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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817082/omega-3-long-chain-fatty-acids-in-the-heart-kidney-liver-and-plasma-metabolite-profiles-of-australian-prime-lambs-supplemented-with-pelleted-canola-and-flaxseed-oils
#1
Don V Nguyen, Van H Le, Quang V Nguyen, Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Peter D Nichols, Aduli E O Malau-Aduli
The objective of the study was to ascertain whether human health beneficial omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) content in heart, kidney and liver can be enhanced by supplementing prime lambs with graded levels of canola and flaxseed oil. Health status of the lambs, as a consequence of the supplementation, was also investigated by examining their plasma metabolites. Sixty purebred and first-cross lambs were allocated to one of five treatments of lucerne hay basal diet supplemented with isocaloric and isonitrogenous wheat-based pellets without oil inclusion (Control) or graded levels of canola oil at 2...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815924/urinary-micrornas-for-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-prognosis-and-treatment-response-are-we-there-yet
#2
REVIEW
Ovidiu Balacescu, Bogdan Petrut, Oana Tudoran, Dragos Feflea, Loredana Balacescu, Andrei Anghel, Ioan O Sirbu, Edward Seclaman, Catalin Marian
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in men. Despite the tremendous progress in research over the years, a suitable minimally invasive PCa biomarker is yet to be discovered. The recent advances regarding the roles of microRNAs as biomarkers has allowed for their study in PCa as well, especially as blood-based markers. However, there are several studies that used urine as biological sample to evaluate microRNAs as biomarkers for PCa diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment response, which were reviewed herein...
August 16, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815904/comparative-in-vitro-study-on-cytotoxicity-of-recombinant-%C3%AE-hairpin-peptides
#3
Denis V Kuzmin, Anna A Emelianova, Mariana B Kalashnikova, Pavel V Panteleev, Sergey V Balandin, Ekaterina O Serebrovskaya, Oksana Yu Belogurova-Ovchinnikova, Tatiana V Ovchinnikova
Natural antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important components of the innate immune system with a wide spectrum of biological activity. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic effect of three recombinant β-hairpin cationic AMPs: arenicin-1 from the polychaeta Arenicola marina, tachyplesin I from the horseshoe crab Tachypleus tridentatus, and gomesin from the spider Acanthoscurria gomesiana. All the three β-hairpin AMPs were overexpressed in E. coli. Different cell lines were incubated with various concentrations of the investigated AMPs in order to evaluate their cytotoxic activity...
August 16, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815618/effect-on-gene-expression-of-three-allelic-variants-in-gata-motifs-of-abo-rhd-and-rhce-regulatory-elements
#4
Katie Fennell, Roser Hoffman, Ken Yoshida, Sadahiko Iwamoto, Lavendri Govender, Kuben Vather, Ashika Sookraj, Ute Jentsch, Chantale Pambrun, Catherine McAuley, Margaret A Keller, Gorka Ochoa-Garay
BACKGROUND: Only a few genetic variants have been reported in regulatory elements of blood group genes. Most of them affect GATA motifs, binding sites for the GATA-1 transcription factor. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Samples from two patients and one donor with unusual or discrepant serology for ABO, RhD, and RhCE antigens were analyzed by DNA sequencing. Analyzed regions included the coding sequence and portions of regulatory elements. The effect of some variants on gene expression was evaluated in reporter gene assays...
