Read by QxMD icon Read


Archana C Lovett, Saeed R Khan, Laurie B Gower
Idiopathic calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone formers form stones that are commonly attached to calcium phosphate (CaP) deposits in the renal tissue, known as Randall's plaques (RP). Plaques are suggested to originate in the renal tubular basement membrane, where they exhibit a morphology of concentrically laminated apatitic spherules, while in the interstitial regions, the collagen fibrils and vesicles become mineralized. We hypothesize that these minerals might form by non-classical crystallization mechanisms, such as via amorphous precursors, some of which might originate from a polymer-induced liquid-precursor (PILP) process...
May 18, 2018: Urolithiasis
Ruth Belostotsky, Roman Lyakhovetsky, Michael Y Sherman, Fanny Shkedy, Shimrit Tzvi-Behr, Roi Bar, Bernd Hoppe, Björn Reusch, Bodo B Beck, Yaacov Frishberg
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is a severe kidney stone disease caused by abnormalities of the peroxisomal alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT). The most frequent mutation G170R results in aberrant mitochondrial localization of the active enzyme. To evaluate the population of peroxisome-localized AGT, we developed a quantitative Glow-AGT assay based on the self-assembly split-GFP approach and used it to identify drugs that can correct mislocalization of the mutant protein. In line with previous reports, the Glow-AGT assay showed that mitochondrial transport inhibitors DECA and monensin increased peroxisomal localization of the mutant...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Vishakha Pandey, Manoj Singh, Dinesh Pandey, Anil Kumar
Tilletia indica incites Karnal bunt (KB) disease in wheat. To date, no KB resistant wheat cultivar could be developed due to non-availability of potential biomarkers related to pathogenicity/virulence for screening of resistant wheat genotypes. The present study was carried out to compare the proteomes of T. indica highly (TiK) and low (TiP) virulent isolates. Twenty one protein spots consistently observed as up-regulated/differential in the TiK proteome were selected for identification by MALDI-TOF/TOF. Identified sequences showed homology with fungal proteins playing essential role in plant infection and pathogen survival, including stress response, adhesion, fungal penetration, invasion, colonization, degradation of host cell wall, signal transduction pathway...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Da Tian, Wenchao Wang, Mu Su, Junyi Zheng, Yuanyi Wu, Shimei Wang, Zhen Li, Shuijin Hu
Phosphate-solubilizing fungi (PSF) can secrete large amounts of organic acids. In this study, the application of the fungus Penicillium oxalicum and geological fluorapatite (FAp) to lead immobilization was investigated. The formation and morphology of the lead-related minerals were analyzed by ATR-IR, XRD, Raman, and SEM. The quantity of organic acids secreted by P. oxalicum reached the maximum on the fourth day, which elevated soluble P concentrations from 0.4 to 108 mg/L in water. The secreted oxalic acid dominates the acidity in solution...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Chinmoy Das, Apoorva Upadhyay, Kamal Uddin Ansari, Naoki Ogiwara, Takashi Kitao, Satoshi Horike, Maheswaran Shanmugam
Two lanthanide-containing structurally analogous porous coordination polymers (PCPs) have been isolated with the general molecular formula [Ln2 (L1 )2 (H2 O)4 (ox)] n .4 nH2 O (where L1 = fumarate, ox = oxalate; Ln = Dy (1), Gd (2)). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and TG-MS measurements performed on 1 and 2 suggest that not only the solvated water molecules in the crystal lattice but also the four coordinated water molecules on the respective lanthanides in 1 and 2 are removed upon activation. Due to the removal of the waters, 1 and 2 lost their crystallinity and became amorphous, as confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD)...
May 16, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Bougar Sarr, Cheikh Abdoul Khadir Diop, Mamadou Sidibé, Yoann Rousselin
In the title compound, (i Pr2 NH2 )2 [SnI2 (C2 O4 )2 ], which was prepared by reacting ( i Pr2 NH2 + )2 ·C2 O4 2- with SnI4 in a 2:1 molar ratio in a mixed ethanol-aceto-nitrile solvent, the Sn atom is coordinated by two chelating oxalate ions and two iodide ions, with the latter in a cis configuration. In the crystal, the cations are linked to the anions by N-H⋯O and bifurcated N-H⋯(O,O) hydrogen bonds, generating [10-1] chains.
