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Reactive oxygen species, lung disease

Yi Cheng, Mu Jin, Xiuhua Dong, Lizhong Sun, Jing Liu, Rong Wang, Yanwei Yang, Peirong Lin, Siyu Hou, Yuehua Ma, Yuefeng Wang, Xudong Pan, Jiakai Lu, Weiping Cheng
BACKGROUND: Stanford type-A acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a severe cardiovascular disease demonstrating the characteristics of acute onset and rapid development, with high morbidity and mortality. The available evidence shows that preoperative acute lung injury (ALI) induced by Stanford type-A AAD is a frequent and important cause for a number of untoward consequences. However, there is no study assessing the incidence of preoperative ALI and its independent determinants before Standford type-A AAD surgery in Chinese adult patients...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chun-Yen Liu, Chang-Hung Hsieh, Seung-Hun Kim, Jing-Ping Wang, Yu-Lin Ni, Chun-Li Su, Ching-Fa Yao, Kang Fang
Human liver cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers worldwide. The development of resistance to therapy limits the application against the disease. To improve treatment, new effective anticancer agents are constantly pursued. Previously, we reported that an indolylquinoline, 3-((7-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-methyl)-2-methylquinoline (EMMQ), is effective in suppressing the growth of human lung cancer by impairing mitochondria functions. The present study revealed that EMMQ inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in liver cancer cells, but not in normal cells...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Praveen Mannam, Navin Rauniyar, TuKiet T Lam, Ruiyan Luo, Patty J Lee, Anup Srivastava
Cigarette smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD which is characterized by excessive inflammation and airflow obstruction of the lung. While inflammation is causally related to initiation and progression of COPD, the mitochondrial mechanisms that underlie the associated inflammatory responses are poorly understood. In this context, we have studied the role played by Mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase 3 (MKK3), a dual-specificity protein kinase, in cigarette smoke induced-inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction...
October 4, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Hiroki Daijo, Yuma Hoshino, Shinichi Kai, Kengo Suzuki, Kenichiro Nishi, Yoshiyuki Matsuo, Hiroshi Harada, Kiichi Hirota
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major contributor to the development of a large number of fatal and debilitating disorders. However, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of CS in lung disease are largely unknown. To elucidate these pathophysiological processes, we examined the in vitro and in vivo effects of CS extract (CSE) and CS on the transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). CSE induced concentration- and time-dependent accumulation of HIF-1α protein in human lung epithelial-like cells under non-hypoxic conditions...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yuh-Feng Lin, I-Jen Chiu, Fong-Yu Cheng, Yu-Hsuan Lee, Ying-Jan Wang, Yung-Ho Hsu, Hui-Wen Chiu
BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in an increasing number of products, including rubber manufacture, cosmetics, pigments, food additives, medicine, chemical fibers and electronics. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ZnO NP nephrotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the potential toxicity of ZnO NPs in kidney cells in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: We found that ZnO NPs were apparently engulfed by the HEK-293 human embryonic kidney cells and then induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation...
September 27, 2016: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
Roberto W Dal Negro, Maria Visconti
BACKGROUND: Erdosteine (ER), a multimechanism, mucoactive agent with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, has been shown to improve lung function, decrease plasma reactive oxygen species (ROS), and 8-isoprostane levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: To assess vs. placebo the effect of ER on the exercise-induced oxidative stress by measuring and comparing the release of pro-inflammatory mediators in severe COPD patients...
September 17, 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Fabricia Petronilho, Amanda Della Giustina, Diego Zapelini Nascimento, Graciela Freitas Zarbato, Andriele Aparecida Vieira, Drielly Florentino, Lucinéia Gainski Danielski, Mariana Pereira Goldim, Gislaine Tezza Rezin, Tatiana Barichello
Sepsis progression is linked to the imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant enzymes. Sepsis affects multiple organs, but when associated with a chronic inflammatory disease, such as obesity, it may be exacerbated. We hypothesized that obesity could aggravate the oxidative damage to peripheral organs of rats submitted to an animal model of sepsis. Male Wistar rats aged 8 weeks received hypercaloric nutrition for 2 months to induce obesity. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) procedure, and sham-operated rats were considered as control group...
