keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EMT OR ZEB1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445989/tmprss2-erg-gene-fusion-variants-induce-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#1
Leonie Ratz, Mark Laible, Lukasz A Kacprzyk, Stephanie M Wittig-Blaich, Yanis Tolstov, Stefan Duensing, Peter Altevogt, Sabine M Klauck, Holger Sültmann
TMPRSS2:ERG (T/E) gene fusions are present in approximately 50% of all prostate cancer (PCa) cases. The expression of fusion mRNAs from distinct T/E variants is associated with clinicopathological parameters, while the underlying molecular processes remain unclear. We characterized the molecular mechanisms and functional implications caused by doxycycline (Dox)-inducible overexpression of the frequent T/E III and VI fusion variants in LNCaP cells. Induction of T/E expression resulted in increased cellular migratory and invasive potential, and reduced proliferation and accumulation in G1 phase...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445977/serglycin-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-glioma-association-of-serglycin-expression-extent-of-mast-cell-recruitment-and-glioblastoma-progression
#2
Ananya Roy, Sanaz Attarha, Holger Weishaupt, Per-Henrik Edqvist, Fredrik J Swartling, Michael Bergqvist, Florian A Siebzehnrubl, Anja Smits, Fredrik Pontén, Elena Tchougounova
Serglycin is an intracellular proteoglycan with a unique ability to adopt highly divergent structures by glycosylation with variable types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) when expressed by different cell types. Serglycin is overexpressed in aggressive cancers suggesting its protumorigenic role. In this study, we explored the expression of serglycin in human glioma and its correlation with survival and immune cell infiltration. We demonstrate that serglycin is expressed in glioma and that increased expression predicts poor survival of patients...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445937/methylation-mediated-silencing-of-microrna-211-promotes-cell-growth-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-through-activation-of-the-akt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-gbm
#3
Weidong Li, Xiaobo Miao, Lingling Liu, Yue Zhang, Xuejun Jin, Xiaojun Luo, Hai Gao, Xubin Deng
Aberrant expression of miR-211 has frequently been reported in cancer studies; however, its role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has not been examined in detail. We investigated the function and the underlying mechanism of miR-211 in GBM. We revealed that miR-211 was downregulated in GBM tissues and cell lines. Restoration of miR-211 inhibited GBM cell growth and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype was reversed when miR-211 expression was restored. HMGA2 was identified as a down-stream target of miR-211...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445936/increased-expression-of-zeb1-as1-correlates-with-higher-histopathological-grade-and-promotes-tumorigenesis-in-bladder-cancer
#4
Junhao Lin, Yonghao Zhan, Yuchen Liu, Zhicong Chen, Jianbo Liang, Wei Li, Anbang He, Liqun Zhou, Hongbin Mei, Feng Wang, Weiren Huang
Bladder cancer is one of the most common urinary cancers worldwide. Emerging studies indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in cancer biology. In this study, we found that a novel lncRNA Zinc finger E-box-binding homeebox1 (ZEB1) antisense RNA (ZEB1-AS1) was overexpressed in bladder cancer tissues compared to paired noncancerous tissues. Moreover, the expression of ZEB1-AS1 was positive correlated with higher histological grade and TNM stage in bladder cancer. Furthermore, Loss-of-function experiments showed that down-regulation of ZEB1-AS1 not only can suppress cell growth but also can inhibit migration and induce apoptosis in bladder cancer cell lines 5637 and SW780...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445609/exosomes-derived-from-mesenchymal-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-promote-chemoresistance
#5
Richard J Lobb, Rosa van Amerongen, Adrian Wiegmans, Sunyoung Ham, Jill E Larsen, Andreas Möller
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common lung cancer type and the most common cause of mortality in lung cancer patients. NSCLC is often associated with resistance to chemotherapeutics and together with rapid metastatic spread, results in limited, mostly palliative, treatment options and poor patient survival. NSCLC are heterogeneous, and consist of epithelial and mesenchymal NSCLC cells. Mesenchymal NSCLC cells are thought to be responsible for the chemoresistance phenotype, but if and how this phenotype can be transferred to other NSCLC cells is currently not known...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445439/her2-in-breast-cancer-stemness-a-negative-feedback-loop-towards-trastuzumab-resistance
#6
REVIEW
Babak Nami, Zhixiang Wang
HER2 receptor tyrosine kinase that is overexpressed in approximately 20% of all breast cancers (BCs) is a poor prognosis factor and a precious target for BC therapy. Trastuzumab is approved by FDA to specifically target HER2 for treating HER2+ BC. However, about 60% of patients with HER2+ breast tumor develop de novo resistance to trastuzumab, partially due to the loss of expression of HER2 extracellular domain on their tumor cells. This is due to shedding/cleavage of HER2 by metalloproteinases (ADAMs and MMPs)...
