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Mahdi Yahyazadeh, Rieke Meinen, Robert Hänsch, Sara Abouzeid, Dirk Selmar
When plants are exposed to various stress situations, their alkaloid concentration frequently is enhanced. This well-known phenomenon is presumably due to a passively enhanced rate of biosynthesis, caused by greatly elevated concentrations of NADPH in stressed plants. Here, we used Chelidonium majus L. plants, which accumulate high concentrations of dihydrocoptisine in their leaves, to study the impact of drought and salt stress on the biosynthesis and accumulation of alkaloids. In comparison to well-watered controls, in the transcriptome of the gene encoding the key enzyme in alkaloid biosynthesis, stylopine synthase, is enhanced in stressed C...
May 18, 2018: Phytochemistry
Sylwia Zielińska, Anna Jezierska-Domaradzka, Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior, Ireneusz Sowa, Adam Junka, Adam M Matkowski
As antique as Dioscorides era are the first records on using Chelidonium as a remedy to several sicknesses. Inspired by the " signatura rerum " principle and an apparent ancient folk tradition, various indications were given, such as anti-jaundice and cholagogue, pain-relieving, and quite often mentioned-ophthalmological problems. Central and Eastern European folk medicine has always been using this herb extensively. In this region, the plant is known under many unique vernacular names, especially in Slavonic languages, associated or not with old Greek relation to "chelidon"-the swallow...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ireneusz Sowa, Sylwia Zielińska, Jan Sawicki, Anna Bogucka-Kocka, Michał Staniak, Ewa Bartusiak-Szcześniak, Maja Podolska-Fajks, Ryszard Kocjan, Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior
Chelidonium majus L. is a rich source of isoquinoline alkaloids with confirmed anti-inflammatory, choleretic, spasmolytic, antitumor, and antimicrobial activities. However, their chromatographic analysis is difficult because they may exist both in charged and uncharged forms and may result in the irregular peak shape and the decrease in chromatographic system efficacy. In the present work, the separation of main C. majus alkaloids was optimized using a new-generation XB-C18 endcapped core-shell column dedicated for analysis of alkaline compounds...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
João Pisco, Tiago Bilhim, Nuno V Costa, Manuel Pinto Ribeiro, Lucia Fernandes, António G Oliveira
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcome of prostatic artery chemoembolization for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study was conducted between August 2013 and July 2016 in 20 patients with PCa who underwent chemoembolization. Mean patient age was 67.5 years ± 6.4. Gleason score was 6-10, and staging was T2N0M0. Fifteen patients refused prostatectomy and 5 wanted to stop hormonal therapy because of side effects...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Qinghui Wei, Min Zhao, Xiaoyan Li
Background: Chemical fungicides are widely used to control crop diseases, but these chemicals have adverse effects. They destroy the ecological environment and even have toxic effects on human beings. In this context, the development of botanical pesticides is relevant. One potential botanical pesticide is chelerythrine, a main alkaloid of Chelidonium majus L., which has high antitumor, fungistasis, and antiphlogosis bioactivity. Objective: This study was designed to present an ultrasonic extraction method for chelerythrine and spore germination experiments to inhibit pathogenic fungi...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Renata Dobrucka, Jolanta Dlugaszewska, Mariusz Kaczmarek
The basic goal of this study was to synthesize zinc oxide nanoparticles using the Chelidonium majus extract and asses their cytotoxic and antimicrobial properties. The synthesized ZnO NPs were characterized by UV-Vis, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with EDS profile, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The aforementioned methods confirmed that the size of synthesized ZnO nanoparticles was at the range of 10 nm...
