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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207708/in-vitro-anti-cariogenic-plaque-effects-of-essential-oils-extracted-from-culinary-herbs
#1
Kornsit Wiwattanarattanabut, Suwan Choonharuangdej, Theerathavaj Srithavaj
Introduction: Cariogenic bacteria including mutans streptococci and lactobacilli are partly but significantly involved in dental caries development. An effective prevention strategy against dental caries is to decrease the accumulation of this microbiota either in planktonic or in biofilm form. Aim: To examine the antimicrobial and anti-plaque effects of some culinary herbs (spices), so the herbs are plausibly used as alternative and effective herbal plaque control supplements to promote good oral health...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198835/cinnamomum-burmanini-blume-increases-bone-turnover-marker-and-induces-tibia-s-granule-formation-in-ovariectomized-rats
#2
Nia Kania, Wahyu Widowati, Firli Rahmah Primula Dewi, Antonius Christianto, Bambang Setiawan, Nicolaas Budhiparama, Zairin Noor
BACKGROUND: Bone fragility and an increase in susceptibility to fracture osteoporosis is characterized by a reduction in bone mass and the micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. There is no previous study regarding the effect of Cinnamomum burmanini Blume on osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of C. burmanini Blume on bone turnover marker, mineral elements, and mesostructure of ovariectomized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, which included a control group (sham surgery), ovariectomy group (OVX), and ovariectomy groups in the presence of ethanolic extract of C...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187178/jia-wei-jiao-tai-wan-ameliorates-type-2-diabetes-by-improving-%C3%AE-cell-function-and-reducing-insulin-resistance-in-diabetic-rats
#3
Guang Chen, Xueping Yang, Xiaoyu Yang, Lingli Li, Jinlong Luo, Hui Dong, Lijun Xu, Ping Yi, Kaifu Wang, Xin Zou, Fuer Lu
BACKGROUND: Jia-Wei-Jiao-Tai-Wan (JWJTW), composed of Jiao-Tai-Wan (Cinnamomum cassia and Rhizoma coptidis) and other antidiabetic herbs, including Astragalus membranaceus, Herba Gynostemmatis, Radix Puerariae Lobatae, Folium Mori and Semen Trigonellae, is widely used to treat diabetes and has demonstrated a curative effect in the clinic, but the potential mechanism is unknown. This study aimed to explore the effects of JWJTW on diabetic rats and to clarify the underlying mechanism. METHODS: JWJTW was prepared, and the main components contained in the formula were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint analysis...
November 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178904/nutritional-supplements-and-herbal-medicines-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Alan Bensoussan
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, reproductive endocrinopathy associated with serious short and long term health risks. Many women with PCOS use ingestible complementary medicines. This systematic review examined the effect on menstrual regulation and adverse effects from randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared herbal or nutritional supplements to placebo or active controls in women with PCOS were eligible for inclusion...
November 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166272/in-vitro-activity-of-some-essential-oils-alone-and-in-combination-against-the-fish-pathogen-nocardia-seriolae
#5
T F Ismail, T Yoshida
Microplate resazurin assay was applied to investigate the in vitro activity of four essential oils (EOs); cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oils against 80 clinical isolates of the fish pathogen Nocardia seriolae. The checkerboard test was then used to determine the possible synergistic effect of EOs combination against reference type strains of fish nocardiosis. All tested EOs had antibacterial activity against N...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157807/a-comparative-proteomic-study-of-secretomes-in-kaempferitrin-treated-ctx-tna2-astrocytic-cells
#6
Wei-Chi Ku, Yi-Ling Chang, Sheng-Fa Wu, Hui-Nung Shih, Yew-Min Tzeng, Hui-Ru Kuo, Kai-Ming Chang, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal, Bing-Lan Liu, Chin-An Chang, Siendong Huang, Meng-Jen Lee
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kaempferitrin is extracted in significantly high quantities from the leaves of Cinnamomum osmophloeum (C.O) and Bauhinia forficata, and are used as an antidiabetic herbal remedy in China and Brazil. Commercial product using dry Cinnamomum osmophloeum leaves has been sold locally in Taiwan. Oral administration of kaempferitrin reduced blood sugar in diabetic rats. AIM OF THE STUDY: Though previously demonstrated to activate the classical insulin signaling pathways, a mechanism for kaempferitrin is still not fully understood...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145172/volatiles-from-cinnamomum-cassia-buds
#7
Daniel Sandner, Ulrich Krings, Ralf G Berger
While the chemical composition of leaf and stem bark essential oils of the Chinese cinnamon, Cinnamomum cassia (L.) J. Presl, has been well investigated, little is known about the volatilom of its buds, which appeared recently on German markets. Soxhlet extracts of the commercial samples were prepared, fractionated using silica gel and characterised by gas chromatography-flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) for semi-quantification, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for identification and by GC-FID/olfactometry for sensory evaluation...
