cornelius, Dustin G Reichard, Kirk C Klasing, Thomas P Hahn
While parasite infection can have substantial fitness consequences in organisms, the predictors of parasite prevalence and intensity are often complex and vary depending on the host species. Here, we examined correlates of Haemoproteus (a common malaria parasite) prevalence and intensity in an opportunistically breeding songbird, the red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra). Specifically, we quantified Haemoproteus prevalence and intensity in crossbills caught in the Grand Teton National Park from 2010 to 2013. We found that parasite prevalence varies seasonally and across years, with the highest number of infected individuals occurring in the summer, although there was variation across summers sampled, and that prevalence was positively related to annual mean cone crop sizes (a measure of crossbill food abundance) and daily ambient temperature (a correlate of vector abundance)...
February 21, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459776/antibodies-in-children-with-malaria-to-pfemp1-rifin-and-surfin-expressed-at-the-plasmodium-falciparum-parasitized-red-blood-cell-surface
#17
Maria Del Pilar Quintana, Jun-Hong Ch'ng, Kirsten Moll, Arash Zandian, Peter Nilsson, Zulkarnain Md Idris, Somporn Saiwaew, Ulrika Qundos, Mats Wahlgren
Naturally acquired antibodies to proteins expressed on the Plasmodium falciparum parasitized red blood cell (pRBC) surface steer the course of a malaria infection by reducing sequestration and stimulating phagocytosis of pRBC. Here we have studied a selection of proteins representing three different parasite gene families employing a well-characterized parasite with a severe malaria phenotype (FCR3S1.2). The presence of naturally acquired antibodies, impact on rosetting rate, surface reactivity and opsonization for phagocytosis in relation to different blood groups of the ABO system were assessed in a set of sera from children with mild or complicated malaria from an endemic area...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449098/quantification-of-human-complement-factor-h-binding-to-asexual-malaria-blood-stages-by-an-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay
#18
Nina Simon, Oliver Friedrich, Barbara Kappes
The human complement system is the most effective defense mechanism of the human innate immune system. One major negative regulator of the alternative pathway in human blood is complement factor H (FH). It binds to autologous cells and thus, prevents complement attack against body-cells or tissues. Various pathogens are known to escape complement recognition by recruiting FH to provide protection against the host's immune system. This immune evasion mechanism was recently qualitatively reported for asexual malaria blood stages...
March 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391203/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-gene-encoding-cell-traversal-protein-for-ookinetes-and-sporozoites-celtos-vaccine-candidate-antigen-in-global-plasmodium-falciparum-populations
#19
Sakineh Pirahmadi, Sedigheh Zakeri, Akram Abouie Mehrizi, Navid Dinparast Djadid
Plasmodium falciparum cell-traversal protein for ookinetes and sporozoites (PfCelTOS) has been reported as one of the most attractive malaria vaccine candidate antigens. To design a broadly effective malaria vaccine based on this antigen, it is crucial to have adequate information on genetic diversity in global PfCelTOS. Therefore, the extent of sequence diversity at the full-length of the pfceltos was assessed among both natural P. falciparum isolates collected from Iran (n = 93) and from available global pfceltos sequence data retrieved from PlasmoDB database (n = 159)...
April 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381699/novel-genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-severe-malaria-and-under-selective-pressure-in-north-eastern-tanzania
#20
Matt Ravenhall, Susana Campino, Nuno Sepúlveda, Alphaxard Manjurano, Behzad Nadjm, George Mtove, Hannah Wangai, Caroline Maxwell, Raimos Olomi, Hugh Reyburn, Christopher J Drakeley, Eleanor M Riley, Taane G Clark
Significant selection pressure has been exerted on the genomes of human populations exposed to Plasmodium falciparum infection, resulting in the acquisition of mechanisms of resistance against severe malarial disease. Many host genetic factors, including sickle cell trait, have been associated with reduced risk of developing severe malaria, but do not account for all of the observed phenotypic variation. Identification of novel inherited risk factors relies upon high-resolution genome-wide association studies (GWAS)...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
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