keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neck control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145335/clavicle-fracture-associated-with-atlantoaxial-rotatory-displacement-type-ii-in-an-8-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#1
Jacek Karski, Łukasz Matuszewski, Paweł Jakubowski, Klaudia Karska, Grzegorz Kandzierski
RATIONALE: Fracture of the clavicle is a very common injury in children. However, association between clavicle fracture and atlantoaxial rotatory displacement is rarely observed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of an 8-year-old girl, who suffered a right clavicle fracture as a result of a sledge accident. Six weeks after figure of 8 casting for a right clavicle fracture, an 8-year-old girl was brought to the Pediatric Orthopedic Department due to torticollis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145292/recurrent-spinal-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-with-brain-and-bone-metastases-a-case-report
#2
Frank Chen, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Sheng-Fung Lin, Ann-Shung Lieu, Yi-Ting Chen, Chih-Jen Huang
RATIONALE: Primary spinal primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is relatively rare in all age groups, and the prognosis in most cases of spinal PNETs appears to be poor, with a median patient survival of 1 to 2 years. We present a case with recurrent spinal PNET with brain and bone metastases that was successfully treated by multimodality treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-year-old teenage girl had suffered from progressive left upper back pain with bilateral lower legs weakness and numbness for 1 year...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143328/efficacy-and-safety-of-anti-egfr-agents-administered-concurrently-with-standard-therapies-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Tian Yunhong, Lin Jie, Tian Yunming, Zhang Guoqian, Zeng Xing, Zheng Ronghui, Zhang Weijun, Yuan Yawei
Agents targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are used to treat head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); however, their efficacy and safety is poorly understood. Here we evaluated the efficacy and safety of anti-EGFR agents administered concurrently with standard therapies for HNSCC. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated addition of EGFR targeted therapy versus standard therapy alone were included. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), locoregional control, and severe adverse events (SAEs, grade ≥ 3)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141364/-effects-of-combination-therapy-with-aspirin-prednisone-and-elevit-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-early-pregnancy-loss
#4
H Ou, Q Yu
Objective: To investigate the effect of triple therapy with aspirin, prednisone and Elevit in patients with unexplained recurrent early pregnancy loss. Methods: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016, a total of 353 women of childbearing age were enrolled in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, including blood, urine and vaginal swabs. One hundred and fifty-five patients were observed normal results of blood test, urine test and vaginal swabs. According to the treatment regimen, 155 patients were divided into two groups, 89 patients (57...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141306/-methods-and-advances-in-the-research-of-lymphatics-in-the-head-and-neck
#5
R Guo, J Tian, Y Jia, P F He, R X Jin, J Guo, B Q Wang
The lymphatic system plays an important role in human health and disease. In addition to a role in the immune response, the lymphatics can also serve as a pathway for cancer metastasis.Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers.In the case where the primary focus has been controlled, cervical lymph node metastasis is one of the most important factors affecting the prognosis of head and neck cancer.Thus, understanding the anatomy of the lymphatic system is of paramount importance in predicting cancer metastasis and to perform proper lymph node dissection in cancer patients...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141291/-peripheral-blood-circulating-tumor-cells-in-local-advanced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
J L Lou, L Guo, W H Zheng, J Z Zhao, J Q Zhao, Z Liang, S Y Wang, M Y Fang
Objective: To investigate the value of detecting circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with local advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LAHNSCC). Methods: Twenty cases of LAHNSCC and eight healthy cases as the negative control were collected. The clinicopathological factors were evaluated. The LAHNSCC CTCs were enriched by specific antibody nanofluidic chip immunoassay using CytoSorter CTCs sorting system. LAHNSCC CTCs were identified by immunofluorescence staining. The relationships between CTCs and the clinicopathological features of LAHNSCC were analyzed...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140571/is-overactive-bladder-microvasculature-disease-a-component-of-systemic-atheroscleorosis
#7
Ahmet Ozgur Yeniel, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Erkan Kismali, Anıl Ari, Gulgun Kavukcu, Hikmet H Aydin, Handan Ak, Sevcan Atay, Ismail Mete Itil
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between overactive bladder (OAB) and systemic atherosclerosis in a cohort of women. METHODS: In this case-control study, we assessed atherosclerosis indicators, such as Framingham risk scores and carotid and femoral artery intima-media thickness, and evaluated possible bladder wall responses to atherosclerosis using endovaginal color Doppler ultrasound and the detection of urinary cytokines in women with OAB and in controls. Quantitative assessment of blood perfusion at the bladder neck was performed using a method that allows for the dynamic monitoring of flow in a predefined region of interest at every point of the cardiac cycle...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138644/acupotomy-therapy-for-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Fushui Liu, Fanyuan Zhou, Meimei Zhao, Ting Fang, Mei Chen, Xiaojun Yan
