keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antidepressants elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894225/agreement-between-the-2009-stopp-criteria-and-the-2003-beers-criteria-at-the-time-of-hospital-admission
#1
María Muñoz García, Eva Delgado Silveira, Sagrario Martín-Aragón Álvarez, Teresa Bermejo Vicedo, Alfonso José Cruz-Jentoft
: Potentially inappropriate prescription in elderly patients can be evaluated by different methods. The STOPP Criteria and Beers Criteria stand out among the explicit criteria most widely used. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to identify the agreement in the detection of potentially inappropriate prescribing between the STOPP criteria and the Beers Criteria, in elderly patients assessed at the time of hospital admission. METHOD: An observational retrospective study was designed in order to estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescription in the habitual treatment before admission, and to compare the agreement in detection capability between the 2003 Beers Criteria and the 2009 STOPP Criteria, in >70-yearold patients with an emergency hospital admission...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891701/depression-treatment-and-healthcare-expenditures-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries-with-newly-diagnosed-depression-and-incident-breast-colorectal-or-prostate-cancer
#2
Monira Alwhaibi, Usha Sambamoorthi, Suresh Madhavan, James T Walkup
OBJECTIVES: Depression is associated with high healthcare expenditures, and depression treatment may reduce healthcare expenditures. However, to date, there have not been any studies on the effect of depression treatment on healthcare expenditures among cancer survivors. Therefore, this study examined the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among elderly with depression and incident cancer. METHODS: The current study utilized a retrospective longitudinal study design using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database...
November 28, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828576/use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-by-the-elderly-at-home
#3
Lázara Montezano Lopes, Tácita Pires de Figueiredo, Soraya Coelho Costa, Adriano Max Moreira Reis
The goal of this study was to assess how often potentially inappropriate medicines are used by the elderly at home, and analyze its clinical significance. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study, a segment of a study on the use of medication conducted at a public hospital. Inappropriate medication was classified according to the three criteria in the 2012 Beers List. 190 elderly were included in this study; the prevalence of the use of inappropriate medicines was 44.2%. The therapeutic classes of most often used inappropriate medicines were non-steroid anti-inflammatories, cardiovascular agents, benzodiazepines and antidepressants...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806704/vascular-depression-consensus-report-a-critical-update
#4
EDITORIAL
Howard J Aizenstein, Andrius Baskys, Maura Boldrini, Meryl A Butters, Breno S Diniz, Manoj Kumar Jaiswal, Kurt A Jellinger, Lev S Kruglov, Ivan A Meshandin, Milija D Mijajlovic, Guenter Niklewski, Sarah Pospos, Keerthy Raju, Kneginja Richter, David C Steffens, Warren D Taylor, Oren Tene
BACKGROUND: Vascular depression is regarded as a subtype of late-life depression characterized by a distinct clinical presentation and an association with cerebrovascular damage. Although the term is commonly used in research settings, widely accepted diagnostic criteria are lacking and vascular depression is absent from formal psychiatric manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5(th) edition - a fact that limits its use in clinical settings. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, showing a variety of cerebrovascular lesions, including extensive white matter hyperintensities, subcortical microvascular lesions, lacunes, and microinfarcts, in patients with late life depression, led to the introduction of the term "MRI-defined vascular depression"...
November 3, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801932/antidepressant-exposure-and-risk-of-dementia-in-older-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Joy E Brodrick, Monica L Mathys
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether duration of antidepressant use in depressed elderly veterans differed between those who later developed dementia and those who did not. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational, electronic chart review. SETTING: Medical charts from a Veterans Affairs Mental Health Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans aged 65 and older with history of depression. MEASUREMENTS: Information on sociodemographic characteristics; duration of antidepressant, antipsychotic, and benzodiazepine therapy; diagnosis of dementia; and comorbid disease states was collected...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755157/antidepressant-associated-hyponatremia-in-the-elderly
#6
H Karl Greenblatt, David J Greenblatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751669/review-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-sleep-medicines-in-older-adults
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer L Schroeck, James Ford, Erin L Conway, Kari E Kurtzhalts, Megan E Gee, Krista A Vollmer, Kari A Mergenhagen
PURPOSE: Insomnia is problematic for older adults. After behavioral modifications fail to show adequate response, pharmacologic options are used. The pharmacokinetics of agents used to treat insomnia may be altered. This review focuses on the safety and efficacy of medications used to treat insomnia. METHODS: A literature search of Medline, PubMed, and Embase was conducted (January 1966-June 2016). It included systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and case series that had an emphasis on insomnia in an older population...
