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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221885/antibacterial-and-antiadhesive-activities-of-extracts-from-edible-plants-against-soft-drink-spoilage-by-asaia-spp
#1
Hubert Antolak, Agata Czyzowska, Dorota Kregiel
This study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial and antiadhesive activities of ethanol extracts from five edible plant parts: cinnamon bark ( Cinnamomum zeylanicum ), licorice root ( Glycyrrhiza radix ), nettle leaves ( Urtica dioica ), green tea leaves ( Camellia sinensis ), and elderberry flowers ( Sambucus nigra ). The chemical constituents of the extracts were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. Six strains of Asaia lannensis and Asaia bogorensis bacteria isolated from spoiled commercial fruit-flavored noncarbonated mineral water were used...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215156/medicinal-plants-targeting-cardiovascular-diseases-in-view-of-avicenna
#2
Zahra Sobhani, Saeed Reza Nami, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Behjat Javadi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a spectrum of diseases involving the heart and blood vessels, and the first cause of mortality worldwide. Medicinal plants have been used for thousands of years to treat CVD. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM), there is a special focus on heart diseases. Avicenna, a Persian physician of the eleventh century compiled a book devoted to this field named "The treatise on cardiac drugs" which is a compendium of TPM knowledge on CVD. Avicenna mentioned 50 cardiovascular active plants and described their therapeutic effects in the treatment of CVDs...
February 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176623/effect-of-cinnamomum-cassia-on-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-pioglitazone
#3
Sandhya Mamindla, Prasad Koganti, Nagaraju Ravouru, Bharathi Koganti
: Back ground: Millions of people today use herbs either as food or in the form of medicine along with other medications. Many of the herbs can interact with these medications, causing either potentially dangerous side effects or improved or reduced benefits from the medication. OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to determine the influence of cinnamon, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pioglitazone. METHOD: Studies were conducted in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats and rabbits with oral administration of selected doses of pioglitazone, cinnamon and their combination...
February 7, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164794/genomic-and-metabolic-traits-endow-bacillus-velezensis-cc09-with-a-potential-biocontrol-agent-in-control-of-wheat-powdery-mildew-disease
#4
Xun-Chao Cai, Chang-Hong Liu, Bao-Tong Wang, Ya-Rong Xue
Bacillus velezensis CC09, which was isolated from healthy leaves of Cinnamomum camphora and previously identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CC09, shows great potential as a new biocontrol agent, in control of many phytopathogenic diseases. To extend our understanding of the potential antifungal capacities, we did a whole genome analysis of strain CC09. Result shows that strain CC09 has a relatively large genome size (4.17Mb) with an average GC content of 46.1%, and 4021 predicted genes. Thirteen secondary metabolites encoding clusters have been identified within the genome of B...
March 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161992/antrodia-cinnamomea-prevents-obesity-dyslipidemia-and-the-derived-fatty-liver-via-regulating-ampk-and-srebp-signaling
#5
Chiung-Huei Peng, Mon-Yuan Yang, Yi-Sun Yang, Chieh-Chou Yu, Chau-Jong Wang
Antrodia cinnamomea (AC), a protogenic fungus that only grows on the heartwood of endemic Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata in Taiwan, is used to treat a variety of illness including liver disease. However, little is known about the benefit of AC against obesity and the related hepatic disorder. Using high-fat-diet (HFD) feed mice, we aimed to investigate whether the extract of AC (ACE) could reduce excessive weight, body fat, and serum lipids and prevent the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups fed with different diets: control, HFD, and HFD with 0...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154518/drug-target-identification-and-elucidation-of-natural-inhibitors-for-bordetella-petrii-an-in-silico-study
#6
Surya Narayan Rath, Manisha Ray, Animesh Pattnaik, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan
Environmental microbes like Bordetella petrii has been established as a causative agent for various infectious diseases in human. Again, development of drug resistance in B. petrii challenged to combat against the infection. Identification of potential drug target and proposing a novel lead compound against the pathogen has a great aid and value. In this study, bioinformatics tools and technology have been applied to suggest a potential drug target by screening the proteome information of B. petrii DSM 12804 (accession No...