November 27, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
ChuanShan Zou, ChunHe Lv, YaJun Wang, ChuanWang Cao, GuoCai Zhang
Based on the broad spectrum of its biological activities, Chelidonium majus has been studied extensively in the medical field. However, few studies have focused on the insecticidal activity of C. majus, and the precise mechanism of its insecticidal activity. In the present study, larvicidal activity and insecticidal mechanism of C. majus on Lymantria dispar were investigated using bioassays, in vitro and in vivo enzyme activity assays, determination of the nutritional index, and gene transcription analysis...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Jialiang Pan, Yang Yang, Rui Zhang, Hanwen Yao, Kangkang Ge, Manyin Zhang, Ling Ma
Chelidonium majus L. (greater celandine) has been used as an herbal medicine for several centuries. This study investigated an efficient method to purify chelidonine from the extract of C. majus L. using macroporous adsorption resins and evaluated the antifungal activity of chelidonine against Botryosphaeria dothidea as a model strain. Static adsorption and desorption tests revealed that D101 was the optimal resin for chelidonine purification. Pseudo-second-order kinetics model and Freundlich equation model were the most suitable for evaluating the endothermic and spontaneous adsorption processes of chelidonine on D101...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Zhi Hong Zhang, Chunliu Mi, Ke Si Wang, Zhe Wang, Ming Yue Li, Hong Xiang Zuo, Guang Hua Xu, Xuezheng Li, Lian Xun Piao, Juan Ma, Xuejun Jin
Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is a complex that regulates several hundreds of genes, including those involved in immunity and inflammation, survival, proliferation, and the negative feedback of NF-κB signaling. Chelidonine, a major bioactive, isoquinoline alkaloid ingredient in Chelidonium majus, exhibits antiinflammatory pharmacological properties. However, its antiinflammatory molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this work, we explored the effect of chelidonine on TNF-induced NF-κB activation in HCT116 cells...
January 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Anna Och, Katarzyna Szewczyk, Łukasz Pecio, Anna Stochmal, Daniel Załuski, Anna Bogucka-Kocka
Cancer is one of the most occurring diseases in developed and developing countries. Plant-based compounds are still researched for their anticancer activity and for their quantity in plants. Therefore, the modern chromatographic methods are applied to quantify them in plants, for example, UPLC-MS/MS (ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the content of sanguinarine, berberine, protopine, and chelidonine in Dicentra spectabilis (L...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
An-Jun Deng, Hai-Jing Zhang, Qian Li, Zhi-Hong Li, Zhi-Hui Zhang, Lian-Qiu Wu, Li Li, Hai-Lin Qin
Six pairs of previously undescribed 6-monosubstituted dihydrobenzophenanthridine alkaloids were separated as corresponding six scalemic mixtures from the aerial part of Chelidonium majus. The elucidation for the 2D structures of these alkaloids was achieved using regular spectroscopic and chemical methods. The assignment of scalemic-mixture nature was achieved using combined examinations of their NMR data, CD spectra, calculation of specific rotations, and chiral HPLC profiles. The identification for the relative configurations of alkaloids possessing two asymmetric carbons directly connected up by a rotatable sp3 -sp3 carbon-carbon single bond was significantly facilitated by discussing the erythro and threo relative configurations defined by the mutuality of the orders of decreasing steric hindrances between the two sets of ligands linked to the two chiral centers...
December 2017: Phytochemistry
Irena Malinowska, Marek Studziński, Henryk Malinowski, Maria Gadzikowska
Thin layer techniques proved their usefulness in the analysis of plant extract material. Thanks to their low operation costs, high sample throughput and possibility to gather chromatographic data for the whole sample in a single act, they allowed to find, and in some cases identify, active ingredients often hidden in sophisticated plant extract matrices. It was also proved that the presence of a magnetic field changes the retention of some substances, and moreover changes the separation efficiency of chromatographic systems...
2017: Chromatographia
Mahdi Yahyazadeh, Purwanto Ratmoyo, Florian Bittner, Fumihiko Sato, Dirk Selmar
The most prominent alkaloid of Chelidonium majus is dihydrocoptisine, revealing the characteristic benzophenanthridine skeleton. To date, any informationon on the enzymes responsible for its biosynthesis and the related genes in C. majus is lacking. Based on sequence similarities to the corresponding methylenedioxy bridge-forming Cyt P450 enzymes involved in isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in Eschscholzia californica, genes for a cheilanthifoline synthase and a stylopine synthase from C. majus were isolated, sequenced and heterologously expressed in yeast...
August 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Robert Nawrot, Damian Józefiak, Anna Sip, Dorota Kuźma, Oskar Musidlak, Anna Goździcka-Józefiak
Plant non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are small basic proteins, which mostly play a role in intracellular lipid transport and antimicrobial defense. Recently it was shown using shotgun proteomic approach that the whole plant extract of Chelidonium majus L. (Papaveraceae) contains relatively abundant nsLTPs. Therefore the aim of the work was to isolate and characterize nsLTP from C. majus latex. Results obtained using PCR approach with degenerate primers showed the presence of nsLTP protein in C...