November 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743842/non-tricyclic-and-non-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-antidepressants-and-recurrent-falls-in-frail-older-women
#8
Jennifer G Naples, Mary P Kotlarczyk, Subashan Perera, Susan L Greenspan, Joseph T Hanlon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of recurrent falls associated with antidepressants other than tricyclics (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) among frail older women. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the Zoledronic acid in frail Elders to STrengthen bone, or ZEST, trial data treated as a longitudinal cohort in 181 frail, osteoporotic women aged ≥65 years in long-term care. The primary exposure was individual non-TCA/non-SSRI antidepressants (i...
August 17, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738376/paroxetine-the-antidepressant-from-hell-probably-not-but-caution-required
#9
Robert M Nevels, Samuel T Gontkovsky, Bryman E Williams
Paroxetine, also known by the trade names Aropax, Paxil, Pexeva, Seroxat, Sereupin and Brisdelle, was first marketed in the U.S. in 1992. Effective for major depression and various anxiety disorders, it quickly gained a sizable share of the antidepressant prescription market. By the late 1990s, paroxetine frequently was being associated with serious drug interactions and medication side effects. Most significantly, in a major Canadian epidemiological study examining the relationship between antidepressants and diseases, paroxetine was associated with a 620 percent increase in the rate of breast cancer in women who had taken it over a four-year period...
March 1, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716668/potentially-inappropriate-medication-in-community-dwelling-primary-care-patients-who-were-screened-positive-for-dementia
#10
Diana Wucherer, Tilly Eichler, Johnanes Hertel, Ingo Kilimann, Steffen Richter, Bernhard Michalowsky, Jochen René Thyrian, Stefan Teipel, Wolfgang Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in older people is a risk factor for adverse drug effects. This risk is even higher in older people with dementia (PWD). OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine (1) the prevalence of PIM among primary care patients who were screened positive for dementia and (2) the sociodemographic and clinical variables associated with the use of PIM. METHODS: DelpHi-MV (Dementia: life- and person-centered help in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) is a general practitioner-based, cluster-randomized, controlled intervention study to implement and evaluate an innovative concept of collaborative dementia care management in Germany...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672315/atypical-antipsychotics-as-add-on-treatment-in-late-life-depression
#11
Sibel Cakir, Zeynep Senkal
BACKGROUND: Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) have been used in the augmentation of treatment-resistant depression. However, little is known about their effectiveness, tolerability, and adverse events in the treatment of late-life depression, which were the aim of this study. METHODS: The retrospective data of patients aged >65 years who had a major depressive episode with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment and had adjuvant SGA treatment were analyzed...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664059/pharmacy-use-by-dual-eligible-non-elderly-veterans-with-private-healthcare-insurance
#12
Brian C Lund, Mary E Charlton, Alan N West
BACKGROUND: Utilization of private sector healthcare services among dual enrolled veterans with private healthcare insurance plans (PHIP) has not been well-characterized. Concurrent use of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and non-VHA pharmacies may increase risk for adverse outcomes. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the extent to which dual VHA-PHIP enrollees obtain medications through VHA and non-VHA pharmacies and to characterize medications obtained through non-VHA pharmacies...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650670/psychotropic-drug-prescription-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-nursing-home-residents
#13
Claudia A Cox, Heike J van Jaarsveld, Saskia Houterman, John C G H van der Stegen, Arthur T M Wasylewicz, Rene J E Grouls, Carolien M J van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Falling is a common and serious problem in the elderly. Previous studies suggest that the use of psychotropic drugs increases the risk of falling. However, the contribution of these drugs on fall risk has not been quantified on a daily basis among the general population of nursing homes until now. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between fall incidence and the prescription of psychotropic drugs and different categories of psychotropic drugs (antipsychotics, antidepressants, and benzodiazepines) among a general nursing home population...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605868/treatment-resistant-depression-or-dementia-a-case-report
#14
Zhongyong Shi, Shifu Xiao, Xia Li
The current case describes a 78-year-old female with two previous episodes of major depression who presented with both symptoms of depression (amotivation and flattened affect) and typical symptoms of dementia (impaired memory and executive functioning). Even after a detailed clinical exam and neuropsychiatric testing, it remained difficult to definitively classify the diagnosis as either treatment-resistant depression or old-age dementia. After 8 weeks of inpatient treatment, including changing her reserpine-based antihypertensive medication, adjusting her antidepressants, and providing psychotherapy, her depressive and anxiety symptoms improved, but most of her cognitive symptoms persisted...
