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Jia-Dong Hu, Ge Mao, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Cun-de Ma, Zong-Suo Liang, Guang-Dong Xia, Juan-E Dong
The research studies the effect of different fertilization treatments on yield and accumulation of secondary metabolites of Codonopsis pilosula by using single factor randomized block design, in order to ensure reasonable harvesting time and fertilization ratio, and provide the basis for standardized cultivation of C. pilosula. According to the clustering results, the nitrogen fertilizer benefitted for the improvement of root diameter and biomass of C. pilosula. The phosphate fertilizer could promote the content of C...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Seong-Yeop Jeong, Suna Kang, Da Sol Kim, Sunmin Park
We examined the mechanisms and efficacy of Codonopsis lanceolata water extract (CLW) for treating type 2 diabetic (T2DM) symptoms. Partial pancreatectomized (Px) rats, a non-obese T2DM model, were provided high fat diets containing cellulose (control), 0.3% (CLW-L) or 1% CLW (CLW-H) for eight weeks. The positive control group was provided with rosiglitazone (20 mg/kg bw/day). The control group had lower epididymal fat masses than the CLW and the positive control groups, possibly due to urinary glucose loss, although CPT-1 and SIRT-1 expression was higher in the CLW group...
November 1, 2017: Nutrients
Di Wu, Liangnan Cui, Guang Yang, Xing Ning, Lin Sun, Yifa Zhou
Rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II) is a complex pectin with diverse pharmaceutical activities. To assess how RG-II functions, the development of methods for its preparation is required. In this paper, pectin from Codonopsis pilosula was used to evaluate the ability of fungi and bacteria to degrade the pectin. We discovered that the fungus Penicillium oxalicum could efficiently lead to the recovery of RG-II domains by degrading the other pectic domains. Further, six pectin fractions from different medical plants were used as the sole carbon source for the growth of Penicillium oxalicum...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yinyin Liao, Lanting Zeng, Pan Li, Tian Sun, Chao Wang, Fangwen Li, Yiyong Chen, Bing Du, Ziyin Yang
Plant growth retardant (PGR) refers to organics that can inhibit the cell division of plant stem tip sub-apical meristem cells or primordial meristem cell. They are widely used in the cultivation of rhizomatous functional plants; such as Codonopsis Radix, that is a famous Chinese traditional herb. However, it is still unclear whether PGR affects the medicinal quality of C. Radix. In the present study, amino acid analyses, targeted and non-targeted analyses by ultra-performance liquid chromatography combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF-MS) and gas chromatography-MS were used to analyze and compare the composition of untreated C...
October 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ya-Jing Feng, Xiao-Xia Wang, Peng-Yu Zhuang, Dan-Yang Zhang, Lei Gao, Jin-Ming Chen, Gang Han
A new neolignan, (-)-(7R,8S,7'E)-3',4-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-8,4'-oxyneoligna-7'-ene-7,9,9'-triol(1), and seven known compounds, 9-(tetrahydropyran-2-yl)-nona-trans,trans-2,8-diene-4,6-diyn-1-ol (2), 9-(tetrahydropyran-2-yl)-trans-non-8-ene-4,6-diyn-1-ol (3), lobetyol (4), lobetyolin (5),dehydrodieoniferyl alcohol (6), 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (7), and 4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-trans-stilbene (8), were isolated from the H2O extract of Codonopsis pilosula. The structures of 1-8 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including NMR, HR-ESI-MS, and CD...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Hui-Zhen Wang, Zhong-Xue Lian, Guo-di Lu, Yu-Fang Huang, Zhi-Jia Cui, Jin-Tian Li, Tao Du
The study is aimed to research the relationship between the seedling grade of Codonopsis pilosula and yield and quality of medicinal materials, so as to provide basis for establishing seedling standard. Thirty seedlings of C. pilosula were collected from the main production areas in Gansu province, such as Weiyuan, Minxian, Zhangxian, Dangchang and Longxi, root length and diameter and weight of all the samples were measured. According to the clustering results, seedlings were divided into 3 levels, and field experiments were conducted with three levels seedling, yield and quality were tested in laboratory...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Tian Sun, Feng-Song Liu, Hao Jing, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
