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Botanical library

Maryam Mosaffa-Jahromi, Hossein Kiani
BACKGROUND: Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi, known as Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288 AD), was a Muslim Syrian physician primarily famous for being the first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood. The most voluminous of his books is Alshamel fi Sana'at tebbi'at, which is a comprehensive medical encyclopedia. It comprised 300 volumes of notes, from which only 80 volumes are published. His writings are cataloged in many libraries around the world. The aim of this review article, as a tribute to Ibn al-Nafis, was to introduce his valuable but neglected encyclopedia of Materia Medica...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
M F Geiger, J J Astrin, T Borsch, U Burkhardt, P Grobe, R Hand, A Hausmann, K Hohberg, L Krogmann, M Lutz, C Monje, B Misof, J Morinière, K Müller, S Pietsch, D Quandt, B Rulik, M Scholler, W Traunspurger, G Haszprunar, W Wägele
Biodiversity loss is mainly driven by human activity. While concern grows over the fate of hot spots of biodiversity, contemporary species losses still prevail in industrialized nations. Therefore, strategies were formulated to halt or reverse the loss, driven by evidence for its value for ecosystem services. Maintenance of the latter through conservation depends on correctly identified species. To this aim, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research is funding the GBOL project, a consortium of natural history collections, botanic gardens, and universities working on a barcode reference database for the country's fauna and flora...
September 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Xiaojing Zhou, Yang Dong, Jiaojiao Zhao, Li Huang, Xiaoping Ren, Yuning Chen, Shunmou Huang, Boshou Liao, Yong Lei, Liying Yan, Huifang Jiang
BACKGROUND: Single-locus markers have many advantages compared with multi-locus markers in genetic and breeding studies because their alleles can be assigned to particular genomic loci in diversity analyses. However, there is little research on single-locus SSR markers in peanut. Through the de novo assembly of DNA sequencing reads of A. hypogaea, we developed single-locus SSR markers in a genomic survey for better application in genetic and breeding studies of peanut. RESULTS: In this study, DNA libraries with four different insert sizes were used for sequencing with 150 bp paired-end reads...
2016: BMC Genomics
Wen-Long Wei, Rui Zeng, Cai-Mei Gu, Yan Qu, Lin-Fang Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, known as Dang Gui (in Chinese), is a traditional medicinal and edible plant that has long been used for tonifying, replenishing, and invigorating blood as well as relieving pain, lubricating the intestines, and treating female irregular menstruation and amenorrhea. A. sinensis has also been used as a health product and become increasingly popular in China, Japan, and Korea. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide a systemic review of traditional uses of A...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jay D Amsterdam, Alexander G Panossian
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola rosea (R. rosea) is a botanical adaptogen with putative anti-stress and antidepressant properties. Evidence-based data supporting the effectiveness of R. rosea for depression in adults is limited, and therefore a comprehensive review of available animal and human studies suggesting a putative antidepressant action is warranted. PURPOSE: A review of the literature was undertaken to ascertain studies of possible antidepressant mechanisms of action and studies of the safety and effectiveness of R...
June 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Mesfin Yimam, Young-Chul Lee, Breanna Moore, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Eu-Jin Hyun, Min Chu, Lidia Brownell, Qi Jia
OBJECTIVE: Though the initial etiologies of arthritis are multifactorial, clinically, patients share the prime complaints of the disease, pain. Here the authors assessed the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of UP1304, a composite that contains a standardized blend of extracts from the rhizome of Curcuma longa and the root bark of Morus alba, on rats with carrageenan-induced paw edema. METHODS: A plant library was screened for bradykinin receptor antagonists...
January 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, A K S Rawat
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants have been used in patients with congestive heart failure, systolic hypertension, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, cerebral insufficiency, venous insufficiency and arrhythmia since centuries. A recent increase in the popularity of alternative medicine and natural products has revived interest in traditional remedies that have been used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. AIM: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the history and traditional uses of some herbal medicines that affect the cardiovascular system in order to explore their therapeutic potential and evaluate future research opportunities...
