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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303223/four-new-phenolic-glycosides-from-baoyuan-decoction
#1
Xiaoli Ma, Xiaoyu Guo, Mingbo Zhao, Pengfei Tu, Yong Jiang
Four new phenolic glycosides, including two flavonoid glycosides (1 and 2) and two lignan glycosides (3 and 4), were isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine formula, Baoyuan decoction. Their structures were established by detailed analysis of the NMR and HR-ESI-MS spectroscopic data and their absolute configurations were determined by the experimental electronic circular dichroism data as well as chemical methods. Furthermore, the sources of the four new compounds were determined by the UPLC-Qtrap-MS method, which proved that 1 and 2 are originated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and 3 and 4 are from Cinnamomum cassia...
March 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302020/olfactory-loss-management-in-view-of-avicenna-focus-on-neuroprotective-plants
#2
Farnaz Sinaei, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Behjat Javadi
BACKGROUND: Loss of olfaction can cause noticeable reduction in general quality of life. Only a small portion of patients with olfactory loss respond to current medications. Thus, development of novel therapeutic strategies seems to be necessary. Looking into traditional medical knowledge can be of great value in addressing useful remedies. Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) has been practiced in Persia for more than 2000 years. Avicenna is the most eminent Persian physician. OBJECTIVE: To survey Avicenna's views on etiology and management of olfactory loss and to search for relevant modern pharmacological data...
March 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301719/a-reconfigured-kennedy-pathway-which-promotes-efficient-accumulation-of-medium-chain-fatty-acids-in-leaf-oils
#3
Kyle B Reynolds, Matthew C Taylor, Darren P Cullerne, Christopher L Blanchard, Craig C Wood, Surinder P Singh, James R Petrie
Medium chain fatty acids (MCFA, C6-14 fatty acids) are an ideal feedstock for biodiesel and broader oleochemicals. In recent decades, several studies have used transgenic engineering to produce MCFA in seeds oils, though these modifications result in unbalance membrane lipid profiles that impair oil yields and agronomic performance. Given the ability to engineer non-seed organs to produce oils, we have previously demonstrated that MCFA profiles can be produced in leaves, but this also results in unbalanced membrane lipid profiles and undesirable chlorosis and cell death...
March 16, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296357/antibacterial-antifungal-and-antiviral-effects-of-three-essential-oil-blends
#4
Amandine Brochot, Angèle Guilbot, Laïla Haddioui, Christine Roques
New agents that are effective against common pathogens are needed particularly for those resistant to conventional antimicrobial agents. Essential oils (EOs) are known for their antimicrobial activity. Using the broth microdilution method, we showed that (1) two unique blends of Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Daucus carota, Eucalyptus globulus and Rosmarinus officinalis EOs (AB1 and AB2; cinnamon EOs from two different suppliers) were active against the fourteen Gram-positive and -negative bacteria strains tested, including some antibiotic-resistant strains...
March 14, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278616/two-new-geranylphenylacetate-glycosides-from-the-barks-of-cinnamomum-cassia
#5
Jun-Fen Zeng, Hu-Cheng Zhu, Jian-Wu Lu, Lin-Zhen Hu, Jin-Chun Song, Yong-Hui Zhang
Two new glycosides, cinnacassides F (1) and G (2), with a rare geranylphenylacetate carbon skeleton, were isolated from the barks of Cinnamomum cassia, along with three known analogues, cinnacassides A (3), B (4) and C (5). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses and chemical method. Compounds 1-5 were investigated for their immunomodulatory activities, and compounds 1, 3 and 4 showed differential immunosuppressive activities against murine lymphocytes...
March 6, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258635/cinnamomum-cassia-extracts-reverses-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-and-suppresses-tumor-growth-in-vivo
#6
Chin-Yin Lin, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Shun-Fa Yang, Shu-Chen Chu, Pei-Ni Chen, Yih-Shou Hsieh
Metastasis is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality in patients, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is essential for cancer metastasis and antidrug resistance. Cinnamomum cassia has several antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer biological effects. However, the anti-EMT effect of C. cassia in human lung carcinoma is rarely reported. In this study, we determined whether C. cassia extracts (CCE) reduces the EMT and tumor growth of human lung adenocarcinoma cells. CCE inhibited the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-induced cell motility and invasiveness of A549 and H1299 cells by repressing matrix metalloproteinase-2 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator as well as impaired cell adhesion to collagen...