December 2016: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134356/mixed-forest-plantations-can-efficiently-filter-rainfall-deposits-of-sulfur-and-chlorine-in-western-china
#7
Hairong Zhao, Wanqin Yang, Fuzhong Wu, Bo Tan
Forest filtering is a well-known and efficient method for diminishing atmospheric pollutant (such as SO4(2)(-) and Cl(-)) inputs to soil and water; however, the filtering efficiencies of forests vary depending on the regional vegetation and climate. The rainy area of West China has suffered from heavy rainfall and human activity, which has potentially resulted in large amounts of sulfur and chlorine deposition, but little information is available regarding the filtering effects of typical plantations. Therefore, the migration of SO4(2)(-) and Cl(-) from rainfall to throughfall, stemflow and runoff were investigated in a camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) plantation, a cryptomeria (Cryptomeria fortunei) plantation and a mixed plantation in a 9-month forest hydrology experiment...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133531/in-vitro-assesment-of-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-coumarin-and-indonesian-cassia-extract-in-raw264-7-murine-macrophage-cell-line
#8
Ni Made Dwi Sandhiutami, Moordiani Moordiani, Dian Ratih Laksmitawati, Nurul Fauziah, Maesaroh Maesaroh, Wahyu Widowati
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation is an immune response toward injuries. Although inflammation is healing response, but in some condition it will lead to chronic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's and various cancer. Indonesian cassia (Cinnamomum burmannil C. Nees & T. Ness) known to contain coumarin, is widely used for alternative medicine especially as an anti-inflammatory. This study was conducted to determine the anti-inflammatory properties of coumarin and Indonesian cassia extract (ICE) in LPS-induced RAW264...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116663/effect-of-paeotang-on-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-vascular-inflammation-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#9
Dae Hwan Kim, So Min Lee, Yun Jung Lee, Jung Joo Yoon, Rui Tan, Yun Cho Yu, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Paeotang (10-50 μg/mL) suppresses tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-induced vascular inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). METHODS: The ingredients composed of Paeotang include Glycyrrhiza glabra, Zingiber officinale, Cinnamomum zeylanuicum, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Prunus persica, Paeonia szechuanica, Poria cocos and Cynanchum wilfordii. Herbs were mixed according to equal ratio of weight and ground into a crude powder...
January 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115285/luhong-formula-inhibits-myocardial-fibrosis-in-a-paracrine-manner-by-activating-the-gp130-jak2-stat3-pathway-in-cardiomyocytes
#10
Huiyan Qu, Yong Wang, Yingjie Wang, Tao Yang, Zhou Feng, Yang Qu, Hua Zhou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Luhong formula (LHF)-a traditional Chinese medicine containing Cervus nippon Temminck,Carthamus tinctorius L., Cinnamomum cassia Presl,Codonopisis pilosula( Franch.) Nannf., Astragalus membranaceus ( Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus ( Bge.) Hsiao, Lepidium apetalum Willd-is used in the treatment of heart failure. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the antifibrotic efficacy of LHF in a myocardial infarction-induced rat model of heart failure and to determine its mechanism of action...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093328/cinnamaldehyde-induces-apoptosis-and-reverses-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-inhibition-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Cunen Wu, Yuwen Zhuang, Shan Jiang, Fang Tian, Yuhao Teng, Xu Chen, Peiqiu Zheng, Shenlin Liu, Jinyong Zhou, Jian Wu, Ruiping Wang, Xi Zou
Cinnamaldehyde, the main chemical component of the essential oil separated from the traditional herb Cinnamomum cassia, has been demonstrated to be an efficient cytotoxic agent against several human cancers. The present experiment showed that cinnamaldehyde dose-dependently depresses the proliferation of three types of NSCLC cells and induces cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, cinnamaldehyde attenuated CoCl2-induced EMT and decreased matrix metalloprotease (MMP) family while the in vivo study showed the same trend...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090265/identification-and-monitoring-of-korean-medicines-derived-from-cinnamomum-spp-by-using-its-and-dna-marker
#13
Eui Jeong Doh, Jung-Hoon Kim, Seung Eun Oh, Guemsan Lee
In this study, we identified and evaluated the genetic relationships among Cinnamomum plants, which are used in traditional medicine. We also attempted to monitor the distribution of traditional medicines derived from Cinnamomum cassia by using DNA barcoding and a species-specific DNA marker. Plants of the genus Cinnamomum, and in particular C. cassia, are commonly used as medicinal herbs in the form of Cinnamomi Ramulus, Cinnamomi Cortex, and Cassiae Cortex Interior. However, it is difficult to distinguish among different Cinnamomum species based on morphological features, and so to overcome this limitation, nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of Cinnamomum DNA were determined and compared...
