Read by QxMD icon Read

cerebellar hemorrhage

Peng Chen, Qin-Xuan Shen, Lin-Yan Shen, Zhi-Bing Wu, Li-Hong Pi, Wen-Hua Ge, Wei Qi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Leonardo Pacheco Roquero, Sandra Camelo-Piragua, Carl Schmidt
Cerebral air embolism is a recognized life-threatening complication, sometimes iatrogenic. Its timely diagnosis is essential because it can result in neurologic deficits or death. We report a case of a 58-year-old man who died from cerebral air embolism diagnosed by nonenhanced computed tomography scan of the head after a cardiac bypass surgery with Biventricular Assist Device and multiple vascular line placements. Autopsy revealed extensive subcutaneous emphysema, intravascular and perivascular air bubbles in the central nervous system and associated cerebral and cerebellar hemorrhagic infarction...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Yanling Wei, Jun Yang, Jun Wang, Yang Yang, Juan Huang, Hao Gong, Hongli Cui, Dongfeng Chen
BACKGROUND: The dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the development of gut-derived infections, making it a potential therapeutic target against multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after sepsis. However, the effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in treating this disease has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Two male patients, a 65-year-old and an 84-year-old, were initially diagnosed with cerebellar hemorrhage and cerebral infarction, respectively, after admission...
October 18, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Navid Elmi Sadr, Bijan Samavat, Payam Mehrian, Alireza Hedayatfar
Introduction. Terson syndrome is described as intraocular hemorrhage in association with any type of intracranial hemorrhage and is associated with higher mortality rate and vision loss. Intraocular hemorrhage in Terson syndrome may be diagnosed using computed tomography but there are false positive results. Silicone oil which is widely used for internal tamponade of complicated retinal detachments has high attenuation on computed tomography and hyperintensity on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging that can mimic intraocular hemorrhage...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Jan-Folkard Willms, Gerasimos Baltsavias, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Silvia Ernst, Alexander A Tarnutzer
We discuss a case with combined vestibulocochlear and facial neuropathy mimicking a less urgent peripheral vestibular pattern of acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). With initial magnetic resonance imaging read as normal, the patient was treated for vestibular neuropathy until headaches worsened and a diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage was made. On conventional angiography, a ruptured distal right-sided aneurysm of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery was diagnosed and coiled. Whereas acute vestibular loss usually points to a benign peripheral cause of AVS, combined neuropathy of the vestibulocochlear and the facial nerve requires immediate neuroimaging focusing on the cerebellopontine angle...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Kyle B Walsh, Daniel Woo, Padmini Sekar, Jennifer Osborne, Charles J Moomaw, Carl D Langefeld, Opeolu Adeoye
BACKGROUND: -Hypertension is a significant risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). While ethnic/racial disparities related to hypertension and ICH have been reported, these previous studies were limited by a lack of Hispanics and inadequate power to analyze by ICH location. In the current study, while overcoming these prior limitations, we investigated whether there was variation by ethnicity/race of treated and untreated hypertension as risk factors for ICH. METHODS: -The Ethnic/Racial Variations of ICH (ERICH) study is a prospective, multicenter, case-control study of ICH among whites, blacks, and Hispanics...
