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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859872/different-characteristics-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-in-a-sample-of-sexually-active-and-inactive-women
#1
Krisztina Hevesi, Veronika Mészáros, Zsuzsanna Kövi, Gabriella Márki, Marianna Szabó
BACKGROUND: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) is a widely used measurement tool to assess female sexual function along the six dimensions of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. However, the structure of the questionnaire is not clear, and several studies have found high correlations among the dimensions, indicating that a common underlying "sexual function" factor might be present. AIM: To investigate whether female sexual function is best understood as a multidimensional construct or, alternatively, whether a common underlying factor explains most of the variance in FSFI scores, and to investigate the possible effect of the common practice of including sexually inactive women in studies using the FSFI...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818148/cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-on-providing-volunteer-care-for-in-flight-medical-events
#2
Eric Chatfield, William F Bond, Bradley McCay, Claude Thibeault, Paulo M Alves, Marc Squillante, Joshua Timpe, Courtney J Cook, Raymond E Bertino
BACKGROUND: Airline carriers have equipment, procedures, and protocols in place to handle in-flight medical events (IFMEs). Community physicians may be asked for aid during IFMEs. Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians on Providing Volunteer Care for In-Flight Medical Events surveyed self-assessed awareness and knowledge, perceived barriers, and suggestions for improving responses to IFMEs. METHODS: We composed a survey regarding clinicians' self-assessed understanding of in-flight resources, procedures, flight environmental issues, and Good Samaritan protections...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770891/feedback-in-a-clinical-setting-a-way-forward-to-enhance-student-s-learning-through-constructive-feedback
#3
Amber Shamim Sultan, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan
Feedback is considered as a dynamic process in which information about the observed performance is used to promote the desirable behaviour and correct the negative ones. The importance of feedback is widely acknowledged, but still there seems to be inconsistency in the amount, type and timing of feedback received from the clinical faculty. No significant effort has been put forward from the educator end to empower the learners with the skills of receiving and using the feedback effectively. Some institutions conduct faculty development workshops and courses to facilitate the clinicians on how best to deliver constructive feedback to the learners...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746134/the-md-med-joint-degree-program-at-vanderbilt-university-training-future-expert-medical-educators
#4
William M Sullivan, Jacob DeVolder, Monica Bhutiani, Kristen W Neal, Bonnie M Miller
PROBLEM: Some medical students are drawn to medical education as an area of academic specialization. However, few options exist for medical students who wish to build a scholarly foundation for future careers in medical education. APPROACH: In 2011, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (VUSM) and Peabody College of Education and Human Development at Vanderbilt University partnered to establish a novel dual-degree program that, through transfer of credit, allows students to graduate with both an MD and a master of education (MEd) degree in five years...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743318/benefits-of-manometer-in-non-invasive-ventilatory-support
#5
Rodrigo Silva Lacerda, Fernando Cesar Anastácio de Lima, Leonardo Pereira Bastos, Anderson Fardin Vinco, Felipe Britto Azevedo Schneider, Yves Luduvico Coelho, Heitor Gomes Costa Fernandes, João Marcus Ramos Bacalhau, Igor Matheus Simonelli Bermudes, Claudinei Ferreira da Silva, Luiza Paterlini da Silva, Rogério Pezato
Introduction Effective ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality rates in cardiac arrest. Hyperventilation during CPR reduces the efficiency of compressions and coronary perfusion. Problem How could ventilation in CPR be optimized? The objective of this study was to evaluate non-invasive ventilator support using different devices. METHODS: The study compares the regularity and intensity of non-invasive ventilation during simulated, conventional CPR and ventilatory support using three distinct ventilation devices: a standard manual resuscitator, with and without airway pressure manometer, and an automatic transport ventilator...
