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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864532/the-impact-of-types-and-extent-of-trauma-on-depressive-affect-among-male-juvenile-sexual-offenders
#1
Jennifer W Jencks, George S Leibowitz
High levels of depression have been found among incarcerated youth, which suggests that mental health problems are associated with delinquent behavior and are part of a constellation of risk factors that contribute to youth entering the juvenile justice system. In this project, we investigated trauma and mental health issues among male youth in residential treatment, and addressed the following questions: (a) Does childhood trauma predict current depression for male juvenile sexual offenders? (b) If so, do different types of traumas predict depressive affect better than others? and, (c) Does extent of trauma exposure predict depression? Data on incarcerated male juvenile sexual offenders were analyzed (n = 379)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822305/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-mental-health-problems-in-sexually-offending-and-non-sexually-offending-juveniles
#2
Cyril Boonmann, Thomas Grisso, Laura S Guy, Olivier F Colins, Eva A Mulder, P Vahl, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) over and above general offending behavior. METHODS: A sample of 44 JSOs incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014 were examined for childhood abuse history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form) and mental health problems (Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2)...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#3
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822299/do-seriously-offending-girls-differ-from-their-age-and-offence-type-matched-male-counterparts-on-psychopathic-traits-or-psychopathy-related-background-variables
#4
Nina Lindberg, Svetlana Oshukova, Jouko Miettunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: More research is needed to improve our understanding of the manifestation of psychopathic traits in violently offending girls. Our aim here was to assess psychopathic traits and psychopathy-related background variables in a Finnish nationwide consecutive sample of girls charged with violent crimes and referred to a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination. These girls were then compared to their male counterparts. METHODS: The forensic psychiatric examination statements of 15- to 17-year-old juveniles who underwent a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination over a 31-year period (1980-2010) were reviewed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758729/evaluating-a-social-problem-solving-intervention-for-juvenile-detainees-depressive-outcomes-and-moderators-of-effectiveness
#5
Gerald J Haeffel, Sascha Hein, Amanda Square, Donna Macomber, Maria Lee, John Chapman, Elena L Grigorenko
This study reports findings from the administration of a social problem-solving training (SPST) intervention to juvenile detainees in the Connecticut Youth Detainee Program. SPST is a cognitive behavioral intervention that teaches children and youth how to more effectively cope with interpersonal stress and conflict. In the current study, we tested whether SPST could decrease depressive symptoms in a sample of detained adolescent offenders. The study used a randomized-control design with detention staff administering the intervention...
October 19, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#6
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665279/racial-ethnic-disproportionality-in-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-treatment-in-a-sample-of-serious-juvenile-offenders
#7
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Alex R Piquero, Mark A Greenwald, Nathan Epps
Psychiatric disorder prevalence has been shown demonstrably higher among justice-involved adolescents than youth in the general population. Yet, among arrested juveniles, little is known regarding racial/ethnic differences in disorder prevalence, the role of trauma exposure in the diagnosis of behavioral disorders, or subsequent psychiatric treatment provided to adolescents with such diagnoses. The current study examines racial/ethnic disparity in psychiatric diagnoses and treatment of behavioral disorders associated with delinquency, controlling for traumatic experiences, behavioral indicators, and prior offending among serious juvenile offenders...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664466/international-youth-justice-systems-promoting-youth-development-and-alternative-approaches-a-position-paper-of-the-society-for-adolescent-health-and-medicine
#8
(no author information available yet)
Youth incarceration is an international public health concern among developed and developing countries. Worldwide, youth are held in incarceration, detention, and other secure settings that are inappropriate for their age and developmental stages, jeopardizing their prosocial development, and reintegration into society. Youth incarceration lacks evidence and cost-effectiveness. The well-being of youth is a key indicator of the welfare of families, communities, and society at large; therefore, the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (SAHM) supports a paradigm shift in the role of the justice system as it relates to treatment of youth...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536343/vitamin-d-status-of-adolescent-inpatients-in-a-secure-psychiatric-hospital
#9
Simon A Hill, Elliott Riordan-Eva, Bharathi Bhandari, Uresh Ferdinandez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to use routinely collected data on vitamin D levels of adolescents detained in a secure psychiatric hospital to see if this at-risk group for vitamin D deficiency do in fact have low vitamin D levels. METHODS: Vitamin D blood levels were collated from clinical records of inpatients admitted to Bluebird House, a medium secure adolescent unit, since 2012. Corresponding data were gathered to include gender, ethnic status and age...
August 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386887/psychological-distress-and-revictimization-risk-in-youth-victims-of-sexual-abuse
#10
Samantha L Pittenger, Alayna Schreier, Katie Meidlinger, Jessica K Pogue, Kate Theimer, Mary Fran Flood, David J Hansen
Psychological distress, including depression and anxiety, has been associated with increased risk for sexual revictimization in youth who have experienced child sexual abuse. The present study utilized assessment information from treatment seeking youth with histories of sexual abuse to explore specific risk indicators for revictimization-risk taking, social problems, maladaptive cognitions, and posttraumatic stress-that may be indicated by self-reported distress. The relationship between initial levels of distress and change in symptoms over a 12-week course of treatment was also explored...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222141/juvenile-sex-offenders
#11
REVIEW
Eileen P Ryan, Joseph M Otonichar
Sexual offending by juveniles accounts for a sizable percentage of sexual offenses, especially against young children. In this article, recent research on female juvenile sex offenders (JSOs), risk factors for offending in juveniles, treatment, and the ways in which these youth may differ from general delinquents will be reviewed. Most JSOs do not go on to develop paraphilic disorders or to commit sex offenses during adulthood, and as a group, they are more similar to nonsexual offending juvenile delinquents than to adult sex offenders...
