Read by QxMD icon Read

enhancer insulator

Maria Angela B Faustino, Lorenzo P Lopez, Jessica Pauline Afalla, Joselito Muldera, Nathaniel Hermosa, Arnel A Salvador, Armando S Somintac, Elmer S Estacio
A one-order-of-magnitude terahertz (THz) emission enhancement in the transmission geometry, over a 0.7-THz broadband range, was observed in semi-insulating gallium arsenide (SI-GaAs) integrated with a subwavelength one-dimensional metal line array (1DMLA). THz emission of the 1DMLA samples showed an intensity increase and exhibited a full-width-at-half-maximum broadening relative to the emission of the bare substrate. Improved index matching could not account for the observed phenomenon. A nonlinear dependence of the integrated THz emission intensity on the number of illuminated lines and on the pump power was observed...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Qiang Hao, Xiuxiu Niu, Changshun Nie, Simeng Hao, Wei Zou, Jiangman Ge, Daimei Chen, Wenqing Yao
SiO2, an insulator, hardly has any photocatalytic acitivity due to its intrinsic property, and it is generally used as a hard template to increase the surface area of catalysts. However, in this work, we found that the surface state of the insulator SiO2 can promote the migration of photogenerated charge carriers, leading to the enhancement of the photooxidation ability of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4). A one-pot calcination method was employed to prepare g-C3N4/SiO2 composites using melamine and SiO2 as precursors...
October 17, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Benliang Liang, Hewei Zhao, Qi Zhang, Yuzun Fan, Yonghai Yue, Penggang Yin, Lin Guo
Inspired by nacre, this is the first time that using the cross-linking of alginate with Ca ions to fabricate organic-inorganic nacre-inspired films we have successfully prepared a new class of Ca(2+) ion enhanced montmorillonite (MMT)-alginate (ALG) composites, realizing an optimum combination of high strength (∼280 MPa) and high toughness (∼7.2 MJ m(-3)) compared with other MMT based artificial nacre. Furthermore, high temperature performance of the composites (with a maximum strength of ∼170 MPa at 100 °C) along with excellent transmittance, fire retardancy, and unique shape memory response to alcohols could greatly expand the application of the mutilfunctional composites, which are believed to show competitive advantages in transportion, construction, and insulations, protection of a flammable biological material, etc...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sobhit Singh, Wilfredo Ibarra-Hernández, Irais Valencia-Jaime, Guillermo Avendaño-Franco, Aldo H Romero
Semi-conducting alloys BixSb1-x have emerged as a potential candidate for topological insulators and are well known for their novel thermoelectric properties. In this work, we present a systematic study of the low-energy phases of 35 different compositions of BixSb1-x (0 < x < 1) at zero temperature and zero pressure. We explore the potential energy surface of BixSb1-x as a function of Sb concentration by using the ab initio minima hopping structural search method. Even though Bi and Sb crystallize in the same R3[combining macron]m space group, our calculations indicate that BixSb1-x alloys can have several other thermodynamically stable crystal structures...
September 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Zhonghui Liu, Jian Ye
Creating plasmonic nanostructures with controllable Fano resonances is of great interest for a number of important applications including metamaterials and biosensors. Realizing double Fano resonances is even more challenging but may become favorable to the applications such as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and second harmonic generation (SHG). Here we have developed plasmonic metasurfaces consisting of a nanoring array and a metallic film separated by a dielectric spacer for the generation of double Fano resonances...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Shinichi Kumakura, Yotaro Shirao, Kei Kubota, Shinichi Komaba
Layered Li2MoO3 is a potential candidate for a high-capacity positive electrode material for Li-ion batteries because of its excess lithium composition. However, the difficulty of single-phase preparation and its insulating nature are drawbacks for its application in lithium-ion batteries. A small quantity of acetylene black added in the starting material solves these drawbacks, i.e. the formation of impurity phases and the low conductivity. As a result, a Li2MoO3/C composite is successfully synthesized with the simple addition of acetylene black...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xiaoru Wen, Jiamin Wu, Meidan Ye, Di Gao, Changjian Lin
A tunnelling contact of polystyrene nanofilm was introduced for the first time at the interface of perovskite/hole transfer layer, leading to a significantly reduced charge recombination. Moreover, such a polymeric contact worked as a hydrophobic encapsulation layer for effectively protecting the perovskite against humidity. The resultant PSCs displayed a peak efficiency of 17.80% (vs. 15.90% of the control cell) and an enhanced stability.