August 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814788/synthesis-of-saccharumoside-b-analogue-with-potential-of-antiproliferative-and-pro-apoptotic-activities
#5
Srinuvasarao Rayavarapu, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Sunanda Kumari Kadiri, Anupam Bishayee, Siddaiah Vidavalur, Ramu Tadikonda, Mahaboob Basha, Vijaya Rao Pidugu, Kaladhar S V G K Dowluru, Dhananjaya Bhadrapura Lakappa, Mohammad A Kamal, Ghulam Md Ashraf, Vadim V Tarasov, Vladimir N Chubarev, Sergey G Klochkov, George E Barreto, Sergey O Bachurin, Gjumrakch Aliev
A new series of phenolic glycoside esters, saccharumoside-B and its analogs (9b-9n, 10) have been synthesized by the Koenigs-Knorr reaction. Antiproliferative activities of the compounds (9b-9n, 10) were evaluated on various cancer cell lines including, MCF-7 breast, HL-60 leukemia, MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic, DU145 prostate, HeLa cervical and CaCo-2 colon, as well as normal human MCF10A mammary epithelial and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by MTT assay. Compounds (9b-9n, 10) exhibited considerable antiproliferative effects against cancer cells with IC50 range of 4...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813315/using-experimental-methodologies-to-assess-posttraumatic-stress
#6
REVIEW
Tanja Jovanovic, Sheila Am Rauch, Alex O Rothbaum, Barbara O Rothbaum
The assessment of PTSD is hindered by the absence of an objective biological measure. There is no blood test or stress test or similar objective measurement that reliably indicates the presence or absence of PTSD. In this article we focus on experimental assessments of PTSD. The focus will be on psychobiological indices that have been shown to be dysregulated in PTSD sufferers and that are responsive to treatment for PTSD. This includes psychophysiological startle, cortisol, and related assessments that will be covered succinctly below...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811939/abo-gene-polymorphism-and-thrombomodulin-33g-a-polymorphism-were-not-risk-factors-for-myocardial-infarction-in-javanese-men
#7
Mifetika Lukitasari, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Mohammad Saifur Rohman
Genetic factors contribute to about a half of coronary artery diseases. During the last several decades, some studies suggested that non-O blood group and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A are the risk factors of coronary artery disease especially in Asia. There was no prior study in Indonesia regarding this issue. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the correlation of ABO polymorphism and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A with the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 192 subjects were enrolled in this case control study...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811692/experimental-validation-of-antidiabetic-and-antioxidant-potential-of-cassia-tora-l-an-indigenous-medicinal-plant
#8
Vishnu Kumar, Ranjana Singh, Farzana Mahdi, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Raj Kumar Singh
The present study was undertaken to evaluate antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of Cassia tora (C. tora) seeds extract against streptozotocin induced diabetes in experimental rats to scientifically validate its use against diabetes. Ethanolic extract of C. tora seeds extract and standard drug (glibenclamide) prepared in aqueous gum acacia (2 %, w/v) suspension and fed orally to streptozotocin induced male adult diabetic rats of Charles Foster strain for 15 days. Biochemical parameters in normal, diabetic control, standard (600 μg/kg bw p...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811306/replication-and-validation-of-genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-survival-after-allogeneic-blood-or-marrow-transplant
#9
Ezgi Karaesmen, Abbas A Rizvi, Leah Preus, Philip L McCarthy, Marcelo C Pasquini, Kenan Onel, Xiaochun Zhu, Stephen Spellman, Christopher A Haiman, Daniel O Stram, Loreall Pooler, Xin Sheng, Qianqian Zhu, Li Yan, Qian Liu, Qiang Hu, Amy Webb, Guy Brock, Alyssa I Clay-Gilmour, Sebastiano Battaglia, David Tritchler, Song Liu, Theresa Hahn, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell
Multiple candidate gene association studies of non-HLA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and outcomes after blood or marrow transplant (BMT) have been conducted. We identified 70 publications reporting 45 SNPs in 36 genes significantly associated with disease-related mortality, progression-free survival, transplant-related mortality and/or overall survival after BMT. Replication and validation of these SNP associations were performed using DISCOVeRY-BMT, a well-powered genome-wide association study consisting of two cohorts, totaling 2,883 BMT recipients with AML, ALL or MDS and their HLA-matched unrelated donors, treated from 2000-2011 and reported to the CIBMTR...
August 15, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810213/the-effect-of-circulating-progesterone-on-magnitude-of-the-gnrh-induced-lh-surge-are-there-any-differences-between-bos-indicus-and-bos-taurus-heifers
#10
E O S Batista, T A Del Valle, M D D V Ortolan, F P Rennó, G P Nogueira, A H Souza, P S Baruselli
This study evaluated the effects of differing circulating progesterone (P4) levels on the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge profile following treatment with gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) in B. indicus (Nelore, n = 13) and B. taurus (Holstein, n = 16) heifers. All heifers were synchronized with a hormonal protocol to induce either a Low or High circulating P4 environment at the time of GnRH treatment. Heifers were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 factorial design composed by two genetic groups (B. indicus and B...