July 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184566/risk-factors-for-sexual-offending-in-men-working-with-children-a-community-based-survey
#12
Daniel Turner, Juergen Hoyer, Alexander F Schmidt, Verena Klein, Peer Briken
Identifying risk factors for sexual abuse in men who work with children and who have already abused a child could lead to more appropriate screening and prevention strategies and is thus of major scientific and societal relevance. A total of 8649 German men from the community were assessed in an extensive anonymous and confidential online survey. Of those, 37 (0.4 %) could be classified as child sexual abusers working with children, 90 (1.0 %) as child sexual abusers not working with children, and 816 (9...
October 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997851/polysubstance-use-among-minority-adolescent-males-incarcerated-for-serious-offenses
#13
Sarah Jensen Racz, Shonali Saha, Maria Trent, Hoover Adger, Catherine P Bradshaw, Asha Goldweber, Elizabeth Cauffman
BACKGROUND: Adolescent juvenile offenders are at high risk for problems associated with drug use, including polysubstance use (i.e., use of a variety of drugs). The combination of juvenile offending and polysubstance use presents a significant public and child health concern. OBJECTIVE: This study explored polysubstance use among a sample of youth incarcerated for serious offenses. We examined several risk factors for substance use and delinquency (i.e., early and frequent substance use, prior history of arrests, school expulsion, Black ethnicity), as well as the association between aggression and polysubstance use...
April 16, 2015: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880789/exploring-neural-correlates-of-empathy-in-juveniles-who-have-sexually-offended
#14
Sara Jones, Josh Cisler, Hugo Morais, Shasha Bai
To effectively address the needs of youth who perpetrate sexual violence and reduce rates of recidivism, a better understanding of the mechanisms of juvenile sexual offending is needed. Current literature identifies various factors that are believed to put youth at risk for sexual offending, two of which are empathy deficits and childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The extent to which empathy deficits contribute to juvenile sexual offending, however, is often debated, though studies have not yet explored a neurobehavioral model of this mechanism...
February 15, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819485/impact-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-recidivism-in-youth-offenders-a-matched-control-study
#15
Dongdong Li, Chi Meng Chu, Joseph Teck Ling Goh, Irene Y H Ng, Gerald Zeng
The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of childhood maltreatment on youth offender recidivism in Singapore. The study used case file coding on a sample of 3,744 youth offenders, among whom about 6% had a childhood maltreatment history. The results showed that the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory 2.0 (YLS/CMI 2.0) ratings significantly predicted recidivism for nonmaltreated youth offenders, but not for maltreated youth offenders. Using propensity score matching, the result from a Cox regression analysis showed that maltreated youth offenders were 1...
October 2015: Criminal Justice and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746322/-temporality-and-trauma-towards-an-articulation-between-the-judicial-educational-and-psychological-times-in-repeat-teenage-offenders
#16
S Kermarrec, K Mougli
Within the past few years, the problem of repeat teenage offenders has raised troubling questions among the various institutions in charge of this population. The temporalities of these adolescents are marked by immediacy, urgency, and repetition that circumvent a linear view of time and the programs set up to handle them. Studies on repeat teenage aggressors (notably, sexual aggressors) have shown that these young people often have a history of an acknowledged or unacknowledged trauma. The fact of having been a victim of abuse during childhood is thought to be a factor leading to later acting out...
September 2015: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26699636/maltreatment-child-welfare-and-recidivism-in-a-sample-of-deep-end-crossover-youth
#17
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Alex R Piquero, Shay Bilchik, Katherine Jackowski, Mark A Greenwald, Nathan Epps
Although research has oft-documented a maltreatment-delinquency link, the effect of involvement in-and timing of-child welfare system involvement on offending has received less attention. We examine whether the timing of child welfare involvement has differential effects on recidivism of deep-end juvenile offenders (youth who have been adjudicated delinquent by the court and placed in juvenile justice residential programs). The current study uses a large, diverse sample of 12,955 youth completing juvenile justice residential programs between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2013 in Florida (13 % female, 55 % Black, 11 % Hispanic)...
April 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26593121/juvenile-sex-offenders
#18
REVIEW
Eileen P Ryan
Public policy has tended to treat juvenile sex offenders (JSOs) as adult sex offenders in waiting, despite research that contradicts this notion. Although as a group, JSOs are more similar to general delinquents than to adult sex offenders, atypical sexual interests and sexual victimization during childhood may be a pathway for sexual offending that differentiates some JSOs from their nonsexually delinquent peers. Developmental considerations must be considered in risk assessment evaluations of these youth...
January 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26593115/civil-and-constitutional-rights-of-adjudicated-youth
#19
REVIEW
Jacqueline Landess
Mental health clinicians serving child and adolescent patients are frequently asked to evaluate youth who have been arrested for various offenses or who are otherwise involved with the juvenile justice system. To help orient clinicians and other stakeholders involved with such cases, this article describes the evolution of the juvenile justice system and summarizes the history and current status of the civil and constitutional rights of youth involved in the adjudicatory process. This article also points out key areas in which due process rights are still evolving, particularly in the case of status offenders...
January 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26575271/moving-in-and-out-of-poverty-the-within-individual-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-juvenile-delinquency
#20
Roderik Rekker, Dustin Pardini, Loes Keijsers, Susan Branje, Rolf Loeber, Wim Meeus
A family's SES can be changeable over time. This study was the first to investigate if such within-individual changes in family SES are associated with parallel fluctuations in boys' delinquent behavior from childhood to adolescence. Participants were a community sample of boys and their caregivers (N = 503) who were assessed annually for ten consecutive years spanning ages 7-18. Fixed effects models revealed that changes in familial SES were related to changes in delinquency: Youths were more likely to offend during years in which their parents' SES was lower than during years in which their parents' SES was higher...
2015: PloS One
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