April 26, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444969/metabolic-reprogramming-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Marco Sciacovelli, Christian Frezza
Several lines of evidence indicate that during transformation epithelial cancer cells can acquire mesenchymal features via a process called epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). This process endows cancer cells with increased invasive and migratory capacity, enabling tumour dissemination and metastasis. EMT is associated with a complex metabolic reprogramming, orchestrated by EMT transcription factors, which support the energy requirements of increased motility and growth in harsh environmental conditions...
April 26, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444967/co-delivery-of-microrna-21-antisense-oligonucleotides-and-gemcitabine-using-nanomedicine-for-pancreatic-cancer-therapy
#8
Yaqing Li, Yinting Chen, Jiajia Li, Zuoquan Zhang, Chumei Huang, Guoda Lian, Kege Yang, Shaojie Chen, Ying Lin, Lingyun Wang, Kaihong Huang, Linjuan Zeng
Tumor metastasis occurs naturally in pancreatic cancer, and the efficacy of chemotherapy is usually poor. Precision medicine, combining down-regulation of target genes with chemotherapy drugs, is expected to improve the therapeutic effects. Therefore, we developed a combined therapy of microRNA-21 antisense oligonucleotides (ASO-miR-21) and Gemcitabine (Gem) using a targeted co-delivery nanoparticle (NP) carrier and investigated the synergistic inhibitory effects on pancreatic cancer cells metastasis and growth...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442786/microrna-30a-regulation-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-diabetic-cataracts-through-targeting-snai1
#9
Lu Zhang, Ye Wang, Wenfeng Li, Panagiotis A Tsonis, Zhiyuan Li, Lixin Xie, Yusen Huang
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a highly conserved and fundamental process in development, fibrosis, and metastasis. During the process, epithelial cells lose their morphology and transcriptional program, and transdifferentiate to mesenchymal cells. It has been reported that lens epithelial cells undergo EMT during cataract formation, and regulation of microRNAs on genes is associated with lens development. However, the molecular mechanisms of this regulation in diabetic cataract still need to be investigated...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442011/-ck2%C3%AE-regulates-the-metastases-and-migration-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-%C3%A2-a549-cell-line-through-pi3k-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-signal-pathway
#10
Aibing Wu, Mingchun Li, Zongjiong Mai, Shujun Li, Zhixiong Yang
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cancer-related death worldwide. Patients with lung cancer mainly died of tumor metastasis and invasion. Protein kinase CK2 is an ubiquitous serine/threonine protein kinase and is frequently upregulated in various human tumors. This study aims to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of the invasion and migration of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells after knock-down of CK2α expression. METHODS: The pSilencerTM 4.1-siCK2α-eGFP of lentiviral-mediated shRNA was constructed...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441714/long-non-coding-rna-hotair-functions-as-mirna-sponge-to-promote-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-esophageal-cancer
#11
Feng Xu, Jing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates dysregulated expression of the long non-coding RNA HOTAIR (lncRNA-HOTAIR) may play a significant role in tumor progression. LncRNA-HOTAIR promotes several processes in esophageal cancer (EC), including cell growth, differentiation, invasion and migration. However, the mechanisms by which lncRNA-HOTAIR promotes invasion and migration EC remain unclear. METHODS: LncRNA-HOTAIR and miR-148a expression were quantified in 40 paired human EC and tumor-adjacent tissues and EC cell lines by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
