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Yang Su, Wen-Cheng Chi, Lun Wu, Qiu-Hong Wang, Hai-Xue Kuang
The constituents of Cimicifuga plants have been extensively investigated, and the principal metabolites are 9, 19-cyclolanostane triterpenoid glycosides, which often exhibit extensive pharmacological activities. 9, 19-Cyclolanostane triterpenoid glycosides are distributed widely in genus Cimicifuga rather than in other members of the Ranunculaceae family. So far, more than 140 cycloartane triterpene glycosides have been isolated from Cimicifuga spp.. The aim of this review was to summarize all 9, 19-cyclolanostane triterpenoid glycosides based on the available relevant scientific literatures from 2000 to 2014...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Nguyen Phuong Thao, Jang Hoon Kim, Bui Thi Thuy Luyen, Nguyen Tien Dat, Young Ho Kim
In our search for natural soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors from plants, we found that an ethanolic extract of the roots of Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim. significantly inhibits sEH in vitro. A phytochemical study on the dichloromethane fraction of C. dahurica resulted in the isolation of two new cycloartane triterpenoids (1 and 6), together with 13 known cycloartane analogues (2-5 and 7-15). The structures of compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. All of the triterpenoid derivatives inhibited sEH enzymatic activity in a concentration-dependent manner, and 13 of the tested compounds showed significant activity...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Hans-Heinrich Henneicke-von Zepelin
Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) extracts are important worldwide as therapy for menopausal symptoms. The first medicinal product from CR has been available since 1956 (Germany, Remifemin® [Schaper & Brümmer, Salzgitter, Germany], isopropanolic extract iCR). This review describes how CR developed, via clinical studies on safety (breast, breast cancer, endometrium, liver) and efficacy, into a successful and safe medicinal product in Germany, Europe and the world. In line with developing legal frameworks for medicinal products in Germany and Europe, clinical studies on CR were observational during the 50s and 70s, and controlled studies since the 80s...
February 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Rui Xi, Li-Juan Wang
Actein is isolated from the rthizomes of Cimicifuga foetida, which is a triterpene glycoside, displaying suppressive effects on breast cancer cells proliferation. However, the effects of actein treatment on liver injury, tending to cancer, have little to be known. Thus, the study is conducted to explore the role of actein in early liver cancer. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) was used to induce liver cancer in mice followed by actein treatment at different concentrations. DEN caused steatohepatitis supported by fibrosis and inflammation, which were ameliorated for actein administration...
January 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
A Schenk, B Siewert, S Toff, J Drewe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
Zhi-Chao Yang, Ji Ma
Actein (ACT), isolated from the rthizomes of Cimicifuga foetida, is a triterpene glycoside, showing inhibitory role in breast cancer cells. However, the effects of ACT treatment on gastric cancer have little been known. Thus, the study is conducted to explore the in vitro and in vivo role of ACT in gastric cancer. And the interactions between ACT and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) were investigated in gastric cancer cells. A synergistic effect of ACT and TRAIL combination on apoptosis induction in gastric cancer cells was observed...
November 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Sida Xie, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Hin-Fai Kwok, Si Gao, Yin Nian, Xiao-Xiao Wu, Chun-Kwok Wong, Ming-Hua Qiu, Clara Bik-San Lau
Actein is a triterpene glycoside isolated from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga foetida (Chinese herb "shengma") which could inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells. Nevertheless, the effect of actein on angiogenesis, which is an essential step for tumor growth and metastasis, has never been reported. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo effects of actein on angiogenesis using human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1), matrigel plug and tumor-bearing mouse models. Our results showed that actein significantly inhibited the proliferation, reduced the migration and motility of endothelial cells, and it could suppress the protein expressions of VEGFR1, pJNK and pERK, suggesting that JNK/ERK pathways were involved...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Rulan Qin, Ying Zhao, Yudan Zhao, Wanrong Zhou, Chongning Lv, Jincai Lu
Three new phenolic compounds (1-3), along with five known compounds (4-8) were isolated from the rhizome of Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 1D-NMR, 2D-NMR and HR-MS techniques. DPPH method and protective effect on PC12 cells against H2O2-induced oxidative damage model were carried to evaluate the antioxidant capability of these compounds. Compound 5 showed significant antioxidant activity with IC50 values 9.33μM in DPPH assay and compound 2 displayed marked neuro-protective effect with 87...
December 2016: Fitoterapia
Marian Bittner, Regina Schenk, Andreas Springer, Matthias F Melzig
INTRODUCTION: The medicinal plant Actaea racemosa L. (Ranunculaceae, aka black cohosh) is widely used to treat climacteric complaints as an alternative to hormone substitution. Recent trials prove efficacy and safety of the approved herbal medicinal products from extracts of pharmaceutical quality. This led to worldwide increasing sales. A higher demand for the plant material results in problems with economically motivated adulteration. Thus, reliable tools for herbal drug authentication are necessary...
November 2016: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Wenjie Pan, Jinfang Ma, Xue Xiao, Zhengwei Huang, Huanbin Zhou, Fahuan Ge, Xin Pan
The objective of this paper is to develop an easy and fast near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) assay for the four key quality-indicative active ingredients of Tongkang tablets by comparing the true content of the active ingredients measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the NIRS data. The HPLC values for the active ingredients content of Cimicifuga glycoside, calycosin glucoside, 5-O-methylvisamminol and hesperidin in Tongkang tablets were set as reference values. The NIRS raw spectra of Tongkang tablets were processed using first-order convolution method...
