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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032139/format-change-and-semantic-relatedness-effects-on-the-erp-correlates-of-recognition-old-pairs-new-pairs-different-stories
#1
Fabrice Guillaume, Sophia Baier, Mélanie Bourgeois, Sophie Tinard
In this event-related potential (ERP) study, we investigated the effects of format change and semantic relatedness in a recognition task using pairs composed of a word and a line drawing. The semantic relatedness of the pairs (related: rabbit-carrot; unrelated: duck-artichoke) influenced their associative properties and corresponding distinctiveness, while format change refers to the switching of an item from the verbal form to the line drawing form between study and recognition (e.g., the word "egg" is associated with a drawing of a hen at study, and a line drawing of an egg is associated with the word "hen" at test)...
December 28, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017989/antioxidant-effects-of-supercritical-fluid-garlic-extracts-in-canned-artichokes
#2
E Bravi, O Marconi, V Sileoni, M R Rollo, G Perretti
The effects of adding supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of garlic (at two different concentrations of allicin) on select chemical indices in extra-virgin olive oil used to canned artichokes were studied. Tests were performed after processing and over a storage period of 1 year. A sensorial test was also conducted on the canned artichokes to establish the impact on flavor (in particular perceptions of rancidity and garlic flavor). Acidity, peroxide levels and p-anisidine values were measured as quality analytical parameters...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008316/cynaropicrin-a-comprehensive-research-review-and-therapeutic-potential-as-an-anti-hepatitis-c-virus-agent
#3
REVIEW
Mahmoud F Elsebai, Andrei Mocan, Atanas G Atanasov
The different pharmacologic properties of plants-containing cynaropicrin, especially artichokes, have been known for many centuries. More recently, cynaropicrin exhibited a potential activity against all genotypes of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Cynaropicrin has also shown a wide range of other pharmacologic properties such as anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-trypanosomal, anti-malarial, antifeedant, antispasmodic, anti-photoaging, and anti-tumor action, as well as activation of bitter sensory receptors, and anti-inflammatory properties (e...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999966/consolidated-ethanol-production-from-jerusalem-artichoke-tubers-at-elevated-temperature-by-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-engineered-with-inulinase-expression-through-cell-surface-display
#4
M Mahfuza Khatun, Chen-Guang Liu, Xin-Qing Zhao, Wen-Jie Yuan, Feng-Wu Bai
Ethanol fermentation from Jerusalem artichoke tubers was performed at elevated temperatures by the consolidated bioprocessing strategy using Saccharomyces cerevisiae MK01 expressing inulinase through cell surface display. No significant difference was observed in yeast growth when temperature was controlled at 38 and 40 °C, respectively, but inulinase activity with yeast cells was substantially enhanced at 40 °C. As a result, enzymatic hydrolysis of inulin was facilitated and ethanol production was improved with 89...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979230/polar-constituents-protection-against-reactive-oxygen-species-and-nutritional-value-of-chinese-artichoke-stachys-affinis-bunge
#5
Alessandro Venditti, Claudio Frezza, Diana Celona, Armandodoriano Bianco, Mauro Serafini, Kevin Cianfaglione, Dennis Fiorini, Stefano Ferraro, Filippo Maggi, Anna Rita Lizzi, Giuseppe Celenza
In the present work, we studied the chemical composition of Chinese artichoke (S. affinis tubers) by analyzing its polar constituents and its macro- and micro- nutrients. A total of nine compounds were isolated from the tuber ethanolic extract and structurally elucidated by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS). The marker compounds identified were oligosaccharide stachyose and the organic acid, succinic acid, as well as phenylethanoid and iridoid glycosides. The macronutrient profile was dominated by carbohydrates (36...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968988/spatial-genetic-structure-in-wild-cardoon-the-ancestor-of-cultivated-globe-artichoke-limited-gene-flow-fragmentation-and-population-history
#6
D Rau, M Rodriguez, E Rapposelli, M L Murgia, R Papa, A H D Brown, G Attene
Nuclear and chloroplast markers and phenotypic characters were integrated to analyse the population genetic structure of wild cardoon, Cynara cardunculus var. sylvestris, the ancestor of cultivated globe artichoke, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus on the island of Sardinia, Italy. The spatial scale ranged from a few metres to ∼200km. Wild cardoon appears to be genetically fragmented, with significant genetic divergence at various scales, indicating that gene flow is insufficient to counterbalance the effects of genetic drift or founder effects...