September 19, 2016: Inflammation
Kimberly J Dunham-Snary, Danchen Wu, Edward A Sykes, Amar Thakrar, Leah Rg Parlow, Jeffrey D Mewburn, Joel L Parlow, Stephen L Archer
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is a homeostatic mechanism that is intrinsic to the pulmonary vasculature. Intrapulmonary arteries constrict in response to alveolar hypoxia, diverting blood to better-oxygenated lung segments, thereby optimizing ventilation-perfusion matching and systemic oxygen delivery. In response to alveolar hypoxia, a mitochondrial sensor dynamically changes reactive oxygen species and redox couples in PASMC. This inhibits potassium channels, depolarizes PASMC, activates voltage-gated calcium channels, and increases cytosolic calcium, causing vasoconstriction...
September 16, 2016: Chest
Florence Morin, Niloufar Kavian, Carole Nicco, Olivier Cerles, Christiane Chéreau, Frédéric Batteux
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by fibrosis of the skin and inner organs, vasculopathy, and immunological abnormalities. Recent insights on the implication of STAT3, AKT, and Wnt/β-catenin in fibrosis have prompted us to investigate, in a mouse model of ROS-induced SSc, the effects of niclosamide, an antihelmintic drug that inhibits both of these signaling pathways. SSc was induced in BALB/c mice by daily s.c. injections of hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Mice were treated or not every other day, 5 d a week, for 6 wk, by niclosamide...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Agnieszka Krawczyk, Dariusz Nowak, Piotr Jan Nowak, Gianluca Padula, Sylwia Kwiatkowska
OBJECTIVES: Reactive oxygen species, which are implicated in the process of carcinogenesis, are also responsible for cell death during chemotherapy (CHT). Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate exhaled H2O2 levels in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients before and after CHT. METHODS: Thirty patients (age 61.3 ± 9.3 years) with advanced NSCLC (stage IIIB-IV) and 15 age-matched healthy cigarette smokers were enrolled into the study. Patients received four cycles of cisplatin or carboplatin with vinorelbine every three weeks...
September 9, 2016: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Kyeong-Nam Yu, Hyeon-Jeong Kim, Sanghwa Kim, Orkhouselenge Dawaadamdin, Ah-Young Lee, Sung-Ho Hong, Seung-Hee Chang, Seong-Jin Choi, Soon-Mi Shim, Kyuhong Lee, Myung-Haing Cho
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoke (CS) is associated with a broad range of diseases including lung cancer. Many researchers have suggested that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) may be more toxic compared to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) because CSC contains the lipid-soluble faction of smoke while CSE contains the hydrophilic or gas phase. The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of CSC on the disruption of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi homeostasis in normal lung epithelial cells...
September 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Neeraj Vij
INTRODUCTION: ΔF508-CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) is a common CF-mutation that is known to induce oxidative-inflammatory stress through activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induces autophagy-impairment resulting in accumulation of CFTR in aggresome-bodies. Cysteamine, the reduced form of cystamine, is a FDA-approved drug that has anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, and mucolytic properties. This drug has been shown in a recent clinical trial to decrease lung inflammation and improve lung function in CF patients by potentially restoring autophagy and allowing CFTR to be trafficked to the cell membrane...
