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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928507/characteristics-of-xanthosoma-sagittifolium-roots-during-cooking-using-physicochemical-analysis-uniaxial-compression-multispectral-imaging-and-low-field-nmr-spectroscopy
#1
Abena Achiaa Boakye, María Gudjónsdóttir, Jacob Lercke Skytte, Ioannis S Chronakis, Faustina Dufie Wireko-Manu, Ibok Oduro
To effectively promote the industrial utilization of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) roots for enhanced food sustainability and security, there is a need to study their molecular, mechanical and physicochemical properties in detail. The physicochemical and textural characteristics of the red and white varieties of cocoyam roots were thus analysed by low field nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry, multispectral imaging, uniaxial compression testing, and relevant physicochemical analysis in the current study...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926878/-effects-of-arnebia-root-oil-on-wound-healing-of-rats-with-full-thickness-skin-defect-and-the-related-mechanism
#2
J Y Shen, Q Ma, Z B Yang, J J Gong, Y S Wu
Objective: To observe the effects of arnebia root oil on wound healing of rats with full-thickness skin defect, and to explore the related mechanism. Methods: Eighty SD rats were divided into arnebia root oil group and control group according to the random number table, with 40 rats in each group, then full-thickness skin wounds with area of 3 cm×3 cm were inflicted on the back of each rat. Wounds of rats in arnebia root oil group and control group were treated with sterile medical gauze and bandage package infiltrated with arnebia root oil gauze or Vaseline gauze, respectively, with dressing change of once every two days...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903402/impact-of-chronic-methamphetamine-treatment-on-the-atherosclerosis-formation-in-apoe-mice-fed-a-high-cholesterol-diet
#3
Pengfei Zhu, Lun Li, Bo Gao, Mingjing Zhang, Yuting Wang, Ye Gu, Liqun Hu
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that methamphetamine could promote atherosclerosis (AS) in ApoE-/- mice fed normal chow. We herein observed the impact of methamphetamine on AS in ApoE-/- mice fed a high cholesterol diet and explored the potential mechanisms. RESULTS AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male ApoE-/- mice fed a high cholesterol diet were treated with saline (NS, n = 5) or methamphetamine [8 mg/kg/day (M8, n = 6) through intraperitoneal injection] for 24 weeks...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883300/irrigation-effectiveness-of-continuous-ultrasonic-irrigation-system-an-ex-vivo-study
#4
Ahmed Jamleh, Hideaki Suda, Carlos G Adorno
This study evaluated the irrigation extrusion and smear layer (SL) removal of continuous ultrasonic irrigation (CUI). Forty root canals were shaped, embedded in warm sterile saline agar colored with 1% acid red, and distributed into four groups; three groups had the final irrigation sequence of sodium hypochlorite and EDTA solutions performed by using syringe irrigation (SI), EndoVac (EV), and CUI, respectively. Group 4 had the canals ultrasonically irrigated with saline (CUIS). Irrigant extrusion was verified by a color change of the agar...
September 7, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877285/chondroblastic-osteosarcoma-mimicking-periapical-abscess
#5
Fernanda Paula Yamamoto-Silva, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva, Aline Carvalho Batista, Elismauro Francisco de Mendonça, Décio Dos Santos Pinto-Júnior, Carlos Estrela
Case report: The present report describes a case of chondroblastic osteosarcoma in the periapical region of teeth #29, #30, and #31 of an 18-year-old male. Clinical history showed self-reported discomfort in the right posterior gingiva for over a month. Physical examination showed a small expansion and redness of the right mandibular buccal and lingual cortical plates, but no signs of pain or inflammation were observed. All the teeth responded positively to pulp sensibility. Periapical and panoramic radiographs showed slight periapical radiolucency in the roots of teeth #29 and #30, clear periodontal ligament space widening, and evident loss of lamina dura...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865373/evaluation-of-risk-assessment-of-new-industrial-pollutant-ionic-liquids-on-environmental-living-systems
#6
Viresh R Thamke, Savita R Tapase, Kisan M Kodam
Ionic liquids (ILs) are much known for their promising alternative for volatile solvents in industries and gained popularity as a greener solvent, however industrial effluent discharge containing ILs are also increasing. There is a scarcity of information on the toxicity of ILs; the present study will explore different facts about their harmfulness. The toxic effects of five different ILs: [C4MIM]Br, [Hx3PC14]N(CN)2, [C10MIM]BF4, [BTDA]Cl and [C4MPY]Cl were analysed on bacteria, fungi, plant and animal cells...