April 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591163/executive-dysfunction-predicts-treatment-response-to-neuroplasticity-based-computerized-cognitive-remediation-nccr-gd-in-elderly-patients-with-major-depression
#15
Sarah Shizuko Morimoto, Faith M Gunning, Bruce E Wexler, Willie Hu, Irena Ilieva, Jiacheng Liu, Juliana Nitis, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVES: Executive dysfunction (ED) is a predictor of poor treatment response of late-life depression to pharmacotherapy. In response to the consistency of these findings, we designed neuroplasticity-based computerized cognitive remediation (nCCR-GD) intervention to target and improve ED in patients who failed to remit with antidepressant treatment. This study tests the hypothesis that ED at baseline will predict favorable treatment response to nCCR-GD. METHODS: 11 elderly patients with treatment-resistant major depression were treated with a 30-hour, 4-week, unblinded, nCCR-GD treatment trial...
October 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590168/knowledge-translation-strategy-to-reduce-the-use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-elderly-inpatients-in-the-hospital
#16
Benoit Cossette, Josée Bergeron, Geneviève Ricard, Jean-François Éthier, Thomas Joly-Mischlich, Mitchell Levine, Modou Sene, Louise Mallet, Luc Lanthier, Hélène Payette, Marie-Claude Rodrigue, Serge Brazeau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a knowledge translation (KT) strategy to reduce potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in elderly inpatients in the hospital. DESIGN: Segmented regression analysis of an interrupted time series. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older discharged from the hospital in 2013/14 (mean age 83.3, 54.5% female). INTERVENTION: The KT strategy comprises the distribution of educational materials, presentations by geriatricians, pharmacist-physician interventions based on alerts from a computerized alert system, and comprehensive geriatric assessments...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586370/self-reported-indications-for-antidepressant-use-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-middle-aged-and-elderly
#17
Nikkie Aarts, Raymond Noordam, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier, Bruno H Stricker, Loes E Visser
Background Population-based studies investigating indications for antidepressant prescribing mostly rely on diagnoses from general practitioners. However, diagnostic codes might be incomplete and drugs may be prescribed 'off-label' for indications not investigated in clinical trials. Objective We aimed to study indications for antidepressant use based on self-report. Also, we studied the presence of depressive symptoms associated with the self-reported indications. Setting Our study population of antidepressant users was selected based on interview data between 1997 and 2013 from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study cohort (age >45 years)...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583172/unruptured-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-presenting-as-depression-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Adomas Bunevicius, Paulius Cikotas, Vesta Steibliene, Vytenis P Deltuva, Arimantas Tamsauskas
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysms most commonly present following rupture causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. Mental disorders are common among patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms and in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage survivors. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no published report of unruptured intracranial aneurysm presenting as a mental disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 69-year-old male without a past history of mental disorders and neurological symptoms presented with a 2-month history of anxiety, sadness, lack of pleasure in usual activities, fatigue, difficulties falling asleep and waking up early in the morning, reduced appetite, and weight loss...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578088/itch-management-in-the-elderly
#19
Tabi Anika Leslie
Itch is a common symptom in the elderly population over 65 years old, and is often a chronic condition lasting more than 6 weeks. As in all age groups, but especially in the elderly, there can be a significant effect on the general health status and quality of life, with impaired daily activities and lack of sleep, which can also lead in some cases to depression or anxiety. The cause of chronic itch in the elderly is often multifactorial due to physiological changes in the aging skin, including impaired skin barrier function, and also due to decline in immunological (immunosenescence), neurological, and psychological changes associated with age...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574770/antidepressant-like-potentials-of-buchholzia-coriacea-seed-extract-involvement-of-monoaminergic-and-cholinergic-systems-and-neuronal-density-in-the-hippocampus-of-adult-mice
#20
S A Onasanwo, S O Faborode, K O Ilenre
Buchholzia coriacea, taken by elderly, has phytochemicals that have neuro-active metabolites, and the folkloredocumented its use in neuro-behavioral despairs. Previous study in our laboratory shows that methanol extracts of Buchholziacoriacea (MEBC) seeds possess antidepressant-like potentials in laboratory rodents. This present study was conducted toinvestigate the probable mechanism(s) of action by which MEBC potentiates its effects using laboratory rodents.Involvements of serotonergic, cholinergic and adrenergic systems were studied using Forced Swimming Test (FST) and TailSuspension Test (TST) models of behavioral despair...
2016: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
keyword
keyword
95287
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"