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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705451/the-barberry-juice-effects-on-metabolic-factors-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Fatemeh Lazavi, Parvin Mirmiran, Golbon Sohrab, Omid Nikpayam, Pooneh Angoorani, Mehdi Hedayati
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of barberry juice (BJ) on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 46 diabetic Patients were randomly allocated to either the BJ group (n = 23) who consumed 200 ml of BJ daily for eight weeks, or the control group (n = 23) with no intervention. At the baseline and the end of 8-week intervention, blood pressure and biochemical markers were measured. RESULTS: forty-two Patients completed the study...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529250/an-interspecific-barberry-hybrid-enables-genetic-dissection-of-non-host-resistance-to-the-stem-rust-pathogen-puccinia-graminis
#2
Radhika Bartaula, Arthur T O Melo, Bryan A Connolly, Yue Jin, Iago Hale
Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis (Pg), remains a devastating disease of wheat; and the emergence of new Pg races virulent on deployed resistance genes fuels the ongoing search for sources of durable resistance. Despite its intrinsic durability, non-host resistance (NHR) is largely unexplored as a protection strategy against Pg, partly due to the inherent challenge of developing a genetically tractable system within which NHR segregates. Here we demonstrate that Pg's far less-studied ancestral host, barberry (Berberis spp...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472940/inheritance-and-linkage-of-virulence-genes-in-chinese-predominant-race-cyr32-of-the-wheat-stripe-rust-pathogen-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici
#3
Long Wang, Dan Zheng, Shuxia Zuo, Xianming Chen, Hua Zhuang, Lili Huang, Zhensheng Kang, Jie Zhao
Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici ( Pst ) is the causal agent of stripe (yellow) rust on wheat. It seriously threatens wheat production worldwide. The obligate biotrophic fungus is highly capable of producing new virulent races that can overcome resistance. Studying the inheritance of Pst virulence using the classical genetic approach was not possible until the recent discovery of its sexual stage on barberry plants. In the present study, 127 progeny isolates were obtained by selfing a representative Chinese Yellow Rust (CYR) race, CYR32, on Berberis aggregate ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393562/a-novel-mads-box-transcription-factor-pstmcm1-1-is-responsible-for-full-virulence-of-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici
#4
Xiaoguo Zhu, Min Jiao, Jia Guo, Peng Liu, Chenglong Tan, Qian Yang, Yang Zhang, Ralf Thomas Voegele, Zhensheng Kang, Jun Guo
In many eukaryotes, transcription factor MCM1 gene plays crucial roles in regulating mating processes and pathogenesis by interacting with other co-factors. However, little is known about the role of MCM1 in rust fungi. Here, we identified two MCM1 orthologs, PstMCM1-1 and PstMCM1-2, in the stripe rust pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). Sequence analysis indicated that both PstMCM1-1 and PstMCM1-2 contain conserved MADS domains and that PstMCM1-1 belongs to a group of SRF-like proteins that are evolutionarily specific to rust fungi...
April 2018: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228785/an-overview-on-indications-and-chemical-composition-of-aromatic-waters-hydrosols-as-functional-beverages-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-hyperlipidemia-and-cardiovascular-conditions
#5
Azadeh Hamedi, Seyed Mahmoud Moheimani, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Hamed Etemadfard, Mahmoodreza Moein
Hydrosol beverages in Persian nutrition culture and ethnomedicine are the side products of essential oil industry that are used as delicious drinks or safe remedies. To investigate indications and chemical composition of hydrosol beverages for hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular conditions, Fars province was selected as the field of study. Ethnomedical data were gathered by questionnaires. The constituents of hydrosols were extracted with liquid/liquid extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186770/the-evaluation-of-pro-cognitive-and-antiamnestic-properties-of-berberine-and-magnoflorine-isolated-from-barberry-species-by-centrifugal-partition-chromatography-cpc-in-relation-to-qsar-modelling
#6
Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Marta Kruk-Słomka, Katarzyna Stępnik, Radosław Szalak, Grażyna Biała
Civilization diseases associated with memory disorders are important health problems occurring due to a prolonged life span. The manuscript shows the results of an in vivo study targeting the emergence of two drug candidates with anti-amnestic properties. The preceding quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies provided information on the ability of berberine and magnoflorine to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In the light of these findings, both compounds were purified from crude plant extracts of barberries: berberine-from Berberis siberica using a method published earlier, and magnoflorine-from Berberis cretica by centrifugal partition chromatography (solvent system: ethyl acetate:butanol:water-0...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124775/capillary-hplc-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-in-analysis-of-alkaloid-dyestuffs-a-new-approach
#7
Damian Dąbrowski, Katarzyna Lech, Maciej Jarosz
Development of the identification method of alkaloid compounds in Amur cork tree as well as not examined so far Oregon grape and European Barberry shrubs are presented. The novel approach to separation of alkaloids was applied and the capillary-high-performance liquid chromatography (capillary-HPLC) system was used, which has never previously been reported for alkaloid-based dyestuffs analysis. Its optimization was conducted with three different stationary phases (unmodified octadecylsilane-bonded silica, octadecylsilane modified with polar groups and silica-bonded pentaflourophenyls) as well as with different solvent buffers...