August 24, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863305/diterpenoids-from-the-roots-of-croton-dichogamus-pax
#7
Areej Aldhaher, Moses Langat, Beth Ndunda, Denis Chirchir, Jacob O Midiwo, Alice Njue, Sianne Schwikkard, Mark Carew, Dulcie Mulholland
Four previously undescribed diterpenoids including two crotofolanes, crotodichogamoin A and B, and two halimanes, crothalimene A and B, a new sesquiterpenoid, and fifteen previously reported compounds, including the crotofolane, crotohaumanoxide, the casbane, depressin, a further seven furanohalimane diterpenoids, three patchoulane and two further cadinane sesquiterpenoids and aleuritolic acid were isolated from the root of Croton dichogamus. Crotodichogamoin B is an important biosynthetic intermediate of the crotofolane class and this is the first report of patchoulene sesquiterpenoids from the genus...
August 28, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856032/optimizing-pulse-compressibility-in-completely-all-fibered-ytterbium-chirped-pulse-amplifiers-for-in-vivo-two-photon-laser-scanning-microscopy
#8
A Fernández, L Grüner-Nielsen, M Andreana, M Stadler, S Kirchberger, C Sturtzel, M Distel, L Zhu, W Kautek, R Leitgeb, A Baltuska, K Jespersen, A Verhoef
A simple and completely all-fiber Yb chirped pulse amplifier that uses a dispersion matched fiber stretcher and a spliced-on hollow core photonic bandgap fiber compressor is applied in nonlinear optical microscopy. This stretching-compression approach improves compressibility and helps to maximize the fluorescence signal in two-photon laser scanning microscopy as compared with approaches that use standard single mode fibers as stretcher. We also show that in femtosecond all-fiber systems, compensation of higher order dispersion terms is relevant even for pulses with relatively narrow bandwidths for applications relying on nonlinear optical effects...
August 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846915/humanitarian-forensic-action-its-origins-and-future
#9
Stephen Cordner, Morris Tidball-Binz
Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research...
August 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829348/nutritional-comparison-of-white-and-red-coccinia-abyssinica-lam-cong-accessions-an-under-utilised-edible-tuber-of-the-ethiopian-highlands
#10
Aditya Parmar, Bilatu Agza Gebre, Addisu Legesse, Yoseph Demelash, Kirsten Fladung, Oliver Hensel
Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica) is an indigenous tuber crop of the Ethiopian Highlands. It is popular in the western Oromia Region of the country. Apart from food, the crop is also used in traditional medicine. Anchote tubers possess two variations in its tissue colour, red and white. In this study, a small market survey and a nutritional comparison of red and white anchote were conducted. White tissue anchote seems to be more popular, due to its soft texture and ease of cooking. However, the red variant was considered for flour making (by dehydration), for use in porridge and soups for various medicinal and supplementary food applications...
August 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822568/effects-of-lipopolysaccharide-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-stem-cells-from-the-apical-papilla
#11
Veera Lertchirakarn, Panuroot Aguilar
INTRODUCTION: Stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs) were suggested as the stem cell source in regenerative endodontic procedures. However, bone and/or cementum-like structure were observed in root canals. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in infected root canals might alter SCAPs' osteogenic differentiation pattern. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of LPS on SCAPs' proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. METHODS: The mesenchymal stem cell characteristics of SCAPs were confirmed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821594/lazy-genes-mediate-the-effects-of-gravity-on-auxin-gradients-and-plant-architecture
#12
Takeshi Yoshihara, Edgar P Spalding
A rice mutant led to the discovery of a plant-specific LAZY1 protein that controls the orientation of shoots. Arabidopsis thaliana possesses six LAZY genes having spatially distinct expression patterns. Branch angle phenotypes previously associated with single LAZY genes were here studied in roots and shoots of single and higher-order atlazy mutants. The results identify the major contributors to root and shoot branch angles and gravitropic behavior of seedling hypocotyls and primary roots. AtLAZY1 is the principal determinant of inflorescence branch angle...
August 18, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793897/aqueous-extract-of-phragmitis-rhizoma-ameliorates-myelotoxicity-of-docetaxel-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#13
Jinhee Kim, You Jin Lee, Young Ah Kim, Eun-Sang Cho, Eunna Huh, Ok-Sun Bang, No Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: A variety of anticancer chemotherapeutics induce adverse side effects including myelotoxicity. Dried roots of Phragmites communis Trinius, Phragmitis rhizoma, have been clinically used in traditional folk medicine to relieve various symptoms like fever. In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of the aqueous extract of Phragmitis rhizoma (EPR) against docetaxel-induced myelotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The in vitro myelo-protective effect of EPR was evaluated using the colony forming unit (CFU) assay with hematopoietic progenitor cells...
August 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772864/ecotoxicity-of-concretes-with-granulated-slag-from-gray-iron-pilot-production-as-filler
#14
Helena Hybská, Emília Hroncová, Juraj Ladomerský, Karol Balco, Jozef Mitterpach
This paper focuses on research concerning the ecotoxicological properties of granulated slag from the pilot production of gray iron with red mud addition and concrete composites with the application of this slag. Red mud is a hazardous waste generated in the production of aluminium oxide. Negative ecotoxicological tests are, therefore, one of the basic prerequisites for the ability to use granulated slag from gray iron pilot production. Granulated slag and concrete composite samples with various ratios of granulated slag have been subject to ecotoxicity tests: determining root growth inhibition in the highly-cultivated plant Sinapisalba, and determining acute toxicity in Daphniamagna...
