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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455610/using-skype-to-support-remote-clinical-supervision-for-health-professionals-delivering-a-sustained-maternal-early-childhood-program-a-phenomenographical-study
#1
Tracey Bruce, Fiona Byrne, Lynn Kemp
BACKGROUND: Skype technology was implemented by the Australian Maternal Early Childhood Sustained Home-visiting (MECSH) Support Service as a tool for the remote provision of clinical supervision and case review processes for clinicians working in the MECSH program in Seoul, South Korea. Clinical supervision and case review are core components of MECSH-based programs to enhance critical thinking and support child and family health nurses to provide services for challenging and complex families within a sustained home visiting context...
February 19, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455445/adaptive-reinventing-implicit-bias-and-the-co-construction-of-social-change
#2
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
Emerging research on implicit bias recognition and management within health professions describes individually focused educational interventions without considering workplace influences. Workplace learning theories highlight how individual agency and workplace structures dynamically interact to produce change within individuals and learning environments. Promoting awareness of individual biases shaped by clinical learning environments may therefore represent a unique type of workplace learning. We sought to explore how individuals and the workplace learning environment interact once awareness of implicit biases are triggered within learners...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455162/evaluation-of-learning-from-practical-obstetric-multi-professional-training-and-its-impact-on-patient-outcomes-in-australia-using-kirkpatrick-s-framework-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Arunaz Kumar, Sam Sturrock, Euan M Wallace, Debra Nestel, Donna Lucey, Sally Stoyles, Jenny Morgan, Peter Neil, Michelle Schlipalius, Philip Dekoninck
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training (PROMPT) simulation using the Kirkpatrick's framework. We explored participants' acquisition of knowledge and skills, its impact on clinical outcomes and organisational change to integrate the PROMPT programme as a credentialing tool. We also aimed to assess participants' perception of usefulness of PROMPT in their clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453857/psychosocial-student-functioning-in-comprehensive-dental-clinic-education-a-qualitative-study
#4
R Moore
INTRODUCTION: The aims were to describe first-year clinical dental students' psychosocial experiences in a known well-functioning comprehensive clinic teaching group (F+Grp) and a known dysfunctional group (Dys-Grp) and, thus, discover and describe phenomena related to psychosocial functioning of students. These groups were compared and contrasted regarding negative stress symptoms, perfectionism and coping with stress. METHODS: Eight female dental students (mean 26 years old), four in each group, were interviewed after the first clinical year about learning and emotional experiences...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452047/lessons-learned-from-ebola-vaccine-r-d-during-a-public-health-emergency
#5
Marie-Paule Kieny
In spite of a complete lack of Research and Development (R&D) preparedness, the 2013-2016 West-Africa Ebola experience demonstrated that it is possible to compress R&D timelines to less than a single year, from a more usual decade or longer. This is mostly to be credited to an unprecedented collaborative effort building on the availability of a small number of candidate diagnostic tests, drugs and vaccines that could be moved rapidly into the clinical phase evaluation. The World Health Organization (WHO) led international consultations and activities - including the organization of a successful Ebola vaccine efficacy trial in Guinea - as a contribution to the unprecedented global efforts to control the Ebola epidemic...
February 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450412/clinically-approved-liposomal-nanomedicines-lessons-learned-from-the-biomolecular-corona
#6
Giulio Caracciolo
Nowadays, liposomes are the most successful drug delivery systems with a dozen drug products available in the clinic. Grafting poly-(ethylene glycol) (PEG) onto the liposome surface prevents protein binding thus prolonging blood circulation, while synthetic modification of the terminal PEG molecule with ligands (e.g. monoclonal antibodies and peptides) should promote selective accumulation in the tumor region with respect to healthy tissues. However, despite big efforts, advances have not outgrown the development stage and just a few targeted liposomal drugs are commercially available...
February 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446155/not-just-trust-factors-influencing-learners-attempts-to-perform-technical-skills-on-real-patients
#7
Susan L Bannister, Mark S Dolson, Lorelei Lingard, David A Keegan
CONTEXT: As part of their training, physicians are required to learn how to perform technical skills on patients. The previous literature reveals that this learning is complex and that many opportunities to perform these skills are not converted into attempts to do so by learners. This study sought to explore and understand this phenomenon better. METHODS: A multi-phased qualitative study including ethnographic observations, interviews and focus groups was conducted to explore the factors that influence technical skill learning...