March 4, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258426/how-interacting-fungal-species-and-mineral-nitrogen-inputs-affect-transfer-of-nitrogen-from-litter-via-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-mycelium
#7
Yuejun He, J Hans C Cornelissen, Zhangcheng Zhong, Ming Dong, Changhong Jiang
In the karst landscape, widespread in the world including southern China, soil nutrient supply is strongly constrained. In such environments, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi may facilitate plant nutrient uptake. However, the possible role of different AM fungal species, and their interactions, especially in transferring nitrogen (N) from litter to plant, is poorly understood. We conducted two microcosm experiments to investigate the role that two karst soil AM fungi, Glomus etunicatum and Glomus mosseae, play in the transfer of N from decomposing litter to the host plant and to determine how N availability influences these processes...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249302/which-bay-leaf-is-in-your-spice-rack-a-quality-control-study
#8
Vijayasankar Raman, Rainer W Bussmann, Ikhlas A Khan
The accurate identification of bay leaf in natural products commerce may often be confusing as the name is applied to several different species of aromatic plants. The true "bay leaf", also known as "bay laurel" or "sweet bay", is sourced from the tree Laurus nobilis, a native of the Mediterranean region. Nevertheless, the leaves of several other species including Cinnamomum tamala, Litsea glaucescens, Pimenta racemosa, Syzygium polyanthum, and Umbellularia californica are commonly substituted or mistaken for true bay leaves due to their similarity in the leaf morphology, aroma, and flavor...
March 1, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231178/stimulatory-effects-of-cinnamon-extract-cinnamomum-cassia-during-the-initiation-stage-of-3t3-l1-adipocyte-differentiation
#9
Sang Gil Lee, Joanna A Siaw, Hye Won Kang
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia) has an anti-diabetic effect by possibly increasing the lipid storage capacity of white adipocytes; however, this effect remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine which stage of adipogenesis is critical for the stimulatory effect of cinnamon in adipogenesis using 3T3-L1 cells. Cells were treated with cinnamon extract during three different stages of adipogenesis. We found that genes related to adipogenesis and lipogenesis were enhanced when cinnamon extract was administered during the initiation stage of differentiation but not when administered during the preadipocyte and post stages of differentiation...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221885/antibacterial-and-antiadhesive-activities-of-extracts-from-edible-plants-against-soft-drink-spoilage-by-asaia-spp
#10
Hubert Antolak, Agata Czyzowska, Dorota Kregiel
This study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial and antiadhesive activities of ethanol extracts from five edible plant parts: cinnamon bark ( Cinnamomum zeylanicum ), licorice root ( Glycyrrhiza radix ), nettle leaves ( Urtica dioica ), green tea leaves ( Camellia sinensis ), and elderberry flowers ( Sambucus nigra ). The chemical constituents of the extracts were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. Six strains of Asaia lannensis and Asaia bogorensis bacteria isolated from spoiled commercial fruit-flavored noncarbonated mineral water were used...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215156/medicinal-plants-targeting-cardiovascular-diseases-in-view-of-avicenna
#11
Zahra Sobhani, Saeed Reza Nami, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Behjat Javadi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a spectrum of diseases involving the heart and blood vessels, and the first cause of mortality worldwide. Medicinal plants have been used for thousands of years to treat CVD. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM), there is a special focus on heart diseases. Avicenna, a Persian physician of the eleventh century compiled a book devoted to this field named "The treatise on cardiac drugs" which is a compendium of TPM knowledge on CVD. Avicenna mentioned 50 cardiovascular active plants and described their therapeutic effects in the treatment of CVDs...
February 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176623/effect-of-cinnamomum-cassia-on-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-pioglitazone
#12
Sandhya Mamindla, Prasad Koganti, Nagaraju Ravouru, Bharathi Koganti
Back ground: Millions of people today use herbs either as food or in the form of medicine along with other medications. Many of the herbs can interact with these medications, causing either potentially dangerous side effects or improved or reduced benefits from the medication. OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to determine the influence of cinnamon, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pioglitazone. METHOD: Studies were conducted in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats and rabbits with oral administration of selected doses of pioglitazone, cinnamon and their combination...
February 7, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164794/genomic-and-metabolic-traits-endow-bacillus-velezensis-cc09-with-a-potential-biocontrol-agent-in-control-of-wheat-powdery-mildew-disease
#13
Xun-Chao Cai, Chang-Hong Liu, Bao-Tong Wang, Ya-Rong Xue
Bacillus velezensis CC09, which was isolated from healthy leaves of Cinnamomum camphora and previously identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CC09, shows great potential as a new biocontrol agent, in control of many phytopathogenic diseases. To extend our understanding of the potential antifungal capacities, we did a whole genome analysis of strain CC09. Result shows that strain CC09 has a relatively large genome size (4.17Mb) with an average GC content of 46.1%, and 4021 predicted genes. Thirteen secondary metabolites encoding clusters have been identified within the genome of B...
