Read by QxMD icon Read

Nose bleed

Ozan Gökdoğan, Ilker Akyildiz, Begum Yetis Sayin, Sercan Okutucu, Ali Cevat Tanalp, Necmi Arslan
Nose bleeding is a common situation seen in otorhinolaryngological practices. One of the greatest risk factors in nose bleeding is the use of anticoagulant medicine. With the medicine developed in recent years, the risk of nose bleeding due to the frequent use of anticoagulant and antiagregant is gradually increasing.The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of especially new-generation anticoagulants on nose bleeding. In addition, the use and complications of new-generation anticoagulants and antiagregants have been compiled in light of information obtained from the literature...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Cécile Aubron, Joris DePuydt, François Belon, Michael Bailey, Matthieu Schmidt, Jayne Sheldrake, Deirdre Murphy, Carlos Scheinkestel, D Jamie Cooper, Gilles Capellier, Vincent Pellegrino, David Pilcher, Zoe McQuilten
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is the most frequent complication associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in critically ill patients. Nonetheless, risk factors for bleeding have been poorly described especially those associated with coagulation anomalies and anticoagulant therapy during ECMO support. The aim of this study is to describe bleeding complications in critically ill patients undergoing ECMO and to identify risk factors for bleeding events. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed ICU charts of adults who received either veno-venous (VV) or veno-arterial (VA) ECMO support in two participating ICUs between 2010 and 2013...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Arash Momeni, Ronald P Gruber
Rhinoplasty is perhaps the most complex cosmetic surgery procedure performed today. It is characterized by an intricate interplay between form and function, with patient satisfaction being dependent not only on improvement of nasal appearance but also resolution of preexisting airway symptoms. The prerequisite for successful execution of this challenging procedure is a thorough understanding of nasal anatomy and physiology. Hence, a thorough preoperative evaluation is at least as important and the surgical skill in performing the operation...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
William T Gunning, Beverly L Karabin, Thomas M Blomquist, Blair P Grubb
Mechanisms have been postulated to explain postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), however, the etiology of this often debilitating disorder remains unknown. We conducted a retrospective case-control study of 181 POTS patients who exhibited/reported bleeding symptoms for a specific platelet (PL) dysfunction disorder, delta granule storage pool deficiency (δ-SPD).Patients were included only if results of blood tests for δ-SPD were available. Electron microscopy was utilized to diagnose δ-SPD. An ELISA assay was used to determine serotonin (5HT) concentration in PLs and medical record review was employed to collect patients' clinical symptoms...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Petros V Vlastarakos, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
BACKGROUND: Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors enhance penile erection and have gained popularity not only for erectile dysfunction, but also in recreational settings. Nevertheless, adverse effects have been associated with their use, with nasal bleeding among them. PDE-5 inhibitor action is materialized through the inhibition of the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) enzyme. cGMP is present at several sites of the human body in addition to the corpus cavernosum, leading to the adverse effects associated with its nonselective inhibition...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Katherine C Rappazzo, Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Hidrocystomas are benign tumors of apocrine or eccrine epithelium. They most commonly occur on the head and neck, especially periorbitally. Albeit rare, these adnexal tumors may present as pigmented lesions. PURPOSE: To describe a patient with a pigmented eccrine hidrocystoma of his nose and to review the features of other individuals with pigmented hidrocystoma of the nasal epithelium. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed was used to search the follow terms: hidrocystoma and pigmented...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Daria Almesberger, Francesco Manna, Gianni Franco Guarneri, Andrea Marchesi, Pier Camillo Parodi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the vascular malformations of the head and neck. They are uncommon lesions, but some areas have a significant potential for fatality, due to their massive bleeding. The vascular anatomy of the nose carries a high recurrence rate, due to the unique characteristic of the nose, especially if deep vascular connection is present. METHODS: The present article describes 2 patients of nasal dorsum arteriovenous malformations, both using a combined procedure: preoperative selective embolization, en-bloc tumor resection, and reconstruction with a forehead flap...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kevin J Whitehead, Nathan B Sautter, Justin P McWilliams, Murali M Chakinala, Christian A Merlo, Maribeth H Johnson, Melissa James, Eric M Everett, Marianne S Clancy, Marie E Faughnan, S Paul Oh, Scott E Olitsky, Reed E Pyeritz, James R Gossage
IMPORTANCE: Epistaxis is a major factor negatively affecting quality of life in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT; also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease). Optimal treatment for HHT-related epistaxis is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether topical therapy with any of 3 drugs with differing mechanisms of action is effective in reducing HHT-related epistaxis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The North American Study of Epistaxis in HHT was a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial performed at 6 HHT centers of excellence...
September 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
K M Musgrave, J Powell
There is limited guidance available to clinicians regarding the management of antithrombotic therapy during epistaxis, whilst there has been an increase in the use of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy. In addition, the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as dabigatran and rivaroxaban, over the last decade has significantly increased the complexity of managing the anticoagulated epistaxis patient. We undertook a systemic literature review investigating potential management strategies for each class of anti-thrombotic therapy during epistaxis...