April 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441064/bacillus-calmette-guerin-alleviates-airway-inflammation-and-remodeling-by-preventing-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#12
Xinrui Tian, Xinli Tian, Rujie Huo, Qin Chang, Guoping Zheng, Yan Du, Yan Chen, Bo Niu
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is a potent agent for the prevention of tuberculosis. Current studies have regarded BCG as an immunomodulator. However, there is little information on whether it can be used to inhibit airway inflammation and airway remodeling caused by asthma. Therefore, in this study, we investigate the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in airway inflammation and airway remodeling as well as the possible therapeutic mechanism of BCG for the treatment of asthma. Wistar rats were sensitized and challenged by ovalbumin for 2 weeks or 8 weeks...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440973/histochemical-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-%C3%AE-sma-collagen-and-pcna-in-epithelial-ovarian-neoplasm
#13
Nungki Anggorowati, Chatarina Ratna Kurniasari, Karina Damayanti, Titik Cahyanti, Irianiwati Widodo, Ahmad Ghozali, Muhammad Mansyur Romi, Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari, Nur Arfian
Background: Alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) is an isoform of actin, positive in myofibroblasts and is an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker. EMT is a process by which tumor cells develop to be more hostile and able to metastasize. Progression of tumor cells is always followed by cell composition and extracellular matrix component alteration. Increased α-SMA expression and collagen alteration may predict the progressivity of ovarian neoplasms. Objective: The aim of this research was to analyse the characteristic of α-SMA and collagen in tumor cells and stroma of ovarian neoplasms...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440503/cd24-expression-is-a-marker-for-predicting-clinical-outcome-and-regulates-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-via-both-the-akt-and-erk-pathways
#14
Kiyoko Nakamura, Yoshito Terai, Akiko Tanabe, Yoshihiro J Ono, Masami Hayashi, Kazuya Maeda, Satoe Fujiwara, Keisuke Ashihara, Michihiko Nakamura, Yoshimichi Tanaka, Tomohito Tanaka, Satoshi Tsunetoh, Hiroshi Sasaki, Masahide Ohmichi
The degree of peritoneal dissemination and chemotherapy-resistant tumors is related to the prognosis in patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer. The epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is a multifaceted pathological program that endows cancer cells with the ability to invade and disseminate. CD24 is frequently overexpressed in various human cancers and is correlated with a poor prognosis. We herein examined the functions of CD24 in human ovarian cancer cell lines and evaluated how it contributes to the molecular mechanism underlying the regeneration of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) through the EMT mechanism in ovarian carcinoma...
April 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440473/cxcr6-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-gastric-cancer-and-promotes-tumor-metastasis-through-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#15
Jie-Jie Jin, Fa-Xiang Dai, Zi-Wen Long, Hong Cai, Xiao-Wen Liu, Ye Zhou, Qi Hong, Qiong-Zhu Dong, Ya-Nong Wang, Hua Huang
Chemokines and their receptors have been confirmed to be involved in several types of cancer. However, little is known concerning the role of CXCL16 and its receptor CXCR6 in gastric cancer (GC) progression and metastasis. In the present study, expression of CXCL16 and CXCR6 in GC tumor and peritumoral tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in a cohort of 352 GC patients who underwent gastrectomy, and the correlation between CXCL16/CXCR6 expression and clinicopathological characteristics was further analyzed...