November 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142428/in-vitro-protoscolicidal-effects-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-essential-oil-and-its-toxicity-in-mice
#8
Hossein Mahmoudvand, Hormoz Mahmoudvand, Razieh Tavakoli Oliaee, Amir Tavakoli Kareshk, Seyed Reza Mirbadie, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian
Background: This study investigates the scolicidal effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil against the protoscoleces of hydatid cysts and its toxicity in the mice model. Materials and Methods: Gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy analyses were used to identify the constituents of essential oil. Protoscoleces were treated with different concentrations of the essential oil (6.25-100 µL/mL) in each test tube for 5-30 min. The viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using eosin exclusion test (0...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142427/cinnamaldehyde-cinnamic-acid-and-cinnamyl-alcohol-the-bioactives-of-cinnamomum-cassia-exhibit-hdac8-inhibitory-activity-an-in-vitro-and-in-silico-study
#9
Mangesh Patil, Amit S Choudhari, Savita Pandita, Md Ataul Islam, Prerna Raina, Ruchika Kaul-Ghanekar
Background: The altered expression of histone deacetylase family member 8 (HDAC8) has been found to be linked with various cancers, thereby making its selective inhibition a potential strategy in cancer therapy. Recently, plant secondary metabolites, particularly phenolic compounds, have been shown to possess HDAC inhibitory activity. Objective: In the present work, we have evaluated the potential of cinnamaldehyde (CAL), cinnamic acid (CA), and cinnamyl alcohol (CALC) (bioactives of Cinnamomum) as well as aqueous cinnamon extract (ACE), to inhibit HDAC8 activity in vitro and in silico...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140298/enhancement-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-osteogenesis-and-new-bone-formation-in-rats-by-obtusilactone-a
#10
Yi-Hsiung Lin, Chung-Yi Chen, Liang-Yin Chou, Chung-Hwan Chen, Lin Kang, Chau-Zen Wang
The natural pure compound obtusilactone A (OA) was identified in Cinnamomum kotoense Kanehira & Sasaki, and shows effective anti-cancer activity. We studied the effect of OA on osteogenesis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). OA possesses biocompatibility, stimulates Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) activity and facilitates mineralization of BMSCs. Expression of osteogenesis markers BMP2, Runx2, Collagen I, and Osteocalcin was enhanced in OA-treated BMSCs. An in vivo rat model with local administration of OA via needle implantation to bone marrow-residing BMSCs revealed that OA increased the new bone formation and trabecular bone volume in tibias...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109709/vanillin-promotes-the-germination-of-antrodia-camphorata-arthroconidia-through-pka-and-mapk-signaling-pathways
#11
Zhen-Ming Lu, Qing Zhu, Hua-Xiang Li, Yan Geng, Jin-Song Shi, Zheng-Hong Xu
Wild fruiting bodies of medicinal mushroom Antrodia camphorata are only found on the endemic species bull camphor tree, Cinnamomum kanehirae, in Taiwan. Despite the evident importance of the host components in promoting the growth of A. camphorata, insights into the underlying mechanisms are still lacking. Here, we first evaluated effects of the compounds from C. kanehirai, C. camphora, and A. camphorata, and their structural analogs on the germination rate of A. camphorata arthroconidia. Among the 54 tested compounds, vanillin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) was determined as the optimum germination promoter, while o-vanillin and 1-octen-3-ol as major negative regulators of arthroconidia germination...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069149/effects-of-syzygium-aromaticum-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-and-salvia-triloba-extracts-on-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#12
Ayşegül Mendi, Beyza Gökçınar Yağci, Mustafa Kiziloğlu, Nurdan Saraç, Derviş Yilmaz, Aysel Uğur, Duygu Uçkan
INTRODUCTION: Hypersensitivity, local irritative and cytotoxic effects are known for the chemical components of Syzygium aromaticum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum contained in dental materials. However, there is no intimate data in dentistry using the whole extracts of these plants and introducing new ones. Salvia triloba is a well-known anti-inflammatory plant that correspondingly could be used in several dental traumas. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to show and compare the effect of S...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066737/response-of-basal-metabolic-rate-to-complete-submergence-of-riparian-species-salix-variegata-in-the-three-gorges-reservoir-region
#13
Shutong Lei, Bo Zeng, Shaojun Xu, Xiaoping Zhang
One-year old seedlings of Salix variegata (submergence-tolerant) and Cinnamomum camphora (submergence-intolerant) were selected and subjected to complete submergence (2 m) for 1, 5, 10, and 20 days, to elucidate the submergence- tolerance mechanism of S. variegata in the Three Gorges reservoir region. The basal CO2 emission ratios (BCERs) and O2 consumption rates (OCRs) of leaf, stem, and root were determined. The basal O2 consumption rates (BOCRs) were calculated from the OCRs of different parts and their biomass allocations and used for evaluating the basal metabolic rate (BMR) of species with BCERs...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053368/phytostabilization-potential-of-ornamental-plants-grown-in-soil-contaminated-with-cadmium
#14
Peng Zeng, Zhaohui Guo, Xia Cao, Xiyuan Xiao, Yanan Liu, Lei Shi
In a greenhouse experiment, five ornamental plants, Osmanthus fragrans (OF), Ligustrum vicaryi L. (LV), Cinnamomum camphora (CC), Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum (LC), and Euonymus japonicas cv. Aureo-mar (EJ), were studied for the ability to phytostabilization for Cd-contaminated soil. The results showed that these five ornamental plants can grow normally when the soil Cd content is less than 24.6 mg·kg(-1). Cd was mainly deposited in the roots of OF, LV, LC and EJ which have grown in Cd-contaminated soils, and the maximum Cd contents reached 15...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052328/increased-sperm-cell-production-in-ageing-roosters-by-an-oral-treatment-with-an-aromatase-inhibitor-and-a-natural-herbal-extract-designed-for-improving-fertility
#15
H Adeldust, A Farzinpour, A Farshad, J Rostamzadeh, M Lopez-Bejar
Rooster fertility peaks between 30 and 40 weeks of age and declines rapidly from 50 weeks of age. This is linked to a reduction in the number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate due to high density of spermatids in the seminiferous tubules of low-fertility roosters. In this study, we assessed the effects over spermatogenesis of both letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, and a commercial herbal extract designed for improving fertility composed by Tribulus, Cinnamomum, Zingiber and Sativus. Forty-two-week-old Ross 308 roosters (n = 24) were distributed into four groups: control, letrozole (0...
