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neck control

Yuan-Hua Wu, Chia-Jui Yen, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Chun-Yen Ou, Jehn-Shyun Huang, Tung-Yiu Wong, Sen-Tien Tsai, Cheng-Chih Huang, Wei-Ting Lee, Ken-Chung Chen, Sheen-Yie Fang, Jiunn-Liang Wu, Wei-Ting Hsueh, Forn-Chia Lin, Ming-Wei Yang, Jang-Yang Chang, Hsiao-Chen Liao, Shang-Yin Wu, Chen-Lin Lin, Yi-Hui Wang, Ya-Ling Weng, Han-Chien Yang, Yu-Shan Chen, Jeffrey S Chang
OBJECTIVES: Although betel quid (BQ) is an established risk factor of head and neck cancer (HNC), insufficiencies exist in the literature regarding the dose-response, BQ types, HNC sites, and BQ cessation. The current study was conducted to fill these insufficiencies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted to evaluate the association between BQ and HNC. In-person interview was conducted to collect data on BQ chewing. The current analysis included 487 men newly diagnosed with HNC and 617 male controls who were frequency-matched to the cases by age...
2016: PloS One
Elizabeth A Simonik, Ying Cai, Katherine N Kimmelshue, Dana M Brantley-Sieders, Holli A Loomans, Claudia D Andl, Grant M Westlake, Victoria M Youngblood, Jin Chen, Wendell G Yarbrough, Brandee T Brown, Lalitha Nagarajan, Stephen J Brandt
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) accounts for more than 300,000 deaths worldwide per year as a consequence of tumor cell invasion of adjacent structures or metastasis. LIM-only protein 4 (LMO4) and LIM-domain binding protein 1 (LDB1), two directly interacting transcriptional adaptors that have important roles in normal epithelial cell differentiation, have been associated with increased metastasis, decreased differentiation, and shortened survival in carcinoma of the breast. Here, we implicate two LDB1-binding proteins, single-stranded binding protein 2 (SSBP2) and 3 (SSBP3), in controlling LMO4 and LDB1 protein abundance in HNSCC and in regulating specific tumor cell functions in this disease...
2016: PloS One
Magnus Wallquist Pousette, Riccardo Lo Martire, Jan Linder, Mats Kristoffersson, Björn O Äng
INTRODUCTION: Flight-induced neck pain is common in high performance jet pilots, with incidents frequently attributed to high Gz flight maneuvers. The additional load of helmet-mounted night vision goggles (NVG) is believed to increase the risk, possibly from neck muscle strain in counteracting muscles. Hence, the aim was to investigate the effect of NVG on neck muscle strain as well as on the activity level distribution through a simulated flight session in air force pilots. METHODS: In this post hoc randomized crossover trial, four senior air force pilots each completed two identical 1...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Stephen Y Kang, Sagar S Deshpande, Alexander R Zheutlin, Alexis Donneys, Jose J Rodriguez, Noah S Nelson, Peter A Felice, Douglas B Chepeha, Steven R Buchman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the histologic and histomorphometric effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment on irradiated bone undergoing distraction osteogenesis (DO). METHODS: Thirty-four rats were divided into 3 groups. The control group underwent DO and the radiation control group underwent radiotherapy (RT) before DO. The PTH group underwent RT and received PTH during DO. Quantitative histology and histomorphometry were performed...
October 25, 2016: Head & Neck
Divya Jain, Babita Ghai, Komal Gandhi, Gargi Banerjee, Indu Bala, Ram Samujh
BACKGROUND: A previous study by our group demonstrated an increase in oropharyngeal leak pressures and a deterioration of ventilation in maximum neck flexion with the I-Gel(™) . To ascertain the optimal degree of neck flexion which increases OPLP without compromising ventilation we conducted a prospective self-controlled trial with the I-Gel(™) in different degrees of neck flexion in anesthetized paralyzed children. METHODOLOGY: The I-gel(™) was inserted in 60 children undergoing inhalation induction with muscle paralysis for routine general anesthesia...
