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Allostatic load

Laura Monclús, Rubèn Ballesteros-Cano, Javier De La Puente, Silvia Lacorte, Manel Lopez-Bejar
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have the potential to impair the endocrine regulation of organisms and alter their ability to respond to environmental changes. We studied whether polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) affected the endocrine regulation of free-living and captive red kites (Milvus milvus) through studying the dynamics of corticosterone (CORT) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). We sampled migratory free-living kites coming from northern Europe and captive kites born in a rehabilitation center in Spain...
June 27, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Błażej Misiak, Kamila Kotowicz, Olga Loska, Filip Stramecki, Jan Aleksander Beszłej, Jerzy Samochowiec, Marcin Jabłoński, Piotr Podwalski, Katarzyna Waszczuk, Michał Wroński, Anna Michalczyk, Leszek Sagan, Patryk Piotrowski
Accumulating evidence indicates that stress plays an important role in the development of psychotic disorders. Recent studies have revealed that patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) present systemic biological dysregulations related to stress-exposure in terms of elevated allostatic load (AL) index. However, the mechanisms underlying this observation remain unknown. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate the AL index with respect to stress coping strategies in 36 FEP patients and 31 matched controls...
June 28, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Robin L Page, Jill N Peltzer, Amy M Burdette, Terrence D Hill
The resurgence of interest in the influence of religion and spirituality on health is examined within the context of the holistic paradigm and historical connection between nursing and spirituality. While nursing and spirituality often intersect with end-of-life considerations, this article presents findings from studies that demonstrate that religious involvement favors health and longevity across the life course. Examples include protective associations with stress, depression, self-rated health, and infant birth weight...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Vickie M Mays, Robert-Paul Juster, Timothy J Williamson, Teresa E Seeman, Susan D Cochran
OBJECTIVE: Social disadvantage is associated with markers of physiological dysregulation, which is linked to disease trajectories. Chronic experiences with discrimination are thought to result in the accumulation of physiological "wear and tear" known as allostatic load (AL) among socially marginalized populations such as sexual minorities. Using a nationally representative US sample, we examined whether (1) people who self-identified as homosexual or bisexual display higher levels of AL than heterosexual individuals and (2) subgroups of sexual identity would further differ from each other as a consequence of distinct experiences of marginalization...
July 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Ashley N Edes, Barbara A Wolfe, Douglas E Crews
  Animal welfare, conservation, and stress assessment are all critical components of species survival. As organisms experience stressors, they accumulate physiologic dysregulation, leading to multiple negative health outcomes. This brief review suggests measuring the degree of stress-induced damage, known as allostatic load, and then using allostatic load to evaluate changes implemented to improve animal welfare and conservation efforts. Over the past two decades, human clinical research has developed multiple allostatic load indices constructed from composites of neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, metabolic, and immune biomarkers...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jonviea D Chamberlain, Hans Peter Gmünder, Kerstin Hug, Xavier Jordan, André Moser, Martin Schubert, Martin W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To understand differentials in the force of mortality with increasing time since injury according to key spinal cord injury (SCI) characteristics. SETTING: Specialized rehabilitation centers within Switzerland. METHODS: Data from the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury (SwiSCI) cohort study were used to model mortality in relation to age, sex, and lesion characteristics. Hazard ratios (HRs) and adjusted survival curves were estimated using flexible parametric survival models of time since discharge from first rehabilitation to death or 30 September 2011, whichever came first...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Jenna van Draanen, Michael Prelip, Dawn M Upchurch
This study investigates the associations between recent consumption of fast foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, and artificially-sweetened beverages on level of allostatic load, a measure of cumulative biological risk, in young adults in the US. Data from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health were analyzed. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the associations between consumption of fast foods, sugar-sweetened, and artificially-sweetened beverages and allostatic load...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Alan C Logan, Susan L Prescott, Tari Haahtela, David L Katz
In 1980, Jonas Salk (1914-1995) encouraged professionals in anthropology and related disciplines to consider the interconnections between "planetary health," sociocultural changes associated with technological advances, and the biology of human health. The concept of planetary health emphasizes that human health is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; experts in physiological anthropology have illuminated some of the mechanisms by which experiences in natural environments (or the built environment) can promote or detract from health...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Samantha J Snow, Andres R Henriquez, Daniel L Costa, Urmila P Kodavanti
Air pollutant exposures are linked to cardiopulmonary diseases, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, neurobehavioral conditions, and reproductive abnormalities. Significant effort is invested in understanding how pollutants encountered by the lung might induce effects in distant organs. The role of circulating mediators has been predicted; however, their origin and identity have not been confirmed. New evidence has emerged which implicates the role of neuroendocrine sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axes in mediating a wide array of systemic and pulmonary effects...
July 1, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Joana Amaro, Cosima Lisi, Silvia Fraga
Residing in socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods may pose substantial physiological stress, which can then lead to higher allostatic load (AL), a marker of biological wear and tear that precedes disease. The aim of the present study was to map the current evidence about the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and AL. A scoping review approach was chosen to provide an overview of the type, quantity, and extent of research available. The review was conducted using three bibliographic databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science) and a standardized protocol...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Masanori Munakata
High blood pressure is the most significant risk factor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases worldwide. Blood pressure and its variability are recognized as risk factors. Thus, hypertension control should focus not only on maintaining optimal levels but also on achieving less variability in blood pressure. Psychosocial stress is known to contribute to the development and worsening of hypertension. Stress is perceived by the brain and induces neuroendocrine responses in either a rapid or long-term manner...
