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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789085/acute-exposure-to-low-to-moderate-carbon-dioxide-levels-and-submariner-decision-making
#1
Christopher D Rodeheffer, Sarah Chabal, John M Clarke, David M Fothergill
BACKGROUND: Submarines routinely operate with higher levels of ambient carbon dioxide (CO2) (i.e., 2000 - 5000 ppm) than what is typically considered normal (i.e., 400 - 600 ppm). Although significant cognitive impairments are rarely reported at these elevated CO2 levels, recent studies using the Strategic Management Simulation (SMS) test have found impairments in decision-making performance during acute CO2 exposure at levels as low as 1000 ppm. This is a potential concern for submarine operations, as personnel regularly make mission-critical decisions that affect the safety and efficiency of the vessel and its crew while exposed to similar levels of CO2...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752924/emergency-contraception-supply-in-australian-pharmacies-after-the-introduction-of-ulipristal-acetate-a-mystery-shopping-mixed-methods-study
#2
Jack Charles Collins, Carl Richard Schneider, Rebekah Jane Moles
OBJECTIVE: To explore the supply of emergency contraception (EC) from Australian community pharmacies after the introduction of ulipristal acetate (UPA), and to explore pharmacists' knowledge, decision-making, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding supplying EC. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach of mystery shopping with structured interview was employed. From August-November 2017, 20 pharmacy students mystery-shopped 10 community pharmacies in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, requesting "the morning after pill"...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#3
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628735/chilean-dentistry-students-levels-of-empathy-and-empathic-erosion-necessary-evaluation-before-a-planned-intervention-levels-of-empathy-evaluation-and-intervention
#4
Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana Cristina Amezaga-Avitia, Pablo Alexander Sarabia-Alvarez, Macarena Lagos-Elgueta, Monserrat Saavedra-Madrid, Pablo Silva-Reyes, Mariela Padilla, María Paz Rodríguez-Hopp
Objectives: To estimate the general empathy levels and the potential for empathic growth in Dentistry students and demonstrate that the empathic erosion model is not med. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study. Population: First- to fifth-year Dentistry students at Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago Campus (Chile). The total student population (N) was 800. The participants completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in its Spanish version for medical students, validated and adapted in Chile...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611045/sages-mini-med-school-inspiring-high-school-students-through-exposure-to-the-field-of-surgery
#5
James C Rosser, Timothy B Legare, Charles Jacobs, Katherine M Choi, Jeffrey P Fleming, Jamie Nakagiri
OBJECTIVE: The SAGES Mini Med School (SMMS) was designed to expose high school students to the field of surgery through mentoring, knowledge transfer, and hands-on experience with simulation. The objective of this paper is to profile the evolutionary development, performance metrics, and satisfaction queries of this innovative effort. METHODS: Sixty-one high school students, grades 9-12, took part in the (SMMS) program during the 2015 SAGES Annual Congress. The students completed a surgical skills lab session where they attempted tasks associated with the development of open surgical and laparoscopic skills...
April 2, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593192/the-effect-of-limiting-tapioca-milk-tea-on-added-sugar-consumption-in-taiwanese-young-male-and-female-subjects
#6
Ying Lin Pei, Ting Chun Chen, Fang Yu Lin, Jia Yau Doong, Wen Lee Chen, Sumiko Kamoshita, Indri Kartiko Sari, Hitomi Takeichi, Shigeru Yamamoto
Tapioca milk tea, the most popular beverage in Taiwan, is consumed a lot by Taiwanese which contributed to their daily sugar intake. Our study purpose is to investigate whether limiting intake of tapioca milk tea is useful for the control of sugar intake in Taiwanese. The study was conducted in questionnaires selected 38 subjects, 20-24 y, from 341 university students in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Subjects were match-paired by sex, age, department, and randomly divided into two groups for cross-over design in which each group had 1 week with or without tapioca milk tea...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593181/skeletal-muscle-mass-of-old-japanese-women-suffering-from-walking-difficulty-in-nursing-home
#7
Teruhiro Morishita, Michiko Sato, Hiroko Kume, Masae Sakuma, Hidekazu Arai, Takahumi Katayama, Shinsuke Katoh, Koichi Sairyo, Eiji Takeda
By using 24 hour urinary creatinine levels, skeletal muscle mass (kg), its rate (%) of body weight and creatinine height index (%) were determined in old Japanese women suffering from walking difficulty in nursing home and compare with those of young university students. Those of old subjects showed approximately 30-50%, 36-44% and 44-46% of young subjects, respectively. It is suggested that these values are important and useful biomarkers for the planning and the achievement of rehabilitation program for the maintaining and restoring skeletal muscle mass and for the careful support by registered care workers to aged persons...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#8
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562146/sigecaps-ssris-and-silence-life-as-a-depressed-med-student
#9
Michael R Rose
SIGECAPS is the mnemonic we medical students memorize to learn the core symptoms of depression: sleep, interest, guilt, energy, concentration, appetite, psychomotor retardation, and suicidality. The practice questions we spend hours answering in preparation for Step 1 of the U.S. Medical Licensing..