May 6, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764980/20-year-follow-up-of-recurrent-glandular-odontogenic-cyst-mimicking-a-periapical-lesion
#15
Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva, Fernanda Paula Yamamoto-Silva, Marcondes Sena-Filho, Simone Sousa Silva Sant'Ana, Wilson José Mariano-Júnior, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Carlos Estrela
Periapical lesions usually are caused by root canal infection; nevertheless, other pathologies may eventually involve the tooth apex, making the correct diagnosis more difficult. Glandular odontogenic cysts (GOCs) are uncommon and, despite their cystic nature, may present an aggressive behavior and a high recurrence rate. This report describes a recurrent GOC mimicking a periapical lesion that was followed up for 20 years. A 45-year-old woman described tooth discomfort for several years in the anterior region of the mandible that was not exacerbated during eating or occlusion...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764300/effect-of-pranayama-on-ppar-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expressions-and-red-complex-microorganisms-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinical-trial
#16
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, R Ananthalakshmi, Prathahini S Parthiban, Sandhya Cherukuri, Mohammed Junaid
INTRODUCTION: Sudarshankriya pranayama is the control of breathing movements to regulate the energy flow throughout the body, which has shown to positively affect immune function, autonomic nervous system and psychologic-neuro pathways. The practice of pranayama has been proven to show several benefits such as reduction in stress levels, relieves anxiety and depression, increase in antioxidant levels, reduces insulin resistance and improves respiratory function. AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the levels of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma (PPAR-γ), Nuclear Factor-Kappa B (NF-κB) and the presence of Red Complex Microorganisms (RCM) such as Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingivalpl aque samples of chronic periodontitis subjects before and after intervention with pranayama as an adjunct to Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757226/preparation-and-physicochemical-characterization-of-ingredients-of-indian-traditional-medicine-mahamrutyunjaya-rasa
#17
Pallavi Rai, Sadhana J Rajput
BACKGROUND: Mahamrutyunjaya rasa is an ayurvedic formulation used in the treatment of cardiac disorders. It contains the purified roots of Visa (Aconitum ferox), Brihati (Solanum indicum), fruits of Pippali Kana (Piper longum), Marica (Piper nigrum), Gandhaka (Sulfur), Hingula (Cinnabar) and Tankana (Sodium metaborate) as per Bhaishajya Ratnavali. The purification (shodhana) process changes the physiochemical properties of the raw materials which need to be studied and understood. OBJECTIVE: The present work aims to perform a comprehensive physicochemical characterization of raw materials, intermediates and the final product obtained during purification, using modern analytical techniques...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754207/volatiles-emitted-by-bacillus-sp-bct9-act-as-growth-modulating-agents-on-lactuca-sativa-seedlings
#18
Paola Fincheira, Leonardo Parra, Ana Mutis, Maribel Parada, Andrés Quiroz
Chemical products are applied during horticulture to increase food production, but the environmental problems resulting from these applications have led to a search for more sustainable products. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) demonstrating plant growth promoter (PGP) activity released by bacterial species have emerged as alternatives, but their effects on Lactuca sativa growth are unknown. In this study, VOCs released by Bacillus sp. BCT9 cultures grown in different media (Methyl Red & Voges Proskauer, Murashige & Skoog and nutrient media) at concentrations of 0...
October 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747886/in-vitro-thermal-maps-to-characterize-human-dental-enamel-and-dentin
#19
Paula Lancaster, David Brettle, Fiona Carmichael, Val Clerehugh
The crown of a human tooth has an outer layer of highly-mineralized tissue called enamel, beneath which is dentin, a less-mineralized tissue which forms the bulk of the tooth-crown and root. The composition and structure of enamel and dentin are different, resulting in different thermal properties. This gives an opportunity to characterize enamel and dentin from their thermal properties and to visually present the findings as a thermal map. The thermal properties of demineralized enamel and dentin may also be sufficiently different from sound tissue to be seen on a thermal map, underpinning future thermal assessment of caries...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742069/nematode-grazing-promotes-bacterial-community-dynamics-in-soil-at-the-aggregate-level
#20
Yuji Jiang, Manqiang Liu, Jiabao Zhang, Yan Chen, Xiaoyun Chen, Lijun Chen, Huixin Li, Xue-Xian Zhang, Bo Sun
Nematode predation has important roles in determining bacterial community composition and dynamics, but the extent of the effects remains largely rudimentary, particularly in natural environment settings. Here, we investigated the complex microbial-microfaunal interactions in the rhizosphere of maize grown in red soils, which were derived from four long-term fertilization regimes. Root-free rhizosphere soil samples were separated into three aggregate fractions whereby the abundance and community composition were examined for nematode and total bacterial communities...
July 25, 2017: ISME Journal
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