November 10, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029041/long-term-effects-of-berberis-thunbergii-ranunculales-berberidaceae-management-on-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae-abundance-and-borrelia-burgdorferi-spirochaetales-spirochaetaceae-prevalence-in-connecticut-usa
#8
Scott C Williams, Megan A Linske, Jeffrey S Ward
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii de Candolle; Ranunculales: Berberidaceae) is an exotic invasive shrub that escaped cultivation in the United States and is now permanently established in many eastern and midwestern states. This study examined the long-term impacts of Japanese barberry management on blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis Say; Acari: Ixodidae) abundances and associated prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi (Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt, and Brenner; Spirochaetales: Spirochaetaceae), the etiologic agent of Lyme disease...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987497/optimization-of-a-new-method-for-extraction-of-cyanidin-chloride-and-pelargonidin-chloride-anthocyanins-with-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-and-determination-in-fruit-samples-by-hplc-with-central-composite-design
#9
Abdollah Yari, Saba Rashnoo
Here, we are reporting a sensitive, simple and rapid method for the analysis of cyanidin chloride and pelargonidin chloride anthocyanins in cherry, sour cherry, pomegranate and barberry produced in Iran. The analytes were extracted with acetonitrile-hydrochloric acid (1% v/v) mixture under optimized pretreatment conditions. Clean-up of the extract from fruits was conducted by magnetic solid phase extraction using salicylic acid functionalized silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles (SCMNPs) as the adsorbent. The optimized conditions searched with central composite design...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876207/inheritance-of-virulence-construction-of-a-linkage-map-and-mapping-dominant-virulence-genes-in-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici-through-characterization-of-a-sexual-population-with-genotyping-by-sequencing
#10
Congying Yuan, Meinan Wang, Danniel Z Skinner, Deven R See, Chongjing Xia, Xinhong Guo, Xianming Chen
Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, the wheat stripe rust pathogen, is a dikaryotic, biotrophic, and macrocyclic fungus. Genetic study of P. striiformis f. sp. tritici virulence was not possible until the recent discovery of Berberis spp. and Mahonia spp. as alternate hosts. To determine inheritance of virulence and map virulence genes, a segregating population of 119 isolates was developed by self-fertilizing P. striiformis f. sp. tritici isolate 08-220 (race PSTv-11) on barberry leaves under controlled greenhouse conditions...
January 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710879/the-transcription-factor-pstste12-is-required-for-virulence-of-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici
#11
Xiaoguo Zhu, Wei Liu, Xiuling Chu, Qixiong Sun, Chenglong Tan, Qian Yang, Min Jiao, Jun Guo, Zhensheng Kang
Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) is an obligate biotrophic fungus that causes extensive damage in wheat. The pathogen is now known to be a heteroecious fungus with an intricate life cycle containing sexual and asexual stages. Orthologs of the STE12 transcription factor that regulate mating and filamentation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae as well as virulence in other fungi has been extensively described. Because reliable transformation and gene disruption methods are lacking for Pst, knowledge about the function of its STE12 ortholog is limited...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656087/toxicology-effects-of-berberis-vulgaris-barberry-and-its-active-constituent-berberine-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Seyede Zohre Kamrani Rad, Maryam Rameshrad, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Berberis vulgaris and berberine, its main component, traditionally have been used for treatment of various disorders. The pharmacological properties of them have been investigated using different in vivo and in vitro models. In spite of beneficial effects of B. vulgaris on different cell lines, there are documents have revealed negative impacts of it on animal and human. In this regards, the determination of its toxicity in a scientific view is necessary. In current report, we provide classified information about the toxicity of B...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572964/sensory-evaluation-of-selected-formulated-milk-barberry-drinks-using-the-fuzzy-approach
#13
Zahra Tahsiri, Mehrdad Niakousari, Sara Khoshnoudi-Nia, Seyed Mohamad H Hosseini
Amid rigid competition in marketing to accomplish customers' needs, the cost of disappointment is too high. In an effort to escape market disappointment, one of the options to be considered is probing for customer satisfaction through sensory evaluation. This study aims to rank the six selected milk-barberry drink formulae out of 24 (code numbers S3, S4, S15, S16, S17 and S18) each having different milk:barberry:pectin amount (7: 3: 0.2; 6: 4: 0.2; 7: 3: 0.4, 6: 4: 0.4, 5: 5: 0.4 and 6: 4: 0.4), respectively, and to determine the best of quality attribute through sensory evaluation, using the fuzzy decision-making model...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514949/membrane-of-candida-albicans-as-a-target-of-berberine
#14
Nataša Zorić, Ivan Kosalec, Siniša Tomić, Ivan Bobnjarić, Mario Jug, Toni Vlainić, Josipa Vlainić
BACKGROUND: We investigated the mechanisms of anti-Candida action of isoquinoline alkaloid berberine, active constituent of medically important plants of Barberry species. METHODS: The effects on membrane, morphological transition, synthesis of ergosterol and the consequent changes in membrane permeability have been studied. Polarization and lipid peroxidation level of the membrane following berberine treatment have been addressed. RESULTS: Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of berberine against C...