September 15, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Zonglong Zhu, Qifan Xue, Hexiang He, Kui Jiang, Zhicheng Hu, Yang Bai, Teng Zhang, Shuang Xiao, Kenan Gundogdu, Bhoj Raj Gautam, Harald Ade, Fei Huang, Kam Sing Wong, Hin-Lap Yip, Shihe Yang, He Yan
A polymer/PCBM hybrid electron transport layer is reported that enables high-performance perovskite solar cells with a high power conversion efficiency of 16.2% and with negligible hysteresis. Unlike previous approaches of reducing hysteresis by thermal annealing or fullerene passivation, the success of our approach can be mainly attributed to the doping of the PCBM layer using an insulating polymer (polystyrene) and an amine-containing polymeric semiconductor named PFNOX.
September 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Joseph Dufouleur, Louis Veyrat, Bastien Dassonneville, Christian Nowka, Silke Hampel, Pavel Leksin, Barbara Eichler, Oliver G Schmidt, Bernd Buechner, Romain Giraud
The transport length ltr and the mean free path le are determined for bulk and surface states in a Bi2Se3 nanoribbon by quantum transport and transconductance measurements. We show that the anisotropic scattering of spin-helical Dirac fermions results in a strong enhancement of ltr (≈ 200 nm) and of the related mobility μtr (≈ 4000 cm(2)V(-1)s(-1)), which confirms theoretical predictions. Despite strong disorder, the long-range nature of the scattering potential gives a large ratio ltr/le ≈ 8, likely limited by bulk/surface coupling...
October 6, 2016: Nano Letters
Martin Franke, Daniel M Ibrahim, Guillaume Andrey, Wibke Schwarzer, Verena Heinrich, Robert Schöpflin, Katerina Kraft, Rieke Kempfer, Ivana Jerković, Wing-Lee Chan, Malte Spielmann, Bernd Timmermann, Lars Wittler, Ingo Kurth, Paola Cambiaso, Orsetta Zuffardi, Gunnar Houge, Lindsay Lambie, Francesco Brancati, Ana Pombo, Martin Vingron, Francois Spitz, Stefan Mundlos
Chromosome conformation capture methods have identified subchromosomal structures of higher-order chromatin interactions called topologically associated domains (TADs) that are separated from each other by boundary regions. By subdividing the genome into discrete regulatory units, TADs restrict the contacts that enhancers establish with their target genes. However, the mechanisms that underlie partitioning of the genome into TADs remain poorly understood. Here we show by chromosome conformation capture (capture Hi-C and 4C-seq methods) that genomic duplications in patient cells and genetically modified mice can result in the formation of new chromatin domains (neo-TADs) and that this process determines their molecular pathology...
October 5, 2016: Nature
E Mon-Pérez, J Salazar, E Ramos, J Santoyo Salazar, A López Suárez, A Dutt, G Santana, B Marel Monroy
Silicon quantum dots (Si-QDs) embedded in an insulator matrix are important from a technological and application point of view. Thus, being able to synthesize them in situ during the matrix growth process is technologically advantageous. The use of SiH2Cl2 as the silicon precursor in the plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD) process allows us to obtain Si-QDs without post-thermal annealing. Foremost in this work, is a theoretical rationalization of the mechanism responsible for Si-QD generation in a film including an analysis of the energy released by the extraction of HCl and the insertion of silylene species into the terminal surface bonds...
November 11, 2016: Nanotechnology
Xufeng Zhang, Na Zhu, Chang-Ling Zou, Hong X Tang
Magnons in ferrimagnetic insulators such as yttrium iron garnet (YIG) have recently emerged as promising candidates for coherent information processing in microwave circuits. Here we demonstrate optical whispering gallery modes of a YIG sphere interrogated by a silicon nitride photonic waveguide, with quality factors approaching 10^{6} in the telecom c band after surface treatments. Moreover, in contrast to conventional Faraday setups, this implement allows an input photon polarized colinearly to the magnetization to be scattered to a sideband mode of orthogonal polarization...
September 16, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Hyosung An, Xiaoyi Li, Cody Chalker, Maria Stracke, Rafael Verduzco, Jodie L Lutkenhaus
Polymeric binders are essential to battery electrodes, mechanically stabilizing the active materials. Most often, these binders are insulating, and conductive carbons must be added to the electrode structure. Conductive polymer binders, those that transport both ions and electrons, are of primary interest because they potentially eliminate the need for carbon additives. However, it is challenging to incorporate both ion- and electron-conductive polymeric binders into electrode systems because of differences in physical affinities among the two polymer types and the electroactive material...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jackeline Narvaez, Fabian Vasquez-Sancho, Gustau Catalan
Flexoelectricity is a property of all dielectric materials whereby they polarize in response to deformation gradients such as those produced by bending. Although it is generally thought of as a property of dielectric insulators, insulation is not a formal requirement: in principle, semiconductors can also redistribute their free charge in response to strain gradients. Here we show that bending a semiconductor not only generates a flexoelectric-like response, but that this response can in fact be much larger than in insulators...
