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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#1
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#2
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628482/the-relationship-between-levels-of-fidelity-in-simulation-traditional-clinical-experiences-and-objectives
#3
Teresa Gore
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of baccalaureate nursing students' (BSN) perceived learning effectiveness using the Clinical Learning Environments Comparison Survey of different levels of fidelity simulation and traditional clinical experiences. A convenience sample of 103 first semester BSN enrolled in a fundamental/assessment clinical course and 155 fifth semester BSN enrolled in a leadership clinical course participated in this study. A descriptive correlational design was used for this cross-sectional study to evaluate students' perceptions after a simulation experience and the completion of the traditional clinical experiences...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623678/the-acculturation-language-and-learning-experiences-of-international-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-education
#4
Creina Mitchell, Letitia Del Fabbro, Julie Shaw
BACKGROUND: International or foreign students are those who enrol in universities outside their country of citizenship. They face many challenges acculturating to and learning in a new country and education system, particularly if they study in an additional language. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative inquiry aimed to explore the learning and acculturating experiences of international nursing students to identify opportunities for teaching innovation to optimise the experiences and learning of international nursing students...
June 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#5
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619414/health-information-needs-and-reliability-of-sources-among-nondegree-health-sciences-students-a-prerequisite-for-designing-ehealth-literacy
#6
Hussein Haruna, Ndumiso Tshuma, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Understanding health information needs and health-seeking behavior is a prerequisite for developing an electronic health information literacy (EHIL) or eHealth literacy program for nondegree health sciences students. At present, interest in researching health information needs and reliable sources paradigms has gained momentum in many countries. However, most studies focus on health professionals and students in higher education institutions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at providing new insight and filling the existing gap by examining health information needs and reliability of sources among nondegree health sciences students in Tanzania...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#7
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612643/survey-of-irish-general-practitioners-preferences-for-continuing-professional-development
#8
B Maher, R O'Neill, A Faruqui, C Bergin, M Horgan, D Bennett, C M P O'Tuathaigh
BACKGROUND: Doctors' continuing professional development (CPD) training needs are known to be strongly influenced by national and local contextual characteristics. Given the changing national demographic profile and government-mandated changes to primary care health care provision, this study aimed to investigate Irish General Practitioners' (GPs) perceptions of, and preferences for, current and future CPD programmes. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire, using closed- and open-ended questions, was administered to Irish GPs, focusing on training needs analysis; CPD course content; preferred format and the learning environment...
June 14, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612509/acceptability-of-peer-clinical-observation-by-faculty-members
#9
Joshua Borus, Sarah Pitts, Holly Gooding
BACKGROUND: Most doctors are not observed in the actual practice of medicine after they complete training. Direct observation and feedback are seen as invaluable in learning in most other professions, at formative stages of medical training and in other aspects of academic medicine, yet are not performed at the level of the independently practicing clinician. Creating an opportunity for faculty member development based on observation of clinical practice is needed for continued growth and competence as a clinician...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607637/the-perceived-stress-and-approach-to-learning-effects-on-academic-performance-among-sudanese-medical-students
#10
Hyder Osman Mirghni, Mohammed Adam Ahmed Elnour
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness of the perceived stress and approach to learning effects on academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the educational environment and approach to learning in clinical phase medical students. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among fifty-nine clinical stage medical students at Omdurman Islamic University (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period from June to August 2016...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603612/exposure-to-the-drug-company-marketing-in-greece-interactions-and-attitudes-in-a-non-regulated-environment-for-medical-students
#11
Magdalini Filippiadou, Dimitrios Kouvelas, Georgios Garyfallos, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Dimitrios Tzachanis, Dimitrios Spachos, Georgios Papazisis
BACKGROUND: Medical students are targeted by the pharmaceutical industry and are exposed to their marketing strategies even in the preclinical years of study. The marketing strategies used by pharmaceutical companies with physicians are also applied to students, affecting their future prescribing behaviour, and include low-cost non-educational gifts, travel expenses and conferences registration fees. In Greece, there are no national or institutional regulations and guidelines concerning drug company-medical student interactions...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603434/investigating-a-self-scoring-interview-simulation-for-learning-and-assessment-in-the-medical-consultation
#12
Catherine Bruen, Clarence Kreiter, Vincent Wade, Teresa Pawlikowska
Experience with simulated patients supports undergraduate learning of medical consultation skills. Adaptive simulations are being introduced into this environment. The authors investigate whether it can underpin valid and reliable assessment by conducting a generalizability analysis using IT data analytics from the interaction of medical students (in psychiatry) with adaptive simulations to explore the feasibility of adaptive simulations for supporting automated learning and assessment. The generalizability (G) study was focused on two clinically relevant variables: clinical decision points and communication skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598747/overarching-challenges-to-the-implementation-of-competency-based-medical-education
