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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132345/the-role-of-controllable-lifestyle-in-the-choice-of-specialisation-among-hungarian-medical-doctors
#1
Edmond Girasek, Miklós Szócska, Eszter Kovács, Péter Gaál
BACKGROUND: Hungary has been serious facing human resources crisis in health care, as a result of a massive emigration of health workers. The resulting shortage is unevenly distributed among medical specialisations. The findings of research studies are consistent in that the most important motivating factor of the choice of the medical career and of medical specialisations is professional interest. Beyond this, it is important to examine other reasons of why students do or do not choose certain specialisations...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#2
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970081/women-s-sex-life-after-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Tatana Sramkova, Katerina Skrivanova, Igor Dolan, Libor Zamecnik, Katerina Sramkova, Jiri Kriz, Vladimir Muzik, Radmila Fajtova
INTRODUCTION: After spinal cord injury (SCI), individuals are typically considered by the general public to be asexual. Handicapped women have more problems with socio-sexual adaptation, stemming from low self-confidence, low self-esteem, and the absence of spontaneity. AIMS: To determine changes in the sexual lives of women after SCI. METHODS: A self-constructed questionnaire was used to map sexual function after SCI. We retrospectively compared sexual function in 30 women with SCI with that in 30 without SCI who led an active sexual life...
September 29, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955664/academic-performance-in-iranian-medical-students-during-the-pre-clinical-stage
#4
Farnoush Davoudi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Masoud AhmadzadAsl, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission processes and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demographic, cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics. Methods: 143 of 200 matriculants of Iran University of Medical Sciences medical school in 2010, were followed for 5 consecutive semesters of the preclinical stage...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955095/response-to-comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#5
Najia Karim Ghanchi, Raabia Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Zahra Nur Khaled, Amna Qasim, Ahmed Buksh Raheem, Natasha Ali, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Asim Beg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955094/comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#6
Asim Shaikh, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saboor Hasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954984/characteristics-of-medical-students-who-would-like-to-be-a-generalist-physician-and-contribute-to-remote-area-medicine
#7
Kenji Tani, Yoshihiro Okura, Ryo Tabata, Shino Yuasa, Shingo Kawaminami, Yoshinori Nakanishi, Keisuke Kawahito, Keisuke Inaba, Kaori Inaba, Teruyoshi Kageji, Hiroki Tanaka, Yoshihiro Suzuki, Harutaka Yamaguchi
We administered a questionnaire to 5(th) grade medical students to examine the effect of community-based clinical practice on their attitudes to remote area medicine and their course after the graduation. Data from 192 students were obtained. The intensity of students' attitudes was estimated by using visual analogue scale. The intensities of the interest and a sense of fulfillment in remote area medicine were significantly increased after the practice. A significantly lower level of the intensity to become a generalist than that to become a specialist was seen in the students with low intensity in a sense of fulfillment...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859872/different-characteristics-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-in-a-sample-of-sexually-active-and-inactive-women
#8
Krisztina Hevesi, Veronika Mészáros, Zsuzsanna Kövi, Gabriella Márki, Marianna Szabó
BACKGROUND: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) is a widely used measurement tool to assess female sexual function along the six dimensions of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. However, the structure of the questionnaire is not clear, and several studies have found high correlations among the dimensions, indicating that a common underlying "sexual function" factor might be present. AIM: To investigate whether female sexual function is best understood as a multidimensional construct or, alternatively, whether a common underlying factor explains most of the variance in FSFI scores, and to investigate the possible effect of the common practice of including sexually inactive women in studies using the FSFI...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818148/cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-on-providing-volunteer-care-for-in-flight-medical-events
#9
Eric Chatfield, William F Bond, Bradley McCay, Claude Thibeault, Paulo M Alves, Marc Squillante, Joshua Timpe, Courtney J Cook, Raymond E Bertino
BACKGROUND: Airline carriers have equipment, procedures, and protocols in place to handle in-flight medical events (IFMEs). Community physicians may be asked for aid during IFMEs. Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians on Providing Volunteer Care for In-Flight Medical Events surveyed self-assessed awareness and knowledge, perceived barriers, and suggestions for improving responses to IFMEs. METHODS: We composed a survey regarding clinicians' self-assessed understanding of in-flight resources, procedures, flight environmental issues, and Good Samaritan protections...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770891/feedback-in-a-clinical-setting-a-way-forward-to-enhance-student-s-learning-through-constructive-feedback
#10
Amber Shamim Sultan, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan
Feedback is considered as a dynamic process in which information about the observed performance is used to promote the desirable behaviour and correct the negative ones. The importance of feedback is widely acknowledged, but still there seems to be inconsistency in the amount, type and timing of feedback received from the clinical faculty. No significant effort has been put forward from the educator end to empower the learners with the skills of receiving and using the feedback effectively. Some institutions conduct faculty development workshops and courses to facilitate the clinicians on how best to deliver constructive feedback to the learners...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746134/the-md-med-joint-degree-program-at-vanderbilt-university-training-future-expert-medical-educators
