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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789949/photobiomodulation-therapy-in-the-management-of-oral-mucositis-search-for-the-optimal-clinical-treatment-parameters
#1
Sharon Elad, Praveen Arany, Rene-Jean Bensadoun, Joel B Epstein, Andrei Barasch, Judith Raber-Durlacher
This commentary attempts to clarify the setting of photobiomodulation (BPM) therapy in the management of oral mucositis. The suggested dose range balances efficacy data with our current understanding about PBM safety. The literature about the molecular basis of photobiomodulation and its controversial relationship to malignant transformation is briefly presented.
May 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785939/exploring-an-integrative-patient-tailored-complementary-medicine-approach-for-chemotherapy-induced-taste-disorders
#2
Eran Ben-Arye, Ilana Doweck, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT: Chemotherapy-induced taste disorder (CITD) is a common adverse effect among patients with cancer, with no effective known treatment. OBJECTIVES: Exploring the impact of a patient-tailored complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) treatment program on CITD-related severity. DESIGN: Prospective study on patients' chart. SETTING: Integrative oncology program operating within the Clalit Healthcare Oncology Service in northern Israel...
April 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780904/benign-yellow-dot-maculopathy
#3
Elad Moisseiev
Purpose: To describe a new family with benign yellow dot maculopathy. Observations: A young male patient was found to have bilateral multiple small yellow dots in both maculae. Visual acuity and color vision were normal, and no pathological findings were demonstrated on automated visual field, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and electrophysiological testing. Examination of his parents revealed similar findings in his mother, suggesting autosomal dominant inheritance...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775153/feasibility-safety-and-changes-in-systolic-blood-pressure-associated-with-endovascular-revascularization-of-symptomatic-and-chronically-occluded-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-using-a-newly-suggested-radiographic-classification-of-chronically-occluded-cervical
#4
David Hasan, Mario Zanaty, Robert M Starke, Elias Atallah, Nohra Chalouhi, Pascal Jabbour, Amit Singla, Waldo R Guerrero, Daichi Nakagawa, Edgar A Samaniego, Nnenna Mbabuike, Rabih G Tawk, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, Roberta L Novakovic, Jonathan White, Clemens M Schirmer, Thomas G Brott, Hussain Shallwani, L Nelson Hopkins
OBJECTIVE The overall risk of ischemic stroke from a chronically occluded internal carotid artery (COICA) is around 5%-7% per year despite receiving the best available medical therapy. Here, authors propose a radiographic classification of COICA that can be used as a guide to determine the technical success and safety of endovascular recanalization for symptomatic COICA and to assess the changes in systemic blood pressure following successful revascularization. METHODS The radiographic images of 100 consecutive subjects with COICA were analyzed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761672/emergency-department-administration-of-oxycodone-by-nurses-treating-musculoskeletal-pain-an-observational-prospective
#5
Mansour Khoury, Sigalit Caspi, Ruth Stalnikowics, Elad Peless, Ela Raiizman, Shaden Salameh
BACKGROUND: Acute musculoskeletal pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms among patients visiting the emergency department (ED). Treatment with over-the-counter pain medications, given by nurses, results in improved pain management and reduces the waiting time to drug administration without significant side effects. Opioid analgesics are extensively used for acute pain in the ED. Compared to morphine, oxycodone has a much more specific pharmacological activity, higher analgesic potential, and more tolerable side effects...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726768/pipeline-embolization-of-posterior-circulation-aneurysms-a-multicenter-study-of-131-aneurysms
#6
Christoph J Griessenauer, Christopher S Ogilvy, Nimer Adeeb, Adam A Dmytriw, Paul M Foreman, Hussain Shallwani, Nicola Limbucci, Salvatore Mangiafico, Ashish Kumar, Caterina Michelozzi, Timo Krings, Vitor Mendes Pereira, Charles C Matouk, Mark R Harrigan, Hakeem J Shakir, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, Leonardo Renieri, Thomas R Marotta, Christophe Cognard, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVE Flow diversion for posterior circulation aneurysms performed using the Pipeline embolization device (PED) constitutes an increasingly common off-label use for otherwise untreatable aneurysms. The safety and efficacy of this treatment modality has not been assessed in a multicenter study. METHODS A retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases at 8 academic institutions was performed for the years 2009 to 2016 to identify patients with posterior circulation aneurysms treated with PED placement...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721699/spatio-temporal-organization-during-group-formation-in-rats
#7
Omri Weiss, Anat Levi, Elad Segev, Margarita Simbirsky, David Eilam
In the present study, the dynamic process of group formation in eight unfamiliar rats was followed in order to reveal how the group becomes oriented together in time and space, in light of the complexity that accompanies grouping. The focus was on who, where, and when joined together. We found that rats preferred to be in companionship over remaining alone, with all the rats gradually shifting to share the same location as a resting place. Group formation can be viewed as a tri-phasic process, with some rats gradually becoming more social than others, and thus playing a key role in group formation...