October 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Tony Heitkam, Stefan Petrasch, Falk Zakrzewski, Anja Kögler, Torsten Wenke, Stefan Wanke, Thomas Schmidt
Northern Europe's oldest and largest Camellia japonica growing at the Pillnitz Castle (Germany) for over 200 years is of botanical and cultural importance and is a reference for C. japonica molecular scale analysis. In order to provide a fundament for genome analysis of the genus Camellia, we characterize the C. japonica tandem repeat fraction, constituting 12.5 % of the Pillnitz camellia's genome. A genomic library of the Pillnitz C. japonica was produced and Illumina sequenced to generate 36 Gb of paired-end reads...
December 2015: Chromosome Research
Sharad Srivastava, Manjoosha Srivastava, Ankita Misra, Garima Pandey, Aks Rawat
Berberis is an important genus and well known in the Indian as well as European systems of traditional medicine. It is used since ancient times for curing eye disease, fever, jaundice, rheumatism, vomiting during pregnancy, kidney and gall balder stones and various other ailments due to the presence of biologically active alkaloid berberine. Action of the root extracts of few species are believed to be as powerful as quinine in the treatment of malarial fever. A plethora of literature pertaining to the taxonomy, biology, chemistry, traditional and ethnic uses of Berberis in different countries and indigenous cultures was collected by both offline (library, journals, textbooks etc...
2015: EXCLI journal
Piotr Köhler
In order to locate copies of the works of Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) located in Poland, 54 libraries were selected for inquiry, chosen on the basis of their history or of the nature or size of their collections. So far, 27 libraries have responded to the inquiry. There are works of J.E. Gilibert stored in 14 of them (Table 1). To date, 102 copies of different editions catalogued under Gilibert's name have been recorded in libraries in Poland. These books were placed in these libraries in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, mainly as part of donations from private libraries...
2015: Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki: Kwartal'nyĭ Zhurnal Istorii Nauki i Tekhniki -
Sabrin R M Ibrahim, Gamal A Mohamed
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Litchi chinensis Sonn. (Sapindaceae) has been widely used in many cultures for the treatment of cough, flatulence, stomach ulcers, diabetes, obesity, testicular swelling, hernia-like conditions, and epigastric and neuralgic pains. The ethnopharmacologial history of L. chinensis indicated that it possesses hypoglycemic, anticancer, antibacterial, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-platelet, anti-tussive, analgesic, antipyretic, hemostatic, diuretic, and antiviral activities...
November 4, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rodney A Velliquette, Kerry Grann, Stephen R Missler, Jennifer Patterson, Chun Hu, Kevin W Gellenbeck, Jeffrey D Scholten, R Keith Randolph
BACKGROUND: Diacylglyceride acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is the enzyme that adds the final fatty acid on to a diacylglyceride during triglyceride (TG) synthesis. DGAT1 plays a key role in the repackaging of dietary TG into circulating TG rich chylomicrons. A growing amount of research has indicated that an exaggerated postprandial circulating TG level is a risk indicator for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. The aim of this research was to identify a botanical extract that inhibits intestinal DGAT1 activity and attenuates postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in overweight and obese humans...
2015: Nutrition & Metabolism
Thierry Hoquet
This paper focuses on the geography of the botanical community in Paris, under the July Monarchy (1830-1848). At that time, the Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (MHN) was at its institutional acme and, under the impulse of François Guizot, its budget was increasing dramatically. However, closer attention to manuscript sources (correspondence, travel diaries) reveals that the botanists of the time favoured other private institutions, located both on the Right and Left Banks of the Seine. The MHN was prestigious for its collections and professors but it was relatively remote from the centre of Paris, and its plant samples were sometimes difficult to access...