#11
William M Sullivan, Jacob DeVolder, Monica Bhutiani, Kristen W Neal, Bonnie M Miller
PROBLEM: Some medical students are drawn to medical education as an area of academic specialization. However, few options exist for medical students who wish to build a scholarly foundation for future careers in medical education. APPROACH: In 2011, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (VUSM) and Peabody College of Education and Human Development at Vanderbilt University partnered to establish a novel dual-degree program that, through transfer of credit, allows students to graduate with both an MD and a master of education (MEd) degree in five years...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743318/benefits-of-manometer-in-non-invasive-ventilatory-support
#12
Rodrigo Silva Lacerda, Fernando Cesar Anastácio de Lima, Leonardo Pereira Bastos, Anderson Fardin Vinco, Felipe Britto Azevedo Schneider, Yves Luduvico Coelho, Heitor Gomes Costa Fernandes, João Marcus Ramos Bacalhau, Igor Matheus Simonelli Bermudes, Claudinei Ferreira da Silva, Luiza Paterlini da Silva, Rogério Pezato
Introduction Effective ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality rates in cardiac arrest. Hyperventilation during CPR reduces the efficiency of compressions and coronary perfusion. Problem How could ventilation in CPR be optimized? The objective of this study was to evaluate non-invasive ventilator support using different devices. METHODS: The study compares the regularity and intensity of non-invasive ventilation during simulated, conventional CPR and ventilatory support using three distinct ventilation devices: a standard manual resuscitator, with and without airway pressure manometer, and an automatic transport ventilator...
July 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#13
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
October 25, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#14
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584313/trends-in-smoking-among-secondary-school-and-high-school-students-in-poland-2009-and-2011
#15
Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora, Barbara Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Wiola Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Cezary Wojtyła, Piotr Biliński, Monika Urbaniak, Andrzej Wojtyła, Jerzy T Marcinkowski, Małgorzata Wojciechowska
OBJECTIVES: To determine the age and the most common circumstances for smoking initiation along with smoking rates and to evaluate smoking trends for secondary and high school students in Poland during 2009 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2009, a pilot study was conducted in districts of Poland on high school students and their parents. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires from 999 students and 667 parents were qualified for use. After the pilot study, a nationwide study of secondary school students and their parents was also conducted in 2009...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533573/comparison-of-early-results-and-complications-between-multi-and-single-port-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-randomized-clinical-study
#16
Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Ahmed Mohammed Ali Hussein Al-Hurry, Hajar Khazraei, Fatemeh Ganji, Fatemeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become more acceptable for obese patients. Single-port sleeve gastrectomy (SPSG) is more popular since each abdominal incision carries the risk of bleeding, hernia, and internal organ injury as well as exponentially affecting cosmesis. This cross-sectional study aimed at comparing multi-port sleeve gastrectomy (MPSG) and SPSG in terms of their early results and complications. METHODS: Out of129 obese patients candidated for LSG, 102 patients were assigned to 2 groups of SPSG and MPSG...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518004/middle-ear-barotrauma-in-student-pilots
#17
Jung Heob Sohn, Kyoung Rai Cho
INTRODUCTION: The present study reports the clinical features of middle ear barotrauma in student pilots in the Republic of Korea Air Force. METHODS: The authors reviewed medical records of student pilots with barotrauma. The grade of barotrauma was assigned using Teed's classification. This study included nasal symptoms, endoscopic findings of the nasal cavity, and clinical course (duration, recurrence). The relationship between middle ear barotrauma and the nasal airway was also evaluated...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#18
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499525/consecutive-cyproterone-acetate-and-estradiol-treatment-in-late-pubertal-transgender-female-adolescents
#19
Lloyd J W Tack, Robin Heyse, Margarita Craen, Karlien Dhondt, Heidi Vanden Bossche, Jolien Laridaen, Martine Cools
BACKGROUND: Cyproterone acetate (CA) is an antiandrogenic progestin commonly used in adult transwomen to suppress endogenous androgens, often in combination with estrogens to induce feminization. AIM: To assess the (side) effects and biochemical changes of CA alone and in combination with estrogens in adolescent trans-girls. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of clinical and biochemical data from 27 trans-girls who presented at Tanner stage G4 and were treated with CA monotherapy for at least 6 months (mean = 12 months) and then in combination with incremental doses of estrogens (CA + E; mean = 16 months)...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481373/pilot-study-of-contact-sensitization-to-rubber-allergens-and-bisphenol-a-amongst-dental-students
#20
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Assya Krasteva, Maria Dencheva, Mariana Tzekova, Georgy Nikolov, Mariela Yaneva-Deliverska, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study has been to evaluate the rate of contact sensitization to some rubber allergens and to bisphenol A (BPA) amongst students of dental medicine and dental patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 participants were included in the study: 40 students of dental medicine exposed to the studied rubber allergens and BPA-based dental materials during the course of their education; 10 dental patients without occupational exposure to the latter substances served as a control group...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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