Objective: This review is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupotomy therapy in chronic nonspecific neck pain. Methods: We searched six computerised databases. Randomized controlled trials incorporating acupotomy therapy alone or combined with other conventional treatments for chronic nonspecific neck pain were included. Two reviewers screened each literature and extracted data independently according to Cochrane Reviews' Handbook (5.1). The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138544/early-postoperative-delirium-after-hemiarthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-aged-over-70-years-with-displaced-femoral-neck-fracture
#9
Yi-Hwa Choi, Dae-Hwan Kim, Tae-Young Kim, Tae-Wan Lim, Seok-Woo Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo
Purpose: Postoperative delirium is a risk factor for worse outcome after hip fracture surgery in elderly patients. Postoperative delirium is associated with anesthesia, postoperative pain, and patient factors. We investigated the incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications of post-operative delirium after hemiarthroplasty (HA) in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture. Patients and methods: A total of 356 consecutive patients aged >70 years who underwent HA for femoral neck fracture were enrolled...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137278/comprehensive-microrna-sequencing-of-exosomes-derived-from-head-and-neck-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro-reveals-common-secretion-profiles-and-potential-utility-as-salivary-biomarkers
#10
Scott Langevin, Damaris Kuhnell, Tess Parry, Jacek Biesiada, Shouxiong Huang, Trisha Wise-Draper, Keith Casper, Xiang Zhang, Mario Medvedovic, Susan Kasper
Exosomes are nano-scale, membrane encapsulated vesicles that are released by cells into the extracellular space and function as intercellular signaling vectors through horizontal transfer of biologic molecules, including microRNA (miRNA). There is evidence that cancer-derived exosomes enable the tumor to manipulate its microenvironment, thus contributing to the capacity of the tumor for immune evasion, growth, invasion, and metastatic spread. The objective of this study was to characterize differential secretion of exosomal miRNA by head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and identify a set of candidate biomarkers that could be detected in non-invasive saliva samples...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136263/treatment-of-scleroedema-adultorum-buschke-a-systematic-review
#11
Diana Miguel, Sibylle Schliemann, Peter Elsner
Scleroedema adultorum Buschke is a rare skin disease, which can be divided into 3 subtypes: "classic type", occurring after respiratory infections; a type lacking association with infections; and a type associated with diabetes. Scleroedema adultorum Buschke is characterized by thickening and tightening of the skin, which typically starts at the neck. In half of patients, spontaneous remission may occur. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize all reported treatments for scleroedema adultorum Buschke, based on articles from PubMed database, using the query "scleroedema adultorum Buschke treatment", English and German, published between 1970 and 2016 and documenting adequate treatments...
November 14, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134517/subcutaneous-ketamine-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-rwanda-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Calen Sacevich, Benjamin Semakuba, William P McKay, Shefali Thakore, Theogene Twagirumugabe, John Nyiligira
PURPOSE: Postoperative pain control is often inadequate in low-income countries such as Rwanda, prompting the search for an inexpensive improvement. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to study the use of subcutaneous ketamine for the management of postoperative pain in patients undergoing major surgery in Kigali, Rwanda. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients undergoing major abdominal, head and neck, plastic, or gynecological surgeries were studied. In addition to standard care, patients received five subcutaneous injections of ketamine 1 mg·kg(-1) (ketamine group, n = 30) or normal saline (placebo group, n = 29) during the postoperative period...
November 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134408/glucosamine-reduces-the-inhibition-of-proteoglycan-metabolism-caused-by-local-anaesthetic-solution-in-human-articular-cartilage-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Abhinav Gulihar, Shalin Shaunak, Pinelopi Linardatou Novak, Parthiban Vinayakam, Baljinder Dhinsa, Grahame Taylor
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether local anaesthetics caused inhibition of proteoglycan metabolism in human articular cartilage and whether the addition of Glucosamine sulphate could prevent or allow recovery from this adverse effect on articular cartilage metabolism. METHODS: Cartilage explants obtained from 13 femoral heads from fracture neck of femur patients (average age 80 years, 10 female) were exposed to either 1% Lidocaine, 2% Lidocaine, 0.25% Bupivacaine, 0...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134242/serum-parathyroid-hormone-is-associated-with-increased-cortical-porosity-of-the-inner-transitional-zone-at-the-proximal-femur-in-postmenopausal-women-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#14
M Osima, T T Borgen, M Lukic, G Grimnes, R M Joakimsen, E F Eriksen, Å Bjørnerem
Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) was associated with increased bone turnover markers and cortical porosity of the inner transitional zone at the proximal femur. These results suggest that PTH through increased intracortical bone turnover leads to trabecularisation of inner cortical bone in postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased risk for fractures, whereas its association with cortical porosity is less clear. We tested (i) whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and PTH were associated with cortical porosity and (ii) whether the associations of 25(OH)D) and PTH with fracture risk are dependent on cortical porosity...
