keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CRASH 2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644298/use-of-idarucizumab-for-dabigatran-reversal-emergency-department-experience-in-two-cases-with-subdural-haematoma
#1
Gail Edwards, Cristina Roman, Rondhir Jithoo, Biswadev Mitra
Introduction: Idarucizumab is the first effective humanized monoclonal antibody fragment developed specifically as a reversal agent for dabigatran, a Direct Oral Anticoagulant. Despite recent trials demonstrating reversal of clinically relevant bleeding, there is a paucity of data on use outside the trial setting. This manuscript describes the use of Idarucizumab to reverse dabigatran in two patients presenting to the emergency department of a major tertiary hospital with acute traumatic subdural haematomas (SDH)...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627710/crash-sequence-based-risk-matrix-for-motorcycle-crashes
#2
Kun-Feng Wu, Lekshmi Sasidharan, Craig P Thor, Sheng-Yin Chen
Considerable research has been conducted related to motorcycle and other powered-two-wheeler (PTW) crashes; however, it always has been controversial among practitioners concerning with types of crashes should be first targeted and how to prioritize resources for the implementation of mitigating actions. Therefore, there is a need to identify types of motorcycle crashes that constitute the greatest safety risk to riders - most frequent and most severe crashes. This pilot study seeks exhibit the efficacy of a new approach for prioritizing PTW crash causation sequences as they relate to injury severity to better inform the application of mitigating countermeasures...
April 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625263/difference-between-car-to-cyclist-crash-and-near-crash-in-a-perpendicular-crash-configuration-based-on-driving-recorder-analysis
#3
Daisuke Ito, Kosei Hayakawa, Yuma Kondo, Koji Mizuno, Robert Thomson, Giulio Bianchi Piccinini, Naruyuki Hosokawa
Analyzing a crash using driving recorder data makes it possible to objectively examine factors contributing to the occurrence of the crash. In this study, car-to-cyclist crashes and near crashes recorded on cars equipped with advanced driving recorders were compared with each other in order to examine the factors that differentiate near crashes from crashes, as well as identify the causes of the crashes. Focusing on cases where the car and cyclist approached each other perpendicularly, the differences in the car's and cyclist's parameters such as velocity, distance and avoidance behavior were analyzed...
April 3, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616901/issues-in-developing-a-surveillance-case-definition-for-nonfatal-suicide-attempt-and-intentional-self-harm-using-international-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision-clinical-modification-icd-10-cm-coded-data
#4
Holly Hedegaard, Michael Schoenbaum, Cynthia Claassen, Alex Crosby, Kristin Holland, Scott Proescholdbell
Suicide and intentional self-harm are among the leading causes of death in the United States. To study this public health issue, epidemiologists and researchers often analyze data coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Prior to October 1, 2015, health care organizations and providers used the clinical modification of the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9-CM) to report medical information in electronic claims data. The transition in October 2015 to use of the clinical modification of the Tenth Revision of ICD (ICD-10-CM) resulted in the need to update methods and selection criteria previously developed for ICD-9-CM coded data...
February 2018: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603787/intraoperative-use-of-indocyanine-green-angiography-for-selecting-the-more-reliable-perforator-of-the-anterolateral-thigh-flap-a-comparison-study
#5
Simone La Padula, Barbara Hersant, Jean Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Anatomical variability of anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) perforators has been reported. The aim of this study is to assess if the use of intraoperative indocyanine green angiography (iICGA) can help surgeons to choose the ALT flap best perforator to be preserved. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 28 patients with open tibial fracture, following a road traffic crash, who had undergone ALT flap. Patients were classified into two groups: ICGA group (iICGA was used to select the more reliable perforator) and control group...
March 30, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600251/general-cognitive-impairment-as-a-risk-factor-for-motor-vehicle-collision-involvement-a-prospective-population-based-study
#6
Carrie Huisingh, Cynthia Owsley, Virginia G Wadley, Emily B Levitan, Marguerite R Irvin, Paul MacLennan, Gerald McGwin
This study examined whether cognitive impairment and decline as assessed by a brief mental status screening test is associated with future crash risk in a cohort of older drivers. A three-year prospective study was conducted in a population-based sample of 2000 licensed drivers aged 70 years and older. At the baseline visit, cognitive impairment was defined as <24 on the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE). Decline was defined as those with a 1-year change in MMSE scores in the lowest quartile (largest decrease)...