July 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#6
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#7
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584313/trends-in-smoking-among-secondary-school-and-high-school-students-in-poland-2009-and-2011
#8
Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora, Barbara Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Wiola Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Cezary Wojtyła, Piotr Biliński, Monika Urbaniak, Andrzej Wojtyła, Jerzy T Marcinkowski, Małgorzata Wojciechowska
OBJECTIVES: To determine the age and the most common circumstances for smoking initiation along with smoking rates and to evaluate smoking trends for secondary and high school students in Poland during 2009 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2009, a pilot study was conducted in districts of Poland on high school students and their parents. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires from 999 students and 667 parents were qualified for use. After the pilot study, a nationwide study of secondary school students and their parents was also conducted in 2009...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533573/comparison-of-early-results-and-complications-between-multi-and-single-port-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-randomized-clinical-study
#9
Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Ahmed Mohammed Ali Hussein Al-Hurry, Hajar Khazraei, Fatemeh Ganji, Fatemeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become more acceptable for obese patients. Single-port sleeve gastrectomy (SPSG) is more popular since each abdominal incision carries the risk of bleeding, hernia, and internal organ injury as well as exponentially affecting cosmesis. This cross-sectional study aimed at comparing multi-port sleeve gastrectomy (MPSG) and SPSG in terms of their early results and complications. METHODS: Out of129 obese patients candidated for LSG, 102 patients were assigned to 2 groups of SPSG and MPSG...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518004/middle-ear-barotrauma-in-student-pilots
#10
Jung Heob Sohn, Kyoung Rai Cho
INTRODUCTION: The present study reports the clinical features of middle ear barotrauma in student pilots in the Republic of Korea Air Force. METHODS: The authors reviewed medical records of student pilots with barotrauma. The grade of barotrauma was assigned using Teed's classification. This study included nasal symptoms, endoscopic findings of the nasal cavity, and clinical course (duration, recurrence). The relationship between middle ear barotrauma and the nasal airway was also evaluated...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#11
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499525/consecutive-cyproterone-acetate-and-estradiol-treatment-in-late-pubertal-transgender-female-adolescents
#12
Lloyd J W Tack, Robin Heyse, Margarita Craen, Karlien Dhondt, Heidi Vanden Bossche, Jolien Laridaen, Martine Cools
BACKGROUND: Cyproterone acetate (CA) is an antiandrogenic progestin commonly used in adult transwomen to suppress endogenous androgens, often in combination with estrogens to induce feminization. AIM: To assess the (side) effects and biochemical changes of CA alone and in combination with estrogens in adolescent trans-girls. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of clinical and biochemical data from 27 trans-girls who presented at Tanner stage G4 and were treated with CA monotherapy for at least 6 months (mean = 12 months) and then in combination with incremental doses of estrogens (CA + E; mean = 16 months)...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481373/pilot-study-of-contact-sensitization-to-rubber-allergens-and-bisphenol-a-amongst-dental-students
#13
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Assya Krasteva, Maria Dencheva, Mariana Tzekova, Georgy Nikolov, Mariela Yaneva-Deliverska, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study has been to evaluate the rate of contact sensitization to some rubber allergens and to bisphenol A (BPA) amongst students of dental medicine and dental patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 participants were included in the study: 40 students of dental medicine exposed to the studied rubber allergens and BPA-based dental materials during the course of their education; 10 dental patients without occupational exposure to the latter substances served as a control group...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480550/a-one-step-biomarker-quantification-methodology-for-dce-mri-of-adnexal-masses-capturing-kinetic-pattern-from-early-to-late-enhancement
#14
Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Mahnaz Nabil, Hamidreza Haghighat Khah, Sara Parviz, Masoumeh Gity, Hamidreza Saligheh Rad
PURPOSE: To develop a one-step quantification approach that accounts for joint preprocessing and quantification of whole-range kinetics (early and late-phase washout) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of indeterminate adnexal masses. METHODS: Preoperative DCE-MRI of 43 (24 benign, 19 malignant) sonographically indeterminate adnexal masses were analyzed prospectively. A five-parameter sigmoid function was implemented to model the enhancement curves calculated within regions of interest...