November 14, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134165/an-innovate-robotic-endoscope-guidance-system-for-transnasal-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-proof-of-concept
#15
D T Friedrich, F Sommer, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Objective  Advanced transnasal sinus and skull base surgery remains a challenging discipline for head and neck surgeons. Restricted access and space for instrumentation can impede advanced interventions. Thus, we present the combination of an innovative robotic endoscope guidance system and a specific endoscope with adjustable viewing angle to facilitate transnasal surgery in a human cadaver model. Materials and Methods  The applicability of the robotic endoscope guidance system with custom foot pedal controller was tested for advanced transnasal surgery on a fresh frozen human cadaver head...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133271/rescue-transtracheal-jet-ventilation-during-difficult-intubation-in-patients-with-upper-airway-cancer
#16
G Bouroche, C Motamed, J M de Guibert, D Hartl, J L Bourgain
INTRODUCTION: The failure rates of intubation and/or mask ventilation are higher in patients with neck or upper airway disease. To ensure oxygenation, Rescue Trans-Tracheal Jet ventilation (RTTJV) may be used. In this critical situation, a high rate of complications has been reported. The aim of this study was to report RTTJV performed by a jet ventilator with an end-expiratory pressure control in an experienced institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a computerised database of 63905 anaesthesia cases, the anaesthetic reports of patients who underwent emergency RTTJV during intubation were studied retrospectively...
November 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132576/management-of-major-vascular-injuries-neck-extremities-and-other-things-that-bleed
#17
REVIEW
Chris Evans, Tim Chaplin, David Zelt
Vascular injuries represent a significant burden of mortality and disability. Blunt injuries to the neck vessels can present with signs of stroke either immediately or in a delayed fashion. Most injuries are detected with computed tomography angiography and managed with either antiplatelet medications or anticoagulation. In contrast, patients with penetrating injuries to the neck vessels require airway management, hemorrhage control, and damage control resuscitation before surgical repair. The keys to diagnosis and management of peripheral vascular injury include early recognition of the injury; hemorrhage control with direct pressure, packing, or tourniquets; and urgent surgical consultation...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131384/extent-and-consequences-of-inadequate-disease-control-among-adults-with-a-history-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#18
Wenhui Wei, Peter Anderson, Abhijit Gadkari, Stuart Blackburn, Rachel Moon, James Piercy, Shashank Shinde, Jorge Gomez, Eric Ghorayeb
Since control of atopic dermatitis (AD) remains challenging but has not been adequately characterized, the objective of this study was to characterize disease control among patients with a history of moderate to severe AD. Data were from the 2014 Adelphi US AD Disease Specific Programme, a cross-sectional survey of physicians (n = 202) and their patients with history of moderate to severe AD (n = 1064, 54% female, 75% white, mean age 40 years). Inadequately controlled AD as rated by the physician was defined as currently flaring; deteriorating/changeable AD; or physician dissatisfaction with current control...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130624/efficiency-of-electrochemotherapy-with-reduced-bleomycin-dose-in-the-treatment-of-nonmelanoma-head-and-neck-skin-cancer-preliminary-results
#19
Ales Groselj, Masa Bosnjak, Primoz Strojan, Mojca Krzan, Maja Cemazar, Gregor Sersa
BACKGROUND: In the present study, effectiveness of electrochemotherapy was compared in patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) of the head and neck using standard and reduced doses of bleomycin. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients older than 65 years were prospectively treated with electrochemotherapy for nonmelanoma head and neck skin cancer. In the experimental group (n = 12 patients; 24 lesions), reduced bleomycin doses (10 000 IU/m(2) ) were used. In the control group (n = 16 patients; 28 lesions), the standard bleomycin doses (15 000 IU/m(2) ) were used...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128692/coast-cisplatin-ototoxicity-attenuated-by-aspirin-trial-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-to-establish-if-aspirin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss
#20
Simon J Crabb, Karen Martin, Julia Abab, Ian Ratcliffe, Roger Thornton, Ben Lineton, Mary Ellis, Ronald Moody, Louise Stanton, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Thomas Geldart, Mike Bayne, Joe Davies, Carolynn Lamb, Sanjay Popat, Johnathan K Joffe, Chris Nutting, John Chester, Andrew Hartley, Gareth Thomas, Christian Ottensmeier, Robert Huddart, Emma King
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is one of the most ototoxic chemotherapy drugs, resulting in a permanent and irreversible hearing loss in up to 50% of patients. Cisplatin and gentamicin are thought to damage hearing through a common mechanism, involving reactive oxygen species in the inner ear. Aspirin has been shown to minimise gentamicin-induced ototoxicity. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that aspirin could also reduce ototoxicity from cisplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 94 patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for multiple cancer types were recruited into a phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and randomised in a ratio of 1:1 to receive aspirin 975 mg tid and omeprazole 20 mg od, or matched placebos from the day before, to 2 days after, their cisplatin dose(s), for each treatment cycle...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
keyword
keyword
95366
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"