October 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050730/monitoring-atmospheric-nitrogen-pollution-in-guiyang-sw-china-by-contrasting-use-of-cinnamomum-camphora-leaves-branch-bark-and-bark-as-biomonitors
#16
Yu Xu, Huayun Xiao, Hui Guan, Chaojun Long
Moss (as a reference material) and camphor (Cinnamomum Camphora) leaf, branch bark and bark samples were systematically collected across an urban-rural gradient in Guiyang (SW China) to determine the efficacy of using these bio-indicators to evaluate nitrogen (N) pollution. The tissue N concentrations (0.13%-2.70%) and δ(15)N values (-7.5‰ to +9.3‰) of all of these bio-indicators exhibited large spatial variations, as they recorded higher values in urban areas that quickly decreased with distance from the city center; moreover, both soil N concentrations and soil δ(15)N values were found no significant differences within each 6 km from the urban to the rural area...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990285/green-and-efficient-processing-of-cinnamomum-cassia-bark-by-using-ionic-liquids-extraction-of-essential-oil-and-construction-of-uv-resistant-composite-films-from-residual-biomass
#17
Mohit J Mehta, Arvind Kumar
There is significant interest in the development of a sustainable and integrated process for the extraction of essential oils and separation of biopolymers by using novel and efficient solvent systems. Herein, cassia essential oil enriched in coumarin is extracted from Cinnamomum cassia bark by using a protic ionic liquid (IL), ethylammonium nitrate (EAN), through dissolution and the creation of a biphasic system with the help of diethyl ether. The process has been perfected, in terms of higher biomass dissolution ability and essential oil yield through the addition of aprotic ILs (based on the 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (C4 mim) cation and chloride or acetate anions) to EAN...
October 8, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988684/a-potent-nutraceutical-combination-of-cinnamomum-cassia-nigella-sativa-for-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Ginpreet Kaur, Mihir Invally, Mohammed Kamil Khan, Priyanka Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa (black cumin) and Cinnamomum cassia (Cinnamon) are an integral part of the Indian diet, and have also been sourced in the ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, for their medicinal properties. Both the herbs individually have been successfully evaluated for their preliminary antidiabetic potential. AIM: Herein, we dived deeper into antidiabetic properties of these herbs, by investigating the combinatorial effect of both herbs, on parameters of diabetes and further, as an adjunct to metformin therapy, for assessing the pharmacodynamics of herb-drug interaction in diabetes mellitus...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974275/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-trophurus-wuhuensis-n-sp-nematoda-telotylenchinae-from-soil-associated-with-cinnamomum-camphora-in-china
#19
Y Li, J Du, Z Y Wang, K Wang, H L Li
A new plant nematode species, Trophurus wuhuensis n. sp., was collected from the soil associated with Cinnamomum camphora in Wuhu, Anhui Province, China. The new species is characterized by having a female with a slender body 660.5-801.5 μm in length, stylet 12-14 μm long, knobs directed laterad, lateral field marked by short and scattered grooves, post-vulval uterine sac shorter than vulval body diameter, post-rectal intestinal sac absent, tail cylindroid, terminus with deep wrinkles; and male with a pointed tail terminus and spicules 16-18 μm long...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962661/cinnamomum-zeylanicum-ceylon-cinnamon-as-a-potential-pharmaceutical-agent-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Priyanga Ranasinghe, Priyadarshani Galappaththy, Godwin Roger Constantine, Ranil Jayawardena, Hasitha Dhananjaya Weeratunga, Sirimal Premakumara, Prasad Katulanda
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have explored the anti-diabetic effects of Cinnamomum cassia extract in vivo and in vitro. However, there are no studies at present exploring the effects of the indigenous species of Sri Lankan cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) in patients with diabetes mellitus. The present study aims to evaluate the potential effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum extract as a pharmaceutical agent in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will be conducted as a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial for a period of 4 months at the Medical Clinic, University Medical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka...
September 29, 2017: Trials
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