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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227554/cortical-excitability-effects-of-stimulation-intensity-change-speed-during-nmes
#1
Shenglong Jiang, Zhongpeng Wang, Weibo Yi, Feng He, Shuang Liu, Hongzhi Qi, Dong Ming, Shenglong Jiang, Zhongpeng Wang, Weibo Yi, Feng He, Shuang Liu, Hongzhi Qi, Dong Ming, Shuang Liu, Shenglong Jiang, Zhonapeng Wang, Dong Ming, Feng He, Qi Hongzhi, Weibo Yi
Rehabilitation method of motor dysfunction is a challenging issue of neural rehabilitation. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been frequently used in rehabilitation therapy to improve neural recovery such as stroke and spinal cord injury. Stimulus, acting on sensorimotor neural system components, resulted in the increased cortical excitability which accompanied with motor performance improvement. Stimulus information conveyed by sensory system included below four elementary attributes: modality, location, intensity, and timing...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226789/detection-of-intention-of-pedaling-start-cycle-through-eeg-signals
#2
Marisol Rodriguez-Ugarte, Enrique Hortal, Alvaro Costa, Eduardo Ianez, Andres Ubeda, Jose M Azorin, Marisol Rodriguez-Ugarte, Enrique Hortal, Alvaro Costa, Eduardo Ianez, Andres Ubeda, Jose M Azorin, Eduardo Ianez, Enrique Hortal, Alvaro Costa, Andres Ubeda, Marisol Rodriguez-Ugarte, Jose M Azorin
Recovery from cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a growing research topic. Exoskeletons are being used for this purpose in combination with a volitional control algorithm. This work studied the intention of pedaling initiation movement, based on previous work, with different types of electrode configuration and different processing time windows. The main characteristic is to find alterations in the mu and beta frequency bands where ERD/ERS is produced. The results show that for the majority of the subjects this event is well detected with 8 or 9 electrodes and using time before and after the movement onset...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226515/classification-in-emotional-bci-using-phase-information-from-the-eeg
#3
L Santamaria, C James, L Santamaria, C James, L Santamaria, C James
Synchronization and distributed functional networks have been used with success in different areas of engineering. In this paper we use the synchronization information from electroencephalogram (EEG) channels through the Phase Locking Value (PLV) as a potential classification method for a Brain Computer Interface (BCI); this achieved using emotional schematic faces as stimuli in a motor imagery (MI) task. Based on the variations of the PLV values for each proposed task and for each participant, the principal channel pairs are identified...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225892/regulation-of-semaphorin-4d-expression-and-cell-proliferation-of-ovarian-cancer-by-eralpha-and-erbeta
#4
Y Liu, Y Hou, L Ma, C Sun, J Pan, Y Yang, H Zhou, J Zhang
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women. Semaphorin 4D (sema 4D) is involved in the progress of multiple cancers. In the presence of estrogen-like ligands, estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) participate in the progress of breast and ovarian cancers by transcriptional regulation. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of sema 4D and elucidate the regulatory pattern of ERα and ERβ on sema 4D expression in ovarian cancers. Sema 4D levels were up-regulated in ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells...
February 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219710/unique-effect-of-4-hydroxyestradiol-and-its-methylation-metabolites-on-lipid-and-cholesterol-profiles-in-ovariectomized-female-rats
#5
Pan Wang, Bao-Ting Zhu
Animal studies have shown that endogenous estrogens such as 17β-estradiol (E2) can modulate lipid profiles in vivo, and this effect is generally thought to be mediated by the estrogen receptors (ERs). The present study sought to test a hypothesis that some of the endogenous estrogen metabolites that have very weak estrogenic activity may exert some of their modulating effects on lipid metabolism in an ER-independent manner. Using ovariectomized female rats as an in vivo model, we found that 4-hydroxyestradiol (4-OH-E2) has a markedly stronger effect in reducing the adipocyte size and serum cholesterol level in rats compared to E2, despite the weaker estrogenic activity of 4-OH-E2...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218012/reference-values-for-pulmonary-diffusing-capacity-for-adult-native-finns
#6
Annette Kainu, Jyri Toikka, Esko Vanninen, Kirsi L Timonen
Measurement standards for pulmonary diffusing capacity were updated in 2005 by the ATS/ERS Task Force. However, in Finland reference values published in 1982 by Viljanen et al. have been used to date. The main aim of this study was to produce updated reference models for single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide for Finnish adults. Single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide was measured in 631 healthy non-smoking volunteers (41.5% male). Reference values for diffusing capacity (DLCO), alveolar volume (VA), diffusing capacity per unit of lung volume (DLCO/VA), and lung volumes were calculated using a linear regression model...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215742/identification-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-xbp1s-as-a-primary-member-in-er-stress
#7
Xiangqin Wang, Yichuan Mi, Bin Zhong, Huiling Mao, Yiqi Wan, Tao Zhang, Haizhou Wang, Chengyu Hu
X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), a vital basic leucine zipper transcription factor for the related gene transcription in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, belongs to the CREB/ATF family. In mammals, XBP1S is the activated one of XBP1 isoform. In order to study the role of fish XBP1S, we cloned and identified the XBP1S (KU509247) from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) (named CiXBP1S) by homologous cloning and RACE technique. The full length of CiXBP1S is 1694 bp along with 124 bp of 5' UTR, 418 bp of 3' UTR and the longest open reading frame (1152 bp) encoding a polypeptide of 383 amino acids with a well conserved DNA binding domain (BRLZ domain)...