March 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161992/antrodia-cinnamomea-prevents-obesity-dyslipidemia-and-the-derived-fatty-liver-via-regulating-ampk-and-srebp-signaling
#14
Chiung-Huei Peng, Mon-Yuan Yang, Yi-Sun Yang, Chieh-Chou Yu, Chau-Jong Wang
Antrodia cinnamomea (AC), a protogenic fungus that only grows on the heartwood of endemic Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata in Taiwan, is used to treat a variety of illness including liver disease. However, little is known about the benefit of AC against obesity and the related hepatic disorder. Using high-fat-diet (HFD) feed mice, we aimed to investigate whether the extract of AC (ACE) could reduce excessive weight, body fat, and serum lipids and prevent the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups fed with different diets: control, HFD, and HFD with 0...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154518/drug-target-identification-and-elucidation-of-natural-inhibitors-for-bordetella-petrii-an-in-silico-study
#15
Surya Narayan Rath, Manisha Ray, Animesh Pattnaik, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan
Environmental microbes like Bordetella petrii has been established as a causative agent for various infectious diseases in human. Again, development of drug resistance in B. petrii challenged to combat against the infection. Identification of potential drug target and proposing a novel lead compound against the pathogen has a great aid and value. In this study, bioinformatics tools and technology have been applied to suggest a potential drug target by screening the proteome information of B. petrii DSM 12804 (accession No...
December 2016: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134356/mixed-forest-plantations-can-efficiently-filter-rainfall-deposits-of-sulfur-and-chlorine-in-western-china
#16
Hairong Zhao, Wanqin Yang, Fuzhong Wu, Bo Tan
Forest filtering is a well-known and efficient method for diminishing atmospheric pollutant (such as SO4(2)(-) and Cl(-)) inputs to soil and water; however, the filtering efficiencies of forests vary depending on the regional vegetation and climate. The rainy area of West China has suffered from heavy rainfall and human activity, which has potentially resulted in large amounts of sulfur and chlorine deposition, but little information is available regarding the filtering effects of typical plantations. Therefore, the migration of SO4(2)(-) and Cl(-) from rainfall to throughfall, stemflow and runoff were investigated in a camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) plantation, a cryptomeria (Cryptomeria fortunei) plantation and a mixed plantation in a 9-month forest hydrology experiment...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133531/in-vitro-assesment-of-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-coumarin-and-indonesian-cassia-extract-in-raw264-7-murine-macrophage-cell-line
#17
Ni Made Dwi Sandhiutami, Moordiani Moordiani, Dian Ratih Laksmitawati, Nurul Fauziah, Maesaroh Maesaroh, Wahyu Widowati
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation is an immune response toward injuries. Although inflammation is healing response, but in some condition it will lead to chronic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's and various cancer. Indonesian cassia (Cinnamomum burmannil C. Nees & T. Ness) known to contain coumarin, is widely used for alternative medicine especially as an anti-inflammatory. This study was conducted to determine the anti-inflammatory properties of coumarin and Indonesian cassia extract (ICE) in LPS-induced RAW264...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116663/effect-of-paeotang-on-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-vascular-inflammation-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#18
Dae Hwan Kim, So Min Lee, Yun Jung Lee, Jung Joo Yoon, Rui Tan, Yun Cho Yu, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Paeotang (10-50 μg/mL) suppresses tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-induced vascular inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). METHODS: The ingredients composed of Paeotang include Glycyrrhiza glabra, Zingiber officinale, Cinnamomum zeylanuicum, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Prunus persica, Paeonia szechuanica, Poria cocos and Cynanchum wilfordii. Herbs were mixed according to equal ratio of weight and ground into a crude powder...
January 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115285/luhong-formula-inhibits-myocardial-fibrosis-in-a-paracrine-manner-by-activating-the-gp130-jak2-stat3-pathway-in-cardiomyocytes
#19
Huiyan Qu, Yong Wang, Yingjie Wang, Tao Yang, Zhou Feng, Yang Qu, Hua Zhou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Luhong formula (LHF)-a traditional Chinese medicine containing Cervus nippon Temminck,Carthamus tinctorius L., Cinnamomum cassia Presl,Codonopisis pilosula( Franch.) Nannf., Astragalus membranaceus ( Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus ( Bge.) Hsiao, Lepidium apetalum Willd-is used in the treatment of heart failure. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the antifibrotic efficacy of LHF in a myocardial infarction-induced rat model of heart failure and to determine its mechanism of action...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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