October 13, 2016: Circulation
Lei Xia, Ming-Xing Liu, Jun Zhong, Ning-Ning Dou, Bin Li, Hui Sun, Shi-Ting Li
Although the microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery has become an effective remedy for cranial nerve rhizopathies, it is still challengeable and may result in a fatal sequel sometimes. Therefore, the operative skill needs to be further highlighted with emphasis on the safety and a preplan for management of postoperative fatal complications should be established. We retrospectively analyzed 6974 cases of MVD. Postoperatively, 46 patients (0.66 %) presented decline in consciousness with a positive finger-nose test (or failure to be tested) after wake up from the anesthesia, whom were focused on in this study...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Marino Marčić, Ljiljana Marčić, Marina Titlić
Warfarin-induced skin necrosis (WISN) is a rare complication of anticoagulant therapy associated with a high incidence of  morbidity and mortality requiring immediate drug cessation. At particular risk are those with various thrombophilic abnormalities, especially when warfarinisation is undertaken rapidly with large loading doses of warfarin. Cutaneous findings include petechiae that progress to ecchymosis and hemorrhagic bullae. With the increasing number of patients anticoagulated as out-patients for thromboprophylaxis, we are concerned that the incidence of skin necrosis may increase...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Uygur Er, Çetin Akyol, Murad Bavbek
Aim of this paper is to present and discuss a case of a delayed cerebellar parenchymal hemorrhage developing after L/P shunt placement with a NPH patient. A hypertensive patient admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of NPH. The patient was placed a pressure adjustable L/P shunt without any surgical complication. He was discharged with an uneventful period. The patient was admitted to the emergency clinic of our hospital with a 1.5 × 1.5 cm diameter hematoma at the left cerebellar hemisphere on 2 days after his discharge...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Or Cohen-Inbar, Robert M Starke, Hideyuki Kano, Gregory Bowden, Paul Huang, Rafael Rodriguez-Mercado, Luis Almodovar, Inga S Grills, David Mathieu, Danilo Silva, Mahmoud Abbassy, Symeon Missios, John Y K Lee, Gene H Barnett, Douglas Kondziolka, L Dade Lunsford, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE Cerebellar arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent the majority of infratentorial AVMs and frequently have a hemorrhagic presentation. In this multicenter study, the authors review outcomes of cerebellar AVMs after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS Eight medical centers contributed data from 162 patients with cerebellar AVMs managed with SRS. Of these patients, 65% presented with hemorrhage. The median maximal nidus diameter was 2 cm. Favorable outcome was defined as AVM obliteration and no posttreatment hemorrhage or permanent radiation-induced complications (RICs)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
B Shen, L H Su, S Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and advantage of improved microsurgery for fulminant hemorrhagic dilation of the fourth ventricle. Methods: The clinical data of 21 patients with fulminant hemorrhagic dilation of the fourth ventricle were analyzed retrospectively.All patients underwent hemorrhage evacuation and improved atlantooccipital decompression via middle suboccipital trans-cerebellar vermis approach, with preceding external ventricular drain. Results: One patient died of brainstem failure postoperative, and 20 patients were followed up from 6 to 17 months...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Kartik G Krishnan, Karsten Schöller, Eberhard Uhl
BACKGROUND: The basic necessities for surgical procedures are illumination, exposure and magnification. These have undergone transformation in par with technology. One of the recent developments is the compact magnifying exoscope system. In this report we describe the application of this system for surgical operations and discuss its advantages and pitfalls. METHODS: We used the ViTOM(®) exoscope mounted on the mechanical holding arm. The following surgical procedures were conducted: lumbar and cervical spinal canal decompression (n=5); laminotomy and removal of lumbar migrated disc herniations (n=4); anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (n=1); removal of intraneural schwannomas (n=2); removal of a acute cerebellar hemorrhage (n=1); removal of a parafalcine atypical cerebral hematoma caused by a dural arterio-venous fistula (n=1); microsutures and anastomoses of a nerve (n=1), an artery (n=1) and veins (n=2)...