December 2016: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960291/inhibitory-effect-of-methyl-2-4-methoxy-4-oxobutanamide-benzoate-from-jerusalem-artichoke-helianthus-tuberosus-on-the-inflammatory-paracrine-loop-between-macrophages-and-adipocytes
#7
Yun Joo Jung, Byung Oh Kim, Jong Hwan Kwak, Suhkneung Pyo
The interaction between macrophages and adipocytes is known to aggravate inflammation of the adipose tissue, leading to decreased insulin sensitivity. Hence, attenuation of the inflammatory paracrine loop between macrophages and adipocytes is deemed essential to ameliorate insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus type 2. Methyl 2-(4'-methoxy-4'-oxobutanamide) benzoate (compound 1), a newly isolated compound from Jerusalem srtichoke (JA), has not been biologically characterized yet. Here, we investigated whether JA-derived compound 1 attenuates the inflammatory cycle between RAW 264...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943035/research-on-the-solid-state-fermentation-of-jerusalem-artichoke-pomace-for-producing-r-r-2-3-butanediol-by-paenibacillus-polymyxa-zj-9
#8
Can Cao, Li Zhang, Jian Gao, Hong Xu, Feng Xue, Weiwei Huang, Yan Li
R,R-2,3-butanediol (R,R-2,3-BD) was produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa ZJ-9, which was capable of utilizing inulin without previous hydrolysis. The Jerusalem artichoke pomace (JAP) derived from the conversion of Jerusalem artichoke powder into inulin extract, which was usually used for biorefinery by submerged fermentation (SMF), was utilized in solid state fermentation (SSF) to produce R,R-2,3-BD. In this study, the fermentation parameters of SSF were optimized and determined in flasks. A novel bioreactor was designed and assembled for the laboratory scale-up of SSF, with a maximum yield of R,R-2,3-BD (67...
December 10, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882320/mediterrasian-diet-products-that-could-raise-hdl-cholesterol-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mariangela Rondanelli, Attilio Giacosa, Paolo Morazzoni, Davide Guido, Mario Grassi, Gabriella Morandi, Chiara Bologna, Antonella Riva, Pietro Allegrini, Simone Perna
Background. High HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) values are negatively correlated with cardiovascular diseases. This review analyses the effect of the supplementation with various Mediterranean diet products (artichoke, bergamot, and olive oil) and Asian diet products (red yeast rice) on the HDL-C value in dyslipidemic subjects. Methods. A systematic review has been done involving all the English written studies published from the 1st of January 1958 to the 31st of March 2016. Results. The results of this systematic review indicate that the dietary supplementation with red yeast rice, bergamot, artichoke, and virgin olive oil has promising effects on the increase of HDL-C serum levels...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855490/metabolite-and-mineral-profiling-of-violetto-di-niscemi-and-spinoso-di-menfi-globe-artichokes-by-1-h-nmr-and-icp-ms
#10
Ambrogina Albergamo, Archimede Rotondo, Andrea Salvo, Vito Pellizzeri, Daniel G Bua, Antonella Maggio, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
Globe artichoke has been long considered a nutraceutical food for its valuable content of bioactive compounds. However, beside a well-known polyphenol profile, poor information is available about its metabolite and mineral composition. The aim of this study was to investigate edible parts of Sicilian artichokes, 'Spinoso di Menfi' and 'Violetto di Niscemi', by (1)H NMR and ICP-MS for elucidating these compositional aspects. Although bracts and hearts of both artichokes shared a very similar metabolite pattern, 'Spinoso di Menfi' showed a higher number of metabolites, such as amino acids and polyphenols, than 'Violetto di Niscemi'...