October 25, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Chen-Yi Ye, An Liu, Ming-Yuan Xu, Nwofor Samuel Nonso, Rong-Xin He
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence as to whether the femoral head should be preserved or replaced in elderly patients with displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures. In this article, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness of arthroplasty (AR) and internal fixation (IF). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched systematically up to January 2016. All randomized controlled trials directly comparing the effectiveness of AR and IF for displaced intracapsular fracture were retrieved with no limitation on language or publication year...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Kenneth Poole, Linda Skingle, Andrew Gee, Thomas Turmezei, Fjola Johannesdottir, Karen Blesic, Collette Rose, Madhavi Vindlacheruvu, Simon Donell, Jan Vaculik, Pavel Dungl, Martin Horak, Jan Stepan, Jonathan Reeve, Graham Treece
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are mainly caused by accidental falls and trips, which magnify forces in well-defined areas of the proximal femur. Unfortunately, the same areas are at risk of rapid bone loss with ageing, since they are relatively stress-shielded during walking and sitting. Focal osteoporosis in those areas may contribute to fracture, and targeted 3D measurements might enhance hip fracture prediction. In the FEMCO case-control clinical study, Cortical Bone Mapping (CBM) was applied to clinical computed tomography (CT) scans to define 3D cortical and trabecular bone defects in patients with acute hip fracture compared to controls...
October 21, 2016: Bone
Suleiman M Momany, Ghaida AlJamal, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Yousef S Khader
PURPOSE: To explore the validity of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as one of many predictive tools that can be used (alone or in conjunction) to help in identifying high-risk cases of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that should get the earliest possible referral to a sleep specialist for standard diagnostic polysomnography, and to identify imaging airway parameters that may be predictive of OSA severity. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 45 subjects matched by age and sex (22 OSA cases and 23 controls) were included in this study...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Vjekoslav Tomaić
Approximately 200 human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infect human epithelial cells, of which the alpha and beta types have been the most extensively studied. Alpha HPV types mainly infect mucosal epithelia and a small group of these causes over 600,000 cancers per year worldwide at various anatomical sites, especially anogenital and head-and-neck cancers. Of these the most important is cervical cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in women in many parts of the world. Beta HPV types infect cutaneous epithelia and may contribute towards the initiation of non-melanoma skin cancers...
October 19, 2016: Cancers
Gorka Ortego, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Victor Doménech-García, Pedro Berjano, Lucia Bertozzi, Pablo Herrero
PURPOSE: To systematically review and analyze the research evidence linking stress or anxiety to chronic nonspecific neck-arm pain (NSNAP) in adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from Pubmed, Scopus, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and The Cochrane library database from their inception to July 2015. Two authors independently conducted the searches, extracted data, and completed methodological quality assessments. The methodological quality of the cohort and case-control studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, whilst the quality of the Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) was evaluated using the PEDro scale...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Rutger M J de Zoete, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Scott F Farrell, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: To (1) identify reported tests used to assess sensorimotor control in individuals with idiopathic neck pain and (2) investigate whether these test can quantify differences between individuals with idiopathic neck pain and healthy individuals. DATA SOURCES: Databases AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PEDro, SCOPUS and SportDiscus. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting sensorimotor outcomes in individuals with idiopathic neck pain or healthy individuals were identified...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Feng Yang, Wen-Xiong Li, Zhu Liu, Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylosis is a very common disorder and cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is the most common form of spinal degenerative disease. Its clinical manifestations focus on pain and numbness of the neck and arm as well as restricted movement of the neck, which greatly affect the patient's life and work. The orthopedic of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory holds that the basic pathologic change in spinal degenerative diseases is the imbalance between the dynamic system and the static system of the cervical spine...
October 22, 2016: Trials
Britta Kristina Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jos N Van der Geest, Malou Janssen, Jan Paul Van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens
BACKGROUND: Many people with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report problems with vision, some of which may be due to impaired eye movements. Better understanding of such impaired eye movements could improve diagnostics and treatment strategies. This systematic review surveys the current evidence on changes in eye movements of patients with WAD and explains how the oculomotor system is tested. METHODS: Nine electronic data bases were searched for relevant articles from inception until September 2015...