#13
Kelly J Caverzagie, Markku T Nousiainen, Peter C Ferguson, Olle Ten Cate, Shelley Ross, Kenneth A Harris, Jamiu Busari, M Dylan Bould, Jacques Bouchard, William F Iobst, Carol Carraccio, Jason R Frank
Medical education is under increasing pressure to more effectively prepare physicians to meet the needs of patients and populations. With its emphasis on individual, programmatic, and institutional outcomes, competency-based medical education (CBME) has the potential to realign medical education with this societal expectation. Implementing CBME, however, comes with significant challenges. This manuscript describes four overarching challenges that must be confronted by medical educators worldwide in the implementation of CBME: (1) the need to align all regulatory stakeholders in order to facilitate the optimization of training programs and learning environments so that they support competency-based progression; (2) the purposeful integration of efforts to redesign both medical education and the delivery of clinical care; (3) the need to establish expected outcomes for individuals, programs, training institutions, and health care systems so that performance can be measured; and (4) the need to establish a culture of mutual accountability for the achievement of these defined outcomes...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589521/strengthening-the-case-for-epilepsy-drug-development-bridging-experiences-from-the-alzheimer-s-disease-field-an-opinion
#14
Roy E Twyman
Given the sheer number of drugs (over 20!) available for treatment of seizures, epilepsy can be considered one of the most successful areas in pharmaceutical development and especially for neuroscience. However, despite the large number of drug treatment options available for managing patients with epilepsy, there remains considerable unmet need. For example, the overall impact on seizure control has not been substantial with approximately 30% of patients remaining refractory or their seizures not adequately controlled...
June 7, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587603/vienna-summer-school-on-oncology-how-to-teach-clinical-decision-making-in-a-multidisciplinary-environment
#15
Carola Lütgendorf-Caucig, Philipp A Kaiser, Alexandra Machacek, Cora Waldstein, Richard Pötter, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision making in oncology is based on both inter- and multidisciplinary approach. Hence teaching future doctors involved in oncology or general health practice is crucial. The aim of the Vienna Summer School on Oncology (VSSO) as an international, integrated, undergraduate oncology course is to teach medical students interdisciplinary team communication and application of treatment concepts/algorithms in a multidisciplinary setting. METHOD: The teaching is based on an inter- and multidisciplinary faculty and a multimodal education approach to address different learning styles...
June 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#16
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585980/flipped-learning-with-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education
#17
HeaRan Kim, YounKyoung Jang
BACKGROUND: Flipped learning has proliferated in various educational environments. This study aimed to verify the effects of flipped learning on the academic achievement, teamwork skills, and satisfaction levels of undergraduate nursing students. METHOD: For the flipped learning group, simulation-based education via the flipped learning method was provided, whereas traditional, simulation-based education was provided for the control group. After completion of the program, academic achievement, teamwork skills, and satisfaction levels were assessed and analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585351/representation-scaffolds-improve-diagnostic-efficiency-in-medical-students
#18
Leah T Braun, Jan M Zottmann, Christian Adolf, Christian Lottspeich, Cornelia Then, Stefan Wirth, Martin R Fischer, Ralf Schmidmaier
CONTEXT: Diagnostic efficiency is important in daily clinical practice as doctors have to face problems within a limited time frame. To foster the clinical reasoning of students is a major challenge in medical education research. Little is known about students' diagnostic efficiency. On the basis of current theories, scaffolds for case representation (statement of the case as far as it is summarised in the mind) could be a promising approach to make the diagnostic reasoning of intermediate medical students more efficient...
June 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581913/evaluation-of-an-immersive-farm-experience-to-teach-and-attract-veterinary-students-to-food-animal-medicine
#19
Derek M Foster, Hannah J Sylvester, Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher
The Bovine Educational Symposium (BES) is a unique opportunity for North Carolina State University (NCSU) veterinary students to visit dairy farms, feedlots, cow-calf operations, and processing facilities, and to meet local bovine veterinarians. We hypothesized that this active learning opportunity would increase knowledge, change perceptions of animal agriculture and food-animal medicine, and provide skills that persist beyond graduation. Pre- and post-trip surveys were administered to 124 first-, second-, and third-year veterinary students attending BES over 3 years...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577253/am%C3%A2-i-ready-for-it-students-perceptions-of-meaningful-feedback-on-entrustable-professional-activities
#20
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Mira Mandoki, Olle T J Ten Cate, Wim D J Kremer, Harold G J Bok
BACKGROUND: Receiving feedback while in the clinical workplace is probably the most frequently voiced desire of students. In clinical learning environments, providing and seeking performance-relevant information is often difficult for both supervisors and students. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) can help to improve student assessment within competency-based education. This study aimed to illustrate what students' perceptions are of meaningful feedback viewed as conducive in preparing for performing EPA unsupervised...
June 2, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
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