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N Taimori, D Kahrizi, V Abdossi, A H Papzan
The present study describes the effects of light conditions, different kinds and concentrations of auxins [Naphthylacetic acid (NAA) and dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)] with cytokinin (Kin) in MS medium on callus induction and embryogenesis in Crataegus pseudoheterophylla, C. aronia and C.meyeri. At first leave explants sections were cultured on different combinations of plant growth regulators in dark and light for callus initiation and light conditions to evaluation the percentage and duration of survival, callus diameter, callus fresh weight and dry...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Shao-Ru Chen, An-Qi Wang, Li-Gen Lin, Hong-Cong Qiu, Yi-Tao Wang, Ying Wang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects 200 million people worldwide, and 75% of HCV cases progress into chronic infections, which consequently cause cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV infection is treated with currently considered standard drugs, including direct anti-viral agents (DAAs), alone or in combination with peginterferon-α plus ribavirin. However, sustained viral responses vary in different cohorts, and high costs limit the broad use of DAAs. In this study, the ethanol and water extracts of 12 herbs from Lingnan in China were examined in terms of their inhibitory effect on HCV replication...
October 15, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Alper Gokbulut, F Sezer Senol
Plants have been always a fruitful source of active metabolites against many human disorders, where cardiovascular (CV) diseases have been one of the major health problems all over the world. There are some clinically proved medicinal plants with cardioprotective effects such as Crataegus monogyna and C. oxyacantha (hawthorn) from Rosaceae. On the other hand, cardiac glycosides, present in a number of plant species, are well-known for their cardiotonic activity. However, we encountered such a fact that very less number of studies are available on the source plants; e...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
S L Y Ma, Y M Lu
The Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N.E.Br.) is uniquely originated in northern China. The ecological and horticultural importance of Chinese hawthorn is considerable and some varieties are valued for their fruit or medicine extracts. Its taxonomy and phylogeny remain poorly understood. Apart from general plant morphological traits, pollen is an important trait for the classification of plants and their evolutionary origin. However, few studies have investigated the pollen of Chinese hawthorn...
September 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Abdoulaye Diane, Faye Borthwick, Sheng Wu, Jeanette Lee, Paula N Brown, Timothy A Dickinson, Kevin D Croft, Donna F Vine, Spencer D Proctor
Hawthorn is a widely used herbal alternative medicine for the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases. However, the attributed health benefits, purported to be due to the presence of phenolic compounds, may depend on both the specific species and plant part. Studies to date investigating effects of hawthorn on heart disease(s) have used well-described European and/or Asian species, while little is known regarding the bioactivity of species native to North America. Six weeks of supplementation of both fireberry hawthorn berry (native Crataegus chrysocarpa) and English hawthorn leaf (C...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Wei Guo, Wenyan Zheng, Mei Wang, Xiaohong Li, Yue Ma, Hongyan Dai
The genome sequences of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) isolates from three accessions of hawthorns (Crataegus pinnatifida) grown at Shenyang Agricultural University were determined using Illumina RNA-seq. To confirm the assembly data from the de novo sequencing, two ACLSV genomic sequences (SY01 and SY02) were sequenced using the Sanger method. The SY01 and SY02 sequences obtained with the Sanger method showed 99.5% and 99.7% nucleotide identity with the transcriptome data, respectively. The genome sequences of the hawthorn isolates SY01, SY02 and SY03 (GenBank accession nos...
2016: PloS One
Suliman Al Humayed
AIM: We evaluated the potential preventive and therapeutic effects of Crataegus aronia (C. aronia) in NAFLD induced by high-fat diet (HFD) in rat models. METHODS: Protective effect of Crataegus aronia or simvastatin was investigated in Wistar rats fed either low-fat diet (LFD) or HFD. RESULTS: Liver histopathological examinations confirmed the development of NAFLD in rats fed HFD. In both protective and therapeutic treatments, C. aronia significantly reduced liver index (3...
July 16, 2016: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Suwen Liu, Xuedong Chang, Xiufeng Liu, Zhanwei Shen
The effect of microwave and heat pretreatment on the content and composition of anthocyanins, phenolics, and the antioxidant capacity of hawthorn drink were studied. Nine anthocyanins were isolated by chromatographic separation from the Zirou hawthorn source and their structure identified using HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS analysis. Heat and microwave pretreatments had a significant impact on the relative contents of hawthorn anthocyanins, such as cyanidin-3-galactoside (82.9% and 76.9%, respectively) and cyanidin-3-glucoside (9...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
M A Abuashwashi, O M Palomino, M P Gómez-Serranillos
CONTEXT: Crataegus monogyna Jacq L. (Lind.) (Rosaceae) is used in folk medicine as a sedative, aerial parts being rich in polyphenols with antioxidant ability. OBJECTIVES: To study the variation in polyphenolic composition and antioxidant ability of spontaneous samples of C. monogyna in order to assess the relationship among these variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerial parts of C. monogyna were collected from nine different locations in central Spain and extracted with methanol after drying...
May 26, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Serdar Aral, Ayşe Vildan Beşe
Thin layer drying characteristics and physicochemical properties of hawthorn fruit (Crataegus spp.) were investigated using a convective dryer at air temperatures 50, 60 and 70°C and air velocities of 0.5, 0.9 and 1.3m/s. The drying process of hawthorn took place in the falling rate period, and the drying time decreased with increasing air temperature and velocity. The experimental data obtained during the drying process were fitted to eleven different mathematical models. The Midilli et al.'s model was found to be the best appropriate model for explaining the drying behavior of hawthorn fruit...
