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Yu-Ping Fu, Li-Xia Li, Bing-Zhao Zhang, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Zhong-Qiong Yin, Chao Huang, Bin Feng, Xing-Fu Chen, Ren-Rong Jia, Xu Song, Xue-Qin Ni, Bo Jing, Fa-Ming Wu, Yuan-Feng Zou
The inulin-type fructan was obtained by DEAE anion exchange chromatography from C. pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen, after optimized extract condition, which was established by response surface methodology, designed using Box-Behnken factorial design and the optimum condition were: extracting 2.5 h with ratio of solvent to material 40 mL/g at 100 °C, twice. The maximum extraction yield was 20.6 ± 0.2%. It was confirmed as β-(2-1) linkage fructan, with terminal glucose, and with a degree of polymerization of 2-17 (DPav  = 6), shown by the results of methanolysis, methylation, nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular weight determination...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Shi Shen, Jingbo Wang, Qin Zhuo, Xi Chen, Tingting Liu, Shuang-Qing Zhang
Phenolics and flavonoids in honey are considered as the main phytonutrients which not only act as natural antioxidants, but can also be used as floral markers for honey identification. In this study, the chemical profiles of phenolics and flavonoids, antioxidant competences including total phenolic content, DPPH and ABTS assays and discrimination using chemometric analysis of various Chinese monofloral honeys from six botanical origins (acacia, Vitex , linden, rapeseed, Astragalus and Codonopsis ) were examined...
May 8, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiao-Yu Hu, Fu-Ying Qin, Xi-Feng Lu, Lan-Sheng Zhang, Yong-Xian Cheng
Three new polyynes, named choushenpilosulynes A-C ( 1 - 3 ), were isolated from an 85% aqueous EtOH extract of the roots of Codonopsis pilosula cultivated in Xundian County of Yunnan province, China. Their structures, including the absolute configuration of the glucose residue in 1 and 2 , were determined by spectroscopic analysis and gas chromatography (GC). In addition, biological evaluation shows that all the compounds can inhibit the expression of the squalene monooxygenase (SQLE) gene in HepG2 cells, suggesting that these compounds may be involved in lipid metabolism...
April 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiao-Lin Wang, Jiao-Jiao Ji, Jian-Ping Gao
GAPDH(glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) gene is a key enzyme gene in carbohydrate metabolism and always used as reference gene. To clarify and complete the biosynthetic pathway of polysaccharide, the GAPDH gene in Codonopsis pilosula, named CpGAPDH, was cloned according to the transcriptome of pilosula, using the GAPDH gene in potato as query. The CpGAPDH contained a 1 014 bp open reading frame(ORF) and encoded a protein with 337 amino acids. Bioinformatic analysis clearly suggested that CpGAPDH shared high similarity with GAPDH among other plants, and had the closest relatives to potato and danshen...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Min Chen, Yuanyuan Li, Zhu Liu, Yajun Qu, Huajie Zhang, Dengwen Li, Jun Zhou, Songbo Xie, Min Liu
BACKGROUND: Exopolysaccharides with structural diversity have shown wide applications in biomaterial, food, and pharmaceutical industries. Herein, we isolated an endophytic strain, 14-DS-1, from the traditional medicinal plant Codonopsis pilosula to elucidate the characteristics and anti-cancer activities of purified exopolysaccharides. METHODS: HPLC and GC-MS were conducted to purify and characterize the exopolysaccharides isolated from 14-DS-1. Quantitative RT-PCR, cell migration assays, immunofluorescence staining, and flow cytometry analysis were conducted to investighate the biological activity of DSPS...
March 25, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Min Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Xiao-Bo Sun, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Tao Zheng, Li-Zhi Cheng, Yong-Ming Yan, Bao-Hua Liu, Fu-Ying Qin, Fu-Rong Xu, Yong-Xian Cheng
Pseudolarolides U and V, two new triterpenoids, and four biogenetically related compounds, pseudolarolides E, F, K, and P were isolated from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula (Campanulaceae). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data. The regulation of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activity by all the isolated compounds was evaluated.
February 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
A Young Han, Young Seok Lee, Soonho Kwon, Hui Su Lee, Kwang-Won Lee, Geun Hee Seol
BACKGROUND: Codonopsis lanceolata, a plant with antioxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and blood lipid improving effects, has been widely used as a therapeutic agent in traditional medicine. PURPOSE: The present study investigated the ability of an ethanol extract of Codonopsis lanceolata (ECL) to prevent hypertension in hypertensive rats. METHODS: Rats were orally administered daily doses of 0 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg ECL for 3 weeks...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Ya-Jing Tong, Hui-Xian Zhang, Yan-Xia Chen, Mei-Ling Dong, Kun Ma
In order to analyze Professor Ma Kun's medication in treating anovulatory infertility, her prescriptions for treating anovulatory infertility in 2012-2015 were collected. The medication features and the regularity of prescriptions were mined by using traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system, association rules, complex system entropy clustering and other mining methods. Finally, a total of 684 prescriptions and 300 kinds of herbs were screened out, with a total frequency of 11 156 times; And 68 core combinations and 8 new prescriptions were mined...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Fu-Ying Qin, Li-Zhi Cheng, Yong-Ming Yan, Bao-Hua Liu, Yong-Xian Cheng
Choushenflavonoids A ( 1 ) and B ( 2 ), two unusual proline-containing catechin glucosides, were isolated from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula cultivated in a high-altitude location of Yunnan province. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data and chemical methods. Specifically, the absolute configuration of glucose residue in 1 and 2 was assigned by acid hydrolysis followed by derivatization and gas chromatography (GC) analysis. In addition, biological evaluation of 1 and 2 against Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) was carried out...