July 11, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
Ji-Yoon Choi, Su Jin Jeon, Kun Ho Son, Young In Park, Mi-Sook Dong
Cimicifugae rhizoma has been widely used as a traditional herbal medicine to treat inflammation and menopausal symptoms. In this study, we found that some of the triterpenoidal saponins purified from the ethanol extract of Cimicifugae rhizoma dramatically induced histamine release. The structure-related induction of mast cell degranulation by them and the mechanism of action were determined. β-Hexosaminidase release in HMC-1 cells was increased in a concentration-dependent manner, with maximal 6.5- and 8.5-fold increases, by 200 μg/mL 24-epi-7,8-didehydrocimigenol-3-O-xyloside (comp 1) and cimigenol 3-O-beta-d-xyloside (comp 4) compared with those treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and A23187 (PMACI), respectively...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
D S Jairajpuri, Z S Jairajpuri
Glycation-induced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) modification by aldehydes can result in loss of its antiinflammatory/antioxidative properties, contributing to diabetes-associated cardiovascular diseases. Isoferulic acid, a major active ingredient of Cimicifuga heracleifolia, shows antiinflammatory, antiviral, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties. Thus, this study investigated the antiglycation effect of isoferulic acid against compositional modifications of HDL and loss of biological activity of HDL-paraoxonase induced on incubation with different aldehydes...
March 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Guo-Lei Zhu, Di-Fan Zhu, Luo-Sheng Wan, Xing-Rong Peng, Ni-Man Bao, Zhi-Run Zhang, Lin Zhou, Ming-Hua Qiu
Six new 9,19-cycloartane triterpene derivatives, as well as 3 known analogues (7-9), were isolated from the roots of Cimicifuga foetida L. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (IR, UV, ORD, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR).
August 2016: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Sayaka Masada
Various herbal medicines have been developed and used in various parts of the world for thousands of years. Although locally grown indigenous plants were originally used for traditional herbal preparations, Western herbal products are now becoming popular in Japan with the increasing interest in health. At the same time, there are growing concerns about the substitution of ingredients and adulteration of herbal products, highlighting the need for the authentication of the origin of plants used in herbal products...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yanjie Kong, Fubin Li, Yin Nian, Zhongmei Zhou, Runxiang Yang, Ming-Hua Qiu, Ceshi Chen
Triterpenoids extracted from Cimicifuga foetida have been reported to inhibit cancer by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In this study, KHF16 (24-acetylisodahurinol-3-O-β-D-xylopyranoside), a cycloartane triterpenoid isolated from the rhizomes of C. foetida, showed potent anti-cancer activity in multiple ERα/PR/HER2 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines. KHF16 significantly induces cell cycle G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in both MDA-MB-468 and SW527 TNBC cell lines. KHF16 reduces the expression levels of XIAP, Mcl-1, Survivin and Cyclin B1/D1 proteins...
2016: Theranostics
Xiufang Dai, Xianfu Yi, Zequn Sun, Peng Ruan
The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) effect of Cimicifuga foetida L. (C. foetida) in the patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). A total of 60 randomly selected patients with CHB were recruited and divided into groups I and II. The patients in group I received a monotherapy of adefovir (ADV), and the patients in group II received a combination therapy of ADV and C. foetida for >48 weeks. Intrahepatic (IH) HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), serum HBV DNA, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), alanine aminotransferase levels and serum interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) levels were quantified during the test...
April 2016: Biomedical Reports
Lei-Lei Zhang, Jian-Yong Si, Li-Jing Zhang, Huo Xiao-Wei, Li Lin, Ru-Yi Li, Dan Chen, Li Cao
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect and mechanism of combination treatment of the total glycosides from Cimicifuga dahurica (TGCD) and cisplatin (CDDP) in vitro in human colon cancer cells (HCT-8) and in vivo in mouse hepatoma cells (H22)-bearing mice. METHODS: H22 tumor-bearing imprinting control region (ICR) mice were treated with TGCD, CDDP, and TGCD + CDDP for 10 days. Tumor volume and tumor weight were evaluated. TGCD and CDDP in different concentrations were added separately and in combination to cultures of different cancer cell lines, including the HCT-8...
January 29, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
V Cappelli, G Morgante, A Di Sabatino, M G Massaro, V De Leo
The onset of vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women represents the beginning of a hard period from the emotional point of view which involves some of the most important neurotransmitters. Hot flushes and insomnia associated with a state of anxiety that affect postmenopausal women are included in an index known as the Kupperman Index. The use of nutraceuticals in Italy is increasingly widespread, and only 6-8% of women currently choose to take hormone replacement therapy. The action of these natural supplements primarily depends on the selection of substances and the dose of each single ingredient...
December 2015: Minerva Ginecologica
Ayano Imai, David C Lankin, Dejan Nikolić, Soyoun Ahn, Richard B van Breemen, Norman R Farnsworth, James B McAlpine, Shao-Nong Chen, Guido F Pauli
Investigating the phytochemical equivalence of the aerial parts of Actaea racemosa (syn. Cimicifuga racemosa) relative to the widely used roots/rhizomes, this study provides a perspective for the potential use of renewable ("green") plant parts as a source of black cohosh botanical preparations. In addition to the characterization of Nω-methylserotonin as one representative marker of the Actaea alkaloids, nine cycloartane triterpenes were isolated and characterized, including the two new triterpene glycosides (1S,15R)-1,15,25-trihydroxy-3-O-β-d-xylopyranosyl-acta-(16S,23R,24R)-16,23;16,24-binoxoside (1) and 3-O-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1S,24R)-1,24,25-trihydroxy-15-oxo-acta-(16R,23R)-16,23-monoxoside (2)...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
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