March 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517530/full-disclosure-secrets-of-a-med-student
#10
Benz Pimsakul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494351/sexual-satisfaction-changes-reported-by-men-after-their-partners-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexies
#11
Patrick J Culligan, Sean Haughey, Christa Lewis, Jennifer Priestley, Charbel Salamon
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the preoperative and postoperative sexual satisfaction reported by male sexual partners of women undergoing surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study. Heterosexual, sexually active English-speaking couples in which the women were planning to undergo robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for correction of pelvic organ prolapse were eligible for enrollment in the study...
March 1, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463340/evaluation-of-a-novel-disaster-nursing-education-method
#12
Kristin Levoy, Summer D DeBastiani, Brian E McCabe
OBJECTIVE: A common method of disaster training is needed to improve disaster nursing education and facilitate better communication among interprofessional disaster responders. To inform the development of disaster nursing curricula, a novel disaster nursing education method consistent with Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) and the International Council of Nurses (ICN) framework was developed to improve disaster nursing competencies in a baccalaureate nursing program...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460766/go-home-med-student-comics-as-visual-media-for-students-traumatic-medical-education-experiences
#13
Jeffrey Monk
A comic created by a medical student allows the reader to share the student's own unique perception of the medical education experience. Through the process of comic creation, medical students have opportunities to gain insight into how their relationships with patients and supervising physicians have shaped the physician they will become. The comic itself can be a safe space for expression and provides an opportunity for students and educators to share experiences.
February 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446341/emergency-management-and-preparedness-training-for-youth-empty-the-results-of-the-first-swedish-pilot-study
#14
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Lina Ljung Roseke, Johan Aremyr, Josef Sörensson, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a simulation training in raising a group of young students' personal and situational awareness in disasters and emergencies. METHODS: In total, 25 young students participated in two simulation scenarios representing two actual events, fire, and shooting, using a combination of two validated simulation training (Emergency Management and Preparedness Training for Youth [EMPTY]). The changes in their knowledge and awareness were evaluated by using questionnaires and the whole simulation was evaluated by three independent observers and a reference group...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382398/comparison-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-technology-versus-standard-practice-in-identification-of-hazards-at-a-mass-casualty-incident-scenario-by-primary-care-paramedic-students
#15
Trevor Jain, Aaron Sibley, Henrik Stryhn, Ives Hubloue
Introduction The proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has the potential to change the situational awareness of incident commanders allowing greater scene safety. The aim of this study was to compare UAV technology to standard practice (SP) in hazard identification during a simulated multi-vehicle motor collision (MVC) in terms of time to identification, accuracy and the order of hazard identification. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted with 21 students randomized into UAV or SP group, based on a MVC with 7 hazards...
January 31, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381155/effectiveness-of-video-assisted-debriefing-in-health-education-an-integrative-review
#16
Abeer Alhaj Ali, Elaine T Miller
BACKGROUND: Debriefing is an integral component of the high-fidelity simulation experience in health education. Video-assisted debriefing (VAD) is used to structure debriefing following simulation. This review synthesizes the best available evidence about VAD compared with verbal debriefing; moreover, it reviews the effectiveness of VAD on students' learning outcomes and learners' perceptions of using VAD postsimulation sessions. METHOD: Databases included Med-line, Scopus, CINAHL, and EMBASE, and articles published between 2000 and 2016 were reviewed if they used the keywords video-assisted debriefing, HFS, debriefing and learning outcomes, and video-playback debriefing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380213/medical-students-exposure-to-the-humanities-correlates-with-positive-personal-qualities-and-reduced-burnout-a-multi-institutional-u-s-survey
#17
Salvatore Mangione, Chayan Chakraborti, Giuseppe Staltari, Rebecca Harrison, Allan R Tunkel, Kevin T Liou, Elizabeth Cerceo, Megan Voeller, Wendy L Bedwell, Keaton Fletcher, Marc J Kahn
BACKGROUND: Literature, music, theater, and visual arts play an uncertain and limited role in medical education. One of the arguments often advanced in favor of teaching the humanities refers to their capacity to foster traits that not only improve practice, but might also reduce physician burnout-an increasing scourge in today's medicine. Yet, research remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that medical students with higher exposure to the humanities would report higher levels of positive physician qualities (e...
May 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371144/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-sexual-dysfunction-review-of-the-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Barbara Chubak, Alaethia Doctor
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing popularity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the Western world, biomedical students and practitioners struggle to understand TCM and how it relates to their standard diagnosis and treatment practices. AIMS: To describe the fundamentals of TCM theory and practice relevant to sexual dysfunction; to review and critique the current state of TCM research within Western biomedical literature; and to identify sites for improvement of future research and for collaborative integration of TCM and biomedicine in practice...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#19
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283661/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology
#20
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded on an annual basis by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. A qualified candidate must demonstrate exemplary performance in working with an underserved population in an applied setting or have developed an innovative method for delivering health services to an underserved population...
December 2017: American Psychologist
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