To observe the influence of different cultivation measures on the chemical constituents of Codonopsis Radix and provide reference for its reasonable cultivation, Codonopsis Radix samples cultivated by different cultivation measures were collected from the planting base in Min county,and their quality were evaluated by establishing HPLC fingerprint and determining the content of lobetyolin and Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide. The results show that different cultivation measures have an effect on the quality of Codonopsis Radix and the contents of lobetyolin and Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide are obviously different...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Haneul Kim, Hyung Eun Lee, In Ho Jung, Se Jin Jeon, Jiabao Zhang, Yubeen Kwon, Dae Sik Jang, Jong Hoon Ryu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The seeds of Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.F Chow (Rhamnaceae) and the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata (Siedbold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook. f ex Trautv. (Campanulaceae), contained in the DHP1402, have long been used for treating dementia or hypomnesia as folk medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: It has been reported that Z. jujuba var. spinosa and C. lanceolata are effective in improving cognitive function, but via different mechanisms...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jianguang Cai, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf, Limei Luo, Hui Tang
This paper aims to observe and analyze effects of Codonopsis pilosula water extract on micro RNA (miRNA) expression profile in liver tissue of senile mice. The 110 Konminmice were randomly divided into five groups, including D-galactose-induced senile model group, normal control group, and low, middle and high dose intervention groups. Continuous modeling lasted 40 days. General symptoms and changes of body mass of the model mice were monitored and observed. The levels of serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of mice were compared, and miRNA of differential expression during aging of D-galactose-induction and high-dose Codonopsis pilosula intervention was analyzed...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Na-Young Son, Seung-Hyun Kim, Chang Yeon Yu, Ill-Min Chung
The effect of water stress and herbicide treatment on the phenolic compound concentration and photosynthesis rate in transgenic Codonopsis lanceolata plants over-expressing the γ-tmt gene was investigated and compared to that in control non-transgenic C. lanceolata plants. The total phenolic compound content was investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography combined with diode array detection in C. lanceolata seedlings 3 weeks after water stress and treatment with glyphosate. Changes in the composition of phenolic compounds were observed in leaf and root extracts from transformed C...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
Pei Zhang, Linhai Hu, Ruibin Bai, Xiaoping Zheng, Yuling Ma, Xia Gao, Bolu Sun, Fangdi Hu
A pectic polysaccharide (named as CPP1c) extracted from Codonopsis pilosula was evaluated for its structural features and potential of immune-modulating activities in an aging mouse model of senescence accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) in vitro and in vivo. The relative molecular weight and the absolute molecular weight of CPP1c were 1.26×10(5)Da and 1.49×10(5)Da, respectively. Investigation of structural features by a combination of chemical and instrumental analysis showed CPP1c was composed of →1)-α-l-Rhap-(2,4→, →1)-α-l-Araf-(5→, →1)-α-d-Galp-(6→ and →1)-α-d-GalpA-(4→ in a molar ratio of 3:1:2:33...
November 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yanqiu Liu, Xiangming Zou, Guangren Sun, Yihong Bao
β1 integrin-mediated migration plays a fundamental role in melanoma metastasis. Here, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-metastatic capacity of a polysaccharide fraction (CLPS) from Codonopsis lanceolata. CLPS inhibited in vivo melanoma metastasis in a B16F10 pulmonary metastasis model, impaired β1 integrin-mediated B16F10 melanoma cell migration in vitro evaluated by Transwell assay, reduced affinity between β1 integrin and ligand protein GST-FNIII9-10. Also, CLPS attenuated the adhesion-dependent formation of focal adhesion and blocked β1 integrin/FAK/paxillin signaling axis...
October 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ya-Qin Wen, Jinzhen Zhang, Yi Li, Lanzhen Chen, Wen Zhao, Jinhui Zhou, Yue Jin
The phenolic and proline content were determined in honey samples of different floral origins (rapeseed, sunflower, buckwheat and Codonopsis) from five different regions of China. The phenolic and proline profile of these samples were used to construct a statistical model to distinguish honeys from different floral origins. Significant differences were identified among the studied honey samples from multivariate chemometric methods. The proline content varied among the four types of honeys, with the values decreasing in the order: buckwheat > Codonopsis > sunflower > rapeseed...