May 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467739/effects-of-a-transdermal-lidocaine-patch-on-indicators-of-postoperative-pain-in-dogs-undergoing-midline-ovariohysterectomy
#15
Danielle K Merema, Emily K Schoenrock, Kevin Le Boedec, Maureen A McMichael
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of a transdermal lidocaine patch (TLP) on indicators of postoperative pain in healthy dogs following ovariohysterectomy. DESIGN Randomized, blinded controlled trial. ANIMALS 40 healthy shelter-owned female dogs admitted to a student surgery program for ovariohysterectomy. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive after ovariohysterectomy a 5-cm-wide strip of TLP applied topically on both sides of the incision, for the full length of the incision and a wound dressing (n = 19) or a placebo patch (nonmedicated wound dressing; 21)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457691/measuring-intrinsic-hand-strength-in-healthy-adults-the-accuracy-intrarater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-rotterdam-intrinsic-hand-myometer
#16
Corey McGee
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement study. INTRODUCTION: Measuring the isometric strength generated during isolated hand joint motions is a challenging feat. The Rotterdam Intrinsic Hand Myometer (RIHM; med.engineers, Rotterdam, Netherlands) permits measurement of isolated movements of the hand. To date, there is limited evidence on the inter-rater reliability and limited adult normative data of RIHM. Given that multiple raters, often with varying degrees of experience, are needed to collect normative data, inter-rater reliability testing and a comparison of novice and experienced raters are needed...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383545/the-collaborative-african-genomics-network-training-program-a-trainee-perspective-on-training-the-next-generation-of-african-scientists
#17
Busisiwe C Mlotshwa, Savannah Mwesigwa, Gerald Mboowa, Lesedi Williams, Gaone Retshabile, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Misaki Wayengera, Samuel Kyobe, Chester W Brown, Neil A Hanchard, Graeme Mardon, Moses Joloba, Gabriel Anabwani, Sununguko W Mpoloka
PURPOSE: The Collaborative African Genomics Network (CAfGEN) aims to establish sustainable genomics research programs in Botswana and Uganda through long-term training of PhD students from these countries at Baylor College of Medicine. Here, we present an overview of the CAfGEN PhD training program alongside trainees' perspectives on their involvement. BACKGROUND: Historically, collaborations between high-income countries (HICs) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), or North-South collaborations, have been criticized for the lack of a mutually beneficial distribution of resources and research findings, often undermining LMICs...
July 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382880/a-comparison-of-three-maneuvers-and-their-effect-on-laryngoscopic-view-time-to-intubate-and-intubation-outcome-by-novice-intubators-in-a-simulated-airway
#18
Christopher Stein, Louis Gerber, Denis Curtin, Nicole Oberem, Mike Wells
Aim The goal of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of three adjunctive maneuvers - head elevation (HE), forward laryngoscope traction (FT), and external laryngeal manipulation (ELM) - on laryngoscopic view, intubation time, and intubation success performed by a sample of novice intubators using a simulated airway. METHODS: Twenty-two second year university paramedic students were required to perform laryngoscopy and intubation on a simulator four times on two separate days...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376940/self-perception-of-medical-students-knowledge-and-interest-in-disaster-medicine-nine-years-after-the-approval-of-the-curriculum-in-german-universities
#19
Robert Wunderlich, Luca Ragazzoni, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Francesco Della Corte, Jan Grundgeiger, Jens Werner Bickelmayer, Bernd Domres
BACKGROUND: Following the recommendations of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) to develop standards for training the undergraduates in disaster-relevant fields (2004), a German curriculum was approved in 2006. This paper aims to describe the level of training and interest of medical students nine years later. Problem The aim of this study was to assess the self-perception of medical students' knowledge and interest in disaster medicine nine years after the implementation of a standardized disaster medicine curriculum in German medical schools...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373633/effect-of-guided-structured-writing-program-on-self-harm-ideations-and-emotion-regulation
#20
Takaki Fukumori, Hiromi Kuroda, Masaya Ito, Masami Kashimura
AIMS: This study investigated the efficacy of structured writing on reducing self-harm ideations and enhancing emotion regulation. METHODS: Japanese university students (N=22) participated in the study. Participants were randomly assigned to the structured writing group (n=10; 70% female), or an assessment only control group (n=12; 67% female). For three consecutive days, participants in the intervention group performed structured writing that included psycho-education and self-reflection about emotions...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
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