2017: Genes & Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088104/biofabrication-of-size-controllable-silver-nanoparticles-a-green-approach
#14
Sireesh Babu Maddinedi, Badal Kumar Mandal, Swetha Kameswari Maddili
A facile biosynthetic approach for the size controllable production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Cinnamomum tsoi as reducing and capping agent is developed. The polyphenolic functionalities present in the extract are essentially responsible for the synthesis and stabilization of AgNPs. The size and morphology of the AgNPs were effectively tuned by changing the volume of the extract. The availability of oxidized polyphenols play key role in tuning the size and morphology of the prepared NPs...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070931/anti-rheumatoid-arthritis-effect-of-kaejadan-via-analgesic-and-antiinflammatory-activity-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#15
Jung Jae Yoon, Eun Jung Sohn, Jung Hyo Kim, Jai Wha Seo, Sung-Hoon Kim
Although Kaejadan (KJD), an herbal cocktail of three medicinal plants (Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Cinnamomum loureirii, and Salvia miltiorrhiza), has been traditionally used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, its scientific evidence is not fully understood. Hence, we investigated antiinflammatory and analgesic mechanism of KJD in vivo and in vitro. Kaejadan suppressed the number of writhing responses in mice treated by acetic acid and showed antinociceptive effect by tail-flick test. Kaejadan abrogated serotonin or carrageenan or Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced paw edema and also reduced the level of Evans Blue for vascular permeability...
January 9, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032317/cinnamomulactone-a-new-butyrolactone-from-the-twigs-of-cinnamomum-cassia-and-its-inhibitory-activity-of-matrix-metalloproteinases
#16
Geum Jin Kim, Jong Yeong Lee, Hyun Gyu Choi, So Young Kim, Eonmi Kim, Sang Hee Shim, Joo-Won Nam, Sang-Hyun Kim, Hyukjae Choi
Cinnamomum cassia (Lauraceae) has long been used as one of the most frequently used traditional oriental medicines for the treatment of gastritis, diabetes, blood circulation disturbance and inflammatory diseases. Cinnamomulactone (1), a new butyrolactone was isolated from the twigs of C. cassia together with nine known compounds, coumarin (2), trans-cinnamic acid (3), cinnamaldehyde (4), 2-hydroxycinnamaldehyde (5), 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde (6), 2-hydroxy-cinnamyl alcohol (7), benzoic acid (8), (+)-syringaresinol (9) and phenethyl (E)-3-[4-methoxyphenyl]-2-propenoate (10)...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028580/arthropods-associated-with-fungal-galls-do-large-galls-support-more-abundant-and-diverse-inhabitants
#17
Daichi Funamoto, Shinji Sugiura
Fungus-induced galls can attract spore-feeding arthropods as well as gall-feeding ones, resulting in diverse communities. Do large fungal galls support more abundant and diverse arthropod communities than small fungal galls? To address this question, we investigated the structure of the arthropod community associated with bud galls induced by the fungus Melanopsichium onumae on the tree species Cinnamomum yabunikkei (Lauraceae) in central Japan. Thirteen species of arthropods were associated with M. onumae galls...
February 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959441/protective-effects-of-cambodian-medicinal-plants-on-tert%C3%A2-butyl-hydroperoxide%C3%A2-induced-hepatotoxicity-via-nrf2%C3%A2-mediated-heme-oxygenase%C3%A2-1
#18
Dong-Sung Lee, Samell Keo, Sun-Kaing Cheng, Hyuncheol Oh, Youn-Chul Kim
Liver diseases are considered to be primary contributors to morbidity and mortality rates in humans. Oxidative stress is critical in liver injury, and oxidant‑induced liver injury may be caused by toxins, including tert‑butyl hydroperoxide (t‑BHP). The present study investigated the hepatoprotective activities of 64 crude ethanol extracts of Cambodian medicinal plants against t‑BHP‑induced cytotoxicity in human liver‑derived HepG2 cells, and assessed their cytoprotective mechanism pertaining to the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)‑1 and nuclear factor E2‑related factor 2 (Nrf2)...
January 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922672/2-methoxycinnamaldehyde-inhibits-the-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-human-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells
#19
Young-Hee Jin, Soo-A Kim
The abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial event in the development of atherosclerosis, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is actively involved in this process by enhancing the proliferation and migration of VSMCs. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde (MCA) is a natural compound of Cinnamomum cassia. Although 2-hydroxycinnamaldehyde (HCA), another compound from Cinnamomum cassia, has been widely studied with regard to its antitumor activity, MCA has not attracted researchers' interest due to its mild toxic effects on cancer cells and its mechanisms of action remain unknown...
January 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910199/reverse-phase-compatible-tlc-bioautography-for-detection-of-tyrosinase-inhibitors
#20
Paula García, I Ayelen Ramallo, Ricardo L E Furlan
INTRODUCTION: Reverse phase chromatography and bioautographic assays are key tools for natural product bioguided isolation; however, their direct coupling has not been fully achieved. OBJECTIVES: To develop a bioautographic assay to detect tyrosinase inhibitors present in complex matrices sorbed on reverse phase (RP) TLC-plates that can be used for bioguided isolation of bioactive compounds. METHODS: Enzyme gel entrapment with an amphiphilic copolymer was used for assay development...
December 2, 2016: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
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