January 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiao-Zhen Li, Li-Zhi Cheng, Yong-Ming Yan, Bao-Hua Liu, Yong-Xian Cheng
Three new compounds, pilosulinene A (1), pilosulinols A (2), and B (3), along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula cultivated in Xundian County of Yunnan Province. The structures of new compounds were established by spectroscopic methods. In particular, the presence of an aromatic ring in the structure of 1 makes it intriguing. The inhibitory activity of compounds against SIRT1 was evaluated. The results showed that 8 could inhibit Sirt1 in a dose-dependent manner.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Xiao-Jun Wu, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Yi Yu, Lu-Qi Huang
This paper is aimed to clarify the distribution of Codonopsis Radix in China and search the main ecological factors that affect the suitability distribution. Through literature reading, National Specimen Information Infrastructure researching, field investigation and general survey of Chinese medicine resources, the distribution information was acquired. The MaxEnt model and ArcGIS technology were applied to analyze the main environmental factors influencing the suitability of Codonopsis Radix with integrated 55 environmental factors...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yun-Peng Luan, Qi-Feng Li, Shi-Guo Wu, De-Chang Mao, Yan-Yun Deng, Rong-Wang Chen
The roots of Codonopsis cordifolioidea (classified as campanulaceae cordifolioidea), locally known as Tsoong, have been used as a tonic food. The major components isolated from Tsoong have been demonstrated to present anti‑human immunodeficiency virus‑1 activities and cytotoxicity against various tumor cell lines. However, the possible effects of the novel compound isolated from Tsoong, cordifoliketones A, on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells, are still unknown. In the present study, cordifoliketones A extractions were prepared from Tsoong, and the possible effects on PDAC cell growth, apoptosis, migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo were exlored...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jiankuan Li, Tao Wang, Zhichuan Zhu, Fengrong Yang, Lingya Cao, Jianping Gao
Radix Codonopsis has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for strengthening the immune system, improving poor gastrointestinal function, treating gastric ulcers and chronic gastritis and so on. In the present study, an inulin-type fructan CP-A was obtained from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. and its structure was confirmed by MS and NMR as (2 → 1) linked-β-d-fructofuranose. The protective effects of CP-A against ethanol-induced acute gastric ulcer in rats were intensively investigated...
December 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ting-Ting Cao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Shi-Man Gao, Tian Sun, Jie-Yuan Qin, Hao Jing, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
To provide a scientific evidence for the quality control of Codonopsis Radix, a method was established for determining the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix. The developed method showed good linearity. The calibration curves were linear within the range of 2.312 5-18.500 0 μg for sucrose, 1.500 0-12.000 0 μg for glucose, and 2.000 0-16.000 0 μg for fructose, resgectwely. The recoveries varied between 96.31%-101.8%. The method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for determining the content of sucrose, glucose and fructose of Codonopsis Radix...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yuqing Zeng, Dingyan Bi, Zhan Yi, Jianwei Lu, Fuhua Zhong, Binfeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy and partial mechanism of medicinal-cake-separated moxibustion for senile osteoporosis. METHODS: Sixty cases of senile osteoporosis were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group according to the random digits table, 30 cases in each one. The two groups were both treated with basic treatment of western medicine. The acupoints included four groups:① Dazhui (GV 14), Dazhu (BL 11) and Ganshu (BL 18); ② Zhongwan (CV 12), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zusanli (ST 36); ③ Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23) and Mingmen (GV 4); ④ Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4)...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Qi-Yan Zheng, Lu-Ying Sun, Hua-Nan Jin, Qian Zhou, Wen Zhang, Ya-Hui Wang
The incidence of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is increasing year by year, and the clinical research on Chinese medicine treatment of INM is also growing. This study aims to evaluate the efficiency and safety of Yiqi Huoxue method for IMN. Data sources used were from PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP database. Two researchers independently screened the literature and extracted data. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta analysis, and the evidences were graded for the outcomes according to GRADE system by using GRADEprofiler 3...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Jia-Dong Hu, Ge Mao, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Cun-de Ma, Zong-Suo Liang, Guang-Dong Xia, Juan-E Dong
The research studies the effect of different fertilization treatments on yield and accumulation of secondary metabolites of Codonopsis pilosula by using single factor randomized block design, in order to ensure reasonable harvesting time and fertilization ratio, and provide the basis for standardized cultivation of C. pilosula. According to the clustering results, the nitrogen fertilizer benefitted for the improvement of root diameter and biomass of C. pilosula. The phosphate fertilizer could promote the content of C...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Seong-Yeop Jeong, Suna Kang, Da Sol Kim, Sunmin Park
We examined the mechanisms and efficacy of Codonopsis lanceolata water extract (CLW) for treating type 2 diabetic (T2DM) symptoms. Partial pancreatectomized (Px) rats, a non-obese T2DM model, were provided high fat diets containing cellulose (control), 0.3% (CLW-L) or 1% CLW (CLW-H) for eight weeks. The positive control group was provided with rosiglitazone (20 mg/kg bw/day). The control group had lower epididymal fat masses than the CLW and the positive control groups, possibly due to urinary glucose loss, although CPT-1 and SIRT-1 expression was higher in the CLW group...
November 1, 2017: Nutrients
Di Wu, Liangnan Cui, Guang Yang, Xing Ning, Lin Sun, Yifa Zhou
Rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II) is a complex pectin with diverse pharmaceutical activities. To assess how RG-II functions, the development of methods for its preparation is required. In this paper, pectin from Codonopsis pilosula was used to evaluate the ability of fungi and bacteria to degrade the pectin. We discovered that the fungus Penicillium oxalicum could efficiently lead to the recovery of RG-II domains by degrading the other pectic domains. Further, six pectin fractions from different medical plants were used as the sole carbon source for the growth of Penicillium oxalicum...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
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