October 21, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kanchan P Dholam, Jinesh A Dugad, Karthik M Sadashiva
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The treatment of oral cancers affects oral functions and quality of life (QOL). Dental rehabilitation is a major step toward enhancing quality of life after controlling the disease. The effects of the disease, treatment, and rehabilitation need to be evaluated to assess oral health-related QOL. The Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire version 3 (LORQv3) and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) are specific assessment questionnaires of oral rehabilitation...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Jenny Ling-Yu Chen, Yu-Sen Huang, Sung-Hsin Kuo, Ruey-Long Hong, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Pei-Jen Lou, Chun-Wei Wang
PURPOSE: To examine the survival outcomes and late toxicity profiles of three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) vs. intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-four patients with newly diagnosed, non-metastatic, NPC who were curatively treated with 3DCRT between 2004 and 2006 and 481 patients treated with IMRT between 2007 and 2009 were analyzed. Patients were categorized as having advanced-stage disease (stage III, IVA, and IVB disease; n = 709) or early-stage disease (stage I and II; n = 146)...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Gerard Adams, Matthew Foote, Simon Brown, Bryan Burmeister
Radiotherapy after lymph node dissection is recommended in high-risk melanoma cases. The aim of this study is to assess whether intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) offers advantages over three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) in the groin nodal basin. Fifteen consecutively treated patients (5 3DCRT and 10 IMRT) were selected. Optimized theoretical plans using the other modality were created - enabling direct comparisons of 3DCRT and IMRT. Target volume and organs at risk constraints were assessed as achieved or as having minor (≤5%) or major (>5%) deviations...
October 19, 2016: Melanoma Research
H MacPherson, E A Vertosick, N E Foster, G Lewith, K Linde, K J Sherman, C M Witt, A J Vickers
There is uncertainty regarding how long the effects of acupuncture treatment persist after a course of treatment. We aimed to determine the trajectory of pain scores over time following acupuncture, using a large individual patient dataset from high quality randomized trials of acupuncture for chronic pain. The available individual patient dataset included 29 trials and 17,922 patients. The chronic pain conditions included musculoskeletal pain (low back, neck and shoulder), osteoarthritis of the knee and headache/migraine...
October 17, 2016: Pain
S Tonoli, D Alterio, O Caspiani, A Bacigalupo, F Bunkheila, M Cianciulli, A Merlotti, A Podhradska, M Rampino, D Cante, L Bruschieri, R Gatta, S M Magrini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes with respect to long-term survival and toxicity in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated in a European country with low incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study carried out by the AIRO Head and Neck group in 12 Italian institutions included 136 consecutive patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) ± chemotherapy (CHT) for NPC (without distant metastasis) between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2010...
October 19, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Medine Cumhur Cüre, Erkan Cüre, Yıldıray Kalkan, Aynur Kırbaş, Levent Tümkaya, Arif Yılmaz, Ayşegül Küçükali Türkyılmaz, İbrahim Şehitoğlu, Süleyman Yüce
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (Cis) is one of the most commonly used antineoplastic drugs. It is used as chemotherapy for many solid organ malignancies such as brain, neck, male and female urogenital, vesical and pulmonary cancers. Infliximab blocks tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Several studies have reported that infliximab ameliorates cell damage by reducing cytokine levels. AIMS: We aimed to investigate whether infliximab has a preventive effect against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity and whether it has a synergistic effect when combined with Cis...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Jung Eun Kim, Hwasil Moon, Haeng Mi Jin
PURPOSE: To systematically review the effects of exercise training and the type of exercise training on changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: Korean studies Information Service System (KISS) and PubMed were searched and 17 randomized control trials were selected. Changes in BMD of lumbar spine (LS), femur neck (FN), Ward's triangle (WT), and trochanter (Tro) were chosen as major outcomes. RESULTS: Exercise training increased BMD of LS, FN, WT, and Tro...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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