May 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830052/first-detailed-karyo-morphological-analysis-and-molecular-cytological-study-of-leafy-cardoon-and-globe-artichoke-two-multi-use-asteraceae-crops
#11
Debora Giorgi, Gianmarco Pandozy, Anna Farina, Valentina Grosso, Sergio Lucretti, Andrea Gennaro, Paola Crinò, Francesco Saccardo
Traditionally globe artichoke and leafy cardoon have been cultivated for use as vegetables but these crops are now finding multiple new roles in applications ranging from paper production to cheese preparation and biofuel use, with interest in their functional food potential. So far, their chromosome complements have been poorly investigated and a well-defined karyotype was not available. In this paper, a detailed karyo-morphological analysis and molecular cytogenetic studies were conducted on globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus Linnaeus, 1753 var...
2016: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822898/optimization-of-air-blast-drying-process-for-manufacturing-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-non-saccharomyces-yeast-as-industrial-wine-starters
#12
Sae-Byuk Lee, Won-Seok Choi, Hyun-Jung Jo, Soo-Hwan Yeo, Heui-Dong Park
Wine yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae D8) and non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts (Hanseniaspora uvarum S6 and Issatchenkia orientalis KMBL5774) were studied using air-blast drying instead of the conventional drying methods (such as freeze and spray drying). Skim milk-a widely used protective agent-was used and in all strains, the highest viabilities following air-blast drying were obtained using 10% skim milk. Four excipients (wheat flour, nuruk, artichoke powder, and lactomil) were evaluated as protective agents for yeast strains during air-blast drying...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813587/development-and-characterization-of-novel-est-ssr-markers-and-their-application-for-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-jerusalem-artichoke-helianthus-tuberosus-l
#13
T Mornkham, P P Wangsomnuk, X C Mo, F O Francisco, L Z Gao, H Kurzweil
Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) is a perennial tuberous plant and a traditional inulin-rich crop in Thailand. It has become the most important source of inulin and has great potential for use in chemical and food industries. In this study, expressed sequence tag (EST)-based simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed from 40,362 Jerusalem artichoke ESTs retrieved from the NCBI database. Among 23,691 non-redundant identified ESTs, 1949 SSR motifs harboring 2 to 6 nucleotides with varied repeat motifs were discovered from 1676 assembled sequences...
October 24, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809319/chemical-profile-and-cellular-antioxidant-activity-of-artichoke-by-products
#14
Imma Pagano, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Rita Celano, Luca Campone, Patrizia Gazzerro, Enrica De Falco, Luca Rastrelli
Artichoke by-products, produced from agricultural procedures and the processing industry, represent a huge amount of discarded material. In this research, the main artichoke by-products, bracts and leaves, were characterized in terms of their bioactive constituents (phenolic compounds and inulin) and cellular antioxidant potential to estimate their nutraceutical potential. The ultrahigh-performance-ultraviolet detection-high resolution mass spectroscopy (UHPLC-UV-HRMS) profiles of both by-products show that 5-caffeoylquinic acid and 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid are the most abundant bioactive compounds, and the content of flavone glycosides can be used to discriminate between bracts and leaves...