March 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584508/understanding-fatal-older-road-user-crash-circumstances-and-risk-factors
#7
Sjaan Koppel, Lyndal Bugeja, Daisy Smith, Ashne Lamb, Jeremy Dwyer, Michael Fitzharris, Stuart Newstead, Angelo D'Elia, Judith Charlton
OBJECTIVE: This study used medicolegal data to investigate fatal older road user (ORU) crash circumstances and risk factors relating to four key components of the Safe System approach (e.g., roads and roadsides, vehicles, road users, and speeds) to identify areas of priority for targeted prevention activity. METHODS: The Coroners Court of Victoria's Surveillance Database was searched to identify coronial records with at least one deceased ORU in the state of Victoria, Australia, for 2013-2014...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584502/an-insight-of-world-health-organization-who-accident-database-by-cluster-analysis-with-self-organizing-map-som
#8
Chinmoy Pal, Shigeru Hirayama, Sangolla Narahari, Manoharan Jeyabharath, Gopinath Prakash, Vimalathithan Kulothungan
OBJECTIVE: Road crashes are increasing every year in low- and middle-income countries compared to high-income countries, which show decreasing trends. One theory may be because of differences in enforcement of laws, vehicle safety, road standards, and many other factors. A detailed review was made of 5 death trends (total number of deaths/100,000 population and percentages of 4-wheeler, pedestrian, motorized 2/3-wheeler, bicyclist) and the underlying patterns in different countries and regions across the world...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584497/initial-analysis-of-archived-non-human-primate-frontal-and-rear-impact-data-from-the-biodynamics-data-resource
#9
Ardyn V Olszko, Christine M Beltran, Kimberly B Vasquez, James S McGhee, Valeta C Chancey, Narayan Yoganandan, Frank A Pintar, Jamie L Baisden
OBJECTIVE: The research objective was to conduct an initial analysis of non-human primate (NHP) data from frontal and rear impact events archived in the Biodynamics Data Resource (BDR) records of the Naval Biodynamics Laboratory (NBDL). These rare data, collected between 1973 and 1989, will inform the safety community of upper-end tolerance limits of NHP and may be related to severe crash scenarios. METHODS: Data from frontal and rear acceleration tests to 93 macaque NHP were examined...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584495/using-naturalistic-driving-data-to-better-understand-the-driving-exposure-and-patterns-of-older-drivers
#10
Lisa J Molnar, David W Eby, Scott E Bogard, David J LeBlanc, Jennifer S Zakrajsek
OBJECTIVE: The aging of the population in the United States and elsewhere has brought increasing attention to the issue of safe driving and mobility among older adults. The overall objective of this research was to use naturalistic data collection to better understand driving exposure and driving patterns, 2 important contributors to crash risk. METHODS: Data came from a study conducted at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute as part of the Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety System (IVBSS) program...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584494/frontal-and-oblique-crash-tests-of-hiii-6-year-old-child-atd-using-real-world-observed-child-passenger-postures
#11
Katarina Bohman, Kristy B Arbogast, Helen Loeb, Judith L Charlton, Sjaan Koppel, Suzanne L Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of frontal and oblique crashes when positioning a Hybrid III (HIII) 6-year-old child anthropometric test device (ATD) using observed child passenger postures from a naturalistic driving study (NDS). METHODS: Five positions for booster-seated children aged 4-7 years were selected, including one reference position according to the FMVSS 213 ATD seating protocol and 4 based on real-world observed child passenger postures from an NDS including 2 user positions with forward tilting torso and 2 that combined both forward and lateral inboard tilting of the torso...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584493/numerical-investigation-of-driver-lower-extremity-injuries-in-finite-element-frontal-crash-reconstruction
#12
Xin Ye, James P Gaewsky, Logan E Miller, Derek A Jones, Mireille E Kelley, Jeffrey D Suhey, Bharath Koya, Ashley A Weaver, Joel D Stitzel
OBJECTIVE: Lower extremity injuries are the most frequent Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) 2 injury for drivers in frontal crashes. The objective was to reconstruct 11 real-world motor vehicle crashes (2 with AIS 2+ distal lower extremity injury and 9 without lower extremity injury) and to analyze the vehicle parameters and driver attributes that affect injury risk. METHODS: Eleven frontal crashes were reconstructed with a finite element simplified vehicle model (SVM) using a semi-automated optimization method...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584491/active-muscle-response-contributes-to-increased-injury-risk-of-lower-extremity-in-occupant-knee-airbag-interaction
#13
Bingbing Nie, Deepak Sathyanarayan, Xin Ye, Jeff R Crandall, Matthew B Panzer
OBJECTIVE: Recent field data analysis has demonstrated that knee airbags (KABs) can reduce occupant femur and pelvis injuries but may be insufficient to decrease leg injuries in motor vehicle crashes. An enhanced understanding of the associated injury mechanisms requires accurate assessment of physiological-based occupant parameters, some of which are difficult or impossible to obtain from experiments. This study sought to explore how active muscle response can influence the injury risk of lower extremities during KAB deployment using computational biomechanical analysis...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584488/functional-outcomes-of-thoracic-injuries-in-pediatric-and-adult-occupants