September 19, 2016: World Neurosurgery
M Laible, M Möhlenbruch, S Horstmann, J Pfaff, N A Geis, S Pleger, S Schüler, T Rizos, M Bendszus, R Veltkamp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine the rate of peri-interventional silent brain infarcts after left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). METHODS: In this prospective, uncontrolled single-center pilot study, consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing LAAO between July 2013 and January 2016 were included. The Amplatzer Cardiac Plug, WATCHMAN or Amulet device was used. A neurological examination and cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed within 48 h before and after the procedure...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Takayuki Hara, Shintaro Arai, Yoshiaki Goto, Tsuguhito Takizawa, Tatsuya Uchida
BACKGROUND: During surgery for cerebral aneurysm, revascularization techniques are occasionally needed to (1) treat an aneurysm (trapping or flow alteration); (2) preserve blood flow during temporary parent artery occlusion (insurance); and (3) repair accidentally injured vessels (troubleshooting). Herein we present our surgical case experiences. METHODS: Revascularization modalities were employed in 33 (7.6 %) of 452 cases of surgically treated aneurysms. The aneurysm locations and associated required bypass procedures were: (1) 7 middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with 7 superficial temporal artery (STA)-MCA bypass procedures; (2) 10 internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms with 9 high-flow and 1 STA-MCA procedures; (3) 10 vertebro-basilar artery aneurysms with 2 high-flow, 6 occipital artery (OA)-posterior ICA, and 1 STA-superior cerebellar artery (SCA) procedures; (4) 1 posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysm with OA-PCA bypass; and (5) 5 anterior cerebral artery aneurysms with 4 A3-A3 and 1 A3-STA-A3 procedure...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Yota Suzuki, Atsushi Watanabe, Kenji Wakui, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Kazuhiro Hongo
BACKGROUND: The number of elderly patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is increasing. Although advanced age is one of the recognized risk factors for poor outcome, conservative treatment for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage cannot provide satisfactory outcome in elderly patients. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome in patients aged 90 or older, for whom ruptured aneurysms were treated by clipping. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of non-traumatic SAH patients who were hospitalized at the Chiba Neurosurgical Clinic between 2004 and 2013...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Björn M Hansen, Natalie Ullman, Bo Norrving, Daniel F Hanley, Arne Lindgren
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patient selection in clinical trials on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) affects overall applicability of results. We estimated eligibility for completed, ongoing, and planned clinical trials in an unselected cohort of patients with ICH. METHODS: Large clinical ICH trials were identified using trial registration databases. Each trial's inclusion criteria were applied to a consecutive group of patients with ICH from the prospective hospital-based Lund Stroke Register...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Xi Leng, Xin Tan, Chi Zhang, Huan Lin, Shijun Qiu
Anaplastic ependymomas are rare malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Few studies are available regarding their neuroradiological characteristics. The present study aimed to retrospectively review a series of patients with extraventricular anaplastic ependymoma and to analyze the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics to distinguish anaplastic ependymoma from other intracranial tumors. The clinical and pathological images of 11 patients who presented with histologically proven anaplastic ependymoma at Nanfang Hospital (Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China) between September 2004 and March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Mingming Zhang, Yian Ouyang, Hao Huang, Yugang Jiang, Mengqiang Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and short-term efficacy of stent on 17 patients with very small intracranial aneurysms.
 METHODS: A total of 17 patients with very small intracranial aneurysms were treated by LVIS stent from October 2014 to November 2015. The location, size of the aneurysms and the branch around aneurysms were evaluated by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The metal coverage for aneurysms was enhanced by using deployment technology ("compression" mode)...
August 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Liang Niu, Yinian Zhang, Qiao Li, Junqiang Dai, Hang Yin, Lei Duan, Hu Yang, Wentao Liang, Zhenwei Qin, Jianping Zhang, Yawen Pan
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the factors affecting postoperative outcomes in patients with solid cerebellar hemangioblastomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 22 patients with sporadic solid cerebellar hemangioblastomas. Data regarding the clinical materials and imaging features, diameter of the lesion, operative approaches and postoperative complications were analyzed in all patients. The factors that may affect the recovery of postoperative patients were analyzed by univariate analysis and logistic regression multivariate analysis...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer, Tugba Sarac Sivrikoz, Elif Yilmaz Gulec, Salim Sezer, Ibrahim Kalelioglu, Recep Has, Atil Yuksel
Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous is a spectrum of congenital ocular abnormalities characterized by leukocoria, microphthalmia, cataracts, extensive intravitreal hemorrhage, persistence of the hyaloid artery, glaucoma, and retinal detachment. It might be isolated or associated with congenital syndromes such as trisomy 13, Walker-Warburg syndrome, and Norrie disease. We present 2 cases of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous diagnosed by prenatal sonography in the early third trimester. Bilateral hyperechoic lenses and retinal nonattachment were detected in the sonographic examination of the first case, whereas irregular echogenic bands between the lenses and posterior walls of the eyes were prominent in the second case...
October 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"