February 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214228/coronary-artery-stent-evaluation-with-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-at-coronary-ct-angiography
#8
Fuminari Tatsugami, Toru Higaki, Hiroaki Sakane, Wataru Fukumoto, Yoko Kaichi, Makoto Iida, Yasutaka Baba, Masao Kiguchi, Yasuki Kihara, So Tsushima, Kazuo Awai
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the image quality of coronary artery stent scans on computed tomography images reconstructed with forward projected model-based iterative reconstruction solution (FIRST) and adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D (AIDR 3D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coronary computed tomography angiography scans of 23 patients with 32 coronary stents were used. The images were reconstructed with AIDR 3D and FIRST. We generated computed tomography attenuation profiles across the stents and measured the width of the edge rise distance and the edge rise slope (ERS)...
February 14, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210980/molecular-mechanisms-of-ire1%C3%AE-ask1-pathway-reactions-to-unfolded-protein-response-in-drn-neurons-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-rats
#9
Fanzhen Kong, Fang Han, Yanhao Xu, Yuxiu Shi
The goal of this study was to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathogenesis and to provide experimental evidence for new drug targets for effective PTSD treatment. Expression changes of IRE1α, ASK1, and other downstream molecules of the IRE1α-ASK1 endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) signaling pathway were investigated. JNK, P38, CHOP, Bcl-2, and Bax were analyzed at both protein and mRNA levels of dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neurons of PTSD rats. The rat PTSD model was established via the single-prolonged stress (SPS) method...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210332/assembly-9-allied-respiratory-professionals
#10
Martijn A Spruit, Chris Burtin, Daniel Langer, Jellien Makonga, Anne-Marie Russell, Janelle York, Irene Steenbruggen
Meet @ERS_Assembly9: allied respiratory professionals http://ow.ly/GRNY306ssOv.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210327/guy-joos
#11
(no author information available yet)
ERS President, Guy Joos, gives an insight into his life http://ow.ly/T0uq304yC36.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210322/early-career-members-at-the-ers%C3%A2-international-congress-london-2016-early-career-forum
#12
Lieuwe D Bos, Sabine Bartel, Inigo Ojanguren Arranz, Nicolas C Kahn, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Emma Flood, Laura Petrarca, Aran Singanayagam, Georgia Hardavella
The @ERSTalk ECM Committee present highlights from #ERSLDN16 for Early Career Members http://ow.ly/tRYH305Owmz.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210317/summer-schools-of-adult-and-paediatric%C3%A2-respiratory-medicine-course%C3%A2-report
#13
EDITORIAL
Ildiko Horvath, Gabor Kovacs, Oxana Munteanu, Vladyslava Kmyta, Fabio Midulla, Shashank Kadam, Nisreen Rumman
ERS hosted summer schools on adult and paediatric respiratory medicine in Lisbon, Portugalhttp://ow.ly/qcas304C5tO.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210304/assembly-6-occupation-and-epidemiology
#14
Christer Janson
Meet ERS Assembly 6: occupation and epidemiology http://ow.ly/KlBu302qtR0.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210301/opportunities-for-junior-members-at-the-ers-international-congress-2016
#15
Agnes Boots, Emma Flood, Szymon Skoczynski
Junior member activities at the ERS International Congress 2016 http://ow.ly/uNDZ302hwFK.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210294/endobronchial-ultrasound-launch-of-an-ers-structured-training-programme
#16
EDITORIAL
Amy Farr, Paul Clementsen, Felix Herth, Lars Konge, Gernot Rohde, Sarah Dowsland, Maren Schuhmann, Jouke Annema
ERS launches structured EBUS training programme http://ow.ly/br5P302vhh3.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210293/interstitial-lung-diseases-course-report
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael Kreuter, Sead Zeynel, Deebya Raj Mishra
ERS hosted a 3-day course on interstitial lung diseases in Heidelberg, Germany http://ow.ly/M8MD3021q6n.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208754/gypenoside-xvii-prevents-atherosclerosis-by-attenuating-endothelial-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress-insight-into-the-er%C3%AE-mediated-pi3k-akt-pathway
#18
Ke Yang, Haijing Zhang, Yun Luo, Jingyi Zhang, Min Wang, Ping Liao, Li Cao, Peng Guo, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
Phytoestrogens are estrogen-like compounds of plant origin. The pharmacological activities of phytoestrogens are predominantly due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering properties, which are mediated via the estrogen receptors (ERs): estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) and possibly G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER). Gypenoside XVII (GP-17) is a phytoestrogen that is widely used to prevent cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis, but the mechanism underlying these therapeutic effects is largely unclear...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208629/effects-of-the-activin-a-follistatin-system-on-myocardial-cell-apoptosis-through-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-pathway-in-heart-failure
#19
Miao Liu, Cuiying Mao, Jiayu Li, Fanglei Han, Ping Yang
BACKGROUND: A previous study suggested that activin A inhibited myocardial cell apoptosis. This study thus aimed to explore the effects of the activin A-follistatin system on myocardial cell apoptosis in heart failure (HF) rats in order to determine whether or not the mechanism operates through the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway. METHODS: Myocardial infarction (MI) by vascular deprivation was used to induce HF. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect activin A, follistatin and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) contents in serum...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205129/remifentanil-postconditioning-ameliorates-histone-h3-acetylation-modification-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts-after-hypoxia-reoxygenation-via-attenuating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#20
Manli Chen, Qin Liu, Lijian Chen, Lei Zhang, Erwei Gu
Remifentanil postconditioning (RPC) elicits cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) by attenuating apoptosis associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). Histone H3, acetylation modifications of histone H3, and histone deacetylases (HDAC) also have key roles in the mediation of the survival and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. In this study, an in vitro IRI model was established with H9c2 cardiomyoblasts to investigate the role of histone H3 acetylation and HDAC3 in RPC-induced attenuation of ERS-associated apoptosis...
February 16, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
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