#14
Ashley A Weaver, Samantha L Schoell, Jennifer W Talton, Ryan T Barnard, Joel D Stitzel, Mark R Zonfrillo
OBJECTIVE: To develop a disability metric for motor vehicle crash (MVC) thoracic injuries and compare functional outcomes between pediatric and adult populations. METHODS: Disability risk (DR) was quantified using Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores within the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) for the top 95% most frequently occurring AIS 2, 3, 4, and 5 thoracic injuries in NASS-CDS 2000-2011. The NTDB contains a truncated form of the FIM score, including three items (self-feed, locomotion, and verbal expression), each graded from full functional dependence to full functional independence...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584477/failed-rib-region-prediction-in-a-human-body-model-during-crash-events-with-precrash-braking
#15
B Guleyupoglu, B Koya, R Barnard, F S Gayzik
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is 2-fold. We used a validated human body finite element model to study the predicted chest injury (focusing on rib fracture as a function of element strain) based on varying levels of simulated precrash braking. Furthermore, we compare deterministic and probabilistic methods of rib injury prediction in the computational model. METHODS: The Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) M50-O model was gravity settled in the driver position of a generic interior equipped with an advanced 3-point belt and airbag...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584476/advanced-driver-assistance-systems-for-teen-drivers-teen-and-parent-impressions-perceived-need-and-intervention-preferences
#16
Eve Weiss, Megan Fisher Thiel, Nahida Sultana, Chloe Hannan, Thomas Seacrist
OBJECTIVE: From the advent of airbags to electronic stability control, technological advances introduced into automobile design have significantly reduced injury and death from motor vehicle crashes. These advances are especially pertinent among teen drivers, a population whose leading cause of death is motor vehicle crashes. Recently developed advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) have the potential to compensate for skill deficits and reduce overall crash risk. Yet, ADAS is only effective if drivers are willing to use it...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584475/occupant-kinematics-of-the-hybrid-iii-thor-m-and-postmortem-human-surrogates-under-various-restraint-conditions-in-full-scale-frontal-sled-tests
#17
Devon L Albert, Stephanie M Beeman, Andrew R Kemper
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to compare the occupant kinematics of the Hybrid III (HIII), THOR-M, and postmortem human surrogates (PMHS) during full-scale frontal sled tests under 3 safety restraint conditions: knee bolster (KB), knee bolster and steering wheel airbag (KB/SWAB), and knee bolster airbag and steering wheel airbag (KBAB/SWAB). METHODS: A total of 20 frontal sled tests were performed with at least 2 tests performed per restraint condition per surrogate...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584473/analysis-of-near-crashes-among-teen-young-adult-and-experienced-adult-drivers-using-the-shrp2-naturalistic-driving-study
#18
Thomas Seacrist, Ethan C Douglas, Elaine Huang, James Megariotis, Abhiti Prabahar, Abyaad Kashem, Ayya Elzarka, Leora Haber, Taryn MacKinney, Helen Loeb
OBJECTIVE: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among young drivers. Though previous research has focused on crash events, near crashes offer additional data to help identify driver errors that could potentially lead to crashes as well as evasive maneuvers used to avoid them. The Strategic Highway Research Program 2 (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) contains extensive data on real-world driving and offers a reliable methodology to quantify and study near crashes...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579354/penetrating-head-injuries-in-children-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-predict-prospective-study
#19
Franz E Babl, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Meredith L Borland, Natalie Phillips, Amit Kochar, Sarah Dalton, John A Cheek, Yuri Gilhotra, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Stephen Hearps, Marta Arpone, Louise Crowe, Stuart R Dalziel, Ruth Barker, Ed Oakley
AIM: Penetrating head injuries (pHIs) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Data on pHIs in children outside North America are limited. We describe the mechanism of injuries, neuroimaging findings, neurosurgery and mortality for pHIs in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a prospective observational study of children <18 years who presented with a head injury of any severity at any of 10 predominantly paediatric Australian/New Zealand emergency departments (EDs) between 2011 and 2014...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573601/measuring-and-assessing-risk-of-quality-of-life-loss-following-a-road-traffic-injury-a-proposed-methodology-for-use-of-a-composite-score
#20
Joel Monárrez-Espino, Lucie Laflamme, Hans-Yngve Berg
INTRODUCTION: Assessments of the impact of road traffic injuries (RTIs) on quality of life (QoL) can benefit from the use of combined characteristics of the injurious event. AIM: The burden of having sustained a RTI was computed using a composite score that comprised three elements (i.e. number of injuries sustained in the crash, body parts affected, and severity of the injuries) that relate to the probability of subsequent long-term QoL lost by individuals 1-4 years after the crash...
March 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
95232
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"