February 2016: Journal of the History of Biology
Valentina Giuffra
The archival documents of San Luca Hospital, which has long been the most important welfarist institution of the Republic of Lucca (Tuscany), are stored in the Record Offices of Lucca. The hospital was served by a pharmacy, where the medicaments were prepared for patients and for the needs of other institutions in the city. Three different inventories, dating back to 1719, 1749 and 1784, report on a list of books hosted in the pharmacy. The identification and analysis of the works available in the library have allowed to reconstruct the tendencies of pharmacy thoughts and practices in Lucca during the 18th century...
2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Qian Zhang, Jiao Jiao Zhao, Jian Xu, Feng Feng, Wei Qu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Uncaria belongs to the family Rubiaceae, which mainly distributed in tropical regions, such as Southeast Asia, Africa and Southeast America. Their leaves and hooks have long been thought to have healing powers and are already being tested as a treatment for asthma, cancer, cirrhosis, diabetes, hypertension, stroke and rheumatism. The present review aims to provide systematically reorganized information on the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Uncaria to support for further therapeutic potential of this genus...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Dorota Staszek, Marta Orłowska, Józef Rzepa, Michał S Wróbel, Teresa Kowalska, Grażyna Szymczak, Monika Waksmundzka-Hajnos
The Thymus genus has a firm position in Mediterranean folk medicine and culinary tradition, and yet certain confusion is observed in its botanical taxonomy. Therefore, chemical analysis of secondary metabolites and selection of reliable chemotaxonomic markers can prove helpful. In this study, the volatile fraction derived from 20 different thyme specimens was analyzed by means of headspace GC with MS detection. From the obtained chromatographic fingerprints, the diversity of the volatile fraction originating from the different thyme species clearly emerged...
September 2014: Journal of AOAC International
Thierry Hoquet
During the first half of the nineteenth century, while Georges Cuvier ruled over natural history and the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (MHN) was at its institutional acme, a French banker and industrialist with a Swiss family background, Benjamin Delessert, was developing an important botanical museum in Paris. His private collection included both a rich botanical library and a massive herbarium: the close integration of these two dimensions, together with the magnanimity of Delessert's patronage, contributed to making this private institution a worthy rival to the powerful and state-funded MHN...
September 2014: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
Marta Gruca, Anne Blach-Overgaard, Henrik Balslev
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This study is the first to demonstrate the breadth and patterns of the medicinal applications of African palms. It sheds light on species with the potential to provide new therapeutic agents for use in biomedicine; and links the gap between traditional use of palms and pharmacological evaluation for the beneficial effects of palm products on human health. Last but not least, the study provides recommendations for the areas that should be targeted in future ethno-botanical surveys...
May 13, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Maan B Rokaya, Yadav Uprety, Ram C Poudel, Binu Timsina, Zuzana Münzbergová, Hugo Asselin, Achyut Tiwari, Shyam S Shrestha, Shalik R Sigdel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gastrointestinal disorders cause morbidity and can lead to mortality, especially in the developing world where sanitation is deficient. A large part of the human population relies on medicinal plants for treating various diseases, including gastrointestinal disorders. The present review summarizes the traditional uses of medicinal plants of Nepal used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, and evaluates their bio-efficacy based on a review of the available phytochemical and pharmacological literature...
December 2, 2014: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Juan Fu, Zenghui Wang, Linfang Huang, Sihao Zheng, Dongmei Wang, Shilin Chen, Haitao Zhang, Shihai Yang
Astragalus membranaceus is one of the most widely used traditional Chinese herbal medicines. It is used as immune stimulant, tonic, antioxidant, hepatoprotectant, diuretic, antidiabetic, anticancer, and expectorant. The current paper reviews the botanical characteristics, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Astragali Radix. Information on Astragali Radix was gathered via the Internet (using Google Scholar, Baidu Scholar, Elsevier, ACS, Medline Plus, CNKI, and Web of Science) as well as from libraries and local books...
September 2014: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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