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Tatsuya Nishimaru, Masashi Kondo, Kimito Takeshita, Keisuke Takahashi, Jun Ishihara, Susumi Hatakeyama
The asymmetric total synthesis of (+)-marinomycin A, a 44-membered macrodiolide antitumor agent and antibiotic isolated from a marine actinomycete, Marinispora strain CNQ-140, is reported. The key features of the synthesis include the highly convergent stereocontrolled construction of the monomeric hydroxy salicylate starting from asymmetric epoxidation of the σ-symmetrical dialkenyl carbinol, and an unprecedented direct dimerization through NaHMDS-promoted double transesterification.
August 4, 2014: Angewandte Chemie
Panchanathan Manivasagan, Kyong-Hwa Kang, Kannan Sivakumar, Eunice C Y Li-Chan, Hyun-Myung Oh, Se-Kwon Kim
Marine environment is largely an untapped source for deriving actinobacteria, having potential to produce novel, bioactive natural products. Actinobacteria are the prolific producers of pharmaceutically active secondary metabolites, accounting for about 70% of the naturally derived compounds that are currently in clinical use. Among the various actinobacterial genera, Actinomadura, Actinoplanes, Amycolatopsis, Marinispora, Micromonospora, Nocardiopsis, Saccharopolyspora, Salinispora, Streptomyces and Verrucosispora are the major potential producers of commercially important bioactive natural products...
July 2014: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Hak Cheol Kwon, Christopher A Kauffman, Paul R Jensen, William Fenical
Two new polyene macrolides, marinisporolides A and B (1, 2), were isolated from the saline culture of the marine actinomycete, strain CNQ-140, identified as a member of the new marine genus Marinispora. The marinisporolides are 34-membered macrolides composed of a conjugated pentaene and several pairs of 1,3-dihydroxyl functionalities. Marinisporolide A (1) contains a bicyclic spiro-bis-tetrahydropyran ketal functionality, while marinisporolide B (2) is the corresponding hemiketal. The structures of these new compounds were assigned by combined spectral and chemical methods including extensive 2D NMR experiments and correlations of (13)C NMR data with Kishi's Universal NMR Database...
January 16, 2009: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Katherine A McArthur, Scott S Mitchell, Ginger Tsueng, Arnold Rheingold, Donald J White, Jennifer Grodberg, Kin S Lam, Barbara C M Potts
A series of chlorinated bisindole pyrroles, lynamicins A-E (1-5), was discovered from a novel marine actinomycete, NPS12745, which was isolated from a marine sediment collected off the coast of San Diego, California. Close to full length 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that NPS12745 is a novel strain of a recently described marine actinomycete with the proposed genus name Marinispora. The antimicrobial spectrum of these compounds was evaluated against a panel of 11 pathogens, which demonstrated that these substances possess broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms...
October 2008: Journal of Natural Products
Venkat R Macherla, Jehnan Liu, Michelle Sunga, Donald J White, Jennifer Grodberg, Sy Teisan, Kin S Lam, Barbara C M Potts
Marine actinomycete strain NPS008920, a member of the new genus Marinispora, was isolated from a sediment sample collected in Cocos Lagoon, Guam. In natural sea water containing media, the strain produced a series of novel 2-alkylidene-5-alkyl-4-oxazolidinones, lipoxazolidinone A (1), B (2), and C (3). Compounds 1- 3 showed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity similar to that of the commercial antibiotic linezolid (Zyvox), a 2-oxazolidinone. Hydrolysis of the amide bond of the 4-oxazolidinone ring of 1 resulted in loss of antibacterial activity...
September 2007: Journal of Natural Products
Hak Cheol Kwon, Christopher A Kauffman, Paul R Jensen, William Fenical
Four antitumor-antibiotics of a new structure class, the marinomycins A-D (1-4), were isolated from the saline culture of a new group of marine actinomycetes, for which we have proposed the name "Marinispora". The structures of the marinomycins, which are unusual macrodiolides composed of dimeric 2-hydroxy-6-alkenyl-benzoic acid lactones with conjugated tetraene-pentahydroxy polyketide chains, were assigned by combined spectral and chemical methods. In room light, marinomycin A slowly isomerizes to its geometrical isomers marinomycins B and C...
February 8, 2006: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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