December 7, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792334/phenolic-compounds-and-sesquiterpene-lactones-profile-in-leaves-of-nineteen-artichoke-cultivars
#15
Youssef Rouphael, Jamila Bernardi, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Letizia Bernardo, David Kane, Giuseppe Colla, Luigi Lucini
Leaves of globe artichoke are food industry byproducts gaining interest due to their therapeutic and nutraceutical potential. The total phenolics, flavonoids, and flavonols content as well as radical scavenging capacity and reducing antioxidant power were determined in leaves of 19 artichoke cultivars. An untargeted analysis based on high-resolution mass spectrometry was then carried out to profile phenolic compounds and sesquiterpene lactones (STLs). The phenolic profile of leaf extracts from different cultivars was widely diverse and included flavonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids, tyrosols, and lignans...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754398/effect-of-lactobacillus-paracasei-culture-filtrates-and-artichoke-polyphenols-on-cytokine-production-by-dendritic-cells
#16
Angelo Sisto, Diomira Luongo, Lucia Treppiccione, Palmira De Bellis, Donato Di Venere, Paola Lavermicocca, Mauro Rossi
The most recent trend in research on probiotic bacteria aims at the exploitation of bioactive bacterial compounds that are responsible for health-promoting effects and suitable for medical applications. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to ascertain if the immunomodulatory effects of L. paracasei strains on dendritic cells (DCs) were caused by bacterial metabolites released in the culture medium. For that reason, bacterial strains were grown in two media generally used for the culture of DCs, and the effects of culture filtrates on the maturation of DCs and cytokine production were evaluated...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735918/-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-biliary-sludge-in-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#17
V G Radchenko, P V Seliverstov, S S Ledentsova, A V Man'yakov
AIM: To determine the incidence of biliary sludge (BS) and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Chophytol in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and BS in the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical laboratory examination was made in 72 patients with NASH in the presence of MS. BS was identified in 52 (72.2%) examinees who were divided in two (study and control) groups. The efficacy of Chophytol of plant origin, prepared from the purified extract of fresh artichoke (Cynara scolymus) leaf juice, which was used at a dose of 3 tablets thrice daily for a month, was evaluated...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723561/in-silico-approaches-and-proportional-odds-model-towards-identifying-selective-adam17-inhibitors-from-anti-inflammatory-natural-molecules
#18
Pallab Kumar Borah, Sourav Chakraborty, Anupam N Jha, Sanchaita Rajkhowa, Raj Kumar Duary
ADAM metallopeptidase domain 17 (ADAM17) is an attractive target for the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. We aimed to identify selective inhibitors of ADAM17 against matrix metalloproteinase enzymes (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, MMP-13, and MMP-16) which have substantial structural similarity. Target proteins were docked with 29 anti-inflammatory natural molecule ligands and a known selective inhibitor IK682. The ligands were screened based on Lipinski rules, interaction with the ADAM17 active site cavity, and then ranked using the proportional odds model multinomial logistic regression...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721818/genome-wide-identification-of-bahd-acyltransferases-and-in-vivo-characterization-of-hqt-like-enzymes-involved-in-caffeoylquinic-acid-synthesis-in-globe-artichoke
#19
Andrea Moglia, Alberto Acquadro, Kaouthar Eljounaidi, Anna M Milani, Cecilia Cagliero, Patrizia Rubiolo, Andrea Genre, Katarina Cankar, Jules Beekwilder, Cinzia Comino
Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus) is a rich source of compounds promoting human health (phytonutrients), among them caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs), mainly represented by chlorogenic acid (CGA), and dicaffeoylquinic acids (diCQAs). The enzymes involved in their biosynthesis belong to the large family of BAHD acyltransferases. Following a survey of the globe artichoke genome, we identified 69 BAHD proteins carrying the catalytic site (HXXXD). Their phylogenetic analysis together with another 43 proteins, from 21 species, representative of the BAHD family, highlighted their grouping in seven major clades...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687506/%C3%AE-ntioxidant-activity-of-cynara-scolymus-l-and-cynara-cardunculus-l-extracts-obtained-by-different-extraction-techniques
#20
Eleni Kollia, Panagiota Markaki, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis, Charalampos Proestos
Extracts of different parts (heads, bracts and stems) of Cynara cardunculus L. (cardoon) and Cynara scolymus L. (globe artichoke), obtained by two different extraction techniques (Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (UAE) and classical extraction (CE)) were examined and compared for their total phenolic content (TPC) and their antioxidant activity. Moreover, infusions of the plant's parts were also analysed and compared to aforementioned samples. Results showed that cardoon's heads extract (obtained by Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction) displayed the highest TPC values (1...
August 11, 2016: Natural Product Research
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