November 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
E Valiakos, M Marselos, N Sakellaridis, Th Constantinidis, H Skaltsa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dynameron is a Byzantine medical compendium, divided into 24 sections, the "Elements", containing 2667 recipes, most of which inherited by previous physicians of the classic ancient Greek and Hellenistic, and imperial Roman periods. AIM OF THE STUDY: In continuation to our previous study concerning the first and largest chapter of the "Element Alpha" of Nikolaos Myrepsos׳ Dynameron (Valiakos et al., 2015), this paper focuses on the plants quoted in the recipes of the eight following chapters entitled "About Salts", "About Honeypacks" and "About Spreads", all belonging to the same "Element Alpha"; "About Antitussives" and "About Suppositories" belonging to the "Element Beta"; "About women's Cathartics" belonging to the "Element Gamma"; "About Drossaton" and "About Diachrisma", both belonging to the "Element Delta"...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sakineh Kazemi Noureini, Hosein Esmaeili, Farzane Abachi, Soraia Khiali, Barira Islam, Martyna Kuta, Ali A Saboury, Marcin Hoffmann, Jiri Sponer, Gary Parkinson, Shozeb Haider
BACKGROUND: Natural bioproducts are invaluable resources in drug discovery. Isoquinoline alkaloids of Chelidonium majus constitute a structurally diverse family of natural products that are of great interest, one of them being their selectivity for human telomeric G-quadruplex structure and telomerase inhibition. METHODS: The study focuses on the mechanism of telomerase inhibition by stabilization of telomeric G-quadruplex structures by berberine, chelerythrine, chelidonine, sanguinarine and papaverine...
August 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Charles G Willis, Edith Law, Alex C Williams, Brian F Franzone, Rebecca Bernardos, Lian Bruno, Claire Hopkins, Christian Schorn, Ella Weber, Daniel S Park, Charles C Davis
Phenology is a key aspect of plant success. Recent research has demonstrated that herbarium specimens can provide important information on plant phenology. Massive digitization efforts have the potential to greatly expand herbarium-based phenological research, but also pose a serious challenge regarding efficient data collection. Here, we introduce CrowdCurio, a crowdsourcing tool for the collection of phenological data from herbarium specimens. We test its utility by having workers collect phenological data (number of flower buds, open flowers and fruits) from specimens of two common New England (USA) species: Chelidonium majus and Vaccinium angustifolium...
April 10, 2017: New Phytologist
Robert Nawrot
The aim of this review is to cover most recent research on plant pathogenesis- and defenserelated proteins from latex-bearing medicinal plant Chelidonium majus (Papaveraceae) in the context of its importance for latex activity, function, pharmacological activities, and antiviral medicinal use. These results are compared with other latex-bearing plant species and recent research on proteins and chemical compounds contained in their latex. This is the first review, which clearly summarizes pathogenesisrelated (PR) protein families in latex-bearing plants pointing into their possible functions...
2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
F Pantano, G Mannocchi, E Marinelli, S Gentili, S Graziano, F P Busardò, N M di Luca
The available literature assessing Chelidonium majus L. (CM) hepatotoxicity potential, and its risk to benefit assessment has been reviewed in this paper. Identification of significant scientific literature was performed via the following research databases: Cochrane Central, Google Scholar, EMBASE, Medline, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, using the following keywords: "Chelidonium majus", "greater celandine", "Hepatotoxicity", "Liver" "Injury", "Toxicity" individually investigated and then again in association...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Robert Nawrot, Rico Lippmann, Andrea Matros, Oskar Musidlak, Grzegorz Nowicki, Hans-Peter Mock
Chelidonium majus L. (Papaveraceae) latex is used in traditinonal folk medicine to treat papillae, warts, condylomas, which are visible effects of human papilloma virus (HPV) infections. The aim of this work was to provide new insights into the biology and medicinal use of C. majus milky sap in the flowering and fruit ripening period of the plant by comparing the protein content between samples collected on respective developmental stages using LC-MS-based label-free proteome approach. For quantification, the multiplexed LC-MS data were processed using comparative chemometric approach...
March 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
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