May 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456866/basidiospores-of-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici-succeed-to-infect-barberry-while-urediniospores-are-blocked-by-non-host-resistance
#15
Min Jiao, Chenglong Tan, Long Wang, Jia Guo, Hongchang Zhang, Zhensheng Kang, Jun Guo
Stripe rust (Yellow rust) caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) is a major disease of wheat worldwide. The use of resistant cultivars to control Pst has been very effective, low-cost, and ecologically sound. However, virulence patterns of Pst can quickly change, which may render resistant cultivars susceptible. The discovery of infection of Berberis spp. by basidiospores of Pst in 2010 raised important concerns about the evolution of new virulent races of the pathogen. Little is known about the infection process of Berberis spp...
November 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348212/climate-change-both-facilitates-and-inhibits-invasive-plant-ranges-in-new-england
#16
Cory Merow, Sarah Treanor Bois, Jenica M Allen, Yingying Xie, John A Silander
Forecasting ecological responses to climate change, invasion, and their interaction must rely on understanding underlying mechanisms. However, such forecasts require extrapolation into new locations and environments. We linked demography and environment using experimental biogeography to forecast invasive and native species' potential ranges under present and future climate in New England, United States to overcome issues of extrapolation in novel environments. We studied two potentially nonequilibrium invasive plants' distributions, Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) and Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry), each paired with their native ecological analogs to better understand demographic drivers of invasions...
April 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762098/paralogs-are-revealed-by-proportion-of-heterozygotes-and-deviations-in-read-ratios-in-genotyping-by-sequencing-data-from-natural-populations
#17
Garrett J McKinney, Ryan K Waples, Lisa W Seeb, James E Seeb
Whole-genome duplications have occurred in the recent ancestors of many plants, fish, and amphibians, resulting in a pervasiveness of paralogous loci and the potential for both disomic and tetrasomic inheritance in the same genome. Paralogs can be difficult to reliably genotype and are often excluded from genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) analyses; however, removal requires paralogs to be identified which is difficult without a reference genome. We present a method for identifying paralogs in natural populations by combining two properties of duplicated loci: (i) the expected frequency of heterozygotes exceeds that for singleton loci, and (ii) within heterozygotes, observed read ratios for each allele in GBS data will deviate from the 1:1 expected for singleton (diploid) loci...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671811/berberine-and-its-role-in-chronic-disease
#18
REVIEW
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandra Baggioni
Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the protoberberine group of isoquinoline alkaloids. It is found in such plants as Berberis [e.g. Berberis aquifolium (Oregon grape), Berberis vulgaris (barberry), Berberis aristata (tree turmeric)], Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal), Xanthorhiza simplicissima (yellowroot), Phellodendron amurense [2] (Amur corktree), Coptis chinensis (Chinese goldthread), Tinospora cordifolia, Argemone mexicana (prickly poppy) and Eschscholzia californica (Californian poppy). In vitro it exerts significant anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577059/investigation-of-the-immunomodulatory-effect-of-berberis-vulgaris-on-core-pulsed-dendritic-cell-vaccine
#19
Doaa A Ghareeb, Eiman H Elwakeel, Rowaida Khalil, Mina S Aziz, Maha A El Demellawy
BACKGROUND: Virus-induced dendritic cells (DCs) functional deficiency leads to sub-optimal initiation of adaptive immune responses and consequently chronic infection establishment. The present study reports an advanced hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapeutic vaccine model based on In vivo enrichment of DCs with barberry ethanolic crude extract (BCE) then pulsing them with HCV core protein. METHODS: DCs were enriched by BCE intravenous injection in BALB/c mice. Vaccine efficiency was assessed by flow cytometric analysis of splenocytes of immunized mice, cytokine profiling, cytotoxic T lymphocyte assay, and humoral immune response assessment...
August 30, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395212/host-plant-shifts-and-transitions-into-new-adaptive-zones-in-leafhoppers-br-the-example-of-macropsinae-homoptera-auchenorrhyncha-cicadellidae-br-of-russia-and-adjacent-countries
#20
Dmitri Yu Tishechkin
The modes of diversification of Palaearctic Macropsinae (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) are reconstructed based on data on their host plants and distribution in Russia and the adjacent territories. Macropsinae (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) is originally an Oriental group, which penetrated into the Palaearctic from Southeast Asia. The genus Pediopsoides and species of the genus Macropsis that feed on East Asian oaks have not dispersed beyond broadleaf forests of the Eastern Palaearctic...
June 8, 2016: Zootaxa
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