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Dermatology education

Aaron S Farberg, Darrell S Rigel
BACKGROUND: Guidelines exist for the management of cutaneous malignant melanoma, but their adoption, prevalence, and impact have not yet been determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine current melanoma clinical management practices of US dermatologists and the variance from guidelines that might exist. METHODS: A cross-sectional e-mail survey study assessing preferred biopsy methods for lesions suspicious for melanoma, margins used for excision, and recommended follow-up intervals were sent to 6177 US dermatologists (540 responding)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
K Rajkumar, A Bhattacharya, S David, S Hari Balaji, R Hariharan, M Jayakumar, N Balaji
AIM: This study was conducted to assess the extent of knowledge, awareness, attitude, and risks of zoonotic diseases among livestock owners in Puducherry region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 livestock farmers were selected randomly from eight revenue villages. And each farmer was interviewed with a questionnaire containing both open- and close-ended questions on various aspects of zoonotic diseases, a total of 49 questionnaires were framed to assess the source and transmission of infection to the farmers and to test their knowledge and awareness about zoonotic diseases...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Rachel Joseph, Marissa Giovinazzo, Megan Brown
Placentophagia (consuming the placenta) has historically not been a common practice among humans. Over the past few decades the practice has gained attention as more women, particularly educated, middle-class, White American women, choose to partake in this practice. Purported benefits of placentophagia include pain relief, increased breast milk production, and decreased risk of postpartum depression; however, there is a lack of evidence to support these claims. The placenta can be consumed raw, cooked, or encapsulated; it can be used for keepsakes; or it can be used to make topical applications such as dermatologic creams and hair-growth products...
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Manuel António Campos, Ana Cristina Sousa, Paulo Varela, Armando Baptista
Introduction: It is well known that adequate hygiene is important for health. Even though this topic has drawn the attention of the media, little or no scientific investigation has been done. Methods: We performed a comparative questionnaire-based cross-sectional study in three groups: patients attending a dermatology outpatient clinic, patients attending an internal medicine consultation, and community members. Results: We analyzed a total of 446 questionnaires (249 from dermatology patients, 98 from internal medicine patients, and 99 from the community group)...
September 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Elpida Frantzeskou, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Athena Linos
BACKGROUND: Fishing is an extremely dangerous occupational activity that predisposes to occupational diseases and accidents. Greece, with about 16,000 km of coastline and its unique morphological characteristics with small islands and peninsulas, represents a strong proof of its great tradition in the fisheries sector since ancient times. The aim of the study was to examine the health status and the health risk factors present in Greek fishery workers, by exploring their working environment, thus providing a current baseline for documentation of the needs for prevention and health promotion...
2016: International Maritime Health
Pavel V Chernyshov, Roger C Ho, Fiorella Monti, Anna Jirakova, Svitlana S Velitchko, Jana Hercogova, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis has a significant impact on quality of life of children and families. OBJECTIVE: It is important to assess gender differences in health-related quality of life in children with atopic dermatitis in order to effectively use health-related quality of life results. METHODS: Children 5- to 16-years of age with atopic dermatitis from Italy, Singapore, Czech Republic, and Ukraine were divided into two groups (boys and girls)...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Abigail Waldman, Kenneth A Arndt, Mathew M Avram, Mariah R Brown, Jeffrey S Dover, Sabrina G Fabi, Daniel P Friedmann, Roy G Geronemus, David J Goldberg, Mitchel P Goldman, Jeremy B Green, Omar A Ibrahimi, Derek H Jones, Suzanne L Kilmer, David H McDaniel, Suzan Obagi, Arisa E Ortiz, Thomas E Rohrer, Mark B Taylor, Abel Torres, Susan H Weinkle, Margaret A Weiss, Eduardo T Weiss, Robert A Weiss, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: The American Council of Graduate Medical Education, which oversees much of postgraduate medical education in the United States, has championed the concept of "milestones," standard levels of achievement keyed to particular time points, to assess trainee performance during residency. OBJECTIVE: To develop a milestones document for the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) Cosmetic Dermatologic Surgery (CDS) fellowship program. METHODS: An ad hoc milestone drafting committee was convened that included members of the ASDS Accreditation Work Group and program directors of ASDS-approved Cosmetic Dermatologic Surgery (CDC) fellowship training programs...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Inga Meyer-Kühling, Rahel Eckardt, Evgenia Makrantonaki
BACKGROUND: Research regarding effective collaboration and communication between professional caregivers and dermatologists and the need for further education and training for caregivers in the field of geriatric dermatology still remains relatively scarce. OBJECTIVE: To document the state of knowledge of professional caregivers in the field of geriatric dermatology and make recommendations for dermatological education and postgraduate training. METHODS: A questionnaire with open and closed questions was used to evaluate the level of knowledge and current need for information in geriatric dermatology...
September 16, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Audrey A Jacobsen, Ana Galvan, Claudina Canaan Lachapelle, Cheryl B Wohl, Robert S Kirsner, John Strasswimmer
Importance: As the minority population increases in the United States, the incidence of skin cancer has important public health consequences, including poor skin cancer outcomes, in part because of late-stage diagnosis. Therefore, it is important to identify obstacles in skin cancer prevention in these communities. Objective: To characterize skin cancer prevention and education needs in uninsured, minority, and immigrant communities in South Florida. Design, Setting, and Participants: At a large free medical clinic in Florida, a convenience sample of people completed a 23-question survey in English, Spanish, or Haitian Creole assessing their skin cancer risk perception, knowledge, sun protective behaviors and barriers, and desirable outreach methods...
