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Ilicit drugs

Priscila Araújo, Márcio Guilherme Nunes Carvalho, Marlon van Weelden, Benito Lourenço, Lígia Bruni Queiroz, Clovis Artur Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate alcohol/tobacco and/or illicit drug misuse in Chronic Diseases (CDs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 220 CDs adolescents and 110 healthy controls including: demographic/anthropometric data; puberty markers; modified questionnaire evaluating sexual function, alcohol/smoking/illicit drug misuse and bullying; and the physician-conducted CRAFFT (car/relax/alone/forget/friends/trouble) screen tool for substance abuse/dependence high risk...
September 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
J P Cirriez
Drugs stimulate the brain causing mental and physical effects. The effects of drugs can be stimulating, narcotic or mind-altering. This article briefly discusses some commonly used illicit drugs, namely heroin, cocaine, cannabis, ecstasy, amphetamines, LSD, psilocybin mushrooms and poppers.
March 2015: Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique
Ricardo Jorge Dinis-Oliveira
Drugs of abuse are a heterogeneous group of xenobiotics or endobiotics that alter synaptic organization in the central nervous system in a transient or permanent basis, often leading to a compulsively use. What unites its members is that they confer pleasure (hedonism) to the abusers, namely by their action in the mesolimbic dopamine system. To exert its effects, different drugs of abuse will act on receptors and neurotransmitter transporters, modeling neurotransmitter release into the synaptic cleft. Besides acting on presynaptic neurons also function in neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels in postsynaptic neurons, thereby modifying the signaling pathways...
November 2014: Acta Médica Portuguesa
H M Colon, J C Reyes-Pulliza, R R Robles, I Sosa, M Cabassa
INTRODUCTION: Ilicit drug users are the population group at highest risk of HBV infection in most Western countries. In this study we assessed hepatitis B virus (HBV) immune status in a cohort of young non-injecting drug users in Puerto Rico. METHODS: Subjects were eligible if they were 18- to 25-years-old, had never injected any drugs, and had recently used heroin or cocaine. A total of 541 subjects were recruited from community settings during 2004 and 2005. Subjects were interviewed and tested for HBV immune status and infection...
July 2006: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
R Burrows
This paper examines the steps which nurses and other health care staff can take to lessen the likelihood that prisoners will take ilicit drugs--both during their sentences and following release. It presents a range of possible approaches, ranging from the relatively straightforward to the sophisticated, from which nurses can choose the most appropriate intervention to use with a particular client.
June 15, 1994: Nursing Times
C J Stetler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1966: Medical Annals of the District of Columbia
A Polaino-Lorente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1974: Folia Clínica Internacional
V Gillis, T A Kubic
Spectrofluorometry, because of its high sensitivity, has developed into one of the most useful analytical methods available to the forensic chemist for certain ilicit drug samples encountered in small amounts. The corrected excitation spectrofluorometer adds to the usefulness of this technique by generating more reproducible results with greater sensitivity. The excitation spectra are in better agreement with absorption spectra, and the need to recalibrate constantly with standard solutions in order to perform quantitative analysis can be minimized...
1975: ISA Transactions
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