September 26, 2016: Nature
Yao Qin, Mei Zhang, Rui-Mei Jiang, Qian Wu, Xin-Yu Xu, Heng Chen, Tao Yang
Recently, pancreatic islet transplantation has been shown to be a viable option for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, immune destruction becomes the major impediment to the clinical application of islet transplantation. Here, we evaluated changes affecting multiple types of immune cells and cytokines in allogeneic islet transplantation immunity after the administration of B10 cells alone and explored the regulatory mechanisms of B10 cells in T cell-mediated allograft rejection. In vitro assays, B10 cells significantly decreased the proliferative capacity of CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells (13...
September 19, 2016: Cellular Immunology
Min-Kyu Joo, Byoung Hee Moon, Hyunjin Ji, Gang Hee Han, Hyun Kim, Gwanmu Lee, Seong Chu Lim, Dongseok Suh, Young Hee Lee
Layered hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) thin film is a dielectric that surpasses carrier mobility by reducing charge scattering with silicon oxide in diverse electronics formed with graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides. However, the h-BN effect on electron doping concentration and Schottky barrier is little known. Here, we report that use of h-BN thin film as a substrate for monolayer MoS2 can induce ∼6.5 × 10(11) cm(-2) electron doping at room temperature which was determined using theoretical flat band model and interface trap density...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Natalie Y Labrador, Xinxin Li, Yukun Liu, Haiyan Tan, Rongyue Wang, Jeffrey T Koberstein, Thomas P Moffat, Daniel V Esposito
Electrodepositing low loadings of metallic nanoparticle catalysts onto the surface of semiconducting photoelectrodes is a highly attractive approach for decreasing catalyst costs and minimizing optical losses. However, securely anchoring nanoparticles to the photoelectrode surface can be challenging-especially if the surface is covered by a thin insulating overlayer. Herein, we report on Si-based photocathodes for the hydrogen evolution reaction that overcome this problem through the use of a 2-10 nm thick layer of silicon oxide (SiOx) that is deposited on top of Pt nanoparticle catalysts that were first electrodeposited on a 1...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Yoshifumi Tokiwa, Boy Piening, Hirale S Jeevan, Sergey L Bud'ko, Paul C Canfield, Philipp Gegenwart
Low-temperature refrigeration is of crucial importance in fundamental research of condensed matter physics, because the investigations of fascinating quantum phenomena, such as superconductivity, superfluidity, and quantum criticality, often require refrigeration down to very low temperatures. Currently, cryogenic refrigerators with (3)He gas are widely used for cooling below 1 K. However, usage of the gas has been increasingly difficult because of the current worldwide shortage. Therefore, it is important to consider alternative methods of refrigeration...
September 2016: Science Advances
Chase T Ellis, Joseph G Tischler, Orest J Glembocki, Francisco J Bezares, Alexander J Giles, Richard Kasica, Loretta Shirey, Jeffrey C Owrutsky, Dmitry N Chigrin, Joshua D Caldwell
Polar dielectrics have garnered much attention as an alternative to plasmonic metals in the mid- to long-wave infrared spectral regime due to their low optical losses. As such, nanoscale resonators composed of these materials demonstrate figures of merit beyond those achievable in plasmonic equivalents. However, until now, only low-order, phonon-mediated, localized polariton resonances, known as surface phonon polaritons (SPhPs), have been observed in polar dielectric optical resonators. In the present work, we investigate the excitation of 16 distinct high-order, multipolar, localized surface phonon polariton resonances that are optically excited in rectangular pillars etched into a semi-insulating silicon carbide substrate...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zhibo Ma, Mo Li, Sharmila Roy, Kevin J Liu, Matthew L Romine, Derrick C Lane, Sapna K Patel, Haini N Cai
The three-dimensional (3D) organization of the eukaryotic genome is critical for its proper function. Evidence suggests that extensive chromatin loops form the building blocks of the genomic architecture, separating genes and gene clusters into distinct functional domains. These loops are anchored in part by a special type of DNA elements called chromatin boundary elements (CBEs). CBEs were originally found to insulate neighboring genes by blocking influences of transcriptional enhancers or the spread of silent chromatin...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"