September 14, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Allison J Chen, Julia Schwartz, Alexandra B Kimball
Previous studies have established migration patterns between the geographic location of physicians' residency programs and their first post-training job. Our study explores the patterns of migration of pre-residency education locations with residency and post-residency geography. We analyzed responses to an annual survey administered between 2008 and 2013 to participants of the board examination review courses organized by Galderma Laboratories. Geography of high school (HS), medical school (MS), residency, and first job location were highly correlated...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Elaine Kunzler, Jacqueline Graham, Eliot Mostow
BACKGROUND: Online quiz competitions can facilitate extra-classroom interactions between faculty and medical students. Owing to decreased class attendance nationwide, teaching faculty might revamp their approach to medical education by providing online resources and methods for communication. OBJECTIVE: To explore if the use of online quizzes and social media can result in improved interactions between faculty and students. METHODS: A pilot study conducted from April 7th, 2015 to June 11th, 2015 at Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED) among participants from the second year medical school class...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Aaron S Farberg, Adam C Rigel, Darrell S Rigel
The American Academy of Dermatology and dermatologists' themselves, have recommended public education and patient counseling regarding sunscreen. The purpose of this study was to determine US dermatologists' actual sunscreen perceptions as well as their recommendations and personal usage. 540 practicing US dermatologists responded to an online survey that assessed each physician's perception of safety and efficacy of sunscreen, recommendation factors, and personal usage. Dermatologists have an overall positive view of sunscreen...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Daren J Simkin, Anna L Grossberg, Bernard A Cohen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bullous impetigo (BI) is a common dermatologic condition, particularly in children, yet confusion regarding its diagnosis and treatment persists. This study measured pediatricians' ability to diagnose and appropriately treat BI and explored factors that might influence pediatricians' accuracy in managing BI. METHODS: We administered an expert-validated survey to 64 pediatrics house staff and faculty at three Johns Hopkins Medicine facilities...
September 7, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Mei Shao, Zahid Hussain, Hnin Ei Thu, Shahzeb Khan, Haliza Katas, Tarek A Ahmed, Minaketan Tripathy, Jing Leng, Hua-Li Qin, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronically relapsing skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin-E (IgE), T-lymphocytes and mast cells. The key pathophysiological factors causing this disease are immunological disorders and the compromised epidermal barrier integrity. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological complication. Preventive interventions which include educational programs, avoidance of allergens, exclusive care towards skin, and the rational selection of therapeutic regimen play key roles in the treatment of dermatosis...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Wan-Yi Chou, Peng-Tai Tien, Fang-Yu Lin, Pin-Chi Chiu
BACKGROUND: Medical education has shifted from memory-based practice to evidence-based decisions. The question arises: how can we ensure that all students get correct and systematic information? Visually based, computerised diagnostic decision support system (VCDDSS, VisualDx) may just fit our needs. A pilot study was conducted to investigate its role in medical education and clinical practice. METHODS: This was a prospective study, including one consultant dermatologist, 51 medical students and 13 dermatology residents, conducted in the dermatology teaching clinic at China Medical University Hospital from 30 December 2014 to 21 April 2015...
September 2, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Katsutaro Nishimoto
Mycotic infections remain important in dermatological clinics. Therefore the mycological training curriculum needs to be reorganized starting from the beginning of dermatological education, including routine examination procedures, such as potassium hydroxide examination, culture of pathogenic fungi, histopathology, treatment guidelines, and the recent advances in medical mycology.Several mycological institutes will be selected and announced in the journal to provide support for mycological examinations and to publish important cases treated in clinics...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
Genevieve M Crane, Jerad M Gardner
There is a rising interest in the use of social media by pathologists. However, the use of pathology images on social media has been debated, particularly gross examination, autopsy, and dermatologic condition photographs. The immediacy of the interactions, increased interest from patients and patient groups, and fewer barriers to public discussion raise additional considerations to ensure patient privacy is protected. Yet these very features all add to the power of social media for educating other physicians and the nonmedical public about disease and for creating better understanding of the important role of pathologists in patient care...
2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Zhenli Kwan, Yii Bonn Bong, Leng Leng Tan, Shu Xian Lim, Adrian Sze Wai Yong, Chin Chwen Ch'ng, Maw Pin Tan, Suganthi Thevarajah, Rokiah Ismail
Patients with psoriasis may have increased risk of psychological comorbidities. This cross-sectional study aimed at determining associations between sociocultural and socioeconomic factors with the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) scores and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores. Adult patients with psoriasis were recruited from a Dermatology outpatient clinic via convenience sampling. Interviews were conducted regarding socio-demographic factors and willing subjects were requested to complete the DASS and DLQI questionnaires...
August 19, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hirminder Ubhi, Mitul Patel, Lisa Ludwig
AIM: Aims of the study included evaluation of outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices relating to good Antimicrobial Stewardship1 focusing on documentation of indication and duration. METHOD: Prescriptions dispensed at the Outpatient Pharmacy over a 6 week were evaluated. Data collected include patient's hospital identification in full, the antibiotic prescribed, duration of treatment, indication (in a specifically allocated area on the prescription) and route of administration, prescriber speciality and grade...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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