May 2, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720057/global-and-local-teachable-moments-the-role-of-nobel-prize-and-national-pride
#8
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Elad Segev
This study examined to what extent Nobel Prize announcements and awards trigger global and local searches or "teachable moments" related to the laureates and their discoveries. We examined the longitudinal trends in Google searches for the names and discoveries of Nobel laureates from 2012 to 2017. The findings show that Nobel Prize events clearly trigger more searches for laureates, but also for their respective discoveries. We suggest that fascination with the Nobel prize creates a teachable moment not only for the underlying science, but also about the nature of science...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718935/automatic-identification-of-optimal-marker-genes-for-phenotypic-and-taxonomic-groups-of-microorganisms
#9
Elad Segev, Zohar Pasternak, Tom Ben Sasson, Edouard Jurkevitch, Mira Gonen
Finding optimal markers for microorganisms important in the medical, agricultural, environmental or ecological fields is of great importance. Thousands of complete microbial genomes now available allow us, for the first time, to exhaustively identify marker proteins for groups of microbial organisms. In this work, we model the biological task as the well-known mathematical "hitting set" problem, solving it based on both greedy and randomized approximation algorithms. We identify unique markers for 17 phenotypic and taxonomic microbial groups, including proteins related to the nitrite reductase enzyme as markers for the non-anammox nitrifying bacteria group, and two transcription regulation proteins, nusG and yhiF, as markers for the Archaea and Escherichia/Shigella taxonomic groups, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705488/nurses-as-boundary-actors-promoting-integrative-medicine-in-hospital-wards
#10
Zahi Arnon, Dan Steinberger, Samuel Attias, Ofra Grimberg, Ilana Peterfreund, Elad Schiff, Yael Keshet
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the research was to explore attitudes of hospital nurses toward integrative medicine (IM). DESIGN: A special training program was developed in the Bnai-Zion medical center, a public hospital in Israel, where an innovative IM program was launched. METHODS: 65 nurses from 22 wards were asked at the beginning and the end of the program to complete an open-ended questionnaire concerning three major aspects: 1) their attitudes toward complementary medicine and its integration, 2) the importance and impact of the training program and 3) how they perceive their potential role in promoting IM in the wards...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692690/overactive-bladder-syndrome-evaluation-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Elad Leron, Adi Y Weintraub, Salvatore A Mastrolia, Polina Schwarzman
Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is a chronic medical condition which has a major influence on the quality of life in a significant amount of the population. OAB affects performance of daily activities and has an estimated prevalence of 16.5%. Many sufferers do not seek medical help. Moreover, many family physicians and even gynecologists are not familiar with this issue. Usually patients suffer from OAB in advanced age. Nocturia is reported as the most bothersome symptom in the elderly population. The aim of our review was to discuss all aspects of this challenging disorder and suggest tools for assessment and management strategies...
March 2018: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691210/risk-assessment-for-parents-who-suspect-their-child-has-autism-spectrum-disorder-machine-learning-approach
#12
Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Diana L Robins, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Parents are likely to seek Web-based communities to verify their suspicions of autism spectrum disorder markers in their child. Automated tools support human decisions in many domains and could therefore potentially support concerned parents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of assessing autism spectrum disorder risk in parental concerns from Web-based sources, using automated text analysis tools and minimal standard questioning...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690572/how-to-stop-disagreeing-and-start-cooperatingin-the-presence-of-asymmetric-packet-loss
#13
Oscar Morales-Ponce, Elad M Schiller, Paolo Falcone
We consider the design of a disagreement correction protocol in multi-vehicle systems. Vehicles broadcast in real-time vital information such as position, direction, speed, acceleration, intention, etc. This information is then used to identify the risks and adapt their trajectory to maintain the highest performance without compromising the safety. To minimize the risk due to the use of inconsistent information, all cooperating vehicles must agree whether to use the exchanged information to operate in a cooperative mode or use the only local information to operate in an autonomous mode...