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Thomas Gelbrich, Christoph Langes, Marijan Stefinovic, Ulrich J Griesser
In the salt (5α,6α)-6-[(2,5,8,11,14,17,20-hepta-oxadocosan-22-yl)-oxy]-3,14-dihy-droxy-17-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-4,5-ep-oxy-morphinan-17-ium hydrogen oxalate, C34 H54 NO11 + ·C2 HO4 - the polyether unit of the naloxegol cation adopts the shape of a squashed open letter 'O'. In the crystal, the hydrogen oxalate anions are linked into a chain by O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. Each naloxegol unit is hydrogen bonded to three hydrogen oxalate ions via two O-H⋯O and one N-H⋯O inter-actions. The resulting hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional layer structure is 3,5-connected and has the 3,5 L50 topology...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Xuechun Xiao, Bingguo Peng, Linfeng Cai, Xuanming Zhang, Sirui Liu, Yude Wang
Mesoporous ZnCo2 O4 rods have been successfully prepared via oxalate co-precipitation method without any template. The nano-sized spinel crystallites connected together to form mesoporous structure by annealing homogeneous complex oxalates precursor at a low rate of heating. It is found that the low anneal rate plays an important role for the formation of mesoporous ZnCo2 O4 rods. The effects of the heat temperature on the phase, morphology and catalytic properties of the products were studied. The XRD, SEM TEM, and N2 absorption/desorption have been done to obtain compositional and morphological information as well as BET surface area of the as-prepared sample...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Onur Kaygısız, Fethi Ahmet Türegün, Nihat Satar, Ender Özen, Serdar Toksöz, Hasan Serkan Doğan, Mehmet Mesut Pişkin, Volkan İzol, Şaban Sarıkaya, Hakan Kılıçarslan, Tufan Çiçek, Ahmet Öztürk, Serdar Tekgül, Bülent Önal
PURPOSE: We sought to investigate the association between renal stone composition and percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes in pediatric patients and define the characterization of the stone composition. METHODS: The data of 1157 children who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between 1991 and 2012 were retrieved from the multicenter database of the Turkish Pediatric Urology Society. The study population comprised 359 children (160 girls, 199 boys) with stone analyses...
May 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Yunxia Ma, Yonglei Chen, Juanjuan Liu, Yangxia Han, Sudai Ma, Xingguo Chen
As we know, hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) was usually used as an additive to improve the color fastness during the printing and dyeing process, and thus posing tremendous threat to our health and living quality. In this work, the dual emissive carbon dots (DECDs) were synthesized through hydrothermal treatment of m-aminophenol and oxalic acid. The obtained DECDs not only exhibited dual emission fluorescence peaks (430 nm, 510 nm) under the single excitation wavelength of 380 nm, but also possessed good water solubility and excellent fluorescence stability...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Jinxing Wang, Jidong Liang, Sha Gao
Many bacterial strains have been demonstrated to biodegrade lignin for contaminant removal or resource regeneration. The goal of this study was to investigate the biodegradation amount and associated pathways of three lignin monomers, vanillic, p-coumaric, and syringic acid by strain Sphingobacterium sp. HY-H. Vanillic, p-coumaric, and syringic acid degradation with strain HY-H was estimated as 88.71, 76.67, and 72.78%, respectively, after 96 h. Correspondingly, the same three monomers were associated with a COD removal efficiency of 87...