August 26, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Daniel Hernández-Saavedra, Linda Sanders, Mario J Perez, Beata Kosmider, Lynelle P Smith, John D Mitchell, Toshinori Yoshida, Rubin M Tuder
Tobacco smoke (TS) causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease including, chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma. Rtp801, an inhibitor of mTORC1, is induced by oxidative stress triggered by TS. Its upregulation drives lung susceptibility to TS injury by means of enhancing inflammation and alveolar destruction. We postulated that Rtp801 is not only increased by reactive oxygen species (ROS) in TS, but it is instrumental in creating a feedforward process leading to amplification of endogenous ROS generation...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Stefanie Papp, Kristin Moderzynski, Jessica Rauch, Liza Heine, Svenja Kuehl, Ulricke Richardt, Heidelinde Mueller, Bernhard Fleischer, Anke Osterloh
Rickettsia (R.) typhi is the causative agent of endemic typhus, an emerging febrile disease that is associated with complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis and liver dysfunction. To elucidate how innate immune mechanisms contribute to defense and pathology we here analyzed R. typhi infection of CB17 SCID mice that are congenic to BALB/c mice but lack adaptive immunity. CB17 SCID mice succumbed to R. typhi infection within 21 days and showed high bacterial load in spleen, brain, lung, and liver. Most evident pathological changes in R...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Anandi Narayana Moorthy, Kong Bing Tan, Shi Wang, Teluguakula Narasaraju, Vincent T Chow
Obesity is an independent risk factor for severe outcome of influenza infection. Higher dietary fat consumption has been linked to greater morbidity and severe influenza in mouse models. However, the extent of generation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs or NETosis) in obese individuals during influenza pneumonia is hitherto unknown. This study investigated pulmonary NETs generation in BALB/c mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD) and low-fat diet (LFD), during the course of influenza pneumonia. Clinical disease progression, histopathology, lung reactive oxygen species, and myeloperoxidase activity were also compared...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Feng Chen, Xueyi Li, Emily Aquadro, Stephen Haigh, Jiliang Zhou, David W Stepp, Neal L Weintraub, Scott A Barman, David J R Fulton
Excessive levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased expression of NADPH oxidases (Nox) have been proposed to contribute to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Nox enzymes are major sources of ROS but the mechanisms regulating changes in Nox expression in disease states remain poorly understood. Epigenetics encompasses a number of mechanisms that cells employ to regulate the ability to read and transcribe DNA. Histone acetylation is a prominent example of an epigenetic mechanism regulating the expression of numerous genes by altering chromatin accessibility...
August 3, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Gwendoline Deslyper, Thomas J Colgan, Andrew J R Cooper, Celia V Holland, James C Carolan
The helminth Ascaris causes ascariasis in both humans and pigs. Humans, especially children, experience significant morbidity including respiratory complications, growth deficits and intestinal obstruction. Given that 800 million people worldwide are infected by Ascaris, this represents a significant global public health concern. The severity of the symptoms and associated morbidity are related to the parasite burden and not all hosts are infected equally. While the pathology of the disease has been extensively examined, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying resistance and susceptibility to this nematode infection is poor...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Chad A Lerner, Isaac K Sundar, Irfan Rahman
Myriad forms of endogenous and environmental stress will disrupt mitochondrial function by impacting critical processes in mitochondrial homeostasis such as mitochondrial redox system, oxidative phosphorylation, biogenesis, and mitophagy. External stressors that interfere with the steady state activity of mitochondrial functions are generally associated with an increase in reactive oxygen species, inflammatory response, and induction of cellular senescence (inflammaging) via mitochondrial damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPS) which are the key events in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its exacerbations...
July 26, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
A D da Silva, A S da Silva, M D Baldissera, C I Schwertz, N B Bottari, G M Carmo, G Machado, N J Lucca, L C Henker, M M Piva, P Giacomin, V M Morsch, M R C Schetinger, R A da Rosa, R E Mendes
The aim of this study was to analyse the oxidative and anti-oxidant status in serum samples from dairy cows naturally infected by Dictyocaulus viviparus and its relation with pathological analyses. The diagnosis of the disease was confirmed by necropsy of one dairy cow with heavy infection by the parasite in the lungs and bronchi. Later, blood and faeces were collected from another 22 cows from the same farm to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities on day 0 (pre-treatment) and day 10 (post-treatment with eprinomectin)...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
Zhongqing Qian, Jingzhu Lv, Gabriel T Kelly, Hongtao Wang, Xiaojie Zhang, Wanjun Gu, Xiaofeng Yin, Ting Wang, Tong Zhou
During infection and host defense, nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (Nrf2) dependent signaling is an efficient antioxidant defensive mechanism used by host cells to control the destructive effects of reactive oxygen species. This allows for effective defense responses against microbes while minimizing oxidative injury to the host cell itself. As a central regulator of antioxidant genes, Nrf2 has gained great attention in its pivotal role in infection, especially in tuberculosis (TB), the top infectious disease killer worldwide...
July 2016: Tuberculosis
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