April 25, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440445/mir%C3%A2-196a%C3%A2-5p-modulates-gastric-cancer-stem-cell-characteristics-by-targeting-smad4
#16
Yunzhi Pan, Xiong Shu, Lichao Sun, Long Yu, Lixin Sun, Zhihua Yang, Yuliang Ran
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are undifferentiated cancer cells with a high tumorigenic activity, the ability to undergo self-renewal, and a multilineage differentiation potential. Clinical evidence suggests that CSCs in a tumor mass are the cellular determinants to promote cancer invasion and metastasis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important modulators of cancer stem cell characteristics. Unveiling the candidate miRNAs that regulate CSCs may provide novel therapeutic targets against cancer. We analyzed the miRNA expression profiles regulating the cancer stem-like cell characteristics in gastric cancer...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440436/annexin%C3%A2-a2-inhibition-suppresses-ovarian-cancer-progression-via-regulating-%C3%AE-catenin-emt
#17
Yan Liu, Hongyu Li, Zhenying Ban, Manman Nai, Li Yang, Yannan Chen, Yiming Xu
Annexin A2 is a member of the Annexin family that acts as a Ca2+-dependent phospholipid and membrane binding protein, which is associated with the survival and spread of multiple neoplasms. However, the function of Annexin A2 in ovarian cancer progression remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role and underlying molecular mechanism of Annexin A2 in cell proliferation and invasion in ovarian cancer. We found that the mRNA expression of Annexin A2 was upregulated in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines...
April 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440432/ron-and-c-met-facilitate-metastasis-through-the-erk-signaling-pathway-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#18
Binbin Yin, Zhenping Liu, Yiyun Wang, Xuchu Wang, Weiwei Liu, Pan Yu, Xiuzhi Duan, Chunhua Liu, Yuhua Chen, Yurong Zhang, Xiaoyan Pan, Hangping Yao, Zhaoping Liao, Zhihua Tao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a metastatic malignant cancer driven by complex pathological mechanisms and characterized by poor long-term prognosis. Metastasis is the main cause of death of PCa patients, yet the molecular mechanisms of this process are poorly understood. In the present study, positive co-expression of RON and c-Met was observed in human clinical PCa tissues (biopsy material), as detected by immunohistochemical staining and quantitative real-time PCR. We investigated this further in PCa cells, demonstrating that the inhibition of RON and c-Met with foretinib (GSK1363089) suppressed metastasis and promoted the reversal of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in PCa cells...
April 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440402/erk5-regulates-tobacco-smoke%C3%A2-induced-urocystic-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-balb-c-mice
#19
Jie Min, Hao Geng, Zhiqi Liu, Zhaofeng Liang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Dongdong Xie, Yi Wang, Tao Zhang, Dexin Yu, Caiyun Zhong
Tobacco smoke (TS) is an important risk factor of bladder cancer. Epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the initiation and development of cancer. The role of extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK) 5 in regulating TS‑induced EMT remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory role of ERK5 in TS‑triggered EMT in the bladder of mice. BALB/c mice were used for an in vivo TS exposure model. Mice were treated for 6 h a day for 12 weeks. The results demonstrated that mice exposed to TS had decreased mRNA and protein expression levels of the epithelial markers E‑cadherin and zonula occludens‑1, whereas expression levels of the mesenchymal markers Vimentin and N‑cadherin were increased...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440397/hypermethylation-of-mirna-589-promoter-leads-to-upregulation-of-hdac5-which-promotes-malignancy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Changhong Liu, Desheng Lv, Mo Li, Xuefei Zhang, Ge Sun, Yu Bai, Dongmin Chang
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are crucial for regulating chromatin activity, which plays a critical role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of various cancers. Therefore, HDAC inhibitors have been applied as effective therapeutic agents for cancer treatment. However, the expression profiles and regulatory mechanisms of histone deacetylases in lung cancer are not well understood. In the present study, aberrant high levels of HDAC5 were observed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and further analysis indicated a negative relationship between HDAC5 and a tumor suppressor, miR‑589‑5p, in NSCLC specimens...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
keyword
keyword
95251
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"