November 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Jeong-Hyun Yoo, Yanan Liu, Hyun-Sook Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge) extract on the lipid profiles and antioxidant properties in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. After ovariectomy, the rats were randomly divided into four groups: the non-OVX control (Sham), the OVX-control (OVX), the OVX + 100 mg/kg b.w. of hawthorn extract (OL), and the OVX + 200 mg/kg b.w. of hawthorn extract (OH). The final body weights of the OVX group were significantly increased, but the increment was significantly decreased in hawthorn groups (p < 0...
2016: Nutrients
Dorota Wyspiańska, Alicja Z Kucharska, Anna Sokół-Łętowska, Joanna Kolniak-Ostek
BACKGROUND: Procyanidins from the bark of hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) were isolated and purified. Qualitative and quantitative composition was compared with that of the extract of hawthorn fruit (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.). Stability and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of procyanidins before and after microencapsulation were estimated. The effects of the carrier type (inulin and maltodextrin) and procyanidins:carrier ratio (1:1, 1:3) and the influence of storage temperature (20 °C, -20 °C, -80 °C) on the content of procyanidins were evaluated...
May 4, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Liwen Wang, Zhiwei Yue, Mengzheng Guo, Lianying Fang, Liang Bai, Xinyu Li, Yongqing Tao, Suying Wang, Qiang Liu, Dexian Zhi, Hui Zhao
Hyperoside, an active compound found in plants of the genera Hypericum and Crataegus, is reported to exhibit antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. Induction of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) apoptosis is recognized as a promising strategy for attenuation of hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether hyperoside treatment can exert antifibrotic effects in human LX-2 hepatic stellate cells. We found that hyperoside induced apoptosis in LX-2 cells and decreased levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), type I collagen, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Kai Cui, Shaobo Zhang, Xin Jiang, Weidong Xie
The present study investigated the synergic effects and potential mechanisms of action of Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) combined with Crataegus flavonoids (CF) in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg streptozotocin in mice. Normal and untreated diabetic control mice were used, and CF‑treated (200 mg/kg/day), APS‑treated (200 mg/kg/day), APS + CF (AC)‑treated (200 mg/kg/day of each) and metformin‑treated (200 mg/kg/day) diabetic mice were orally administrated the appropriate therapeutic agent for 4 weeks...
June 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Meng Luo, Xuan Yang, Jiao-Yang Hu, Jiao Jiao, Fan-Song Mu, Zhuo-Yue Song, Qing-Yan Gai, Qi Qiao, Xin Ruan, Yu-Jie Fu
In this study, the effect of seasonal variations on Crataegus pinnatifida, changes in antioxidant activity and active components in C. pinnatifida leaves, roots, twigs, and fruits from May to October were investigated. Through correlation analysis of climatic factors and 7 phenolic compounds yield, the phenolic compounds content was positively correlated with temperatures and daytime. The correlation coefficient of temperatures and daytime were 0.912 and 0.829, respectively. 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, 2,2'-azino-bis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging and reducing power tests were employed to evaluate the antioxidant activity of the C...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science
Xiang-Nan Jin, En-Zhi Yan, Han-Ming Wang, Hai-Juan Sui, Zhou Liu, Wei Gao, Ying Jin
AIM: Hyperoside is a flavonol glycoside mainly found in plants of the genera Hypericum and Crataegus, which has shown anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of hyperoside on human rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) in vitro and on mouse collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in vivo. METHODS: FLSs were isolated from primary synovial tissues obtained from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and exposed to LPS (1 μg/mL)...
May 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Feng Shao, Lifei Gu, Huijuan Chen, Ronghua Liu, Huilian Huang, Gang Ren
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) is a Chinese medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Recently, studies indicated free radical scavenging was one of the major pathways to alleviate hyperlipidemia. Moreover, hawthorn fruit is a rich source of phenols, which quench free radical and attenuate hyperlipidemia. However, the phenols vary with processing methods, especially solvent type. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of hawthorn fruit in hyperlipidemia rats...
January 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Sang Chul Jeong, Ratna Tulasi, Sundar Rao Koyyalamudi
Fruits are a rich source of antioxidants and traditional Chinese fruits have been studied for their chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties against cancers and other diseases. The total phenol and flavonoid contents of eleven Chinese fruits extracts were determined. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were estimated by both the Folin-Ciocalteau and aluminium chloride methods. The antioxidant activities were evaluated by four assays: a biological assay using Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DPPH radical scavenging activity, chelating ability for ferrous ions and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)...
2016: Cancers
Ting Fu, Ling Wang, Xiang-nan Jin, Hai-juan Sui, Zhou Liu, Ying Jin
AIM: Hyperoside (quercetin-3-O-β-D-galactopyranoside) is a flavonol glycoside found in plants of the genera Hypericum and Crataegus, which exhibits anticancer, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study we investigated whether autophagy was involved in the anticancer mechanisms of hyperoside in human non-small cell lung cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: Human non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549 was tested, and human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B was used for comparison...
April 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Suellen Iara Guirra Rosa, Fabrício Rios-Santos, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins
BACKGROUND: Vitexin is a flavonoid found in plants of different genus such as Vitex spp. and Crataegus spp. Despite being an important molecule present in phytomedicines and nutraceuticals, the mechanisms supporting its use as anti-inflammatory remains unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in acute anti-inflammatory effect of vitexin with regard to neutrophil recruitment and macrophages activation. METHODS: Anti-inflammatory properties of vitexin were evaluated in four models of neutrophil recruitment...
January 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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