April 22, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688474/increase-in-processing-factors-is-involved-in-skewed-microrna-expression-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-who-develop-small-intestine-inflammation-after-pouch-surgery
#14
Hadas Sherman Horev, Keren M Rabinowitz, Hofit Elad, Revital Barkan, Shay Ben-Shachar, Metsada Pasmanik Chor, Iris Dotan
Background: A large-scale increase in microRNA (miRNA) expression was observed in patients with ulcerative colitis who underwent pouch surgery and developed inflammation of the pouch (pouchitis). In this study, we assessed miRNA expression in these patients and investigated how regulation of its expression changes in the setting of pouchitis. Methods: Autologous samples that included mucosal biopsies, peripheral blood cells, and plasma were collected from the patients...
April 23, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687814/retraction-zno-nanoparticles-affect-intestinal-function-in-an-in-vitro-model
#15
Fabiola Moreno-Olivas, Elad Tako, Gretchen J Mahler
Retraction of 'ZnO nanoparticles affect intestinal function in an in vitro model' by Fabiola Moreno-Olivas et al., Food Funct., 2018, 9, 1475-1491.
April 24, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674201/placental-histopathological-lesions-in-correlation-with-neonatal-outcome-in-preeclampsia-with-and-without-severe-features
#16
Eran Weiner, Ohad Feldstein, Liliya Tamayev, Ehud Grinstein, Elad Barber, Jacob Bar, Letizia Schreiber, Michal Kovo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare pregnancy outcome and placental histopathology in women with preeclampsia (PE) with and without severe features. METHODS: The medical records and placental pathology reports of all pregnancies complicated by PE during 2008-2016, were reviewed. Results were compared between those with and without severe features (severe PE vs. mild PE groups), according to current ACOG guidelines. Placental lesions were classified to maternal/fetal vascular supply lesions, and maternal/fetal inflammatory responses...
February 7, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672727/corrigendum-fungal-infections-in-animals-a-patchwork-of-different-situations
#17
Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi, Sandra de M G Bosco, Sybren de Hoog, Frank Ebel, Daniel Elad, Renata R Gomes, Ilse D Jacobsen, Henrik E Jensen, An Martel, Bernard Mignon, Frank Pasmans, Elena Piecková, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Karuna Singh, Vania A Vicente, Gudrun Wibbelt, Nathan P Wiederhold, Jacques Guillot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668341/silicon-dioxide-nanoparticle-exposure-affects-small-intestine-function-in-an-in-vitro-model
#18
Zhongyuan Guo, Nicole J Martucci, Yizhong Liu, Eusoo Yoo, Elad Tako, Gretchen J Mahler
The use of nanomaterials to enhance properties of food and improve delivery of orally administered drugs has become common, but the potential health effects of these ingested nanomaterials remain unknown. The goal of this study is to characterize the properties of silicon dioxide (SiO2 ) nanoparticles (NP) that are commonly used in food and food packaging, and to investigate the effects of physiologically realistic doses of SiO2 NP on gastrointestinal (GI) health and function. In this work, an in vitro model composed of Caco-2 and HT29-MTX co-cultures, which represent absorptive and goblet cells, was used...
April 18, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665222/first-keep-it-safe-integration-of-a-complementary-medicine-service-within-a-hospital
#19
Elad Schiff, Ilana Levy, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Samuel Attias
OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to explore risk/safety considerations associated with the integration of a complementary medicine (CM) service within a public academic medical centre in Israel. METHODS: We reviewed various sources pertaining to the CM service (interviews with CM staff, patients' electronic charts, service guidelines, correspondence with hospital administration) and conducted a thematic analysis to evaluate safety-related incidents during the 7 years of operation...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661872/treating-anthrax-induced-meningitis-in-rabbits
#20
Amir Ben-Shmuel, Itai Glinert, Assa Sittner, Elad Bar-David, Josef Schlomovitz, Tal Brosh, David Kobiler, Shay Weiss, Haim Levy
Treatment of Anthrax is challenging, especially during the advanced stages of the disease. Recently the CDC updated its recommendations for post-exposure prophylaxis and treatment of exposed populations (pre and post symptoms onset). These recommendations distinguished, for the first time, between the systemic disease with and without meningitis, a common and serious complication of anthrax. The CDC considers all systemic patients as meningeal unless positively proven otherwise. The treatment of patients suffering from systemic Anthrax with suspected or confirmed meningitis includes the combination of three antibiotics -- a fluoroquinolone (Levofloxacin or Ciprofloxacin), a β-lactam (Meropenem or Imipenem) and a protein-synthesis inhibitor (Linezolid or Clindamycin)...
April 16, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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