May 10, 2018: Current Microbiology
Yongliang Chen, Lihong Ye, Wangjian Li, Dongzhang Li, Feng Li
The majority of renal calculi (kidney stones) are calcium stones. Oxidative damage to renal tubular epithelial cells induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the predominant cause of calcium oxalate stone formation. Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonol glycoside extracted from medicinal plants and appears to exhibit potent antioxidant activity in various cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of Hyp on renal cells exposed to oxidative stress simulated by oxalic acid (OA), and to determine whether the underlying mechanism involves the nuclear factor E2‑related factor2 (Nrf2)‑antioxidative response element signaling pathway...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ravichandiran Kumar, Brinda Chandar, Madasamy Parani
Background & objectives: New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) cleaves the beta-lactam ring, and confers bacterial resistance against most of the beta-lactam antibiotics, except tigecycline and colistin. Among these two antibiotics, colistin is considered toxic, and therefore, its clinical use and dosage need cautious approach. In the present study, six organic acids were screened individually and in combination of two acids for their effectiveness against NDM-1 Escherichia coli and a combination of colistin and oxalic or succinic acid was tested to find out the potential of combination therapy for reducing the dose of toxic colistin...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Faruk Ozgor, Fatih Yanaral, Metin Savun, Harun Ozdemir, Ufuk Caglar, Omer Sarilar
Life expectancy has become longer, thus the number of elderly people who require treatment for nephrolithiasis has increased. We aimed to analyze the efficacy of flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) and miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPNL) in the management of 10 and 30 mm renal stones in patients aged >60 years. In prospective non-randomized series, the data of patients who underwent f-URS or mPNL for kidney stones between July 2013 and July 2016 were analyzed. The procedure was accepted as successful if the patient was achieved complete stone clearance according to CT imaging between 1-3 months postoperatively...
June 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Scott V Wiener, Ling Chen, Alex R Shimotake, Misun Kang, Marshall L Stoller, Sunita P Ho
Purpose/Aim: The most common kidney stone composed of calcium oxalate forms on interstitial calcium phosphate mineral known as a Randall's plaque (RP). Due to limited information about events leading to the initial deposition of nanometer size interstitial calcium phosphate pre-clusters, there continues to be a debate on the initial site of calcium phosphate deposition and factors leading to stone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-resolution X-ray micro-computed tomography (CT), and light and electron microscopy techniques were used to characterize human renal pyramids and five representative kidney stones with identifiable stems...
December 2018: Connective Tissue Research
Seo Hee Chang, Hyun Jung Lee, Sohee Park, Yelin Kim, Byeongmoon Jeong
Polycaprolactone (PCL) was reported a long time ago; however, its biomedical applications has not been extensively investigated in comparison with poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) due to its too slow degradation profile. Here, we are reporting an oxalate-connected oligocaprolactone multiblock copolymer (PCL-OX) as a fast degradable PCL while maintaining its crystalline properties and low melting point of PCL. The in-vivo application of the paclitaxel-loaded PCL-OX microspheres provided a steady plasma drug concentration of 6-9 μg/ml over 28 days, similar to that of the PLGA microspheres...
May 9, 2018: Biomacromolecules
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Vanessa Rahal, Fernanda Almeida de Azevedo, Marjorie de Oliveira Gallinari, Rafael Simões Gonçalves, Paulo Henrique Dos Santos, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate dental sensitivity using visual analogue scale, a Computerized Visual Analogue Scale (CoVAS) and a neurosensory analyzer (TSA II) during at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide, with and without potassium oxalate. Materials and Methods Power Bleaching 10% containing potassium oxalate was used on one maxillary hemi-arch of the 25 volunteers, and Opalescence 10% was used on the opposite hemi-arch. Bleaching agents were used daily for 3 weeks. Analysis was performed before treatment, 24 hours later, 7, 14, and 21 days after the start of the treatment, and 7 days after its conclusion...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Carolini Zanette Warmling Tessaro, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (MS) are associated with low urinary pH and represent risk factors for nephrolithiasis, especially composed by uric acid. Acidogenic diets may also contribute to a reduction of urinary pH. Propensity for calcium oxalate precipitation has been shown to be higher with increasing features of the MS. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective evaluation of anthropometric and body composition parameters, MS criteria and the dietary patterns of overweight and obese calcium stone formers and their impact upon urinary pH and other lithogenic parameters was performed...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Mauricio Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Luciano da Silva Selistre, Pierre Cochat, Dener Lizot Rech, François Parant, Vandréa Carla de Souza, Laurence Dubourg
INTRODUCTION: Secondary hyperoxalemia is a multifactorial disease that affects several organs and tissues in patients with native or transplanted kidneys. Plasma oxalate may increase during renal failure because it is cleared from the body by the kidneys. However, there is scarce evidence about the association between glomerular filtration rate and plasma oxalate, especially in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A case series focuses on the description of variations in clinical presentation...
April 9, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"