May 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yu Luo, Wen-Long Li, Wen-Hua Huang, Xue-Hua Liu, Yan-Gang Song, Hai-Bin Qu
A near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) approach was established for quality control of the alcohol precipitation liquid in the manufacture of Codonopsis Radix. By applying NIRS with multivariate analysis, it was possible to build variation into the calibration sample set, and the Plackett-Burman design, Box-Behnken design, and a concentrating-diluting method were used to obtain the sample set covered with sufficient fluctuation of process parameters and extended concentration information. NIR data were calibrated to predict the four quality indicators using partial least squares regression (PLSR)...
May 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Z Xie, J Zhang, S Ma, X Huang, Y Huang
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adding a Chinese herbal hedicine (CHM, including astragalus membranaceus, codonopsis pilosula, poria cocos, bighead atractylodes rhizome, fructus crataegi, folium epimedii, radix saposhnikoviae, and pericarpium citri reticulatae) diet has effects on lipid metabolism in the liver of the broiler. Six-hundred-thirty Hetian broilers were divided into 3 groups including base diet (control), 0.3%, or 1% CHM diets, for 130 days. The results showed that CHM treatment significantly increased the slaughter performance...
June 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Bolu Sun, Xiaodan Gou, Ruibin Bai, Ahmed Attia Ahmed Abdelmoaty, Yuling Ma, Xiaoping Zheng, Fangdi Hu
A novel lobetyolin electrochemical sensor based on a magnetic functionalized reduced graphene oxide/Nafion nanohybrid film has been introduced in this work. The magnetic functionalized reduced graphene oxide was characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscope, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The scanning electron microscopy characterized the morphology and microstructure of the prepared sensors, and the electrochemical effective surface areas of the prepared sensors were also calculated by chronocoulometry method...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Min Xie, Zhiqiang Yan, Xia Ren, Xiuzhuang Li, Bo Qin
Codonopilate A (1), a triterpenyl ester, was isolated from monocultivated soil of annual Codonopsis pilosula and identified as the main autotoxin. The yield ratio of codonopilate A in dried soil was calculated as 2.04 μg/g. Other two triterpenoids, taraxeryl acetate (2) and 24-methylenecycloartanol (3), were isolated and identified as well showing weaker autotoxity. This was the first time that the potential allelochemicals and autotoxins in the cultivated soil of Codonopsis pilosula were reported. Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by the autotoxins in the root tips of Codonopsis pilosula was considered as an important factor for the phytotoxic effect...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
De-Yi Wang, Qiang Wang, Ying-Li Wang, Xiao-Guo Xiang, Lu-Qi Huang, Xiao-Hua Jin
DNA barcoding is expected to be one of the most promising tools in biological taxonomy. However, there have been no agreements on which core barcode should be used in plants, especially in species-rich genera with wide geographical distributions. To evaluate their discriminatory power in large genera, four of the most widely used DNA barcodes, including three plastid regions (matK, rbcL, trnH-psbA) and nuclear internal transcribed spacer (nrITS), were tested in seven species-rich genera (Ficus, Pedicularis, Rhodiola, Rhododendron,Viburnum, Dendrobium and Lysimachia) and a moderate size genus, Codonopsis...
2017: PloS One
Zhuoming Lu, Xinhua Qian, Chunhong Zhang, Zhiwen Chen, Guangliang Du
A previous study conducted by our group demonstrated that Radix Astragali compounded with Codonopsis pilosula and Plastrum testudinis was effective in treating pediatric β-thalassemia in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. However, the mechanism of action that underpins this treatment remains to be elucidated. Blood was collected from patients participating in this clinical trial and nucleated red blood cell-enriched mononuclear cells were isolated to facilitate the extraction of RNA and protein. RT-PCR was used to monitor the expression of globin genes and p38 MAPK, and total and phosphorylated p38 MAPK expression was assessed using Western blot analysis...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
R X Lan, J W Park, D W Lee, I H Kim
A 12-week trial with 120 [(Landrace×Yorkshire)×Duroc] pigs (45.65 ± 1.93 kg) was conducted to evaluate the effects of Astragalus membranaceus, Codonopsis pilosula and allicin mixture (HM) supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, faecal microbial shedding, immune response and meat quality in finishing pigs. Pigs were allocated to one of three treatments with 0, 0.025% (HM1) and 0.05% (HM2) HM supplementation in a randomized complete block design according to sex and BW. Each treatment contained 10 replications with four pigs (two barrows and two gilts) per pen...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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