February 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444335/effectiveness-of-mobile-cooperation-intervention-on-students-clinical-learning-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Camilla Strandell-Laine, Mikko Saarikoski, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Riitta Meretoja, Leena Salminen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the mobile cooperation intervention in improving the competence and self-efficacy of students and the quality of the clinical learning environment. BACKGROUND: For students, the clinical practicum is challenging as such and moreover the student - teacher cooperation, which supports the clinical learning of the students, has become complicated. Mobile applications have potential but their role in facilitating this cooperation remains unknown...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441663/preceptors-perspectives-of-an-integrated-clinical-learning-model-in-a-mental-health-environment
#9
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Supervised clinical practice is an essential component of undergraduate nursing students' learning and development. In the mental health setting, nursing students traditionally undertake four-week block placements. An integrated clinical learning model, where preceptors mentor students on an individual basis, has been used successfully in the clinical learning environment. This flexible model provides the opportunity for students to work across morning, afternoon, night and weekend shifts. There is a need to improve the evidence base for a flexible model for students undertaking a mental health placement...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#10
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437845/dental-student-and-faculty-perceptions-of-uncivil-behavior-by-faculty-members-in-classroom-and-clinic
#11
Richard W Ballard, Joseph L Hagan, Suzanne E Fournier, Janice A Townsend, Mary B Ballard, Paul C Armbruster
Uncivil behavior by a faculty member or student can threaten a classroom environment and make it less conducive to learning. The aim of this study was to explore faculty behaviors that dental faculty and students perceive to be uncivil when exhibited in the classroom and clinic. In 2015, all faculty, administrators, and students at a single academic dental institution were invited to participate in an electronic survey that used a five-point Likert scale for respondents to indicate their agreement that 33 faculty behaviors were uncivil...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436807/-background%C3%A2-the-literature-suggests-that-simulation-is-an-effective-strategy-to-meet-the-learning-needs-of-nursing-students-traditionally-simulation-learning-for-nursing-students-takes-place-at-nursing-schools%C3%A2-at-a-distance-from-the-clinical-setting-patients
#12
Michelle Lalonde, Marie-Christine Malouin-Benoit, Elizabeth Gagnon, Alain Michon, Monique Maisonneuve, Janie Desroches
BACKGROUND: the literature suggests that simulation is an effective strategy to meet the learning needs of nursing students. Traditionally, simulation learning for nursing students takes place at nursing schools ; at a distance from the clinical setting, patients, and the interprofessional team. AIM: the objective of this pilot project is to explore the experiences of Francophone nursing students following their participation in an interprofessional simulation in a hospital setting during their third year clinical placements...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#13
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432116/improved-prosthetic-control-based-on-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-via-wavelet-based-de-noising
#14
Julian Maier, Adam Naber, Max Ortiz-Catalan
Real-time inference of human motor volition has great potential for the intuitive control of robotic devices. Toward this end, myoelectric pattern recognition (MPR) has shown promise in the control of prosthetic limbs. Interfering noise and susceptibility to motion artifacts have hindered the use of MPR outside controlled environments, and thus represent an obstacle for clinical use. Advanced signal processing techniques have been previously proposed to improve the robustness of MPR systems. However, the investigation of such techniques have been limited to offline implementations with long time windows, which makes real-time use unattainable...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431495/using-personalized-teaching-and-learning-to-improve-clinical-performance
#15
John Sandars, Rakesh Patel
The intention of personalized teaching and learning to improve clinical performance is the optimization of individual performance across a variety of tasks in different environments. Educational interventions need to have a focus on the assessment and feedback of both outcome and process of performance. An essential component of the assessment and feedback on the process of performance is how 'the will' and 'the skill' are dynamically adapted by the individual through self-regulated learning processes. Microanalysis can identify the key self-regulated learning processes and the findings used to inform self-regulated learning enhanced feedback for personalized teaching and learning...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425895/developing-a-model-of-midwifery-mentorship-for-uganda-the-momentum-project-2015-2017
#16
Joy Kemp, Eleanor Shaw, Mary Gorret Musoke
MOMENTUM was a 20 month midwifery twinning project between the Royal College of Midwives UK and the Ugandan Private Midwives Association. It ran from 2015-2017 and was funded by UK-Aid through THET. MOMENTUM aimed to develop a model of mentorship for Ugandan midwifery students. The project achieved its objectives. 41 Ugandan midwives were trained as mentors following a work-based learning curriculum. 142 student midwives from 8 midwifery schools received mentorship in 7 participating clinical sites. All sites showed measured improvement in the clinical learning environment...
February 2, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421644/experiences-of-the-graduates-of-the-first-baccalaureate-midwifery-programme-in-pakistan-a-descriptive-exploratory-study
#17
Arusa Lakhani, Rafat Jan, Marina Baig, Kiran Mubeen, Sadia Abbas Ali, Shahnaz Shahid, Karyn Kaufman
BACKGROUND: in 2012 the Aga Khan University in Karachi, Pakistan opened the country's first bachelor's degree program in midwifery for women who held diplomas in nursing and midwifery. The principal aims were to prepare midwives who would be competent to provide full-scope practice. For quality assurance, the programme was continuously monitored and assessed. As part of this ongoing evaluation process we sought in-depth feedback from the first graduates about their student experiences...
January 30, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411953/exploring-the-use-of-high-fidelity-simulation-training-to-enhance-clinical-skills
#18
Lucy Ann Kirkham
The use of interprofessional simulation training to enhance nursing students' performance of technical and non-technical clinical skills is becoming increasingly common. Simulation training can involve the use of role play, virtual reality or patient simulator manikins to replicate clinical scenarios and assess the nursing student's ability to, for example, undertake clinical observations or work as part of a team. Simulation training enables nursing students to practise clinical skills in a safe environment...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409325/dermatology-echo-an-innovative-solution-to-address-limited-access-to-dermatology-expertise
#19
Hal Lewis, Mirna Becevic, Danny Myers, Dyann Helming, Rachel Mutrux, David Fleming, Karen Edison
INTRODUCTION: The present maldistribution of dermatologists in the USA may make it difficult for patients to access timely and quality care. Access to specialty care may be even more challenging for rural and underserved patients due to geographical limitations and other socioeconomic hardships. With over one-third of primary care patients seeking care for at least one skin problem, it is important to follow the American Academy of Dermatology Special Positioning Workgroup\'s core areas of impact regarding treatment of conditions that affect millions of patients by using a team-based approach and telemedicine technologies...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407265/-it-s-complicated-staff-nurse-perceptions-of-their-influence-on-nursing-students-learning-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#20
Sarah E Hanson, Martha L MacLeod, Catharine J Schiller
BACKGROUND: During both teacher-led clinical practica and precepted practica, students interact with, and learn from, staff nurses who work on the clinical units. It is understood that learning in clinical practice is enhanced by positive interactions between staff nurses and nursing students. While much is known about preceptors' experiences of working with nursing students, there is little evidence to date about staff nurses' perspectives of their interactions with students in teacher-led practica...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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