September 4, 2016: Rhinology
V G Borodulin, S V Filimonov
This article deals with the application of the sphenopalatine ganglion blockade in the present-day rhinological practice. The blockade is known to arrest the propagation of pain impulses from the nose and break the rhinocardiac reflex arc. Moreover, it is involved in bleeding control during nasal surgery. The method for the blockade via the palatal route using the modern equipment and imaging techniques is described. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the blockade of sphenopalatine ganglionthrough the palatal approach in the patients who had undergone septoplasty under general and local anesthesia...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
O C Wakelam, P A Dimitriadis, J Stephens
INTRODUCTION It is standard practice in the UK that if conservative measures or chemical cautery fail to control epistaxis, patients receive nasal packing which is often uncomfortable, requires admission and has well documented associated morbidity. Our study aims to evaluate the use of FloSeal haemostatic sealant in managing patients with epistaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were identified from those referred with active epistaxis. A successful outcome was defined as complete haemostasis with FloSeal alone, with no further significant bleeding requiring admission or further interventions in the subsequent 7 days...
August 4, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Bernhard Schick, Basel Al Kadah
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Extranasal telangiectasias are common amongst hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients. Telangiectasias can be found at sites like the external nose, lips, oral cavity and fingers. Although not life threatening, they can be annoying for patients and lead to bleeding in some cases, necessitating treatment. METHODS: The data of 38 HHT patients treated for extranasal telangiectasias during a period of 10 years by means of Nd:YAG laser were retrospectively analyzed...
August 4, 2016: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Iago González Fernández, Manuel Ángel Iglesias Otero
Thomas (1) stated that simply watching an expert do a procedure will not increase a student's ability to perform that procedure. In this way, training should consist of more than a slow demonstration of a procedure at the bedside by an instructor (2) . Epistaxis is a common and potentially life-threatening condition. In the emergency room, doctors admit around 81% of nasally packed patients under ENT, but only 17% have received training about managing epistaxis (3) . Moreover, the subsequent consequences that nasal pack replacement causes, including further pain and discomfort and the lack of training has implications for patient safety (3,4) ...
July 25, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Safvet Ors, Mehmet Ozkose
BACKGROUND: There are various complications that can occur in septorhinoplasty, most of which are related to postoperative failure to achieve the desired aesthetic result. However, there are also many other complications, including postoperative bleeding, which is one of the most common nonaesthetic-related complications. OBJECTIVE: The present study was a prospective analysis involving a total of 750 septorhinoplasty patients, and included individuals who experienced massive bleeding after postoperative day 8...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Hui Tong Wong, Tan Sien Hui, Aun Wee Chong
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures performed by Ear, Nose, and Throat surgeon. Usually, the procedure is carried out as an inpatient surgery. With the increasing need to reduce healthcare costs, spare precious hospital beds, and shorten elective surgery lists, there is currently a trend towards performing tonsillectomy on a daycare basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective review of all tonsillectomies performed at the University Malaya Medical Center was undertaken for the year 2013...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kamuran Karaman, Nesrin Ceylan, Erbil Karaman, Sinan Akbayram, Hatice Tuba Akbayram, Sultan Kaba, Mesut Garipardıç, Ahmet Fayik Öner
Bleeding disorders are a common cause of menorrhagia in the adolescent age group. We aimed to evaluate the incidence of hemostatic disorders, using clinical and laboratory findings of bleeding disorders in adolescent girls with menorrhagia. A retrospective chart review used to evaluate adolescent girls with menorrhagia who were referred to Yuzuncu Yil University Pediatric Hematology clinic between January 2010 and December 2014. Out of 52 patients referred for investigation, 50 patients were included in the study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Domenico Acanfora, Chiara Acanfora, Pietro Scicchitano, Marialaura Longobardi, Giuseppe Furgi, Gerardo Casucci, Bernardo Lanzillo, Ilaria Dentamaro, Annapaola Zito, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are used for the prevention of thromboembolic complications in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and those at risk of deep venous thrombosis. Their rapid onset of action and predictable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles make them the optimal alternative to warfarin in the treatment of these two categories of patients. Unfortunately, however, NOACs cannot be used in patients with valvular AF or valvular cardiac prostheses...
October 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Jorge Orlando Guerrissi
From 2000 to 2010, 720 patients with facial trauma were admitted in Plastic Surgery Service of Argerich Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 58 of them with panfacial fractures were included in this study. Height velocity impact is the principal etiology, and most concomitant extrafacial injuries are neurocranium and cervical spine. Common affected areas were orbits, nose, and malar-zygoma. The timing of the treatment was airway evaluation, control of bleeding and consciousness, treatment of associated injuries, and finally facial reconstruction...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sabri T Shuker
Distinctive mechanisms of heavy artillery and improvised explosive device detonation result in a blast and "spray" of high-energy fragments of diverse shapes, sizes, and characteristics. Associated midface complex injuries differ in both severity and complexity of the anatomical structures involved. Management challenges begin with lifesaving, which is complicated by airway compromise, severe hemorrhage, and unique injuries of the maxillae, nose, and naso-orbitoethmoid.The patients presented fragment impact on the face lateral side directed to other side leads to tissues blown away at the point of high-energy exits, while no survival seen of enface shrapnel hit directed antroposterior toward "cervical spine, intracranial, internal and external carotid arteries and internal jugular vein...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jian-Chun Cai, Xin-Ya Hong
AIM: To overcome the technical difficulty of exteriorizing a specimen through the descending colon stump, we applied laparoscopic-assisted natural orifice specimen extraction (LA-NOSE) using a Cai tube. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2015, we successfully performed total laparoscopic radical surgery with LA-NOSE in six patients with descending colon lesions. The time of operation, blood loss amount, lymph nodes harvested, postoperative recovery, postoperative complications and follow-up were observed...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"