August 5, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#11
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#12
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809375/clinical-parameters-of-implants-placed-in-healed-sites-using-flapped-and-flapless-techniques-a-systematic-review
#13
O Llamas-Monteagudo, P Girbés-Ballester, J Viña-Almunia, D Peñarrocha-Oltra, M Peñarrocha-Diago
BACKGROUND: Dental implant placement using flapless surgery is a minimally invasive technique that improves blood supply compared with flapped surgery. However, the flapless technique does not provide access to allow bone regeneration. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the clinical parameters following implant surgery in healed sites, using two procedures: flapped vs. flapless surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed electronic search was carried out in the PubMed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library databases...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808402/role-of-adiantum-philippense-l-on-glucose-uptake-in-isolated-pancreatic-cells-and-inhibition-of-adipocyte-differentiation-in-3t3-l1-cell-line
#14
Tania Paul, Kishori G Apte, Pradeep B Parab, Biswadeep Das
BACKGROUND: Adiantum philippense (AP) is a pteridophyte that shows antihyperglycemic activity in vivo diabetic model, but the mechanism of action is unknown. OBJECTIVE: AP was found to play a pivotal role in minimizing the high blood glucose in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Simultaneously, it was observed that it could maintain the normal lipid profile even in diabetic condition. To investigate its insulin-like activity along with its inhibitory role on adipocyte differentiation became the objective of our present study...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807353/incidence-rates-correlates-and-prognosis-of-electrocardiographic-p-wave-abnormalities-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Arttu O Lehtonen, Ville L Langén, Pauli J Puukka, Mika Kähönen, Markku S Nieminen, Antti M Jula, Teemu J Niiranen
BACKGROUND: Scant data exist on incidence rates, correlates, and prognosis of electrocardiographic P-wave abnormalities in the general population. METHODS: We recorded ECG and measured conventional cardiovascular risk factors in 5667 Finns who were followed up for incident atrial fibrillation (AF). We obtained repeat ECGs from 3089 individuals 11years later. RESULTS: The incidence rates of prolonged P-wave duration, abnormal P terminal force (PTF), left P-wave axis deviation, and right P-wave axis deviation were 16...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807279/acaricidal-activity-of-fluralaner-against-ornithodoros-moubata-and-ornithodoros-erraticus-argasid-ticks-evaluated-through-in-vitro-feeding
#16
R Pérez-Sánchez, A Oleaga
Ornithodoros erraticus and Ornithodoros moubata are argasid tick vectors that transmit severe diseases such as African swine fever and human relapsing fever. Elimination of the synanthropic populations of these vectors would facilitate the control of these diseases. Fluralaner is a novel isoxazoline that selectively blocks the GABA- and glutamate-gated channels, providing potent insecticidal and acaricidal activity. The aim of the current study was to provide quantitative data on the susceptibility of males, females and third nymphal instar of O...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807197/perioperative-blood-transfusion-and-complications-in-children-undergoing-surgery-for-solid-tumors
#17
Dani O Gonzalez, Jennifer N Cooper, Erica Mantell, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans, Jennifer H Aldrink
BACKGROUND: The objective was to assess whether perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) is associated with postoperative complications in children undergoing surgery for a solid tumor. METHODS: Using 2012-2014 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric data, we identified patients aged 0-18 years who underwent surgery (biopsy or resection) for solid tumors. We compared demographic, clinical, and 30-day outcome characteristics between children who did and did not receive a PBT within 72 hours after surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806750/characterization-of-novel-bangle-lectin-from-photorhabdus-asymbiotica-with-dual-sugar-binding-specificity-and-its-effect-on-host-immunity
#18
Gita Jančaříková, Josef Houser, Pavel Dobeš, Gabriel Demo, Pavel Hyršl, Michaela Wimmerová
Photorhabdus asymbiotica is one of the three recognized species of the Photorhabdus genus, which consists of gram-negative bioluminescent bacteria belonging to the family Morganellaceae. These bacteria live in a symbiotic relationship with nematodes from the genus Heterorhabditis, together forming a complex that is highly pathogenic for insects. Unlike other Photorhabdus species, which are strictly entomopathogenic, P. asymbiotica is unique in its ability to act as an emerging human pathogen. Analysis of the P...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806667/hydrophobic-boron-compound-loaded-poly-l-lactide-co-glycolide-nanoparticles-for-boron-neutron-capture-therapy
#19
Issei Takeuchi, Kensuke Nomura, Kimiko Makino
Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) has been widely used and studied because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Recently, the usefulness of nanoparticles using poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLLGA) having a higher glass transition temperature than PLGA was suggested. In this study, we investigated the availability of boron compound-loaded PLGA and PLLGA nanoparticles for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) by conducting biodistribution study using tumor-bearing mice. o-Carborane, a hydrophobic boron compound, was used as a boron carrier, and o-carborane-albumin conjugate was used as a control...
August 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806472/effects-of-clarithromycin-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-evogliptin-in-healthy-volunteers
#20
E S Oh, C Choi, C O Kim, K H Kim, Y N Kim, S J Kim, M S Park
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Evogliptin (DA-1229), a novel dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor with high potency and selectivity, was approved in Korea for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Preclinical studies suggest that it is metabolized by cytochrome (CYP) P450 isozymes. Based on these findings, a clinical study was designed to investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK) interaction of evogliptin with a CYP inhibitor, clarithromycin. METHODS: An open-label, two-phase, crossover study was conducted with 12 healthy subjects...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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