May 29, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Andrew F Beck, Alicia J Cohen, Jeffrey D Colvin, Caroline M Fichtenberg, Eric W Fleegler, Arvin Garg, Laura M Gottlieb, Matthew S Pantell, Megan T Sandel, Adam Schickedanz, Robert S Kahn
The social determinants of health (SDoH) are defined by the World Health Organization as the "conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age." Within pediatrics, studies have highlighted links between these underlying social, economic, and environmental conditions, and a range of health outcomes related to both acute and chronic disease. Additionally, within the adult literature, multiple studies have shown significant links between social problems experienced during childhood and "adult diseases" such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
Tse-Ming Chou, Shih-Pin Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic migraine (CM) is a recalcitrant subtype of migraine which causes high degrees of disability, poor treatment responses, and frequent recurrences in sufferers. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development and chronification of migraine attacks remain incompletely understood. A validated animal model could help to decipher the pathogenic mechanism of the disease, facilitating the development of possible therapeutic strategies for CM. In this review, we aimed to summarize current animal models of CM and discuss the validity of these models...
May 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Sandra Scheuer, Nicole Wiggert, Tanja Maria Brückl, Yvonne Awaloff, Manfred Uhr, Susanne Lucae, Stefan Kloiber, Florian Holsboer, Marcus Ising, Frank H Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences during childhood are considered a major risk factor for depression in adulthood. Childhood trauma may induce physiological dysregulation with long-term effects of increased allostatic load until adulthood, which may lead to depression. Thus, our aim was to investigate whether allostatic load - which represents a multi-system measure of physiological dysregulation - mediates the association between childhood trauma and adult depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 324 depressed inpatients participating in the Munich Antidepressant Response Signature (MARS) project and 261 mentally healthy control participants...
August 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Lucy Prior, David Manley, Kelvyn Jones
Deprived neighbourhoods have long been associated with poorer health outcomes. However, many quantitative studies have not evidenced the mechanisms through which place 'gets under the skin' to influence health. The increasing prevalence of biosocial data provides new opportunities to explore these mechanisms and incorporate them into models of contextual effects. The stress pathway is a key biosocial mechanism; however, few studies have explicitly tested it in neighbourhood associations. This paper addresses this gap by investigating whether allostatic load, a biological response to chronic stress, mediates relationships of neighbourhood deprivation to physical and mental health...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
Sang Won Jeon, Yong-Ku Kim
Although depression has generally been explained with monoamine theory, it is far more multifactorial, and therapies that address the disease's pathway have not been developed. In this context, an understanding of neuroinflammation and neurovascular dysfunction would enable a more comprehensive approach to depression. Inflammation is in a sense a type of allostatic load involving the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems. Neuroinflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression by increasing proinflammatory cytokines, activating the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, increasing glucocorticoid resistance, and affecting serotonin synthesis and metabolism, neuronal apoptosis and neurogenesis, and neuroplasticity...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
Ashley N Edes, Barbara A Wolfe, Douglas E Crews
Vertebrate stress responses are highly adaptive biological functions, maximizing survival probability in life-threatening situations. However, experiencing repeated and/or chronic stressors can generate physiological dysregulation and lead to disease. Because stress responses are multi-systemic and involve a wide range of physiological functions, identifying responses to stressors is best accomplished using integrated biomarker models. Allostatic load, defined as the physiological dysregulation that accumulates over the lifespan due to stressful experiences, is one such model...
May 7, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Jeffrey T Howard
This study evaluates the validity of subjective health measurement for racial/ethnic comparisons in the United States, by assessing whether allostatic load (AL) is equally associated with poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) for different racial/ethnic groups. This study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) for 2006-2010. Multivariable logistic regression models were fit and stratified by race/ethnicity to study the association between AL and poor/fair SRH. Higher levels of AL were associated with higher odds of reporting poor/fair SRH...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
Dahlia Tharwat, Marion Trousselard, Mélanie Balès, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Dominique Fromage, Elisabeth Spitz, Dominique Dallay, Thierry Harvey, Eric Welter, Frédéric Coatleven, Lydie Cherier, Frédérique Teissèdre, Jean-Luc Pouly, Frédéric Dutheil, Anaïs M Duffaud
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is significant: reaching up to 20% in the general population. In mechanistic terms, the risk of PND lies in an interaction between a maternal psychophysiological vulnerability and a chronic environmental context of stress. On the one hand, repetition of stressor during pregnancy mimics a chronic stress model that is relevant to the study of the allostatic load and the adaptive mechanisms. On the other hand, vulnerability factors reflect a psychological profile mirroring mindfulness functioning (psychological quality that involves bringing one's complete and non-judgemental attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis)...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Yang Li, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg, Julia S Seng
BACKGROUND: Adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth and low birth weight are significant public health concerns and contribute to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Studies have increasingly been exploring the predictive effects of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adverse birth outcomes. However, the biological mechanisms by which maternal PTSD affects birth outcomes are not well understood. Allostatic load refers to the cumulative dysregulations of the multiple physiological systems as a response to multiple social-ecological levels of chronic stress...
July 2018: Midwifery
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